Utilitarianism Essay Examples

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Utilitarianism Essay

832 words - 4 pages UTILITARIANISM Ethics is a branch of philosophy that is concerned with what is morally good and bad or right and wrong. It is the core value system we use in life when solving our daily problems. Ethics was developed on a wide variety of factors and are not the absolute rules. People build their lives from personal ethics; however many people find it difficult to define ethics. Some people believe that ethics is derived from the inner voice, which guides us through our daily lives. While others consider ethics to be innate; many feel it is developed as a result of our environment. Ethics involves how we treat people in terms of respect and the concern we have for their VIEW DOCUMENT
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Forms Of Utilitarianism Essay

956 words - 4 pages Shaw and Barry distinguish two different forms of utilitarianism. What are these two forms? Briefly describe each. The first form of utilitarianism was a view by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill. They viewed utilitarianism as that a person’s actions are right if they create the most pleasure, and wrong if they do not. Both men believed that pleasure and happiness were equal and considered it the ultimate value. They thought of utilitarianism as self-interest. An understanding of this is that if someone gets pleasure out of something or it makes them happy then it is okay for them to do something. For example, if someone gets pleasure out of driving much faster than the speed limit VIEW DOCUMENT
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Ethics Essay

1326 words - 6 pages Mill's Utilitarianism: Sacrifice the innocent for the common good? When faced with a moral dilemma, utilitarianism identifies the appropriate considerations, but offers no realistic way to gather the necessary information to make the required calculations. This lack of information is a problem both in evaluating the welfare issues and in evaluating the consequentialist issues which utilitarianism requires be weighed when making moral decisions. Utilitarianism attempts to solve both of these difficulties by appealing to experience; however, no method of reconciling an individual decision with the rules of experience is suggested, and no relative weights are VIEW DOCUMENT
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Moral Luxuries Essay

1277 words - 6 pages . One philosopher will have one belief and another will have a completely different view and an outside person could interpret each of those philosophies in a different way. In the eyes of a utilitarian, such as John Stuart Mills, it would be considered morally justifiable to expend resources on luxuries when those same resources could provide others with the necessities of life. John Stuart Mill was historically known for utilitarianism. This means that he believed the morality of an action is determined by their consequences and uses the principle of utility to evaluate those said consequences. The principle of utility states that actions are right insofar as they promote happiness and VIEW DOCUMENT
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Whatever Essay

365 words - 2 pages Similarities and Differences Between Virtue Theory, Utilitarianism, and Deontological Ethics In: Philosophy and Psychology Similarities and Differences Between Virtue Theory, Utilitarianism, and Deontological Ethics Similarities and Differences Between Virtue Theory According to Boylan (2009), “ethics is the science concerning the right and wrong of human behavior.” It is a method that allows us to organize our values and go after them. It helps us answer questions like: do I seek my own happiness, or do I sacrifice myself for a greater cause? According to "Ethics - Definition And More From The Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary" (2012), ethics is “the discipline dealing with what is VIEW DOCUMENT
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Moral Course Of Action Essay

653 words - 3 pages situation regarding that matter. In this case the way I analyze this it will fall and be utilitarianism that means all the right things are done based on the benefit of the rest of the community. In this case, it might seem like the babies don’t have a chance based on their condition and that society should just let the consequentialism theory go by, however, it’s more likely and the most moral theory that society itself will be more relatively conscious to is the benefit it can bring by keeping the infants alive. From a point of view of the humanitarian being we are is that any life as importance no matter the situation they are in, however, utilitarianism is more likely to think, what VIEW DOCUMENT
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Business Ethics Essay

327 words - 2 pages Assignment 2 1. Suppose that you had been one of the MBA Applicants who stumbled across an opportunity to learn your results early. What you have done, and why? Would you have considered it is a moral decision? If so, on what basis would you have made it? 2. Assess the morality of what the curious applicants did from the point of view of egoism, utilitarianism, Kant’s ethics, Ross’s pluralism, and rule utilitarianism. 3. In you view, was it wrong for the MBA applicants to take an authorized peek at their application file? Explain why you consider what they did morally permissible or impermissible. What obligations, ideals, and effects should the applicants have considered VIEW DOCUMENT
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Ethics Essay

2010 words - 9 pages Mill’s Utilitarianism. John Stuart Mill Higher and lower pleasures Mill rejects a purely quantitative measurement of utility and says: It is quite compatible with the principle of utility to recognise the fact, that some kinds of pleasure are more desirable and more valuable than others. It would be absurd that while, in estimating all other things, quality is considered as well as quantity, the estimation of pleasures should be supposed to depend on quantity alone. Mill notes that, contrary to what its critics might say, there is "no known Epicurean theory of life which does not assign to the pleasures of the intellect… a much higher value as pleasures than to those of mere VIEW DOCUMENT
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Religious Ethics Cannot Provide Good Answers To Questions Of Sexual Ethics.Docx Uploaded

1220 words - 5 pages . However, taking into account the consequences of the deontological secondary precepts which natural law imposes it becomes apparent that the end result of millions of Africans catching AIDs due to the banning of the use of contraception appears to show the system as irrational. The atheist ethical system of utilitarianism, for example, appears to show the flaws of Christian ethics. The principle of utility, greatest good for the greatest number, leads by definition to the most pleasure and least pain, this certainly seems more rational than condemning millions to suffering because of a certain understanding of the purpose of humans; indeed even if God exists and intends people to fulfil VIEW DOCUMENT
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Ethics Essay

608 words - 3 pages Ethics Essay ETH/316 July 2, 2012 Ted Haas Theories will usually be used to help understand different beliefs; people are more likely to believe bits and pieces of different beliefs instead of the whole idea behind the theory. Theories are mostly used to help a person understand better about certain characters and to assist in figuring out exactly who they are and where they are going in life. There are similarities and differences when it comes to virtue theory, the utilitarianism theory and the deontological theory. Because these theories address ethics and morality differently it is a bit of a challenge to make a decision on which one you want to go with VIEW DOCUMENT
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Ethics

797 words - 4 pages Ethics Kellie Jackson Arthur Murphy Ethics Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism is the ethical doctrine that the moral worth of an action is solely determined by its contribution to overall utility. It is thus a form of consequentialism, meaning that the moral worth of an action is determined by its outcome—the ends justify the means. Utility — the good to be maximized — has been defined by various thinkers as happiness or pleasure (versus suffering or pain), though preference utilitarian’s like Peter Singer define it as the satisfaction of preferences. (David 2008) Deontology - Deontological ethics or deontology meaning 'obligation' or 'duty') is an approach to ethics that focuses on VIEW DOCUMENT
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The Differences And Comparisons Of Ethics

561 words - 3 pages The Differences and Comparisons of Ethics When we think of ethics, we think of two words, good or bad. Through the history of our world, philosophers and scientists have devised several thoughts that include a system that we are able to use to determine who and what is good or bad. As a population, we can use these different terms and types of ethical theory to determine which style, form, or behavior of ethics fits with our beliefs and culture. Some of these different types of theories include virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. Although these all fall into the category of a theory of ethics and may seem to be similar, they are also very different. When looking VIEW DOCUMENT
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Business Ethics

547 words - 3 pages organizations. Egoism states that self-interest is acceptable. Maximizing the benefit of the individual over the entire organization. Utilitarianism seeks the greatest good for the greatest number of people (Brasfield, pg. 170). These concepts should serve the entire organization in ethical decision-making. I disagree with Milton Freedmen’s argument that the only social responsibility of an organization is to maximize profits. He argues that this is the social responsibility that corporations provide to the community and that the products they produce satisfy it. I am still brand new to the business world in my professional career. I’ve recently been offered the position as the .... for VIEW DOCUMENT
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Defending The One Percent

1161 words - 5 pages environment and the remaining 56% by other environmental factors unrelated to family. Based on this study, the concern about income inequality should not be founded on the concern about inefficiency and inequality of opportunity, but according to Arthur Okun (1975) the big trade of is between equality and efficiency. Another subject is related to the uneasy case for utilitarianism, which states that once adopting the political philosophy of utilitarianism, running a society becomes a problem of constrained optimization regarding mainly to this classic issues: interpersonal comparability of utility and geographic scope of the analysis. For the former, the attention is focused on the VIEW DOCUMENT
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Jamaica Grande

710 words - 3 pages hotel was fined $10,000 for the illegal act. Principle that applies to the case In the case involving Sunset Jamaica Grande Hotel, the principle that applies is that of utilitarianism. The utilitarian principle dictates that pleasure should be the ultimate good of all actions. Utilitarianism is broken down into further theories. One such theory is the deontological theory. This theory typically holds that we have a duty to perform certain acts not because of the nature of these actions or the rules from which they follow. Some examples of non-consequentialist reasoning in ethics include arguments based on principles such as the Golden Rule and those that appeal to basic notions of human VIEW DOCUMENT
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Workplace Ethics

1904 words - 8 pages concern about the financial interest of the shareholders than the consumer; however, there is now a growing interest among US companies to corporate social responsibility as a way to benefit both the community and the organization. This paper will briefly compare and contrast the various theories of economic Justice of Fairness, Distributive Justice, Utilitarianism, Capitalism and Morality, and Socialism; and reveal the one theory I believe to be the most practical; and the best theory of economic justice as it applies to the “fairness in hiring and promotions, and employees’ rights and duties.” Justice of Fairness includes components of the Principle of Liberty that every one deserve the VIEW DOCUMENT
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Ethics Essay

386 words - 2 pages Ethics Essay ETH/316 version 2 Ethics Essay Utilitarianism is doing what is good for the team, putting the teams’ needs above your own. It says it is morally right to put the needs of others above your own to create a greater good. DE ontologically theory is about doing your duty because it follows a set of rules, it is the right thing to do based on the laws and rules. Virtue theory focuses on a history of excellence or doing good. It spends a lot of time on a proven character trait of excellence and good. Insert the paraphrased material (Michael Bolan 2009). I use both since I am a former military man and doing my duty is now ingrained in to me as is a Christian background VIEW DOCUMENT
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Businiess Ethics

2678 words - 11 pages being one made to achieve a means to an end, which is immoral, and not what Kant described as a “categorical imperative.” The theory of utilitarianism was first introduced by the philosopher John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham in the mid-19th century. Differing slightly from Kant, they believe the moral worth of an action should be determined by the number of people it gives happiness too (Utilitarianism, 1). Essentially, the greater number of people that benefit and are made happy by a decision, the better that decision is. Many Keynesians support the utilitarian approach when it comes to making difficult economic decisions. During the latest recession, the decision was made by the VIEW DOCUMENT
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“Virtue Ethics Is Of Little Use When Dealing With Practical Ethics.” Discuss

1557 words - 7 pages this view and argued that moral saints are unattractive because they lack the ability to enjoy the enjoyable of life and are dull witted and boring. Modern versions of virtue ethics argue that the assessment of a person’s character is an important aspect of our ethical though and needs to be included in any ethical theory. An example is G.E.M. Anscombe who published a paper called ‘Modern Moral Philosophy’ and put forward the idea that modern moral philosophy is misguided. She asks if there can be any moral laws if there is no God, but she suggests that the idea of Eudaimonia which does not depend on any God. Anscombe also suggested that Kantian ethics and Utilitarianism do not depend on God VIEW DOCUMENT
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Leadership

3344 words - 14 pages personal issues with the trapped individuals, such questions would be put to rest. The one thing that the Double Effect Theory highlights is the important distinction between evil as a means and evil as a aside effect.[xiii] This allows those posed with a difficult decision to justify whether their response is genuinely correct or not. There are two classical types of Utilitarianism that can be used in justifying the decision to close the hatch 1) Rule-utilitarianism: An Act is right if and only if it is required by rule that is itself a member of a set of rules whose acceptance would lead to greater utility for society than any available alternative. 2) Act-Utilitarianism: An act VIEW DOCUMENT
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Ethical Principles

7571 words - 31 pages among the members of a society. Judgments about violations of people’s rights are based on moral principles that indicate the areas on which people’s rights to freedom and well-being must be respected. A utilitarian standard of morality; a moral principle, that is, that claims that something is right to the extent that it diminishes social costs and increases social benefits. An ethic of care is an ethic that emphasizes caring for the concrete well-being of those near to us. Evaluations of the moral character of persons or groups are based on what is called an ethic of virtue. 2.1 Utilitarianism: Weighing Social Costs and Benefits Selecting the course of action that would have the most VIEW DOCUMENT
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Mary Ashley's Papers

1499 words - 6 pages vulgar video games being produced are always going to have some type of commercial quality to it. Consuming is a value to appreciate, but advertising agencies are encouraging viewers to purchase gruesome games by using an improper model, being the instincts of killing or committing crimes. Along with the LSD theory, the idea of advertising video games that display violence can relate to John Stuarts idea of utilitarianism, allowing the game to convey a certain point, which is committing crimes is alright for today’s society. Utilitarianism focuses on the “greatest good for the greatest number,” where the theory can be applied to advertising, determining whether the advertisement is being VIEW DOCUMENT
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Duties & Consequences

1359 words - 6 pages , as well as how the motion picture supports the claims of Immanuel Kant and of philosopher John Stuart Mill’s Utilitarianism by making examples of the good and evil within Casablanca. Background on Casablanca Rick Blaine is the protagonist character in Casablanca that seemingly only lives by serving his own self-interests while maintaining his cynical world view while the World War II rages. Casablanca, Morocco at the time is however a route via refugees from Europe escape the Nazi and fascist regimes, and Blaine soon finds his club a hot-spot for Nazi resistance and enemies alike to conduct their business. His former love interest enters his night club, amidst all the ongoing refugees VIEW DOCUMENT
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ĐEeff

595 words - 3 pages nó có ảnh hưởng xấu lên sức khỏe của bệnh nhân sư dụng thuốc của công ty Apotex. Câu 3: Was Olivieri’s decision to publish her findings about the trial an example of universalism or utilitarianism? Explain Quyết định của Olivieri ở đây mang tính chất của chủ nghĩa vị lợi. Vì những thông tin được công bố sẽ giúp bệnh nhân nhận thức được tác dụng tiêu cực của thuốc Và sẽ tránh được những rủi ro sau này. Do đó, việc làm này phục vụ cho mục đích cao cả, cho nhiều người. Mặt khác, đối với thuyết đạo đức công lý, Olivieri đã hành động sai vì phi phạm điều khoản trong hợp đồng mà cô đã ký. Câu 4: If we identify the key players in this case as Dr. Olivieri, Apotex, and the Hospital for Sick VIEW DOCUMENT
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Theory Discussion

471 words - 2 pages premises are taken as the truth, and then the conclusion must be taken as true. Evidence or data is a collection of statistics that are documented incidences of an event. Evidence and data can come from observations and analysis of common knowledge experiences and from our behaviors. The Utilitarianism theory is a good example of where evidence and data is useful. One of the most common principles in utilitarian is to adopt a rule, or a law for situations such as shoplifting. Therefore if one did enforce such a rule then the greatest number of people (the store owner) would achieve the greatest amount of good by preventing shoplifting as less as possible. When contrasting a theory from a personal VIEW DOCUMENT
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Business Ethics - Fully Explain The Effects That Payment Like Those Which Lockheed Made To The Japanese Have On The Structure Of A Market

1113 words - 5 pages WE PROVIDE CASE STUDY ANSWERS, ASSIGNMENT SOLUTIONS, PROJECT REPORTS AND THESIS aravind.banakar@gmail.com ARAVIND - 09901366442 – 09902787224 BUSINESS ETHICS 1. Analyze the ethics of marketing Publius using utilitarianism, rights, justice, and caring. In your judgement, is it ethical to market Publius? Explain. 2. Are the creators of Publius in any way morally responsible for any criminal acts that criminals are able to carry out and keep secret by relying on Publius? Is AT & T in any way morally responsible for these? Explain your answers. 3. In your judgment, should governments allow the implementation of Publius? Why or why not? 1. Fully explain the effects VIEW DOCUMENT
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Business Ethics - How Should The Managers Of Lily Handle This Issue

1112 words - 5 pages Need Answer Sheet of this Question paper, contact aravind.banakar@gmail.com www.mbacasestudyanswers.com ARAVIND – 09901366442 – 09902787224 Business Ethics 1. Analyze the ethics of marketing Publius using utilitarianism, rights, justice, and caring. In your judgments, is it ethical to market Publius? Explain. 2. Are the creators of Publius in any way morally responsible for any criminal acts that criminals are able to carry out and keep secret by relying on Publius? Is AT&T in any way morally responsible for these? Explain your answers. 3. In your judgment, should governments allow the implementation of Publius? Why or why not? 1. Fully explain the effects VIEW DOCUMENT
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Business Ethics - In Your Judgment, Do The Managers Of The Robert Hall Store Have Any Ethical Obligations To Change Their Salary Policies

1113 words - 5 pages WE PROVIDE CASE STUDY ANSWERS, ASSIGNMENT SOLUTIONS, PROJECT REPORTS AND THESIS aravind.banakar@gmail.com ARAVIND - 09901366442 – 09902787224 BUSINESS ETHICS 1. Analyze the ethics of marketing Publius using utilitarianism, rights, justice, and caring. In your judgement, is it ethical to market Publius? Explain. 2. Are the creators of Publius in any way morally responsible for any criminal acts that criminals are able to carry out and keep secret by relying on Publius? Is AT & T in any way morally responsible for these? Explain your answers. 3. In your judgment, should governments allow the implementation of Publius? Why or why not? 1. Fully explain the effects VIEW DOCUMENT
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Business Ethics

3240 words - 13 pages : What is the purpose of business? Our aim here is to explain corporate social responsibility so that we can explain how corporate social responsibility is related to business ethics. So how are business ethics and corporate social responsibility related? Being ethical, according to most scholars, is one of the obligations companies owe to society. In this respect, business ethics is a part of corporate social responsibility. Chapter 2: Ethic of care/ an ethic that emphasizes caring for the concrete wellbeing of those near to us. Ethic of virtue/ an ethic based on evaluations of the moral character of person or groups. Utilitarianism is the moral view VIEW DOCUMENT
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Ethics Of Abortion

1945 words - 8 pages theories of utilitarianism, deontology and virtue ethics on how to solve the issue and contrast this response with the perspective brought to the issue of abortion by ethical egoism. I will also present you with my personal opinion as to why I believe abortion should be in fact morally accepted by society. The issues that arise when debating about whether abortion is ethically wrong or right are many. There are two sides to this debate and they call themselves, “pro-life” or “pro-choice”. Pro-lifers say that it is morally wrong to end pregnancy because you are in fact killing an innocent human being, and the pro-choicer believes that the choice should be made by and for the impregnated woman VIEW DOCUMENT
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Healthcare

1348 words - 6 pages beneficence is all about doing what is best and striving to do the greatest amount of good. It follows closely with the principle of utilitarianism, which states the greatest value for the most people is the choice that is ethically accurate. The principle of autonomy states that an ethical theory should allow people to choose and make decisions for themselves that apply to their lives. The ethical theory such as deontology states people should stick to their responsibilities and duties when reviewing an ethical dilemma. Utilitarianism is based on the ability to foresee the consequences of an action. (Guido, 2010) Voluntary assisted euthanasia is an extremely volatile subject that can be VIEW DOCUMENT
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Ethics - 1765 words

1765 words - 8 pages will result in saving five. In this case, I maximized the intrinsic value of my decision by saving the greatest number of people. Theories of consequentialism attribute rightness to how one’s action affect other people in the end, regardless of the motives that that person had for performing that action (Supported by lecture notes- 10/26). In regards to motives, consequentialists will say that motives can help us evaluate the person performing an action. For example, utilitarianism is a form of consequentialism. They will say that right action is one that maximizes the well-being of sentient creatures. As stated, consequentialists do not think that motives are relevant to the rightness of the VIEW DOCUMENT
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Business Ethics Module

673 words - 3 pages and arguments successfully Grade D 40-50%: demonstrates a basic knowledge and understanding of many aspects of the field of study relevant to the task. For further details please see the Academic Handbook General Marking Scheme for Coursework 2 Marks will be awarded for the following: Answers are expressed in clear and correct English The text is fully referenced using the Harvard scheme An accurate word count is on the front sheet Marking Scheme: Discuss and define the concept of whistle blowing and its impact in a business organisation Demonstrate underpinning knowledge of utilitarianism, Kantian rights, justice and caring and virtue theory and apply VIEW DOCUMENT
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The Ethical Considerations That Arise When Tobacco Companies Market Their Products In Developing Countries

986 words - 4 pages . is a signatory country to the Framework, U.S. companies are still the primary perpetrators of tobacco marketing worldwide. With startling statistics referencing the harm they cause such as the fact that “every 6.5 seconds a human being dies from a tobacco-related disease” (Carlson and Luhrs), the U.S. could still justify the marketing of tobacco products. For one, capitalism, which rests on the utilitarianism principle of scarifying the needs of a few for the needs of the system, governs U.S. businesses. Therefore, their main priority is often to maximize profits. Additionally, these corporations could subscribe to the ethical minimum theory and justify the decision to continue marketing VIEW DOCUMENT
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Law And Ethics

2047 words - 9 pages negligence on their part due to non-compliance on their part. 5. Describe the utilitarianism principle and apply it to the ethical dilemma Dr. Do Right faces in this case. Utilitarianism is the definitive moral standard requiring us to consider the consequences of an act or a social policy for all those affected by it. Dr DoRight has to evaluate both short and long –term consequences to the ethical dilemma, he has to identify the decision at hand for the termination of particular medical staff that was involved in the illegal procedures. Dr DoRight needs to take some of the blame because he should have followed up with the investigations and clarified exactly what took place with these VIEW DOCUMENT
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File Sharing Morality

2466 words - 10 pages giving the creator any sort of compensation, either monetary or in the form of the affirmation of their efforts, the users are treating the creators as a means for entertainment. Thus, according to the second categorical imperative, file-sharing is an immoral activity. The next moral theory that is useful is Utilitarian theory, specifically the Greatest Happiness Principle. The principle states that an action is right as it tends to promote the happiness of the greatest amount of people, and an action is wrong as it tends to promote the opposite of happiness, or pain, and is the hallmark of the Utilitarianism movement (Boss 2008). As it applies to this moral question, we have to ask whether VIEW DOCUMENT
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Ethics And Social Responsibility: Kantz Ethics Of Duty

2226 words - 9 pages an effective leader, or was a major contributor to society in some way which would make his remaining alive more beneficial to society than his death, no matter how much he might want to die himself. In addition, if the person seeking death was such an influential person that his active euthanasia might discourage many others from continuing to live, then perhaps Mill would be against it. In other words, if the overall negative impact on the well-being of society was significant, then he would likely be against it, putting his belief in the basic tenet of utilitarianism (that which is good is that which betters the well-being of society, or its pleasure or happiness) over his belief in VIEW DOCUMENT
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Eds Pilot

2430 words - 10 pages wrong. Although this is a science-fictional story, it shows us how real life decisions are made, in which this case, the decision is threatening to one’s life. The choices made in this story are done through morality, utilitarianism, and assumption, clearly shown throughout the obstacles that are thrown at the main character and subject. In this short story, Marilyn made a choice, and clearly the last choice she could have made as a young 18 year old, to sneak onto a ship that was clearly marked “unauthorized personnel, keep out!” Little did she know was that her decision to sneak onto this ship would not be to pay a small fine, but would be to pay the price of her life. The EDS pilot now has VIEW DOCUMENT
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Case Analysis Assignment - Qbc And Hydraulic Fracturing

1857 words - 8 pages US economy affects world economy. The predicted recession may result in crashing stock markets, bankrupt businesses, and increased unemployment, poverty and mortality rates worldwide, due to hunger, depression, suicide and lack of resources. My choice would be the “fracking” proposal which can avert the recession & boost the economy. “Green Wind Turbine” would be unsuccessful during recession, since its expense is more than its revenue. And, without economic viability all other stakeholders’ interests are lost. Utilitarianism supports “fracking” as it produces “greatest good for the greatest number”. In the end it will create millions of jobs, help boost economy, meet Canadian and US VIEW DOCUMENT
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Suddhy@Hotmail.Com

1234 words - 5 pages confidentiality. Looking from the reminiscence, one of staff was refusing to take care of patient with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). She was pregnant at that time and feared for her unborn baby. This caused quite upheaval of the unit. Drew upon utilitarianism which is based on the greatest good principle and the ends justify the means would weigh the good of his or her family members against the good of the patient. And preventing the possible disease spread to her and her baby would justify refusal of the assignment. But upon deontology, refusal would be a disruption of nursing duty. Here come other moral principles to consider such as justice, beneficence, generality, and VIEW DOCUMENT
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Ethical Worksheet

1199 words - 5 pages the moral agent? (causal harm) | No | No | Will anyone be harmed who can be said to be defenseless? (paternalism) | Yes. The wife. | Yes. Innocent people | To what degree is this alternative based on the moral agent’s own best interest? (ethical egoism) | The concern of the officers about the wife’s safety. | The concern of the officers about the community’s safety. | Which alternative will generate the greatest benefit—or the least amount of harm—for the greatest number of people? Select only one alternative. (utilitarianism) | The wife’s testimony about the truth and nothing but the truth can help ensure the safety of herself and the community. Integrity… | | Ethical VIEW DOCUMENT
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Ls312 Ethics

1341 words - 6 pages is it their duty to misrepresent themselves. Misrepresentation will not be for the greater good for the greatest number. Mill’s theory of Utilitarianism can resolve the issues at hand by making sure the decisions made are for the greater good for the greatest number (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (2007). The rights theory could have been administered in this case, because it would have addressed the issue of Joe’s individual rights. Since the Right's based of ethical decision making refers to the idea that rights should serve as a legal and social framework (Hammond, 2011), Mary must allow Joe as well as the CEO have the lawful right to know the truth and not be misled as well VIEW DOCUMENT
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Ethical Conflicts In Stem Cell Research

1220 words - 5 pages research can be used to find the cure for diabetes, heart disease, spinal cord injury, and Parkinson’s disease. It means that the advancements in medical treatments justify the destruction of embryos. It is the same theory of utilitarianism that the value of happiness is in promoting the greatest good for the greatest number of people. Advocates of stem cell research considers killing human embryos a small sacrifice for the greater good of the medical applications that could save millions of lives every year. However, it is ethically and morally wrong to destroy embryonic stem cells for research because it denies the rights for those selected potential human lives to save the other selected VIEW DOCUMENT
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Ethics And Ethical Dilemma

2890 words - 12 pages Ethical Decisions and the Influence of Culture Nurses and Doctors must face many ethical decisions in their daily routine. It is important that we know our ethical responsibilities while caring for our patients. There are many ethical theories we utilize daily, I will be discussing these theories and provide an example of each. These theories include Deontology, Utilitarianism, Naturalism and Virtue ethics. I will go onto discuss confidentiality and how it pertains to reasonable limits. Finally I will be discussing a case in which cultural values relate to and influence healthcare. This case describes Mrs. Z, who just moved to the United States two years ago with her family, who VIEW DOCUMENT
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Ethics & Values In Management

2659 words - 11 pages ......................................................................................................................... 5 3.2. Utilitarianism ............................................................................................................................... 5 3.3. Ethical Realism (as espoused by Reinhold Niebuhr) (the lesser of two evils) ............................ 5 4. Approaches that can be followed to resolve these dilemmas and Issues ............................................ 6 References .............................................................................................................................................. 7 Bibliography VIEW DOCUMENT
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Merck

1647 words - 7 pages must take ownership (Levine, 2005). Ethical Systems within Merck The ethical theory used by the Merck executives is the utilitarian system. According to Fieser (2003), utilitarianism is defined as “an action is morally right if the consequences of that action are more favorable than unfavorable to everyone” (pg.4). Although Merck would not receive monetary compensation for manufacturing the drug, Mectizan, the benefits of distributing the medication outweighed the disadvantages. By 2001, the dispensation of the drug had been taking place for almost 15 years. “It is estimated that 16 million children have been spared infection and that 600 thousand cases of blindness have been prevented VIEW DOCUMENT
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Critique Paper

1377 words - 6 pages Reamel Keemzee S. Martinez BSBA-FTM I-1 I. Relevance of the Problem Sa kasalukuyang panahon maraming krimen at masasamang gawain ang lumalaganap sa iba’t ibang bansa gaya na rin sa Pilipinas. May Death Penalty rin ipinatutupad sa bansang Pilipinas ngunit matatawag ba natin itong mabuti? Paano nga ba natin masasabing mabuti ang isang hakbang na ating ginawa? II. Kritiko ng Unang Pilosopo: John Stuart Mill “Utilitarianism” Ayon kay John Stuart Mill masasabi natin mabuti ang isang aksyon o hakbang kung ito ay makapagbibigay ng saya sa karamihan. Kahit hindi tama o mabuti ang aksyong nagawa, ginawa VIEW DOCUMENT
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Ethics And The Hiv Epidemic

1352 words - 6 pages means their fundamental right, and access, to these anti-retro viral drugs. If a country is able to produce a generic solution to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, it should be offered to all equally. We should not decide who has to pay more or less for a product based on their ability to pay, but instead on their need to live. Utilitarianism does not look at the consequences for an action, but instead looks to decrease suffering. This means ignoring the fact that drug companies will be making slightly less money, and instead focusing on helping those who are suffering from HIV/AIDS. By both ethical standpoints, it is ethical to provide all those in need with drugs because it is our duty and our VIEW DOCUMENT
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Ethics In Nursing

3298 words - 14 pages , ethics deals with what is morally right, and nurses work in environments which challenge their personal morals, or ethics, regularly. The code of ethics for nurses is more than an obligation to a patient; moreover, the code of ethics should be an expression of a nurses own understanding of his or her commitment to society (Nursing World, 2012). To have a better understanding of their commitment to society, nurses must be familiar with consequentialist and nonconsequentialist ethical theories. The consequentialist (or utilitarianism) theory holds that “the question of right and wrong is fundamentally a matter of producing good consequences and avoiding evil consequences” (Fry, Veatch & Taylor VIEW DOCUMENT
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Management Something To Do

3148 words - 13 pages decision may endorse the moral philosophy perspective defined as a Utilitarianism decision. A utilitarianism decision defines acceptable actions as those that maximize total utility, i.e., the greatest good for the greatest number of people. From a U.S. corporate management perspective, companies cannot tolerate the publicity that goes with hiring 10-year-olds. These companies need to have standards that prohibit such 1 2 CHAPTER 1 OPERATIONS AND PRODUCTIVITY actions by their subcontractors. The moral philosophy perspective might call this the virtue ethics position—the decision that a mature person with a good moral character would deem correct. 1.7 Production Labor VIEW DOCUMENT