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This refers to the excessive consumption of alcohol. This condition is considered a disease in the medical field. A person suffering from this condition is referred to as an alcoholic. Alcoholics have an incontrollable urge to keep on drinking despite the obvious physical, social and mental problems associated with alcoholism. Physical risk factors associated with alcoholism include damage to the nervous system, epilepsy, pancreatitis, dementia and an increased risk of liver and cardiovascular diseases (Galanter, 2005).
Alcoholism is considered the third most common mental problem with the most major
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Merriam-Webster defines alcoholism as “a chronic disorder marked by excessive and usually compulsive drinking of alcohol leading to psychological and physical dependence or addiction.” a person who suffers from alcoholism is addicted to the effects of alcohol (Webster 1). He or she has a physical or mental desire to consume alcohol past their physical ability to control themselves. Alcohol is the second most commonly abused substance according to the NID (Pdf 1). This paper will present facts on, biological effects of alcohol on the body, the addiction to alcohol, genetic loading, and the deaths that are caused in some way by alcohol.
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By: John Doe While the temptation to hit the snooze bar at 4:30 a.m. would be difficult to resist for even the most disciplined early-bird, my father never flinches at answering the bell at what many consider the middle of the night. The astonishing fact is not so much the time he rises but the reason behind it. My father runs and lift weights every morning before work. At forty-nine many men have given in to the middle age spread and consider it to be inevitable. But my father portrays an excellent example of the importance of being both sound of mind and body. He sacrifices his sleep time to work out so he can spend quality time in the evening with his family, after a long demanding day of
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Alcoholism: Disease, or Choice?
“The medical definition of alcoholism is a chronic and fatal disease characterized by tolerance, physical dependence, and pathological organ changes, (Pace, “Alcoholism is a Disease”).” In the novel Lush, by Natasha Friend, the protagonist, Samantha, has an alcoholic father. “Having an alcoholic parent can be very traumatic for children and teens, (Teter, “My Father the Alcoholic”).” For most of her life, Sam keeps her father’s drinking problem a secret, until she finds trust in someone in her local library, with whom she shares her secret with.
In this novel, the social issue presented is alcoholism
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Alcoholism; A social insight
Alcohol has been present in the history and culture of mankind since the beginning of times. Used in religious activities and ceremonies, the concept of alcohol has historically been portrayed as beneficial for its analgesic, antiseptic and medicinal properties. However alcohol consumption, with the use of media has been transformed into an element in our society that is present everywhere and its abuse is such that, is the third leading cause of death in America.
There are approximately 80,000 deaths attributable to excessive alcohol use each year in the United States. Alcohol along with tobacco has become the most legal used drugs in the world. About 65
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Alcoholism In Aboriginals It is believed by many different people that aboriginals are alcoholics. This may be true in some cases, but definitely not all. Alcohol was first introduced to the aboriginals through social interactions with European explorers, fur traders, and merchants. Alcohol became a part of their business as well as pleasure. The aboriginals had no immunity to alcohol. Although the stereotypes of the drunkenness of aboriginals have been exaggerated, it is still a real problem.Alcoholism increased the risk of heart disease, liver disease, gastro-intestinal cancers and much more. Alcoholism can also provoke accidents, suicides, family violence, unemployment and criminal
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It was a rainy Wednesday afternoon and little Tommy was struggling to cross the slippery puddle- filled streets. The crossing guard at the corner felt a tug at her leg and it was Tommy waiting to cross. He waited patiently at the corner until traffic seemed to clear. The crossing guard began to lead Tommy across the street when out of nowhere a car sped around the corner and without acknowledging the crossing pedestrians, ended little Tommyþs life. Tommyþs parents were called at work and notified of the horrible accident. Through all the gory details they received the same awful truth that is heard by millions every year, Tommy had been killed by a drunk driver
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IntroductionAlcoholism or Alcohol Dependence, chronic disease marked by a craving for alcohol. People who suffer from this illness are known as alcoholics. They cannot control their drinking even when it becomes the underlying cause of serious harm, including medical disorders, marital difficulties, job loss, or automobile crashes. Medical science has yet to identify the exact cause of alcoholism, but research suggests that genetic, psychological, and social factors influence its development. Alcoholism cannot be cured yet, but various treatment options can help an alcoholic avoid drinking and regain a healthy life.People tend to equate any kind of excessive drinking with alcoholism. But
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Seeing Poe’s Struggle with Alcoholism
through his Stories “The Cask of Amontillado” and “The Black Cat”
Edgar Allen Poe’s stories “The Black Cat” and “The Cask of Amontillado” are among his
most popular. Both of these stories can be read on several different levels causing
everyone who reads them to come up with a totally different interpretations, yet none of
the interpretations I have read seem satisfying. The two stories at first seem simple
enough, with “The Black Cat” reading as a darker version of “The Telltale Heart”, this
time with the conscience given a physical form, and “The Cask of Amontillado” as a
chilling tale of revenge exacted told as a deathbed
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Joanny E. Ortega P. C.I. 20.968.175
5th Semester Composition and Style I
Prof.: Adrian Zabala
Which are the Causes of Alcoholism?
First of all, Alcoholism is a chronic, often progressive disease in which a person feels a strong need, or compulsion, to drink liquor
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delivered to the hospital, none of the doctors knew whom he was. They all simply thought that he was another random patient. Therefore, they didnâ€™t treat him extra specially. They were honest about what they thought the problem with Poe was, and what they said was that the symptoms pointed towards rabies. My warrant for this claim is that since none of the doctors knew their patient was Poe, they were wholly honest with their analysis, and they said he had rabies, so that makes me believe he does have rabies.
Many people argue against the views of people who say Poe died of rabies. The people that argue against this fact say that in actuality he died of alcoholism. I have a few facts and
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The Affects of Alcoholism in the Life of Charlie WalesAccording to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism "About 18 million Americans have alcohol problems. Alcohol and drug abuse costs the American economy an estimated $276 billion per year inlost productivity, health care expenditures, crime, motor vehicle crashes and other conditions. An estimated 6.6 million children under the age of 18 years live inhouseholds with at least one alcoholic parent."F. Scott Fitzgerald's "Babylon Revisited" depicts the affects of alcoholism in the life of Charlie Wales. Because Charlie Wales was an alcoholic, he lost threeimportant things in his life. Alcoholism caused Charlie to lose most
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with qualified persons and also supported by the government in terms of financial support can positively change the attitudes and cause significant change in knowledge about alcohol. Schools can play an important role to initiate education and preventive efforts because they reach more students than any other place. It also involves complete commitment with extensive planning.
· Grant 1996,adolescent drug abuse, vol 76, pgg 84,85.
· Cahalan 1997, underage use and abuse of alcohol, pg 87
· Royce 1996, alcohol,the national hangover, pg 44
· Jean Lennane 1995, alcohol, pg 56
· Alcohol, the facts, 1997, Australian government publishing service,pg148
· Key Healey, 1997,Alcohol, The facts, pg 176
· Gall T.L., 1996 , Statistics on alcohol use,gale research inc.
· Alcoholism, 1998,vol 64, Neil kessel and Henry Walton.
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Alcoholism is disease characterized by a strong desire to drink, the inability to stop drinking once a person has commenced, the need for increased amounts of alcohol to feel the effect, and the occurrence of withdrawal symptoms (nausea, sweating, shakiness). Most experts agree that alcoholism is a disease just as depression and influenza are. Abusing alcohol can lead to everlasting effects on a personâ€™s life and their family. There is a difference between a social drinker and an alcoholic. A social drinker drinks in moderation, knowing his or her limits, complementing the occasion. An alcoholic drinks to fulfill their craving, their addiction, and to escape their
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Alcoholism, is an illness involving the use of alcoholic beverages. Whether it's a can of beer or other sources such as vodka, and whiskey etc. It often affects lots of people as well their families. I will discuss the symptoms of alcoholism. I will continue into the effects of alcoholism. Then conclude with the treatment of the disease.Alcoholism has been often been thought of as a symptom of a psychological or social problem, or as a learned, behavior to cope with the everyday problems peoples lives. The availability of the alcohol influences the person's choice of friends and the things that they do. Alcohol becomes used as more of a relaxer than as a casual beverage. At first, the
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alcohol can be solved by laws. "The sin and legal views of drunkeness often go hand in hand." ( Kinney 9 ) The alcoholic drinks because he wants to drink and therefore is a sinner, and who then can be handled by laws. Going in to the 1900's attitudes towards alcohol began to intensify bringing on temperance movement and the Prohibition amendment in 1919. Although the country had laws against drinking, people still found it acceptable and saw it as normal.Societies have come to deal with alcohol problems in a variety of ways. The first considerations dealing with alcohol problems were introduced in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Alcoholism was starting to be seen as a scientific problem
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Alcohol and Family Violence Paper
June 2, 2015
Alcohol and Family Violence Paper
Alcohol is legal and socially acceptable, it is the American way of life, celebrations and parties have alcohol as part of the celebration. Children grow up seeing the glamorization of alcohol, on television, movies, and music videos. Yet alcohol is the cause of a nasty disease called alcoholism. Alcoholism has been around for many centuries, there are regulations and laws passed to help with the issue. The prohibition in the United States was a ban of Alcohol that lasted from 1920-1933. It was thought that would solve the problem of alcohol
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Jerry and Molly and Sam
Growing up is a mandatory part of life and can be very overwhelming. There are situations and circumstances that can shape someone’s future and impact their life. These events can either be positive or negative. One event that has a negative impact on a person’s life is alcoholism. It changes the very essence of the family. The short story “Jerry and Molly and Sam” is about the main character Al and his family. The story reads as if the world is crashing down on Al with his personal and uncontrollable problems (Harrison 15). He is a severely depressed alcoholic (16). When his life starts spiraling out of control due to a turn of
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Mrs. Jane Everest
31 January 2012
The Sun Also Rises: The Design of an Alcoholic
Ernest Hemingway’s The Sun Also Rises is permeated with a multitude of references to alcohol. Hemingway once described it as a “book about a few drunks” (qtd. in Dardis 163). Matt Djos, author of “Alcoholism in Ernest Hemingway’s The Sun Also Rises: A Wine and Roses Perspective on the Lost Generation” and English professor at Mesa State College in Colorado, goes as far as to describe the novel as a “description of the alcoholic mentality” (64). The copious amounts of alcohol consumed by the characters of the novel can presumably be attributed to boredom. As the official biographer
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High Risk Family Assessment and Health Promotion: Alcoholism
University of Phoenix
September 23, 2012
High Risk Family Assessment and Health Promotion: Alcoholism
Alcoholism is a growing problem in many families. It is “our nation’s number one health along with drug dependence” (National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, para 1). Alcoholism affects everyone, sometimes without warning; no family is exempt or untouched. “Fathers, mothers, single parents, couples straight or gay, regardless of ethnicity or social groups, rich
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Introduction to Psychology II
Ina M. Kamaitytė, Professor
12 December, 2001
Thousands of years ago people began to make alcohol for practical reasons. Wine making began with the early Egyptians who found that grape juise spoiled quickly, but that fermented juise or wine would keep without spoiling. They also had problems with impure water, and the Egyptians noticed that people did not sick ower wine, but they often became ill when they drank inpure water. In later years, wine became inportant to the Roman Catholic Church throughout Europe because wine was used to celebrate the sacrament of the Mass. By the 1300’s, beer industry had emerged in Central Europe. At
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STIGMA OF ALCOHOL ABUSE
May 08, 2014
“MAT 135/179-360, Spring Semester 2014”.
Stigma Assessment of Alcohol Abuse
Alcohol is a road often traveled yet there is no light at the end. The road only leads to a life of depression, anxiety, anger, stress, and much more. These are all, unwanted personality traits that we experience at one time or another.
However, alcoholics exhibit these traits day in and day out as the likelihood that they act in these ways is nearly doubled when alcohol is involved. Alcohol inhibits not only daily bodily functions but our minds as well. Alcoholism leads to times of withdrawal, low self-esteem, and an overall unwillingness to be part
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Alcohol as among the drugs that are been abused in large number and has become a major ill in our society. Alcohol destroys the lives of their victims in many ways. Alcoholism is the later stage after been addicted to alcohol but it can be recovered but it needs self discipline.
1. Introduction……………………………………………………………. 3
1.1. Definition of alcohol…………………………………………………. 3
2.0. Effects of alcohol…………………………………………………….. 3
2.1. Healthy effects of alcohol……………………………………………. 4
2.2. Social effects of alcohol……………………………………………… 4
3.0. Alcoholism…………………………………………………………… 5
4.0. Causes of Alcoholism………………………………………………... 5
4.1. Social and Emotional causes of Alcoholism
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Alcoholism in Kenya
Alcoholism or alcohol dependency, unlike what is commonly thought, is actually a disease characterized by a strong craving to drink alcohol in order to become drunk, a loss of control, and a physical addiction. Alcohol is commonly abused in Kenyan society, especially by the youth. Kenyan authorities and NGOs have expressed a great deal of concern over the issue and plans are underway that are focused on reducing the general alcohol consumption in the country. An example of these undertakings is the Mututho Law, which is a bill that came into effect on November 2010 in order to control alcohol consumption.
There are a number of critical causes to this problem, one
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will be implemented to direct and assist the patient in understanding her condition as well as steps which should be taken in order to alleviate the symptoms experienced as a result of chronic drinking and nutrient deficiencies. This case study provides a critical review of the effects of alcoholism as traditionally defined within the medical or "disease" model of alcoholism. A detailed case study of memory deficiency is presented. The sequence of events in this case study is used to illustrate the possibilities of side effects of chronic alcohol abuse, namely Korsakoff syndrome. Highlights of the medical model of Korsakoff syndrome are then presented, with particular attention devoted to
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, researchers have shown increased interest in the study of the family’s role in the etiology, course, treatment and prevention of addiction (Jacob, 1992). Addiction has been determined to have pervasive and negative effects on the family (Edwards & Steinglass, 1995; Preli et al., 1990). High levels of marital problems, mental and physical illness, divorce, unemployment, economic loss, legal conflicts, inadequate parenting, sexual inadequacy, and physical and sexual abuse problems are associated with alcoholism (Edwards & Steinglass al., 1995; O’Farrell et al., 1999; Preli et al., 1990; Rotunda et al., 1995). Throughout the years, research has produced a wide variety of theories on what the
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Dr. Sam Hakim
Define alcohol abuse.
Alcohol abuse is when one drinks alcoholic beverages in excess, whether on individual occasions (binge drinking) or as a regular practice. It is said that almost any amount of alcohol use may be legally considered as “alcohol abuse”, although it does depend on the local laws.
Define binge drinking.
Binge drinking is a seriously dangerous habit or practice of consuming large amounts of alcoholic beverages in a single setting. A person that practices binge drinking is at risk of causing serious harm, including alcohol poisoning.
Alcoholism is when an individual physically
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religion, which his mother embraces. His mother has the belief that religion can play a great role in getting rid of the alcohol abuse status. Additionally, the client with his siblings interacts rarely, and that is also attributed to his alcoholism.
Agreement to stop using alcohol
Besides agreeing to make an appointment with the primary care provider, the client also agrees to attend individual counseling sessions for one hour per day twice a week on every Tuesday and Wednesday. The counseling session will entail the discussion and relationship between alcohol denial and spirituality and the relationship will be connected to alcohol abuse. In the discussion, the counselor will also focus
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therapy process lowers stress
levels, relaxes and patients communicate more freely. Having moved from the usual
method of communication allows patients personal creativity, freedom, and telling
Correnspodence to:Mirijana Halu`an, Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital »Sestre milosrdnice«, Vino-
gradska 29, 10000 Zagreb, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Haluzan.ps D:\Alcoholism\Alcoholism 2-12\Haluzan.vp 17. veljaŁe 2013. 15:05:47
Color profile: Generic CMYK printer profile Composite 150 lpi at 45 degrees
story through the images. Selection of images is a result of internal thought process
that is difficult to express through words.2
Art therapy is a process of
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negative health effects. It also talks about the BAC. In the second body paragraph, I said that drinking alcohol can lead to drunk-accident. Then, I gave some statistics about drunk-accident. After that, I wrote about my friend’s story. In the third body paragraph, I said that alcohol can lead us to be alcoholism. Then, I wrote about the dangers of being alcoholism. After that I recommend AA for helping alcoholism to get back their normal life. In the fourth body paragraph, I said alcohol may lead to unplanned sexual encounters. Then, I gave some statistics about this situation. After that, I gave an example that I have faced in my own life. In the conclusion, I wrote a brief summery for the
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- Seek protection for unforseen emergencies and misfortunes, take insurance covers, create emergency fund.
Alcoholism At Work
- One day of celebration equals 2 days of non-perfomance and regrets
- alcoholism sets you on the path of the poor
- Alcoholism derails all your financial plans
- Alcohol will not give you befitting husband or wife.
Managing office politics
Fight for the top if a must. The only way to move to your boss's position is by pushing him up the ladder, so that you climb up too. If you try to pull your boss down so that you climb to his position you are both likely to end up down on the floor or lose your job.
- Do not stepp on peoples heads and shoulders as you launch pad for your progression.
- Do not join camps and avoid taking sides in office politics
- Identify and exploit your strengths
- Be known for something positive
- Maintain your integrity
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depression symptoms increase from having only a single symptom to 3-7 symptoms, so did the risk of developing alcohol dependence (Alcohol and Depression, Is There a Relationship? 2001). This tells us that in theory, by allowing eighteen year-olds to drink, we would be encouraging these youths of America to become more depressed and suicidal.Reaching the age of eighteen usually represents overcoming a milestone in life: becoming an adult. The NIAA (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism) states that individuals who increase their binge drinking from age 18 to 24 and those who consistently binge drink at least once a week during this period may have problems attaining the goals
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Prohibition and Harm Reduction
August 5th 2014
There have been two different strategies of society dealing with alcohol; harm reduction and zero tolerance. The method of harm reduction is focused primarily on reducing the negative effect of alcohol society and the people who drink. This is usually implemented by our government. They create policies and social programs that can treat those afflicted with alcoholism. There are several ways that this can be accomplished, such as limiting access, and taxing the substance to reduce demand. There are also social programs put in place that can help educate, rehabilitate and help recover. This a strategy compared to
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Effects of alcohol in the society
Alcoholism has proved time and time again to be a real problem in the society. Since the early ages, individuals who were known to excessively indulge in the drinking of alcohol were known to be the least productive in the society. The effects of alcohol take a toll on the society leaving the people frustrated and devastated in the long run. Alcohol is known to affect not only the health of the users but also the health of others (Goode 55).
A good illustration is if a drunk driver gets behind the wheel in an intoxicated state he poses danger to the lives of the
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, alcoholism, and drug abuse. Senility has become a basic epidemic in the United States, with five percent of people over sixty-five experiencing symptoms of memory loss, disorientation to time and place, and impaired thinking ability. Senility is not a disease based on the idea that as age sets in the brain begins to slow down, but simply that other diseases cause older people more problems in everyday life than thought before. Senility can be preceded by many other disorders including arteriosclerosis, strokes, Alzheimer’s disease, and severe cases of depression.
Common substance-related disorders include alcoholism and drug abuse. In addition to the effect
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In the novel Brideshead Revisited there are several themes that emerge throughout the story. The central theme of the novel is religion, with an emphasis on Catholicism. The topic of religion is very common in the novel and relates to each of the characters. Although all are not religious, each has been around Catholicism at one time or another. Another theme is alcoholism and it surrounds Sebastian during his lifetime. The first time Sebastian and Charles meet Sebastian is drunk and pukes into Charles’s window. His alcoholism grows as he gets older and his family does not do much to help his problem. Male friendship is another dominant theme and it can be seen through the relationship
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had knowledge that traveling through Prince William Sound would be very difficult. Since they were aware of that, I would propose that they could of taken a different route. Not sure where there start and end locations were. If they had to go through Prince William Sound, could there have been an alternate of dividing the oil carried. Exxon only had one big tanker, could they have not had two or three smaller tankers, taking this route on different trips.
Secondly, the prior history with the captain’s alcoholism is a problem. The lack of judgment on Exxon’s behalf because they knew Captain Joseph Hazelwood had a drinking problem and kept him employed. The captain had supposedly been
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people are in desperate need of more effective treatment for their addiction, unfortunately on generic solution to drug addiction. In order to treat the African American substance abuser, care takers must evaluate each individual and the exact cause of their disorder. However, drugs and alcohol abuse are major causes of problems that occur in the black community.
In Lawrence E. Gary’s article “Alcohol and Drug Abuse, he explains that alcoholism is the principal health and social problem in the black community (Gary 1). Alcohol is not only affecting the black community, but is seriously affecting our men. Statistics show that alcohol related deaths are three times more common of black men than
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Unit 9 Final Project Case Study
PS370: Health Psychology
Professor Elizabeth Smith Clark
October 2, 2012
Health psychology consists of the mind and body working together to contribute to the wellbeing of a person. In choosing case study number one I: John, I will be discussing the effects of stress and alcoholism to a person’s wellbeing as well as different support and therapeutic techniques that can help with stress and treat alcoholism.
Case Study: John
John is suffering from alcoholic hepatitis due to excessive drinking. He is having severe stomach problems and has been exhibiting moodiness, sleep deprivation, weight loss and lack of energy
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to play it safe. He cannot jump into conclusion that Larry in fact drinks at work because he smells like it. We have to take this fact into consideration that Larry has never been caught drinking at work. But, there must be steps that managers should follow at this point. Manager can follow discipline approach like counseling. If the employer suspects alcoholism, manager must inform the employee of counseling services as well.Alcohol testing and drug testing are used by many employers, especially following an accident or some other reasonable cause. There are many types of drug testing like urinalysis, radioimmunoassay of hair and fitness-for-duty. These tests can distinguish individuals
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' affairs are managed for them by the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
Each tribe has its own govermental structure possessing a variety of self-governing powers.
Indians are not capable of completing school.
Hundreds of Indians graduate from universities every year.
Indians cannot vote or hold office.
Indians represent a powerful voting bloc in elections. Numerous Indians hold tribal, state and national offices.
Indians have a tendency towards alcoholism.
Indians are no more predisposed to alcoholism than members of any other ethnic group.
"My grandmother was an Indian"
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attending physician and was the only person to whiteness Poeâ€™s last moments.
He reports that Poe was babbling incomprehensibly;
Actor playing Edgar Allan Poe â€“ American man around the age of 40 â€“ Babbling frantically
Reynolds! Reynolds! Its all Reynolds!
It is still unknown who this â€˜Reynoldsâ€™ was. Could he have been an unknown friend of Poeâ€™s? An enemy? Or even a murderer?
Amongst the suspected causes of Poeâ€™s death are; suicide, rabies, syphilis, hypoglycemia, however the two which are suspected most likely are alcoholism and cooping. Newspaper reports at the time read
Actress playing a woman reading a newspaper in 1849 â€“American
Popular poet Edgar
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ALCOHOLICS ANONYMOUS MEETING
This was located in 1479 Morse road in a church building at 7:00pm on 1/6/09. The purpose of the group is to keep alcoholic sober and also develop and provide helpful, hopeful information about alcoholism recovery and to stop alcohol addiction individuals and families from getting help and well.
The people who attended the meeting were all alcoholics.
They all had accepted to be helped.
All were donâ€™t cares when they were alcoholics.
Homeless, dirty, hungry.
They all never used to listen to advices of loved ones when they are under influence of alcohol.
They had plans on how to get high all the time.
They had a
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because of his alcoholism. I did not understand at the time the significance of my parents getting a divorce, but having lived ten years without my father, I feel I can relate to Victor in many ways. My dad has missed so many important events in my life, such as making the cheerleading squad, my first prom, and even the day I got my license. After seeing this movie I realized that even if my dad could recover from alcoholism, it could never make up for all the years we lost together. Lives are ruined by this terrible addiction everyday; not only the alcoholic’s life, but also the lives of those who love them.
I thought this film was very unique because it shows the true Native American
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Andrew Avery Changing Behavior Case Study Analysis
Excessive Drinking is something I've had to watch my father go through, so it wasn't a surprise when my friend Lucy came to me for advice. My friend Lucy is an Alcoholic. This undesired behavior impacts over 12 million Americans. Alcoholism is one of the leading forms of common bad habits along with Smoking and drinking caffeine. We do these things not out of spite, but because we benefited from its effects at one point and now we go to it for relief every day. We humans tend to go for the quickest way out and that’s exactly what bad habits are.
Lucy’s Drinking problem can be explained through classical conditioning. The
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differently to the same drugs, (2) how people can modify these reactions through their own efforts, and (3) how people's relationships with their environments determine drug reactions rather than vice versa.
Social-learning theorists have been especially active in alcoholism, where they have analyzed how alcoholics' expectations and beliefs about what alcohol will do for them influence the rewards and behaviors associated with drinking (Marlatt 1978; Wilson 1981). Yet it has also been social-learning theorists who have launched the alcohol-dependence syndrome and who seem to feel subjective interpretation is far less important than the pharmacological effects of alcohol in causing drinking
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depression and consumers drugs and alcohol can leave them into an even deeper state of depression. When a husband is in this state, one little thing such as a negative comment by a wife can tick the husband off and react violently in a physical or verbal manner. More often than not, if a husband acts violently especially if they do so physically, the wife will leave and file for a divorce. Not only will the wife leave, but will also most likely take the children as well, leaving the husband with nothing. It is proven that alcoholism and drug use lead to verbal and physical. “The study suggests ways alcohol use leads from physical and verbal abuse to emotional and sexual violence in marriage
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The United States (and the Western World generally) has suffered in the throes of a cultural delusion - the idea that addiction is a specific biological syndrome. The current administrations of the National Institutes on Drug Abuse (NIDA) and Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) are both pursuing this delusion, ad infinitum (cf. Hyman, 1996; Leshner, 1997). Addiction is real, it can occur with any involvement in which people can become immersed, and it is identified by human experience, which means that individual and cultural outlooks are crucial to its appearance.
Based partly on my work (Peele, 1985/1998) indicating that addiction is not a specific invariant biological phenomenon, some
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resources for medical care often contribute the rising number of Native Americans that suffer from depression and alcoholism. Low income coupled with no health insurance creates serious limitations on the ability to manage diseases such as diabetes. The government food commodities given to low income families may provide cheese, flour, sugar, and lard but these are items that are high in starches, carbohydrates, and cholesterol. These foods, if not eaten in moderation, coupled with a sedentary lifestyle, contribute to diabetes and heart disease ("Cultural Competency," 2010).
There are multiple barriers to receiving adequate healthcare. As previously stated, lack of transportation is a big
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leading an opening prayer and another read the mission of AA and then a different man read the 12 steps that an alcoholic follows to gain sobriety. The leader was introduced, to my surprise it was a woman and she had everyone go around the room and say their name. When everyone said their name they would say, "My name is "... And I am an alcoholic." The lady giving the lead told about how she started drinking and the various experiences that she went through while drinking. Some of the things she talked about sounded really rough. It was surprising to me that someone could stand up there and tells their life story and all the awful things they had done. After she talked about her alcoholism