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Running head: ARISTOTLE
Lakeela McClinton, Daniel Ogden and Casara Williams
University of Phoenix
For many centuries there have been many philosophers that are remembered throughout history. Some are remembered only for their small impacts years later through books and secondhand information. Philosophy still holds a special place within society due to many philosophers that have spanned one’s lifetime current and not so current. This biography will focus on the philosopher Aristotle. The views and contributions of this man will come into play through this essay along with background information including birth, birthplace, and teen years leading to his last
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Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle, together with Socrates and Plato, laid much of the groundwork for western philosophy.
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“Knowing yourself is the beginning of all wisdom.”
Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle was born circa 384 B.C. in Stagira, Greece. When he turned 17, he enrolled in Plato’s Academy. In 338, he began tutoring Alexander the Great. In 335, Aristotle founded his own school, the Lyceum, in Athens, where he spent most of the rest of his life studying, teaching and writing
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Aristotle was born in Stagira, a “Grecian colony. His father was a court physician to the King Amyntas of Macedonia. It is believed that his purse of studies is due to his father’s influence of practicing medicine. He died at his country house at Chalcis, in Euboea at the age of sixty-two years old in the year of 322 B.C. He died to an illness he suffered from for a long period of time. There were legends that told his death to be because of hemlock poisoning, as well as another legend, it was said he couldn’t explain the tides so he threw himself into the sea. Aristotle was a high
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Written By: Jermaine Brown
Course: Intro to Philosophy
Professor: V. Bartolini
Date Written: May 1st, 2002
Aristotle was born in 289 BC, as the son of Nichomachus. He was born at Stagira in Macedonia, which is located on the northwest coast of the Aegean Sea in Northern Greece. His farther was a friend and also the physician of the King of Macedonia. Since Aristotle's’ farther was so close to the King of Macedonia, Aristotle spent a great deal of his childhood time at the court. Being at the court would later show to be a great influence in his life.
People that lived in ancient Greece through Aristotle’s time
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PHI - 2010-15850
Aristotle the Great Philosopher
The Greek philosopher Aristotle made significant and lasting contributions to nearly every aspect of human knowledge, from logic to biology to ethics and aesthetics. In Arabic philosophy, he was known simply as “The First Teacher”; in the West, he was “The Philosopher.”
Aristotle was born in 384 B.C. northern Greece in a town called Stagria . Both of his parents were members of traditional medical families, and his father, Nicomachus, served as court physician to King Amyntus III of Macedonia. Some believe it to be his father's influence that gave Aristotle his interest in anatomy and the structure of living
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Aristotle (b. 384 - d. 322 BC), was a Greek philosopher, logician, and scientist. Along with his teacher Plato, Aristotle is generally regarded as one of the most influential ancient thinkers in a number of philosophical fields, including political theory. Aristotle’s’ writing reflects his time, background and beliefs.
Aristotle was born at Stagira, in Macedonia. His father, Nichomacus, was the personal physician to the King of Macedonia, Amyntas. At the age of seventeen, Aristotle left for Athens to study at Plato’s Academy. He studied at the Academy for about twenty years, up until Plato’s death. Plato’s death sent Aristotle to a city in Asia Minor, called Assos, where
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Word Count (1000)
Aristotle: The Three Types of Friendship
If there is one thing that can be used to describe human beings aside from intelligence and the power of destruction it would be that we are entirely social beings. No person is to live a life without being social. It merely would be impossible and for those who do find themselves in the state of rejecting society and a social lifestyle, it would be those who have psychological disorders. With us being social it leads to the search of companionship. The reality is that we all want friendships.
According to the great Greek philosopher Aristotle, we are complete social beings and seek friendship. Aristotle
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VIRTUOUS PUBLIC FIGURE LIKE ARISTOTLE
The words of Aristotle, “The worst form of inequality is to try to make unequal things equal”. Aristotle repeatedly claims that character-virtue 'makes the goal right,' while Phronesis is responsible for working out how to achieve the target. (Moss, 2011)
The contemporary public figure that illustrates the concept of virtue as described by Aristotle to me would be the American actor Willard Carroll “Will” Smith Jr.
Willard Carroll Smith Jr. also better known as the “Will” Smith is an American actor, rapper, comedian, songwriter, and producer (World book, 2016). He illustrates the concept of virtues that were described by
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Aristotle believes that some people are by nature slaves. What is his argument for that claim? Do you agree with Aristotle that a slave-holding society can be democratic?
According to Aristotle, a slave is the property of its master, and that any piece of property can be regarded "as a tool enabling a man to live". The slave, therefore, is a living tool of the master, whose purpose is to allow the master to live well. A slave belongs to a master, but a master doesn't belong to a slave. The rule of a master over a slave, then, is exercised with a view to the master's and the slave's goals or interests. He represents slaves as a tool in his definition of slavery. Aristotle continues his
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Aristotle believed all human activities are aimed at “eudaimonia” or happiness. He believed that what makes human beings distinct from other living things is our capacity for rational behaviour, gaining knowledge and acting on reasons. He believed to live a good life is to live a life of practical knowledge and that this is similar to living a life of virtue.
Aristotle concluded that a virtue is a learned disposition to reason and act in a certain way. Virtues are habits of mind that move us towards a good life. Virtue ethics, its most famous form from Aristotle’s Nichomachean Ethics, focus on what sort of people we should strive to be and not just that things we should do on individual
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This speech is about the great ancient Greek philosopher, Aristotle. He was an amazing individual who possessed a massive amount of talents, from mastery of rhetoric to interest in physiology. Aristotle lived during the fourth century B.C. in ancient Greece. The culture of the Greeks during this time differs greatly from our present day life and times. Aristotle came into contact with many great men of history, from Plato his instructor and mentor to Alexander the Great, conqueror and ruler of the east. The works of Aristotle have left many after him to contemplate his theories and attitudes toward life and his Realism movement.Aristotle was born in 384 B.C. in a town just outside the
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Plato and Aristotle have similar views on the achievement of the good life but also many important differences. While both Plato and Aristotle believe that the good life is one that attains happiness and that only a philosophical life will bring ultimate happiness which will therefore lead to the good life, the main difference between the two is the status or nature of the good and thus happiness. In this essay I shall explain both Plato’s and Aristotle’s views on the good life and how it should be attained.
Plato’s good life is an idealist view, as he came up with the theory of ideas (ideas come first, then the world) The ‘good’ to Plato is somehow different to the actual object we see
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, Aristotle’s purpose is to discover the human good, that at which we ought to aim. Aristotle tells us that everyone calls this good eudaimonia (happiness, flourishing, success, wellbeing), but that people disagree about what it consists in. Aristotle insist that the point of engaging in ethics is to become good and by searching for ‘’the good’’ he means searching for the highest good; that which is desirable for itself rather than for the sake of some other good and that for whose sake all other goods are desirable.
Aristotle then goes on to argue that ‘’eudaimonia’’ (well-being) is the highest end, since all other subordinate goals are sought after only because they promote this well-being or
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, and which changes something of that which something is changed. And again, a thing may be a cause as the end. That is what something is for, as health might be what a walk is for. On account of what does he walk? We answer “To keep fit” and think that, in saying that, we have given the cause.
Suppose one man thought that there are plans because there are leaves, roots, and stems; another that there are leaves, roots and stems because there are plants; a third that there are plants because there are seeds. Aristotle would say that there is no real dipute here, since each party is bringing forward a factor which is explanatory in a different way. The leaves, root, and stem account for the
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Aristotle and Thomas Hobbes are two of the most influential political philosophers. Yet their theories on the formation of political communities are as far apart as the times they lived. In 340 B.C. Aristotleâ€™s Athens practiced one of the earliest forms of democracy. The male citizens voted on legislation. Women were expected to â€œstay in their homesâ€1. Slaves made up the majority of the Athenian working force. Despite the inequality of social hierarchies there was stability within the city-state. Conversely, Hobbesâ€™s pluralistic 17th century England was burdened with instability. In 1598 King James I asserted his divine right. He felt no need to justify his heavy-handed
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When we think of philosophers and wise men, we tend to think of great men such as Aristotle or Socrates. These men weren’t any smarter than the next man; however, they definitely weren’t afraid to voice their mind on their political thoughts. Political thinking is the search for knowledge in order to gain a better understanding on the ideals of politics. Therefore, the political theory can somewhat be defined as the best interpretation formed as result of political thinking. Socrates, for example, was a man who wasn’t afraid to voice his questions concerning the shape of his society in that era. He formed argumentation which in the end worked out for the better, even
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Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) entered Plato’s academy at the age of seventeen and spent twenty years with Plato. During his stay with Plato, he expressed his brilliance such that Plato considered him as the brilliant mind of the academy. Given this relationship, Plato influenced Aristotle in one way or the other such that some people even considered Aristotle a successor of Plato when Plato died. However, this never distracted Aristotle from taking a different path in his career. In fact, Aristotle contrasted with Plato in many areas. He also criticized him because he argued in different manner (Newport, 1998). On the other hand, Aristotle had various components in his system. This
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* Aristotle was born in 384 BC. 14 Years after the death of Socrates. His father was court physician to the king of Macedon.
* At the age of 18 he entered Plato’s academy at Athens. (Plato was 60 years old) Aristotle remained in the academy until Plato’s death.
* Aristotle became tutor to the son of King of Macedon who then became Alexander the great.
* Aristotle rejected almost everything that Plato had argued – in particular the existence of forms, he said that human beings needed to work out what was good or bad or right and wrong by looking at the world as it was.
* Aristotle and Plato both had huge influence for more than 2000 years of history but
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Birth date: c. 384 BCE
Death date: c. 322 BCE
Education: Plato's Academy, Lyceum
Place of birth: Stagira, Chalcidice, Greece
Place of death: Chalcis, Euboea, Greece
Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle was born circa 384 B.C. in Stagira, Greece. When he turned 17, he enrolled in Plato’s Academy. In 338, he began tutoring Alexander the Great. In 335, Aristotle founded his own school, the Lyceum, in Athens, where he spent most of the rest of his life studying, teaching and writing. Aristotle died in 322 B.C., after he left Athens and fled to Chalcis.
In Athens, Aristotle enrolled in Plato’s
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Student Notes of observed dialog between Aristotle and Plato
Aristotle: So, let me get this straight, what you are saying is that this world we live in is not real?
Plato: You seem not to understand what I mean.
Aristotle: Because it is ridiculous.
Plato: No, listen. What I am saying is that the environment or form that we live in is full of unevenness, imperfection and impurity this because this form is merely a copy of the ideal world that one would understand once they rise above our physical environment and grasp it intellectually.
Aristotle: I understand you just fine but I disagree with you. I agree that our world is an imperfect world but I object to the notion that it is not
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Dialogue between Plato and Aristotle
January 13th, 2012
As the students file into the auditorium of Plato’s Academy the first thing that we all can notice is the two professors that were standing at the front of the room. After they realize all the students are all seated that is when the first professor took a few steps forward to address the class.
Plato: Good Morning Students!
Students: Good Morning Professor!
Plato: Many of you may know who I am and then there are those of you that do not. For those of you that do not know who I am, my name is Plato. I founded this Academy in 387 and it is the first of its kind. I have studied under many great
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Book II & X
In Book II of Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle talks mostly about virtue and being virtuous. He says that virtue is character; it’s what makes us see if we are good or bad. He argues that for you to become good you have to do goodness and act good. If you act good the habit of being good will make your character that of a good person. He uses the example of a builder. A builder becomes a builder by building; a good person becomes good by doing good and making it a habit to do good. In order to be good you have to do good.
Aristotle then discusses how one does good. He says that in order for you to do good you must avoid excess and deficiency. Being
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ALFARABI and ARISTOTLE(THE FOUR CAUSES and THE FOUR STAGES OF THE DOCTINE OF THE INTELLIGENCE)Alfarabi was raised as a young boy in Baghdad. His early life was spent studying the art of linguistics, philosophy, and logic. His teachers were Syrian Christians experts in Greek philosophy. He studied Aristotle and Plato in detail, and it became evident in his later writings that they were a strong influence on him. He became quite a prolific writer, and he wrote more than 100 works, many of which have unfortunately been lost including his a lot of his commentaries on Aristotle. He was one of the earliest Islamic thinkers to transmit to the world of his time the doctrines of Plato and Aristotle
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their light. There will never be exact replications of perfect scenarios because different thinkers utilize different methods for arriving at the truth, or the good life. Therefore, Pericles, Thucydides, Plato, Socrates and Aristotle all hold different accounts for how to lead the good life. Each holds the good life as a necessary understanding because it allows theory and optimism to be put in motion towards reality.
Pericles, a central orator in Thucydidesâ€™ Peloponnesian War, holds many inspirational truths and visions of the good life. As a leader of Athens, he held a responsibility to his citizens to share his ideal good life in order to clarify his intentions, but also to
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ARLT100g: Love and Death in Russian Novel
December 5, 2014
Role of Reading and Literature In the World of Characters from Eugene Onegin, Fathers and Children, and Anna Karenina
Though it may not seem so at first glance, the theme of reading and literature is of great significance. This theme and its significance, though it can be seen in many novels, can be specifically analyzed in the Russian novels Eugene Onegin, Fathers and Children, and Anna Karenina. Reading has a way of influencing people, although, these characters may not even realize or change intentionally. Characters such as Tatyana, Onegin, Oblonsky, Anna, Nikolai, Pavel, and more all
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Aristotle’s definition of a tragic hero can be seen in many works of Literature, and has verified its importance towards a lot of authors. His definition basically states that the character comes from a noble figure, occupies a high position in his/her society or kingdom and epitomizes a tragic flaw that ultimately leads to his or her downfall. The term Hubris is defined as excessive pride and self-confidence. It indicates that the person who exhibits it has lost contact with reality and always overestimates his accomplishment, which can lead to his/her downfall. The downfall could be anything from mental disturbance to even death. The concept of a tragic hero can definitely be seen in
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"Happiness is when what you think, what you say, and what you do are in harmony."- Mahatma GandhiAS"Happiness depends upon ourselves."- AristotleIn Nichomachean Ethics, Aristotle argues the highest end is the human good, and claims that the highest end pursued in action is happiness. Also, Aristotle claims that happiness is achieved only by living a virtuous life - "our definition is in harmony with those who say that happiness is virtue, or a particular virtue; because an activity in accordance with virtue implies virtue. Indeed, we may go further and assert that anyone who does not delight in fine actions is not even a good man." The virtuous life is full of reasoning for the good. Good
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According to Aristotle, poetry, along with other art forms, is based, more than anything, in man's "instinct" of imitation. Tragedy, which Aristotle regards as a superior form of drama, is a particular type of this imitation which follows specific formulas in order to achieve its goals. Tragedy "is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete and of a certain magnitude." It uses "artistic" language of different kinds which are found within "separate parts of the play."Tragedy relates "what may happen." It uses the character's nature to show the way in which he would act in a given situation. A good tragedy's central goal is to invoke pity and fear within its audience, causing
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Essay Assignment 4/17/15
Word Count: 1,597
The Ideals of Commerce of Aristotle vs. John Locke
Aristotle and John Locke are two of the more prominent philosophers of their respective time periods when historically analyzing political philosophy. Each philosopher has many written sources of their beliefs and ideals, many of which go against the ‘norms’ of the societies of their time period. Second Treatise of Government, by John Locke, and Aristotle’s Politics, written by Aristotle, both outline each philosopher’s ideal political regime in which each political system described is tailored to each individual’s self-thinking. Past experiences as well
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Socrates, Plato and Aristotle had virtually the same beliefs
about man's relation to the State, although Plato's political
theory of the State was more rational than Socrates or
Aristotle's. Socrates, Plato and Aristotle all believed that
man was not self-sufficient, they believed man would be most
happy living in a State. They also believed that all men wanted
to live the truly good life where they could be in tune with
the truth and achieve their ultimate goals. Although Socrates,
Plato and Aristotle's political views of the State are similar,
Plato's view is more rational than Socrates and Aristotle's in
the sense that he created an ideal State. Socrates
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Aristotle EssayAdnan AhmadCompare and contrast Aristotle's concept of mind with that of Descartes.IntroductionIn this essay I attempt to show Aristotle's concept of soul/mind*. Then I compare and contrast it with Descartes' concept of mind. In order to understand Aristotle's concepts of mind, I shall consider Aristotle's De Anima, in which Aristotle mostly concentrates on soul/mind discussion. I will examine the work of Kahn and Sorabji, who both considered Aristotle's and Descartes' philosophy in relation to soul and body problem. In order to compare Aristotle's concept of mind with Descartes', I am going to introduce Descartes' most famous philosophical work which involves the question
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Dagayah D. Edillo
Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle was born circa 384 B.C. in Stagira, a small town on the northern coast of Greece that was once a seaport. When he turned 17, he enrolled in Plato’s Academy. In 338, he began tutoring Alexander the Great. In 335, Aristotle founded his own school, the Lyceum, in Athens, where he spent most of the rest of his life studying, teaching and writing. Aristotle died in 322 B.C., after he left Athens and fled to Chalcis. Aristotle’s father, Nicomachus, was court physician to the Macedonian king Amyntas II. Although Nicomachus died when Aristotle was just a young boy, Aristotle remained closely
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Poetry as Mimesis (Imitation)
Aristotle defines all poetry as mimesis (imitation). In other words, poetry imitates nature, which is to say it imitates life, whether natural objects or human actions. For Aristotle, tragedy is an imitation of human action. The concept of art as imitation proved vastly influential in Western literature right up until the eighteenth century, when the Romantic age gave birth to the expressive theory, that poetry arises from the emotions, feelings and impressions of the artist. Aristotle insisted, perhaps consciously in opposition to Plato, that poetry represents something that is real, something that exists in the world. Whereas Plato believed that the poet
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Aristotle’s “On the Good Life” and Ciulla’s “Leisure and Consumption”
According to Aristotle’s “On the Good Life” and Ciulla’s “Leisure and Consumption,” acquiring happiness, seeking pleasure and understanding the concept of leisure all tremendously contribute to how our lives should be shaped and are all intimately intertwined. We can use all of these to obtain the good. I will be examining these pieces and further comparing and contrasting their various numbers of arguments. Primarily, Aristotle claims one that has the capability of understanding happiness rules over anything and everything. Aristotle also thought that Ciulla’s vision of leisure was a necessity for happiness
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decision-maker to maximize a business’s long-run profits within the limits of the law“ (mallor, et al p. 134).
These four theories all emphasize rules and consequences when making decisions, with the objective being achieving the greatest good possible. I found another theory that focuses on the same goal but emphasizes character instead of rules and consequences. It is the Virtue Theory and it was developed by Aristotle.
Aristotle argued that whenever we do something we do it to gain an end result. The ultimate of all ends is the chief good or the final good. This final good is called eudaimonia or happiness. This supreme happiness that Aristotle talks about is one for the
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Happiness is the goal of every human beings according to Aristotle, however what does happiness imply? It is in his attempt to define happiness and to find a way to attain it that Aristotle comes across the idea of virtue. It is thus necessary to explain the relationship between these two terms. I will start by defining the good and virtue and then clarify their close link with the argument of function, I will then go into more details in explaining the different ways in which they are closely related and finally I am going to give an account of the apparent contradiction in Book X which is a praise of the life of study.
Before describing the close relationship between the good and
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How Oedipus Rex fulfills the requirements of Poetics?
Sophocles was born a hundred years before Aristotle and perhaps was not aware that he wrote a near-perfect representation of the tragedy according to Aristotle’s opinion. In The Poetics, the greatest statement of classical dramatic theory, Aristotle cites Oedipus as the best example of Greek tragedy. Tragedy is one of the most widespread forms of drama produced around the world. There are certain criteria that a drama has to follow in order for it to be characterized as a Tragedy. The criteria are established by Aristotle and are still being used today.
Aristotle's Poetics is the earliest-surviving work of dramatic theory
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Virtue ethics is one theory that people use to make moral decisions. It does not rely on culture, society, or religion; it only depends on the individuals. Aristotle was the main philosopher of virtue theory which he introduced his theory in ancient Greek times. Aristotle was a great believer in virtues and the meaning of virtue to him meant being able to fulfill one's functions. Virtue ethics is not interested in the question “what should I do?” but rather in the question “what kind of person should I become?” It has more to do with the nature of what it is to be human and their character, than with the rights and wrongs of actions. Instead of
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Everybody, even without realizing it, is affected and makes use of the principles of force and motion. Getting out bed, throwing a basketball, and removing a bottle cap are just a few examples of how people need motion of produce a desired effect. Aristotle and Galileo were two scientists who both studied motiom, and who discovered defferent ways of explaining the theories behind motion.Aristotle was born in Greece on 384 BC. His father had been a physician in the the courts of the Macedanian king, Amyntas2. When Aristotle was a child , he lost both parents and was brought up by a friend of family. At the age of 17, he went to Athens to obtain a collaege education. Later , he left one of
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how a happy person is just, or ethical. Thomas embraces the ideas of Aristotle throughout his work, and goes on to comment on, and Christianize many of Aristotle’s original ideas, including how happiness affects our senses and faculties. One of the most interesting developments in the “Treatises on Happiness” is the combination of the concepts of Aristotelian happiness, found in Nicomachean Ethics, and Augustinian idea that happiness is not available in this life. In this essay, I will highlight the importance of Thomas’ “Treatise on Happiness,” and recognize its importance in the context of philosophers who preceded Thomas, namely Aristotle.
Before proceeding, it is important to
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Aristotle's Poetics seeks to address the different kinds of poetry, the structure of a poem, and the division of a poem into its component parts. He defines poetry as a 'medium of imitation' that seeks to represent or duplicate life through character, emotion, or action. Aristotle defines poetry very broadly, including epic poetry, tragedy, comedy, and even some kinds of music.
Aristotle's dramatic genre are epic, tragedy and comedy are all modes of imitation but differ in their medium (rhythm, language, harmony), objects (actions of agents who are good men or bad men, men above our own level of moral goodness or below it) and manner of imitation. Manner (the poet may speak as
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and that to which we ought to aim to in all of our deeds. Through the function argument, Aristotle finds that the good human life is a life that is lived in accordance with rational activity.
Aristotle opens his argument with this remark:
â€œBut presumably the remark that the best good is happiness is apparently something generally agreed and we still need a clearer statement of what the best good is. Perhaps, then, we shall find this if we first grasp the function of a human being. For just as the good (flourishing) for a flautist, a sculptor, and every craftsman, in general, for whatever has a function and characteristic action, seems to depend on its function, the same seems to be
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Aristotle's Analysis of Oedipus Rex
Aristotle is the most influential philosopher in the history of Western thought. A Greek drama by Sophocles, Oedipus Rex, was praised in the Poetics of Aristotle as the model for classical tragedy and is still considered a principal example of the genre. In this essay I will analyze Oedipus Rex using Aristotle's concepts praxis, poiesis, theoria.
Thought and character make persons actions. They only indicate the basic meaning of action but if one wants to understand how the arts imitate action more than just in concepts of thought and character he or she should explore the notion of it a little further. Action springs from
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24 February 2012
Application of Aristotle's Poetics in the work Apology by Plato
According to Aristotle, the criterion that is expressed in Poetics should be based on the matter, subjects and method. For example; for matter, the melody, rhythm and language are the key considerations to be looked into. The subjects in Poetics usually bring out the character traits that are related to human characteristics.
This is what brings out the difference between tragic events and comic events in a work of poetry. For tragic events, the character in most instances is usually considered to be more honest, serious and considered to be very important in society
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issue. Two questions in Plato’s Republic were “What is nature of a fair society.” And “What is the meaning of justice.” Justice and the fair are the most important to Plato. Both Socrates and Plato’s views on what makes a good citizen was extremely similar but instead of Socrates question “What is the greater good?” Plato says he/she must examine their life throughout the day to make sure it’s worth living.
Another great philosopher of Athens named Aristotle. He was a student of Plato’s, and he tutored Alexander the Great. Aristotle founded a school known as Lyceum, he lectured in a covered walkway. His teachings were in the form of lecture notes and covered a more practical range of subject
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Reading Aristotleâ€™s take on the structure of a successful story was both enlightening and reassuring on basic values weâ€™ve learned thus far in classes. Something that particularly struck a chord with me was the level of importance he put on the different elements that create a story. The main thing that intrigued me was the relation it still has to todayâ€™s world of film and television.
The most important element for Aristotle is the complexity and coherency of the plot. He states that â€œâ€¦the greatest means by which tragedy draws the soul areâ€¦namely reversals and discoveriesâ€ (Aristotle, Ch. 6 Ln. 37) in the story itself. While I agree with the majority
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With reference to Aristotle and/or Kant, explain the nature of friendship. How does the nature of friendship affect our moral obligations?
Friendship involves a relationship between two beings pertaining to the elements of freedom, choice and love; “an association of two persons through equal and mutual love and respect” (Kant 1965, p. 469). Friendships offer support, affection, companionship and a sense of connection with another being. Aristotle and Kant hold similar views on friendship and recognise that the notion plays a central role in a meaningful and happy life, and also has a profound effect on our moral obligations. As individuals, we experience three main types of
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to the western world and formed the foundation for western philosophy and psychology, influencing the philosophers who followed, from the oldest to the most contemporary ones and inspiring passionate support but not without also being questioned.
Today, most of their views seem to have lost nothing of their lustre and stand out like shining beacons, especially now that the western world is desperately seeking answers in order to relight its fires!!!
In the text below, I refer to Aristotle and Socrates, the principles and practices they bequeathed us, so as to prove that these have a lot in common with the principles and practices of coaching. In addition, I will attempt to prove that
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Tragedy occurs to some more often to others, but most define it differently. Webster’s Dictionary defines it as “a kind of drama in which some fatal or mournful event occurs” (764). To philosophers and traditional writers philosophy takes on another meaning. For example, to famous philosophical figure Aristotle, “tragedy occurs when noble or great persons are led, through pride or a secret flaw in their personalities, to suffering that changes their fortune. The tragic hero must begin in a high position and end in death or some sort of degraded role” (Definitions of Tragedy). Based on human nature, Aristotle’s philosophy of tragedy, and current literary criticism of Shakespeare’s Macbeth
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Critically discuss the work of Aristotle and one critical response to this approach to ethicsAristotle's work The Nicomachean Ethics serves as the basis for the Western system of moral philosophy known as virtue ethics. He establishes the notion of eudaimonia and uses teleological reasoning combined with notions of essentialism and the doctrine of the mean to create a system of moral philosophy based on the character of the moral agent. This essay will first outline Aristotle's main arguments in The Nicomachean Ethics which underpin his theory of virtue ethics before discussing one critical response.Aristotle argues that the value of ethical enquiry is to resolve disagreements about what is