762 words - 4 pages
ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE OF PAKISTAN FROM 1947-1972
This long period of 25 years was split into two major eras of our economic history; first starting from 1947 to 1958 and second from 1959 to 1972.
First era (1947-1958)
Pakistan’s economy and society have evolved considerably since the time the country
gained independence in 1947. Primarily an agrarian and rural country at the time, a fair
amount of structural change has led to the development of large services (contributing to
50% of the GDP) and manufacturing (contributing to 25% of GDP) sectors.
At the time when Pakistan gained its independence, country was struggling to make the ends meet with no infrastructure, no
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Pakistan Resolution or Muslim Leagueâ€™s Search forÂ Survival
I actually wanted to go through a phase of introspection and make some important confessions to myself yesterday. Foremost being that I should stopÂ finding footsteps in the mire; realizing for good the futility of my persistant infatuation with the infamous ideology question. There are number of reasons for this desperate conclusion. Firstly,Â Pakistan Studiesin my view, is merely an academic exercise having no objective influence on present state of affairs as well as future course of our collective action. Secondly, we are a nation (if it is accurate enough to be identified as such) purposefully failing to make sense of our
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Primary industries are environment related (ex. agriculture, fishery, lumber, mining, oil, energy) but they do not always have to be those things. Primary industries are also the most important industries out of all 3 sectors because it is the main business that a country does to obtain natural materials.
First important major primary industry in Pakistan is the mining industry. Mining is an important industry in Pakistan, there are many reasons to prove this fact. One reason would be that Pakistan has deposits of numerous minerals including coal, copper, gold, chromite, mineral salt, bauxite and many other different types of minerals. There are
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History of Pakistan
Fall of East Pakistan
Failure of our foreign policy and governance
In the late 60s, early 70s, Pakistan underwent a great amount of chaos between both
the West and the East.
The movement in East Pakistan started with a few domestic reason, mentioned as
follows. It was the case that East Pakistan always seemed to be dissatisfied with the
amount of attention and funds they received from the West chiefly from Punjab ruled
government. Yet at the same time they complained about the West having a hand in the
Shrivastava, Sanskar. "1971 India Pakistan War: Role of Russia, China, America and Britain." – The World
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[ ] 1969-1973
On assuming the presidency, General Yahya Khan acceded to popular demands by abolishing the one-unit system in West Pakistan and ordered general elections on the principle of one man one vote.
General Yahya’s regime made no attempt to frame a constitution. The expectations were that a new constituent assembly would be set up by holding a free and fair election. In order to hold the proposed elections, President Yahya Khan promulgated a Legal Framework Order on 30 March 1970 that also spelled out the fundamental principles of the proposed constitution and the structure and composition of the national and provincial assemblies.
In December, 1970 elections were held
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Syed Fahadulla Hussainy
Writing and Communication Sec 14
4th January 2012
Is Child Labor Acceptable in Pakistan?
Child labor is a global phenomenon that is defined as the children working under the age of 14 or 16 years. While most of the developed world has been able to overcome with this so-called social evil, child labor has been prevailing in almost all of the developing countries. The International Labor Organization (ILO) and Human Rights Organizations have been active in eliminating the practice of child labor through the agreement on the protection of the rights of children and the labor. The issue of child labor came into consideration in
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Pakistan Afghanistan issue
Afghanistan and Pakistan share multiple strands of culture, history, religion, and civilization, but the two countries have never succeeded in establishing bilateral relations free of tensions. Rather, passive antagonism and mistrust have marked bilateral ties for the larger part of more than half a century following the creation of Pakistan. The intensity of hostility has varied under different regimes in Afghanistan, however, and though brief periods of cordiality have occurred as well, these have never been enough to provide a consistent positive direction.
Although relations were stable to some extent under the Afghan monarchy and opposing claims over the
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A foundry equipment manufacturer in India procured an order of
Rs 7crores for supplies to a new foundry in Pakistan in 2004.
The equipment was routed through Dubai with all signs of India
removed from the machinery. The Pakistani importer had to pay at
least 17 percent more than what he would have paid if he could
have imported the equipment directly from India.
In any case the cost of similar equipment from other countries would
have been higher by at least 35 percent, so the Pakistani
businessman soundly bought the equipment from India. When he
will need to buy spare parts, he would follow the same circuitous
route. Similar experiences obtain in many such situations, where
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Monetary Policy of Pakistan for the Year 2008
The Main Difficulties Economy of Pakistan faced in the year 2008.
i) Hit by the sub prime mortgage crisis in U.S in 2007, the international financial markets have been in turmoil and whose impact is now felt across markets and continents;
ii) Rising global commodity prices, with crude oil and food staples prices skyrocketing;
iii) A gradual slide in the U.S dollar against major currencies.
During the course of FY08, the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) had to take three rounds of corrective policy actions:
First, in July 07, SBP policy rate was raised by 50 bps to 10 percent simply to allow for sterilization
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As of November 07, 2007 there were 637 companies which were listed on Karachi Stock Exchange with a total market capitalization of Rs. 4121 billion (66 billion $). This figure has registered an increase now and our Karachi Stock Market is approximately US$ 72 billion. Out of this financial sector constitutes 41% of the total market capitalization of Karachi Stock Exchange. However, the Insurance Sector is a small one and needs immediate attention for its growth, development and rapid expansion to meet the challenge of 21st Century for accelerating socio-economic growth of Pakistan with an emphasis on wider prosperity.
Insurance Sector has registered a very slow growth in the history of
2564 words - 11 pages
The aim of this report is to empirically analyze the relationship between interest rate, inflation, loan disbursed to textile sector, energy crises and yarn prices with textile sector growth in Pakistan during 2001 to 2011.Dependent variable is Textile sector growth Independent variables are Interest rate,, Inflation, Energy crisis, Price of cotton yarn and Loan disburses to textile sector.
The aim of this report is to empirically analyze the relationship between interest rate, inflation, loan disbursed to textile sector, energy crises and yarn prices with textile sector growth in Pakistan during 2001 to 2011.Dependent variable is Textile sector growth Independent variables are Interest
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SADIA KHALID BAJWA
INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY ISLAMABAD
A simple definition of culture is that it is the human response to the forces of Nature and History. According to the (World Conference on Culture Policies, Mexico 1982)Culture is “the whole complex of distinctive spiritual, material, intellectual and emotional features that characterize a society or social group. It includes not only arts and letters, but also modes of life, the fundamental rights of the human being, value systems, traditions and beliefs."
Pakistan is the country full of natural and cultural wealth. Pakistan has its
3117 words - 13 pages
Power Sector Highlights
Pakistan Energy Stats
Causes of Power Crisis
Circular Debt Issue
GoP’s Initiatives for the Power Sector/Sectoral Recommendations
VTT’s brief Portfolio
The Power sector was restructured in 1998 with the
creation of PEPCO (Pakistan Electric
Water & Power Development Authority’s (WAPDA)
has been structured into distinct corporate
entities comprising of 4 GENCOs, 10 DISCOs
and one TransCO (NTDC).
These 10 DISCOs are responsible for distribution to
the end users.
KESC meets its overall demand with its own
generation plus purchase from NTDC
3082 words - 13 pages
AGRICULTURAL AND INDUSTRIAL SECTOR BETTERMENT IS A KEY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF PAKISTAN, AND MANAGEMENT IS A KEY PROBLEM
Pakistan from its birth has faced so many problems infect every type of problem those problem can be inequality, war, economic, terrorism means we can say that Pakistan has never seen a constant peace in its time. As already discussed that Pakistan has faced every problem but the main problem that Pakistan is facing from its birth is economic problem and this problem has occurred because of mismanagement and lack of planning. Also we can say that the problem has occurred because the main source of Pakistanâ€™s income that is Agriculture is backward or we can simply say
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From the 1980’s onwards, Pakistan and Afghanistan have been at the forefront of numerous socio-political events germane to the rise of Islamic fundamentalism. The multifarious factors involved form a perplexing web of competing narratives that resist straightforward explanation. This essay will delve into the milieu, seeking alternative theories to construct a cogent thesis for the growth of fundamentalism. In doing so, it will examine the Islamisation policies of Pakistan’s Zia-ul-Haq administration and its congruence with United States interests at the time. Particular focus will be given to the Afghanistan – Pakistan dyad and how the recent return of international forces perpetuates the
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Entropy Alert: Implications of the Advancing China-US Rivalry in Asia-Pacific September 21, 2010 Entropy Alert: The Start of a New Phase of War Against Terror in Pakistan August 3, 2010 |
AnalysisThe Need for RGST Pakistan desperately needs to increase its tax revenues by adopting a more wide-ranging, modern sales tax on products and services. The Sales Tax Act of 1990 was based on established value added taxation principles but due to revenue exigencies and political compromises, it became increasingly narrow-based and distorted, with ever-growing list of exemptions, multiplicity of rates, special regimes and a number of other deviations from the best international practices
1928 words - 8 pages
WOMEN IN PAKISTAN
DISADVANTAGED AND DENIED THEIR RIGHTS
Women in Pakistan suffer widespread human rights violations. Police officers torture and rape women in their custody with impunity. If the victims bring complaints of rape before the courts, unless they can prove that they did not give their consent they may be punished for unlawful sexual intercourse under laws which explicitly discriminate against women. Women face cruel, inhuman and degrading punishments such as floggings and stoning to death. The discrimination against women in law reinforces their vulnerability to other human rights violations. Women's rights are seen as being of secondary importance and
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and reinforce learning at the same time. A key to remember is that you should have a program related purpose for everything you do and relate this purpose to your participants. Some people may not see the tie- in and think you frivolous or go back to the workplace and talk about all the FUN they had. Their sponsor may not understand the relevancy and you could lose support to send other participants in the future.
Major Problems of Agricultural Sector of Pakistan
Agricultural sector is the backbone of our economy. But the growth of agriculture in Pakistan is facing a lot of problems. Due to various causes, per acre yield is very low in Pakistan as compare to other
2300 words - 10 pages
Title of the book,
Poverty Alleviation in Pakistan, Present Scenario and Future Strategies
By, Dr. Mohibul Haq
This book is a collection of sixteen papers presented at a seminar on poverty alleviation organised by the Institute of Policy Studies, Islamabad in December 1995. The objectives of this seminar was to highlight the issues of poverty; to critically evaluate the public policies and strategies connected to it; and to present the solutions to poverty eradication with special reference to the Islamic approach.
Poverty is a global phenomenon, confined not only to the developing countries. It can be found in highly developed countries of the world also. Due to
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overcome. Since the 1950s we had a system in this country where the Ministry of Finance and all the economic ministries were headed by World Bank and IMF officials of Pakistan origin. With increase in the indebtedness of the country the situation got from bad to worse. The worst period was the decade of the 1990s when not only the economic ministries, but even prime ministers came from these institutions. During negotiations between the Government of Pakistan (GOP) and the International Financial Institutions (IFI)s it was difficult to distinguish between the GOP and the (IFI)s, for both sides comprised of IFI officials. These were very trying times for those of us who value independence and
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MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM ± TCS PAKISTAN 1.
Introduction (Today¶s Market Scenario)
The amount of competition faced by organizations today is more intensive than it was ever before. With the ever-expanding number of organizations and products, customers have a wide array of choices available. As a consequence the manufacturers and service providers now have to view their products and services from the customers¶ point of view not only to maintain a high quality but also to incorporate the customer-defined improvements whenever needed. In order to remain in business for long term and ensure their survival they have to incorporate techniques that would force the customer to
590 words - 3 pages
of inflation . as it should be bannned and stop unfeeding the poors . the beggar society has increased alot ,
they are seen on each and every corners of roads begging to others for their liveli hood , many of the parents which can't feed their
offsprings have left thier children to death. electricity , gas , telephonic bills,income tax , school fees, grocery items, land tax, pay tax ''HOW
COULD A SINGLE MAN PAY LOADS OF TAXES?'' how come he could survive paying theses bills of highscale . ''INFLATION AND TAXTAION IS
SUCKING THE BLOOD OF PEOPLE'' they are turning our minds towards cruelty and criminelness.
why we are unfed as our country PAKISTAN is an agricultral one ? why
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palm oil. According to the Economic Survey of Pakistan (2011-12), Pakistan is the third largest importer of edible oil globally. Oilseeds constitute about five per cent of total imports and 50 per cent of agricultural imports.
Given that the total oil consumption estimated at 3.7million metric tonnes (MMT) in MY 2012/13, up six per cent over last year’s estimates, it is essential that we focus on greater production of oilseed.
However, there are several constraints. Firstly, there is less established cropping system for oilseed crops. There exists a competition among oilseed and cereal crops, e.g., rapeseed and mustard compete with wheat while sunflower competes with rice and cotton crops and
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Judicial Activism In Pakistan
By Waseem Ahmad Qureshi, Advocate.
The advent of parliamentary democracy in 1985 marks a watershed in Pakistan’s political development. The renewal and strengthening of the political process has also brought to the fore the concomitant advantages associated with such a process. Pakistan’s print media is growing in the exuberance of total freedom, a luxury it has never enjoyed in Pakistan’s history. A participatory and democratic polity has integrated all foci of separatism in Pakistan. For the first time, there is no active secessionist movement in any of Pakistan’s provinces. Pakistani federalism is at its strongest; regional leaders
2821 words - 12 pages
environment after construction
Expert assistance is needed to do these things successfully.b
SANDY SOILS IN WEST PAKISTAN
M. Alim Mian
Soil Survey Project of Pakistan
West Pakistan has a total area of 312 000 mi2 (about 800 000 km2) and supports a population of about 60 million. It lies between latitudes 23° and 37° north and longitudes 61° and 76° east. There are three broad physiographic divisions: (i) the mountainous area, (ii) the Indus plains and (iii) the Thar desert. The mountainous area covers more than two-thirds of the total area on the western side. The Indus plains occupy an area of about 80 000 mi2 (205 000 km2), whereas the
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Roadmap, I also commit the time and effort of my team and all the resources at our disposal. Should we succeed in this mission, it will be the greatest education victory for Punjab and for Pakistan. It will be the legacy for my children and my children's children. Without education there is no future. This time we will not fail. I will do my best to make sure of it.
Goals For The Roadmap:
â€¢ Every child enrols in school
â€¢ Every child is retained in school
â€¢ Every child learns and makes progress
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Criminology in Pakistan
Criminology Is Obsessed With the Crimes of the Powerless at the Expense of the Crimes of the Powerful
One of the recurring themes of criminology is prejudicial application of law to various sections and groups in the society. “Law governs the poor and rich rules the law” profoundly reflects the divide in selective operation of law to the advantage of certain sections at the cost of others. Unfortunately this divide is also visible in the academic and intellectual endeavors undertaken by the scholars in the study of crimes and criminals. A survey of the criminology literature generates an impression that much more emphasis has been laid on the crimes
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ï»¿Essay On Pakistan And Her Neighbours.
Pakistan is situated in Southern Asia. Its geographical position has made her very important for big powers of the world. That is why they have always tired to influence Pakistan's relations with her neighbours. We have two big powers as our immediate neighbours i.e. Russia and china. Our third neighbour, India, is also trying to become a big power. Iran and Afghanistan are also our immediate neighbours, but they, being Muslim nations, have brotherly relations with Pakistan.
Our relations with china are also very cordial. China has helped us in every difficulty. China is the first country which had accepted Pakistan when it came into being. But
5442 words - 22 pages
Terrorism is not just word but ideology that suffered this world a lot. There are many countries of the world that are facing this threat in their parts. Important thing is that all countries are trying to counter it but terrorism increased. Pakistan is also the victim of this terrorism. In fact it is suffering a lot than any other country. The reason of that it’s big functional boundary which is associated with big countries of the world like India, Iran, Afghanistan and China.
Terrorism puts adverse impact on the life of individuals. It is not only put bad impact on individual’s life but also entire society is encircled. Flames and flames are encircling
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Illusion of democracy in Pakistan
History of feudalism
Repercussion of feudalism
Lack of implementation of ideology of Pakistan
Lack of sense of national integration
Inconsistent Long term policies
Geopolitical location of Pakistan
Implementation of ideology of Pakistan
Process to weaken the land lords and feudal culture
Good governance in all institutions
Friendly foreign policy
Long term policies
Devolution of Power
Positive role of media and social networks
Japan democratic setup suitable for Pakistan
Illusion of democracy in Pakistan
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it has also some great ideal hidden in it. My country has this ideal which we call the ideology of Pakistan. And my love for my country is due to my love for its ideology.
Ideology is a set of ideas, beliefs and doctrines that the people of country want to follow in every field of life. As we belong to a Muslim country, our ideology can b nothing but Islam. Pakistan movement was started in the name of Islam. Before the partition, the Muslims of the subcontinent were leading a miserable life in India. The English were their political rulers while the Hindus were their social and economic rulers. They had been living with the Hindus for many centuries. But the two nations had nothing common
717 words - 3 pages
Dr. Ishrat Husain, a former World Bank senior official and an ex governor of the State Bank of Pakistan, wrote an article captioned "India, Pakistan: a comparison" at the end of the first five decades of two nations' existence as independent states. To my knowledge, Dr. Hussain has not done an update of his article since it was first published. Although about three years too late, this post is my attempt to present a comparison of the two South Asian nations after sixty years of independence.
Here is the opening paragraph from Dr. Husain's article from the late 1990s, which I believe still stands true today:
"India and Pakistan are completing five decades of their independence. Since
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Pakistan today has a mind-boggling taxation system that defies comprehension of the average citizens and experts alike. In 1990, Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industry had established that the industry was subjected to 50 direct and indirect taxes but the statement of Senator Ilyas Bilour, President PFCCI at the Businessmen Conference in Islamabad on March 25, 1997 that 37 govt deprtments and agencies were collecting taxes gives a measure of the proliferation of taxes that has taken place in Pakistan. It was not in the province of this book to catalogue the taxes being collected by the federal, provincial and local governments but I have identified 70 major taxes to which consumers and
3978 words - 16 pages
Future of Democracy in Pakistan
I. Quaidâ€™s vision of Democracy
II. United Nations and democracy
Â· United Nations Democratic Fund
Â· UN charter endorses democracy
Â· Article 21 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights highlights democratic values
III. Democratic states-a universal standard form of human society
IV. Origin of democracy
V. Contribution of different cultures for evolution of democracy
VI. Varieties of democracy
VII. Islam and democracy
Â· Islamic form of government is close to democracy
Â· Islamic democracy slightly differs from western secular
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We can divide the progress of industries of Pakistan into 6 time phasesThe first phase was from 1947 to 1958. This phase can be called the transition phase. In 1947 only 5 percent of the large-scale industrial facilities in British India were present in what became Pakistan. The country started with virtually no industrial base and no institutional, financial, or energy resources.ManufacturingThe second phase was from 1958 to 1968. During this period there was a war between North Korea and South Korea. The pace of industrialization since independence had been rapid, although it has fluctuated in response to changes in government policy and to world economic conditions. During the 1950s
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progress of a nation. It brings political stability by realizing the people their national rights and duties and thus through awareness of their rights and duties, a very good environment is created for better implementation of the policies and good participation and cooperation of the people. Education brings economic development because it enhances the productivity and efficiency of the people, and provides them necessary skills which enable the people to play their role in supporting the sustainable economic growth of the country. Education shapes the personality of the people, seeks them moral obligations and duties, so they can play their part in the society. Today Pakistan is facing a
2283 words - 10 pages
Pakistan, the need for establishing a true democracy is as old as the country itself. Democracy is one of the most fabulous principles of the modern political system. It is the culmination of freedom and progress in advanced countries. In Pakistan, however, the already difficult situation has been aggravated by constant failures which never let democracy survive. The legacies of colonialism and autocratic mindset of the leadership erected invisible barriers for the democratic process. The positive change is still slow, but a bleak past or murky present in no way means a foredoomed future as well. However, colossal efforts at every level are required for democracy to take root and relieve us
4653 words - 19 pages
INTRODUCTION OF SHELL PAKISTANSHELL is currently engaged inStorageDistributionMarketing of petroleum products, Petrochemicals, LPG & CNG.HistoryThe Shell brand name enjoys a 100-year history in this part of the world, dating back to 1899 when Asiatic Petroleum, the far eastern marketing arm of two companies: Shell Transport Company and Royal Dutch Petroleum Company, began importing kerosene oil from Azerbaijan into the subcontinent. Even today, the legacy of the past is visible in a storage tank carrying the date - 1898.The documented history of Royal Dutch Shell plc in Indo-Pakistan subcontinent dates back to 1903 when partnership was struck between The Shell Transport & Trading
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Violence against Women in Pakistan: A Framework for Analysis
Parveen Azam Ali1, Maria Irma Bustamante Gavino2
University of Sheffield1, United Kingdom, Aga Khan University School of Nursing2, Karachi, Pakistan
Understanding violence against women is as
complex as its process. As a perusal of literature shows that
most of the explanations were contextually and culturally
based, this review attempts to analyze the issue of violence
against women using theories applicable within the
Pakistani context. Literature examining the issue of
violence against women and its various theories was
reviewed. A framework using the determinants of violence
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INTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS
TEACHER: MISS SAMEERA ASHRAF
WRITE MISSION STATEMENT OF FIVE ORGANIZATION AND ANALYSE ONLY TWO OF THEM
GROUP NAME: BLITHE
WHAT IS MISSION?
Mission describes an organization’s purpose (i.e. its basic function in society). Mission directs strategy, value and influences policies and standards of behaviour.
STATEMENT OF MISSION:
Purpose: Why does the company exist?
a) To create wealth for shareholders
b) To satisfy the needs of all stakeholders
BANK ALFALAH LIMITED (IN PAKISTAN)
Bank Alfalah Limited is a private bank in Pakistan owned by Abu Dhabi Group.
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• Free Media
• Equal Educational Opportunities
• Socio-economic Development
• Equal Distribution Of Resources
• Welfare State With Provision Of Social Securities
• Strong Writ Of The Government On All Fronts
State Of Governance In Pakistan
• Institutional Imbalance
• Poor Relations Between Centre And Provinces
• Political Instability
• Inability To Provide Justice
• Lack Of Control Over Law And Order Situation
• Inefficient Economic Management
• Expenditure Mismanagement And Debt Trap
• Unfair System Of Taxation
• Lack Of Accountability
• Poverty And Inflation
• Water, Energy And Food Crises
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due to LPG and oxygen cylinder or due to leakage or filling.
Meanwhile, All Pakistan CNG Association will start the campaign of CNG vehicles checking according to new safety rules in the country. It was decided in a meeting held in Islamabad by Petroleum Ministry attended by HDIP, Explosives department, OGRA officials, Provincial transport secretaries, CNG owner and dealers association and All Pakistan CNG Association.
The meeting finalized the changes in OGRA rules for Cylinder Fitting location and number of cylinders. HDIP will start training for the recommended staff of the checking centres. APCNGA set up 25 to 100 kits checking centres county-wide where diploma holder technicians
2274 words - 10 pages
VOLUNTARY PENSION SCHEME: VIABLE
ALTERNATIVE TO PROVIDENT FUND
After studying the Chilean model, the Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP) last year took the first step towards pension reform by granting licenses to four private sector asset management companies to act as pension fund managers under the recently promulgated Voluntary Pension System Rules. Pension reforms are essential to ensure that the macroeconomic gains of the last few years are passed on to the masses. While there has been an exponential rise in consumer spending, the saving rate has remained alarmingly low. Moreover, due to inflationary pressures, the real value of money is continuously reducing
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UNIVERSITY EXAMINATION SYSTEM IN PAKISTAN
An examinational system is an official test of knowledge. We have exams everywhere around the world. Education & examination could mean disciplining The mind, enriching the soul, building character, and everything and all things that are declared good according to the value judgments of a particular society. A healthy society can come about when people study for the purpose of gaining wisdom and knowledge and utilizing it for the country welfare. Examination system in general and especially in university has come to be the main theme of modern education. Students should take endless examinations and succeed in passing them, before they
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Term Report OF CSR
Corporate Social Responsibility
Sugar Industry of Pakistan
Sir Waris Ali
Amna zahoor BBA-12-07
Adeel sami Khan BBA-12-09
Rabiya Javed BBA-12-15
Tayyaba Ashfaq BBA-12-26
Tayyab Tahir BBA-12-41
BBA 6th Morning
BAHAUDDIN ZAKARIYA UNIVERSITY SUB CAMPUS SAHIWAL.
This report examines the current state of competitive environment of sugar industry in Pakistan. A Brief history of sugar industry and its operation in Pakistan is initially outlined. The discussion then focuses on key ecological and social responsibility issues. For evaluating the degree to which the
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TOPIC: Foreign Policy of Pakistan under General Pervez Mussharaaf
SUBMITTED TO: Honarable, Prof: Dr.Ayaz Sahib
SUBMITTED BY: Usman Ali
SEMESTER: M.Phil 2nd
SUBJECT: Foreign policy Analysis
Department of Political Science
FOREIGN POLICY OF PAKISTAN UNDER GENERAL MUSHARRAF REGIME
1. PRE 9/11FOREIGN POLICY OF MUSHARRAF
2. POST 9/11 FOREIGN POLICY OF MUSHARRAF
a. Pakistan relation with United state (US)
I. Ecnomic benefits
II. Defence benefets
b. PAK-AFGAN RELATION
c. PAKISTAN –INDIA RELATION
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Trade Relation between India and Pakistan.
India and Pakistan have been trying, though not very successfully, since the Shimla Agreement, 1972, to create political harmony. Several attempts later, the political and security issues have only become worse.
It is imperative to explore the bilateral trade relations between India and Pakistan, so as to seek a way towards a deeper engagement, as these two countries have the potential to change the geopolitical dynamics of Asia.We shall first explore the history of bilateral trade relations between the two nations.
History of Trade between India and Pakistan
Bilateral trade between India
876 words - 4 pages
November 26th marked the third anniversary of the Mumbai terrorist attacks – the three days of horrific acts of terror in November 2008, which left 166 dead (including 25 foreign nationals), 308 injured and one billion outraged. The 10 terrorists from Pakistan had approached the city by the sea; attacks were plotted by Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), the Pakistan based terrorist organisation, with support from Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), Pakistan’s premier intelligence agency.
After three years, Mumbai remains vulnerable as ever to acts of terror, as was witnessed by the July 13, 2011 triple bomb blasts. Its coastal security remains at risk to more infiltrations, as was evident this
1654 words - 7 pages
Muhammad Adil khan
March 13, 2016
The feasibility of new provinces in Pakistan?
Since the inception of Pakistan August 14, 1947 Pakistan has been facing the dilemma of provincialism. Though Pakistan was achieved on distinct ideology of Islam but it did not truly keep on its unique identity and the separation of East Pakistan in 1971 was a severe blow. This differentiation led to the call of provincialism which is still a debate on many forums. The idea of creating new province is an old one. For years different ethnic group have been seeking the creation of their own provinces and for years these voices have been ignored democratically, politically
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IPRI Journal XIII, on 1 (Winter 9/11 Pakistan’s Contribution to Global War no. Terror after2013): 37-56
PAKISTAN’S CONTRIBUTION TO GLOBAL WAR ON TERROR AFTER 9/11
Dr. Hidayat Khan∗
Abstract Pakistan’s contribution to the “War on Terror” far exceeds its strength and size. Pakistan lost more than 35000 lives to save American people from another 9/11 attack. Pakistan’s economic loss amounted to 67 billion US dollars but still the US is not satisfied with Pakistan’s performance and pressurizes it to “Do More.” In this situation what should Pakistan do as a sovereign state? At the same time what is the international community’s responsibility towards Pakistan as a partner in