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* George Orwell, author of the books 1984 and Animal Farm, was one of Huxley’s students.
* Huxley took the drug LSD while he lay on his death bed.
* Disney rejected Huxley’s screen play of Alice in Wonderland.
“Experience is not what happens to you; it's what you do with what happens to you.”
* Graduated from the University of Michigan in 1938, majoring in journalism. He was a reporter and night editor on the student paper, The Michigan Daily
* First wife Mary Slattery was his college sweetheart.
* Miller wrote radio plays, screenplays, articles, stories, and a novel in the eight years it took him to write a
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The Freedom Writers
Freedom Writers was released in 2007 on January 7. It was based on the book the Freedom Writer's Diary by Erin Gruwell, who wrote the story based on a school name Woodrow Wilson Classical High School in Eastside Long Beach, California. This film tells a story about Erin Gruwell, who is a young teacher who just started her job as a freshman and sophomore English teacher at Woodrow Wilson High School. She is soon challenged by a group of Black, Latino and Asian gang members who had excessive hate for the new teacher, Erin Gruwell. The most significant themes in The Freedom Writers is tolerance, journal writing/empowerment, determination and last but not least is
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Are Writing Deficiencies Creating a Lost Generation of Business Writers?
ZANE K. QUIBLE FRANCES GRIFFIN OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY STILLWATER, OKLAHOMA
ABSTRACT. Business professionals and instructors often view writing skills as one of the most important qualifications that employees should possess. However, many business employees, including recent college graduates, have serious writing deficiencies, especially in their ability to use standard English. As a result, American businesses spend billions of dollars annually to remediate these writing deficiencies (College Board, the National Commission on Writing for America’s Families, Schools, and Colleges, 2004). In this article, the
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Hippolyte Jean GiraudouxN 1 est un écrivain1 et un diplomate français, né le29 octobre 1882 à Bellac en Haute-Vienne et mort le 31 janvier 1944 à Paris.
Brillant étudiant et soldat décoré pendant la Première Guerre mondiale, il occupe des fonctions diplomatiques et administratives tout en écrivant des romans(Suzanne et le Pacifique en 1921, Siegfried et le Limousin en 1922) avant de se diriger vers le théâtre après sa rencontre avec le comédien Louis Jouvet qui mettra en scène et interprétera ses œuvres principales.
Il est aujourd'hui surtout connu pour son théâtre qui compte des pièces célèbres comme Amphitryon 38 (1929), La guerre de Troie n'aura pas lieu (1935), Électre(1937) ou Ondine
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“Freedom Writers” Movie Review
Let me just start off by saying this movie, out of the countless movies I have seen, is the first one to almost give me happy tears. Director Richard La Gravenese is one of my favorite directors (“Water for Elephants”2011). “Freedom Writers” made me love him more. I am not a fan of long movies and I was shocked when after, I found out that the movie was over two hours. Many drama movies are slow paced and boring but I think “Freedom Writers” a movie of this genre is the first one where I never zoned out through the whole movie. This heartwarming story of a young teacher who made a great change in many students’ lives is absolutely worth your
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In the book, The Freedom Writers Diary, some things were not added into the movie. They changed the perspective, so instead of the students telling the story and the teacher secondary, like in the book, the teacher (Ms. Gruwell) tells the story, and the students are secondary. Also, the entries are worse and more horrifying than in the movie, like abuse, drugs, peer pressure, illness, and violence.
I think that these changes, in the book version to the movie version, were to have a 3rd person point of view story of the kids, and not a 1st person point of view like in the book. When this story is in 3rd person point of view, we learn the struggle for Ms. Gruwell and the hardships on
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There are many arguments against why a machine can not be conscious some were expressed in Turing's paper. One argument that Daniel Dennett brought up in his book Brainchildren: Essays on Designing Minds was “Robots are purely material things, and consciousness requires immaterial mind-stuff”. I think that humans are uncomfortable with the idea that a manufactured thing can simulate our most precious possession, our mind. Therefore they created this argument to give themselves a sense of protection against science. Another argument against this was expressed once again by Rick Dennett who wrote “...every other phenomenon of initially “supernatural” mysteriousness has succumbed to an
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Typing Template for APA Papers: A Sample of Proper Formatting for the APA 6th Edition Student A. Sample
Grand Canyon University:
Typing Template for APA Papers: A Sample of Proper Formatting for the APA 6th Edition
This is an electronic template for papers written in APA style (American Psychological Association, 2010). The purpose of the template is to help the student set the margins and spacing. Margins are set at 1 inch for top, bottom, left, and right. The type is left-justified only—that means the left margin is straight, but the right margin is ragged. Each paragraph is indented five spaces. It is best to use the tab key to indent. The line spacing is double throughout
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Communication – writers to readers
In order for writers to communicate with their readers, they use different language in a way that links to their specific audience. For example, a news journalist will use different language to what a beauty magazine journalist will use. Using different language can affect many different aspects, such as creating a relationship and influencing their readers. The writer must also adapt his/her style, tone and clarity to the reading audience to ensure they communicate well.
One way language is used to affect the audience, is the formality of it. The formality of language should match the formality of the situation and the relationship between the writer
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A large problem facing Erin Gruwell in Freedom Writers (2007) was although an integrated school system was considered a good thing at this point in history, the integraton created some issues. Society was not looking at the individuals in each school and examining how this sudden integration of different cultures would affect those involved. By suddenly uprooting so many students and drastically changing their environment, many teens were effectd in an adverse manner and had no desire to participate in school or continue their education. Erin Gruwell became the sole pathfinder practitioner for these troubled teens (Brown, 2011, p. 91). She challenged authority within the school system
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Seminar 2 Film Application Paper - Freedom Writers
November 16, 2010
Seminar 2 Film Application Paper - Freedom Writers
A large problem facing Erin Gurwell in Freedom Writers (2007) is an integrated school system was considered a good thing at this point in history. Society was not looking at the individuals in each school and examining how this sudden integration of different cultures would affect the individuals involved. By suddenly uprooting so many individuals, developing teens and drastically changing their environment it affected many teens in an adverse manner and they had no desire to participate in school to continue their education. Erin Gurwell became the
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Freedom Writers: A Message of Hope
According to Joseph Campbell, a scholar of mythology states that, a hero is one who hero gives his or her life to something bigger than him or herself, to some higher end not to mention also the hero undergoes trials and tests to see if he or she has the courage, the knowledge and the capacity to survive. To explain what this means I will use the protagonist Erin Gruwell (starring Hilary Swank), in the 2007 drama film, Freedom Writers, directed and written by Richard LaGravenese, It is based on the book The Freedom Writers Diary by Erin Gruwell (teacher by profession) who wrote the story based on Woodrow Wilson Classical High School in Long Beach
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Compare the attitudes of the writers and speakers towards alcohol
All three texts share the common topic: alcohol. Text A is an extract from the novel Lucky Jim by Kingsley Amis and is therefore in the written domain. Its purpose is to entertain as it belongs in the genre of literary fiction and has a public yet educated audience to the use of low frequency lexis. Text has an overall negative attitude, not necessarily towards the consumption of alcohol but the after effects of excessive drinking of it. Text B in contrast is part of a speech by the politician Tony Blair and is therefore in the spoken domain. Its purpose is to inform the general public about the dangers and problems
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World War II had many effects in the middle of the twentieth century. Included are the emotional and psychological effects on those who wrote literary works and used their experiences as subjects to write about. Such are the cases of Italian writers who saw to the deepest extents the effects of WWII in Italy. Twentieth century Europe has been for many people a time of great turmoil and destruction. Two world wars have impacted the lives of many, and the events in the war have been the source of inspiration for great writers.
Primo Levi, born in Turin July 31, 1919, was an Italian-Jew. He was deported to a concentration camp in Auschwitz, and from his experiences there he writes novels like
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How can we help children become good writers of narrative?To become good writers of narrative children need to have a wide range of experience in hearing and reading stories.'The roots of story writing lie in a rich experience of listening to and watching stories, drama and role play, early story reading, frequent re-reading of favourites and the telling/retelling of all forms of story' (Writing Narrative: writer flier 2:NLS)As well as an extensive background of stories children need the right environment to produce them.I will attempt to show how as teachers we are responsible for creating the right background knowledge, environment and encouragement to allow young writers of narrative to
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What makes American literature American?
America has long been fans of the superior writers, such as Hemingway and Fitzgerald for their various works including “The Great Gatsby” and “The Old Man in the Sea”, America has been known for its fondness of short stories. American literature aims to embody the values and morals of the American culture. The foundation of American values include the rights to liberty, justice, freedom, equality, love, and family, American literature usually will be centered in one or more of these ideals. American literature incorporates the story of an American character and their encounters with the land and the people, exemplifying the human need to control
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Studying Literature in Grade 12
This essay will prove that graduating students in Ontario should only study Canadian literature in a Grade 12 English course. While good writers exist in all cultures, Ontario students should only study Canadian writers. Because we need to become more familiar with our literature. Three reasons for this are; the need to focus on our own Canadian culture despite being surrounded by other cultures, the need to promote and establish our own writers, and the need to encourage younger Canadian authors.
Students in Ontario taking English should only study Canadian literature because we are completely swamped by the American culture around us. This is a
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The Beat Generation was created by a group of American writers in the 1950s, and gave inspiration and a new perspective for the lives of many. These writers spoke against mainstream American values, materialism, militarism, and consumerism. They were also experimental with drugs and took high interest in Eastern spirituality.
The biggest figures and early writers of the Beat Generation were Jack Kerouac, William S. Burroughs, Allen Ginsberg, Neal Cassady, Gregory Corso, Herbert Huncke, Lucien Carr, Peter Orlovsky, and John Clellon Holmes. These people were also known as the beatniks (legend has it that Bob Kaufman was the first person to be called a beatnik). Certain poets associated with
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the Aborigines in Australia. Critical response to these texts is often seen as an important way to articulate and negotiate communication between writers who define themselves as postcolonial and critics who are not part of that experience. In her introduction to Post-Colonial and African American Women's Writing, published in 2000, Gina Wisker notes that the indictment present in many postcolonial texts tends to produce guilt or feelings of inherited complicity in many readers. Also, although writing about these texts may raise the level of awareness of both the texts and their writers, some postcolonial writers see reflected in this activity an arrogant assumption about the need for
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a sentence with “because.” Second, include that in the last sentence OR erase all together, as you repeat it in the following sentence. Three reasons for this are; Scratch the beginning of this sentence, change wording. the need to focus on our own Canadian culture despite being surrounded by other cultures, the need to promote and establish our own writers, and the need to encourage younger Canadian authors.
Based on the points listed in the Introduction, this paragraph should focus on “Focusing on our own Canadian Culture”
Students in Ontario taking English should only study Canadian literature because we are completely swamped by the American culture around us. Is this relevant
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The Beats were a criticism of American complacency and an expression of new forms of literature that has constantly influenced our society and living. The Beat generation started from a group of American writers who emerged in the 1950s. Among many Beat Generation writers, most influential members were Norman Mailer, Allen Ginsberg, Jack Kerouac, William Burroughs and Gary Snyder. All the writers have contributed to the literature society in their own different and unique way. Here in this essay, I will explore on unique characteristics or contributions that each writer has made on our literature society.
Norman Mailer was a predominant writer in 1950s. He is mostly known as the writer
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writers must survive in the garret, and look at the facts. Most notable writers in the history of books were paid a living wage: they include Dostoevksy, Dickens and Shakespeare. In the last 50 years the system of publishers' advances has supported writers such as Ian McEwan, Angela Carter, JM Coetzee, Joan Didion, Milan Kundera, Don DeLillo, Salman Rushdie, Norman Mailer, Philp Roth, Anita Shreve, Graham Greene, Muriel Spark and John Fowles. Authors do not live on royalties alone. To ask whether International Man Booker prizewinner Philip Roth could have written 24 novels and the award-winning American trilogy without advances is like asking if Michelangelo could have painted the Sistine
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information. The library of America offers American Literature, including poems, novels, essays drama and other American works from America’s best writers. According to Hewitt (p.4), during its initial history, the US was a British colony especially on the east-coast of the present US. In reference to Hewitt (p.6), therefore, its literary traditions borrow heavily from the British. Nevertheless, its distinct features and the depth of its production make it to be viewed as its own entity. In reference to Hewitt (p.60), who American was and what America had become was the dominant theme of literature as the first outlines of modern American life took shape.
Earliest forms of American Literature
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writers have tried to create more precise and disciplined ways of discussing literature. This day, literary criticism provides some general guidelines to help us analyze, deconstruct, interpret and evaluate different literary works. Literary critics have borrowed concepts from other disciplines, like linguistics, psychology, and anthropology, to analyze imaginative literature more perceptively. Mass media critics, such as newspaper reviewers, usually spend their time evaluating works—telling us which books are worth reading, which movies not to bother seeing. We usually see literary criticism in a book review or critical essay; however, nowadays the Internet has made all forms of criticism
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Modernism’s Lost Generation
The growth of modernism was marked by a strong and deliberate break with tradition; the disruption includes a strong reaction against established religious, political, and social views. Authors of the period tended to pursue more untried and more highly individualistic forms of writing. Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and T. S. Eliot are well-known modernist writers and friends; they each approached modernism differently in their individual works.
In Hemingway’s novel, “The Sun Also Rises centers on a group of heavy-drinking, tough-talking and hard-living expatriates and is narrated by an American reporter in Paris” (McQuade). Like Hemingway’s other
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literature, on the other hand, might often leave you saying, "That one character totally reminds me of my aunt." Again, everyday folks doing everyday things.
4. Since writers are most likely to be factual and convey a sense of the "everyday" when dealing with things they know intimately, many realists write specifically about places where they lived or grew up. There's a whole subcategory of American realism, in fact, called "local color," which tries hard to convey the reality of particular places in the U.S. It's interesting to note, too, that a whole lot of this local-color realism is set in different parts of the Midwest. Up until the realists' time, most American literature is about the
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of 1929 triggered the Great Depression.After the world war America changed in literature too. Generation of that period called as the lost generation since they were barren emotionally. This term came out for a group of American writers who were writing in the 1920s. There were Ernest Hemingway Scott Fitzgerald and John Steinbeck among them. Paris had become their center of literature. Their work had reflections of war, disillusion and materialism which occurred as a result. American Dream started not to serve as a path to follow for the young generation, because although those writers were spending their time for literature mostly in Europe, they still knew the pain of the young Americans
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Ellison started writing what would become “The invisible Man” while at a friend’s farm in Vermont. The existential novel, published in1952, focused on an African- American civil rights worker from the south who, upon his move to New York, becomes increasingly alienated due to the racism he encounters. Upon its release, Invisible Man became a runway hit, remaining on bestseller lists for weeks and winning the National Book Award the following year. With millions of copies eventually printed, the novel would be regarded as a groundbreaking meditation on race and marginalized communities in America, influencing future generations of writers and thinkers.
Ellison traveled throughout
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is both a travel-memoir and a historical study—resulted from Ghosh's continuing interest in twelfth-century Egyptian culture. Ghosh has won numerous awards, including the Annual Prize from the Indian Academy of Letters in 1990. In 2001, Ghosh declined a nomination for a regional Commonwealth Writers Prize. Ghosh has served as a visiting professor at several universities, including the University of Virginia, Columbia University, University of Pennsylvania, and American University in Cairo. Ghosh has also held the title of distinguished professor in the Department of Comparative Literature at Queens College, City University of New York, and has worked as a contributing writer to Indian
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Prevailing Philosophies and Psychosocial Dimensions of Philippine Contemporary Novels in English
Chapter I – Introduction
Philippine contemporary novels or literature in general is an offshoot of the Philippine-American War or what is coined as the Philippine War of Independence which transpired from 1899 to 1902. As early as 1863, the Spanish colonizers have introduced the public elementary school system to the Philippines. During the American colonization, U.S. soldiers have started layering down the bricks as foundation of the public school system in the Philippines when they opened the first public school in the Philippines at Corregidor Island.
On January 21, 1901, the Taft
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When literary critics characterized the Harlem Renaissance as an isolated uprising of African-American writers and musicians, they are boldly robbing the Harlem Renaissance of its significance. The Harlem Renaissance, also known as the "New Negro Movement", was and, arguably, still is the greatest explosion of black art, literature, music, and theatre since the transportation of Africans to America. This artistic revolution explicitly confirmed that African-Americans possessed the ability to create stylized works with a cultural favor. It was no wonder why African-American literature and arts attracted significant attention from the nation at large. The Harlem Renaissance marked the first
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* considered as a Filipino nationalist and scholar par excellence
* dedicated his life to the cause of Philippine national sovereignty, democratic rights, peace and social justice
* his nationalist works have been cited and recognized by the Quezon City and Manila governments, the Civil Liberties Union, and the Polytechnic University of the Philippines and the University of the Philippines
* his writings:
1. teach us to re-examine our colonial history
2. wants us to learn from our past and to correct some of the historical errors made by early writers of history
3. “usable past” – a past that can be used to advance the Filipino’s quest for
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Langston Hughes was one of the great writers of his time. He was named the "most renowned African American poet of the 20th century" (McLaren). Through his writing he made many contributions to following generations by writing about African American issues in creative ways including the use of blues and jazz. Langston Hughes captured the scene of Harlem life in the early 20th century significantly influencing American Literature. He once explained that his writing was an attempt to "explain and illuminate the Negro condition in America" (Daniel 760). To fulfill this task, he wrote 15 volumes of poetry, six novels, three books, 11 plays, and a variety of non-fiction work (Daniel 760
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The seminar will give an overview of representative American literary works in their cultural context from the colonial period to the end of the nineteenth century.
• Regular class attendance and participation
• Presentation on a chosen theme
• Weekly reading log (if you miss more than two weekly entries, your entire work fails)
• Essay of 2 500 words due May 9, and its oral presentation.
Calendar of meetings and assignments
| |Themes, authors, primary texts |Critical reading |
|Feb 8 |Introductions
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As tensions regarding colonial lands and taxation increased during the 1760s and 1770s, many American leaders were influenced by the liberal and republican ideals espoused by Enlightenment writers such as John Locke. Key among Locke's theories was that of the "social contract" which stated that legitimate state authority must be derived from the consent of the governed. Also, that should the government abuse the rights of the governed, it was the natural responsibility of the people to rise up and overthrow their leaders. The ideas of Locke and other similar writers contributed to the American embrace of "republican" ideology in the years before the Revolution.
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were so far inherently related to British history and cultural lore. However, in the early 19th Century, American writers started to express their perceptions, ideas and experiences while being under the influence of fresh feelings of independence which forged the nation’s sense of identity. Therefore, the literature produced in this time was distinctively characterized by emphasizing native scenes and characters. Many authors contributed to this area of art:
four authors of very respectable stature appeared. William Cullen Bryant, Washington Irving, James Fenimore Cooper, and Edgar Allan Poe initiated a great half century of literary development.
The authors who began to come
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literature because we are completely swamped and overrun by the American culture that is exposed to us on a daily basis. This has always been a Canadian tradition because we have always been a branch plant or bi-product if another country starts with England and France, meaning that our country has never had the chance and time to develop into something of its own since we have always been under the thumb of a more powerful foreign culture. This has led to students in Ontario studying Shakespeare and other British writers: today they may also study American authors such as Fitzgerald. But many schools limit a student’s exposure to the Canadian novel to ISP reading lists. In this sense, Canada is an
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Among all the major American literature writers, Norman Mailer is perhaps one of the most well-known both in the United States and internationally. No career in American literature has been at once so brilliant, varied, controversial, public, and misunderstood. Few American writers have had their careers on the verge of public inspection for such a lengthy period; none has been so regularly celebrated. In Norman Mailer’s novel, “The Naked and the Dead”, the author uses inspirational fiction and non-fiction to bring out the emotional aspects of people after a war has ended.
Norman Kingsley Mailer was born on January 31, 1923 and died November 10, 2007. He was an American
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until 1973. In 1975, Ms. Magazine published Alice Walker's essay, "In Search of Zora Neale Hurston" reviving interest in Hurston's work. Thanks to Alice Walker's efforts, Hurston's grave now has a fitting epitaph: "Zora Neale Hurston: A Genius of the South."
Today, Zora Neale Hurston is considered one of the pre-eminent writers of twentieth-century African-American literature. Hurston was closely associated with the Harlem Renaissance and has influenced such writers as Ralph Ellison, Toni Morrison, Gayle Jones, Alice Walker, and Toni Cade Bambara.
For today's students, it's nearly impossible to attend high school or college without reading Hurston's novel Their Eyes Were Watching God
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, purchased her in order to be a companion for his wife. As soon as the Wheatley's purchased her, they realized that Phillis was veryremarkable. So, they allowed her to stop working in order to spend most of her time studying. The Wheatleys taught her English, Christianity,Latin, and Ancient History. With her Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral (1773) being published in England, she became aninternational celebrity.Wheatley's poem, addressed "To the Right Honorable William, Earl of Dartmouth", dealt with the slave issues. In the poem she speaks about her experience of being "snatched from Afric" and her misery. This, as well as, her other poems began a strong African American
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Rhetorical Analysis of “Life on the Global Assembly Line”
“Life on the Global Assembly Line” written by Barbara Ehrenriech and Annette Fuentes is about third world countries’ cheap women labor in the early 1980’s. Ehrenriech is an American feminist, author and journalist who frequently contribute to New York Times, Harpers, and the Progressive. Meanwhile Fuentes is an American Journalist who often writes about Health and Education for newspapers such as New York Times. The main idea of the essay is about the lives of women in third world countries who are exploited by first world countries for the cheap labor. Ehrenriech and Fuentes intended to inform feminists about the manipulation of
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, Brian.”John Keats.” Brittish Writers. Ed. Parini, Joy. Charles Scribers’ Sons. 2002. 183-197
John Keats Academy of American Poets 1997-2014 http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmpid/66
” John Keats.” Poetry Foundation
Motion, Andrew. Keats A Biography. United Kingdom: Faber and Faber LTD, 1997
O’Connor, Robert H.”John Keats.”Great lives from History.Ed.Magil,Frank. Salem Press. 1987. 1492-1497
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"H.P. Lovecraft." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 28 Apr. 2009 .
Kumbier, William A. "H. P. Lovecraft." World Book Encyclopedia. 2008. 508
Bloom, Harold. Modern Horror Writers. New York: Chelsea House Publisher, 1995. 138-150.
Glassman, Peter. Scary Stories. San Fransisco: Chronicle Books, 2006. 5-8.
Introduction. Modern Horror Writers. By Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea House Publisher, 1995. xi
Werlook, Abby H. P. "Lovecraft, H. P." Companion to the American Novel. Vol. 2. New York: Facts on File, 2006.
3 vols. 796-97.
Sallis, James. "H. P. Lovecraft: Tales." The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction 109.1 (July 2005): 40(6). General Reference Center Gold. Gale. Tennessee Electronic Library - TEL. 23 Apr. 2009
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* Structure and content/part
* Task division
* Learning outcome
2: Body (2): Compare writers
* Stature and credibility
* Conclusion writers
* How do age, background and nationality of writers influence language and meaning?
* What are the consequences of this influence?
* Effects Noor, Martijn, Joos and Nadine on language and meaning
* Compare gravity of different aspects’ effect
[Slide 1.] Sociologists make a distinction between gender and sex. Gender is the perceived component of human sexuality while sex is the
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writings of those who were forced into slavery in America, who came against their will and suffered under horrific circumstances. Their stories expand the definition of an American into broader territories and reveal the difficult journey that many faced as they endeavored to find their place in a country that championed liberty yet enslaved them. Writers like Harriet Jacobs helped jump-start a new genre in American literature that came to be known as the North American slave narrative which greatly contributed to the defining of American identity.
The North American slave narrative was unique in that its authors went to great lengths to present their own personal narrative of their experiences
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American movie stars like Marlon Brando and James Dean.
Reasons for American domination at the cinema
American film-making technology was the most advanced in the world, making it possible for them to produce many more high-quality films at a faster rate than their competitors. Local production companies could not compete with the dazzling technicolour and bright, big-budget promotional campaigns of American film companies.
The abundant budgets and superior technological resources also attracted the best actors, writers and directors to America. In many cases, this meant that the American creative output was of a higher standard than that of other countries.
See Image 3
American and British
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How the Civil War Changed American Literature
The 1860’s was a time of numerous talented writers: Whitman, Emerson, Hawthorne, and Melville. Major writers experienced the civil war in their day to day lives and this began to change what they believed and subsequently changed what they wrote.
The abolitionists Thomas Wentworth Higginson studied Ralph Waldo Emerson, whose essays he explained as “starry with statements of absolute truth.” Emerson’s antislavery ideals helped influence positive war ideals. Emerson had spent decades writing about moral and cultural change and he viewed the war as necessary. However, not every writer was confident about the war like Emerson. For example
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to American letters, however, came in the form of his enormous influence on other writers and thinkers. In the 1830s, for example, he became a leader of American Transcendentalism--a philosophical, literary, and social movement--and so influenced Margaret Fuller and Henry David Thoreau. Emerson and Transcendentalism even shaped the ideas of non-adherents, such as Herman Melville and Edgar Allan Poe, who defined their own philosophical and aesthetic principles partly by criticizing the Transcendentalists.
Emerson's ideas about poetry--perhaps in particular his contention that "it is not metres, but a metre-making argument, that makes a poem" in the essay "The Poet"--also profoundly
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lysis Topic Proposal by Mr. K.Harjo, Susan Shown. "Last Rites for Indian Dead." in Kennedy, X.J., et.al., eds. The Bedford Guide for College Writers. Boston: Bedford., 2002.Harjo's piece was originally published prior to the creation of Congress' N.A.G.P.R.A. legislation (Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act), signed into law under the first Bush Administration in 1991. Harjo's central argument is that Native American peoples should no longer be considered the commodified property of all Americans. She decries the desecration and exploitation of Native American gravesites and holy sites. For far too long, Harjo argues, Native American people have been seen as nothing more
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ordinary people imagining and created and new country and unique way of life
The Meeting of Two Worlds
â€¢ The earliest American writers concentrated mainly on describing the challenging new environment and people
â€¢ They recorded a historical turning point: when the Europeans and Native Americans first crossed paths
â€¢ Writers commented on how Native Americans viewed one another and their land
â€¢ William Wood noted how the Native Americans took the 1st ship they saw as walking islands
â€¢ William Bradford noted that North America was a hideous, wild place full of hideously, wild people
From Colony to Country
â€¢ The first colonists thought of themselves as English subjects