Utilitarianism Essay Examples

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Utilitarianism Essay

1347 words - 6 pages ‘Explain how Preference Utilitarianism differs from previous forms of Utilitarianism’ (AO1 30 marks) Preference Utilitarianism is a modern adaptation of the traditional forms of Utilitarianism; it focuses on determining whether an action is morally right or wrong according to how they fit with the preferences with those involved. Preference Utilitarianism differs from other forms of utilitarianism because it is solely on the individual person’s interest and their preference to how the situation turns out. It concentrates on the maximisation of people’s preferences, whilst taking into account the consequences of that person’s choice and the effect it has on others. Unlike Bentham and VIEW DOCUMENT
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Utilitarianism Essay

1084 words - 5 pages Explain how moral decisions should be made according to Act utilitarianism and Rule Utilitarianism. (30) The crucial difference between Jeremy Bentham's Act and John Stuart Mill's Rule Utilitarianism is their usage of the hedonic calculus. Bentham's Act Utilitarianism requires the use of the calculus in every single situation whilst Mill abandons it altogether. For example, a true Act Utilitarian would use the hedonic calculus to decide whether he should eat eggs, waffles or both for breakfast. He would need to input figures for each of the 7 for each of the three options and then choose the ones suits best based on the product of the calculus. This means that Act Utilitarianism takes a VIEW DOCUMENT
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Utilitarianism Essay

1024 words - 5 pages Explain the main features of the theory of Utilitarianism The theory of Utilitarianism takes its name from the Latin word Utilis, meaning ‘useful’. It was first developed by Jeremy Bentham, a philosopher and legal theorist of the 18th century. Bentham sought to produce a modern and rational approach to morality which would suit the changing society of the industrial age. Utilitarianism may be regarded as a relativist and teleological system of ethics, prescribing no fixed moral rules and judging an action by its consequences or end result (Greek: telos). Bentham argued that one should maximise happiness for the majority, ‘the greatest good for the greatest number’ a view which is VIEW DOCUMENT
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Utilitarianism Essay - 1828 words

1828 words - 8 pages Utilitarianism Overview 1. Fundamental Tenets of Utilitarianism 2. Standards of Utility/History of Utilitarianism 3. The Utilitarian Calculus 4. Act and Rule Utilitarianism 5. Criticisms of Utilitarianism 6. Concluding Assessment Basic Insights of Utilitarianism n The purpose of morality is to make the world a better place. n Morality is about producing good consequences, not having good intentions n We should do whatever will bring the most benefit (i.e., intrinsic value) to all of humanity. n The Purpose of Morality n The utilitarian has a very simple answer to the question of why morality exists at all: – The purpose of VIEW DOCUMENT
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Utilitarianism Essay - 1606 words

1606 words - 7 pages Outline important concepts of Utilitarianism. (21) Utilitarianism is a theory which denotes actions that are right and wrong from there consequences. There are three types of Utilitarianism, act, rule and preference. Act Utilitarianism was initially developed by the theorist and psychological hedonist, Jeremy Bentham who believed that our main aim in life was to achieve 'happiness' and avoid 'pain'. He wanted to produce a different approach to moral decision making to suit the advancing society of the industrial age and argued that "natural rights is simple nonsense".This principle focuses on the individual action and the consequences that come with it. His moral rule was the VIEW DOCUMENT
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Utilitarianism Essay - 832 words

832 words - 4 pages UTILITARIANISM Ethics is a branch of philosophy that is concerned with what is morally good and bad or right and wrong. It is the core value system we use in life when solving our daily problems. Ethics was developed on a wide variety of factors and are not the absolute rules. People build their lives from personal ethics; however many people find it difficult to define ethics. Some people believe that ethics is derived from the inner voice, which guides us through our daily lives. While others consider ethics to be innate; many feel it is developed as a result of our environment. Ethics involves how we treat people in terms of respect and the concern we have for their VIEW DOCUMENT
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Utilitarianism Essay - 1230 words

1230 words - 5 pages Utilitarianism *Missing Works Cited* The principal of utility is to maximize the happiness in ones self by using benefits misusing the harms. It acts as to produce advantage, pleasure, good or happiness and the greatest net balance of benefits over harms for all affected impartially. In Utilitarianism, J.S. Mill was trying to show that actions and institutions should increase the overall amount of happiness in the world, and stressed the importance of utilitarianism as the first principle in ethics. Happiness should be judged, not only by pleasure, but by pain as well, Mill believes that a person should always seek to gain pleasure and reject pain. According to Smart, the act VIEW DOCUMENT
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Utilitarianism Essay - 522 words

522 words - 3 pages “Men lose their high aspirations as they lose their intellectual tastes, because they have no time or opportunity for indulging them; and they addict themselves to inferior pleasures, not because they deliberately prefer them, but because they are either the only ones to which they have access, or the only ones which they are any longer capable of enjoying.” This quote is especially important for understanding Mill’s defense of utilitarianism in front of critiques that suggest this doctrine to be one of immediate pleasure; a doctrine that will stop people from accelerating their development and enriching their character through knowledge. The critique addresses the focus of VIEW DOCUMENT
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Utilitarianism Essay - 1243 words

1243 words - 5 pages September 26, 2010 Response Paper #1 – Utilitarianism Poor children of all color are being looked upon as hopeless. Teachers refuse to teach them because they see it as worthless. Within their schools, there is so much poverty that the schools lack the funds to make necessary improvements. The broken down schooling environment and a likely poor home situation are stopping these kids from having a good learning environment. A good education could make kids more well off, bettering their future and the future of their community. However; in order to supply students with a good education a lot of things need to be addressed. In order to give these kids a better education; there are many VIEW DOCUMENT
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Utilitarianism Paper

810 words - 4 pages utilitarians: act and rule utilitarians. Act utilitarians believe that an act is right if and only if it results in more good than any alternative, while rule utilitarians believe that an act is right if and only if it is required by a rule that generally leads to the greatest good. Either way, utilitarianism provides a single, objective, common-sense way to understand which actions are right and which are wrong. It also promotes flourishing and reduces suffering. The primary argument for utilitarianism is this: An action is right if and only if it maximizes the consequences of whatever is considered good over whatever is considered bad. The only good is happiness. So, an action is right if VIEW DOCUMENT
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Utilitarianism in Hrad Times

1002 words - 5 pages How does Dickens expose the failings of utilitarianism in his novel Hard Times? Utilitarianism is a term quite unfamiliar among today’s generation, therefore let me start by defining what this word means. Utilitarianism says an action is morally right if it benefits the greatest number of people. You determine what is right by calculating the amount of pleasure or suffering your actions may cause. The opinion of the majority is more important than that of the minority. Book1 Now, what I want is, Facts. Teach these boys and girls nothing but Facts. Facts alone are wanted in life. Plant nothing else, and root out nothing else." These are the first sentences the reader will read VIEW DOCUMENT
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Forms Of Utilitarianism

956 words - 4 pages Shaw and Barry distinguish two different forms of utilitarianism. What are these two forms? Briefly describe each. The first form of utilitarianism was a view by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill. They viewed utilitarianism as that a person’s actions are right if they create the most pleasure, and wrong if they do not. Both men believed that pleasure and happiness were equal and considered it the ultimate value. They thought of utilitarianism as self-interest. An understanding of this is that if someone gets pleasure out of something or it makes them happy then it is okay for them to do something. For example, if someone gets pleasure out of driving much faster than the speed limit VIEW DOCUMENT
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Egoism and Utilitarianism

1168 words - 5 pages To Treat or Not To Treat To treat or not to treat, that is the question? What would you do? How does the subject of cancer treatment apply to the moral theories of Egoism and Utilitarianism? Which theory best addresses this problem? I would assert Egoism best handles the dilemmas undressed by this ethical scenario. Egoism is a normative ethical theory that contends we act morally when in any given situation the right thing to do will be whatever maximally promotes long term self-interest. It does not describe how people behave; rather, it describes how people "ought" to behave. (Class notes February 23) This is a key element of all normative theories. Another key element of egoism VIEW DOCUMENT
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Utilitarianism in Health Care

1745 words - 7 pages , consequence oriented and virtue ethics reasoning. I will then explain what happens when people applied differential standards of healthcare decisions and how does an individual determine who is ultimately right when different decisions are reached. Sacrificing One Life in Order to Save a Dozen Introduction There are always hard decisions that need to be made with individuals who are in the profession of saving lives. There are times when sacrifices need to be made in order to save the lives of many more. What is the correct action for this case? The correct action for this particular case is the ethical theory of utilitarianism. The whole idea behind utilitarianism is maximizing VIEW DOCUMENT
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Abortion and Utilitarianism

713 words - 3 pages respect to care ethics, Sarah is potentially jeopardizing her relationship with her boyfriend if the pregnancy is not terminated since they have not deliberated about having a marriage or raising a family (Warren, 147). According to Sherwin, it would be morally adequate for Sarah to terminate her pregnancy. This situation plays perfectly into Sherwin’s argument that ready access to abortion supports women’s independence by allowing Sarah to continue with her doctorate degree, as well as continuing to work as a teaching assistant without having to be interrupted in her educational career. I would also argue that in terms of the utilitarianism perspective, Sarah and her boyfriend would be at VIEW DOCUMENT
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History of the Utilitarianism Ethic

3042 words - 13 pages PHIL320 Professor Christopher Myers July 27, 2013 History of the Utilitarianism Ethic The Greatest Good for the Greatest Number America lavish with a plethora of landscapes and ecosystems beyond our understanding. Truly, North America sustains some of the most opulent sights. However, our lands were not always so lush, and full of beauty. A complex history of dreams, ideas, and political affiliations came into play in the overall conservation and preservation of our landscapes. Many ethically driven environmental doctrines came into effect, to be where we are today, as a nation of conservation. Within this compendious paper, I will go into the history of some of the founding VIEW DOCUMENT
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Virtue Theory, Utilitarianism, and Deontological Ethics Paper

592 words - 3 pages Virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics are all examples of morals and ethics and have their similarities and differences. In this paper the similarities and differences will be explored a personal experience shared. Virtue theory is how a person acts and does not take into consideration particular acts, rules, or consequences, the only consideration is if the person is acting morally or unmorally. Virtue theory is composed of three main ideas eudemonism, agent-based theories, and the ethics of care. Eudemonism is based in reasoning, agent-based theories are based in common sense and intuition, and ethics of care is solely based on justice and it should be noted as a VIEW DOCUMENT
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Virtue Theory, Utilitarianism, and Deontological Ethics

642 words - 3 pages Virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics In this composition, I will equate the relationships and variances between virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. I will examine the disparities in how each principle tackles principles and virtues, and finally illuminate an individual experience concerning virtue, values, and moral concepts, and how they relate to one of the three theories. Individually ethics has elements that are the similar and different. Virtue Theory is a method to ethics that highlights a person's character as the main component of moral thinking, rather than guidelines about the actions themselves or their costs. Utilitarianism is the VIEW DOCUMENT
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Utilitarianism, Ethical Egoism, and Moral Relativism

1409 words - 6 pages Utilitarianism, Ethical Egoism, and Moral Relativism Tom Gardner Ethics is a branch of philosophy that attempts to answer the questions; what’s right? What’s wrong? And why? Moral relativism is an ethics position that essentially states that people have disagreeing moral beliefs and therefore you must but tolerant of other's morals. This position leads to the problematic realization that if this is the case there can be no objective moral truths nor can there be any universal principles. Act utilitarianism and ethical egoism are two different ethics theories that attempt to respond to this challenge of moral relativism in different ways. Ethical egoism attempts to respond to the VIEW DOCUMENT
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Compare and Contrast Utilitarianism and Deontology

647 words - 3 pages Compare and contrast utilitarianism and deontology. Utilitarianism is the principle that the correct form of action be taken to benefit the greatest number of people. Deontology is defined as the area of ethics involving the responsibility, moral duty and commitment. Both utilitarianism and deontology deal with the ethics and consequences of one’s actions and behavior despite the outcome. To contrast utilitarianism and deontology, utilitarianism summarized is making the right decision followed by the right actions that has the best outcome for the largest number of individuals. Deontology is the understanding and practice that there is a respect for life, fairness, and honesty VIEW DOCUMENT
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'Evaluating Utilitarianism' - What Are The Main Features Of Utilitarianism As An Ethical Theory? Examine And Consider Criticisms That Have Been Made Against Utilitarianism

2266 words - 10 pages What are the main features of Utilitarianism as an ethical theory? (10 marks)Examine and consider criticisms that have been made against Utilitarianism. (10 marks)Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that pivots around the belief that morality should be judged by consequence and the way in which an action can be deemed moral or immoral, depends upon the number to which it brings the greatest happiness. A decision can be defined as ethically correct under the theory of Utilitarianism if the moral choice provides the 'greatest good for the greatest number of people', proving that at the core of Utilitarianism are the ideals of pleasure and consequence. Although Utilitarianism provides a useful VIEW DOCUMENT
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Examine the Differences Between Act and Rule Utilitarianism' (21 Marks)

1121 words - 5 pages Utilitarianism is a theory that some people adhere to the belief that the moral significance of an action is determined by its outcome. They believe that the greatest pleasure of the greatest number of people should be the result of the action that you make which will render it morally right. Jeremy Bentham was an ionic philosopher who believed 'an act is right or good if it produces pleasure and evil if it leads to pain'. Principle of utility is the measure of the usefulness of the purpose, that any action may have. If we believe that the best or the most moral action we can perform is one that will cause consequences X or Y to come about, then utilizing the principle of VIEW DOCUMENT
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Flight 93 And Utilitarianism In Times Of Crisis

828 words - 4 pages Flight 93 and Utilitarianism in Times of Crisis Consider Flight 93 on September 11, 2001. Thinking as a utilitarian, in 350-500 words explain what your position would have been if the plane had been shot down by United States armed forces rather than having crashed as a result of the passengers' actions. Are we more likely to accept the idea of utilitarianism in a time of crisis? If so, does that make the theory acceptable? Explain. I remember this time clear in my mind and the first thought in my head when the first plane hit the first tower in New York City that it was a hoax or a prank. After the second plane hit the other tower I did not know what to think and the feeling VIEW DOCUMENT
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Utilitarianism And Omelas Applying John Stuart Mill's "Utilitarianism" To Ursula Le Guin's "The Ones Who Walk Away From Omelas"

1330 words - 6 pages Through the course of this paper the author will try to demonstrate, depicting both sides of the argument, the reasons in which a follower of John Stuart Mill's "Utilitarianism" would disagree with the events taking place in Ursula Le Guin's "The One's Who Walk Away from Omelas.""The creed which accepts as the foundation of morals, Utility, or the Greatest Happiness Principle, holds that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness" (Mill 55). This is how Mill first presents the idea of Utilitarianism. If it promotes happiness it is right, if it promotes the reverse of happiness, then it is wrong. If one were to VIEW DOCUMENT
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The Concept Of Happiness According To Kant ( With The Categorical Imperative) And Mill (With The Utilitarianism)

1096 words - 5 pages happiness, another philosopher, by the name of Immanuel Kant, proposes a counter argument based on the principles of metaphysics. Immanuel Kant, in " Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals," defends his strong beliefs in the issue of a good will. In my paper I will discuss the different claims made by each Mills and Kant on happiness's role in moral life, and present the issue that diminishes to a clash between emotions and pleasures verses rationality and logic.Kant's moral theory and Utilitarianism are similar in the respect that they both attempt to explain how one can go about acting ethically, however they differ in areas of measuring morality and their usage of rules. Both Kant and VIEW DOCUMENT
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How Fair Is the Judgment That Bentham’s Utilitarianism Is a ‘Pig Philosophy’ or ‘Swine Ethic.’ (10 Marks)

611 words - 3 pages How fair is the judgment that Bentham’s Utilitarianism is a ‘pig philosophy’ or ‘swine ethic.’ (10 marks) Thomas Carlyle was a critic of Bentham’s approach of Utilitarianism. He reflects on Bentham’s approach as a ‘pig philosophy’. This is because he saw it more as a morality based on the ‘swinish pleasure of the masses.’ Bentham’s philosophy was referred as a swinish or the pig’s philosophy as it endorsed on the greatest amount of pleasure for the greatest number of people. This is degrading humans viewing them as animals that focus mainly on the needs of the majority whether even if the minority is morally approved. An example of this will be abortion. Bentham’s theory will support VIEW DOCUMENT
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Jeremy Bentham

578 words - 3 pages “Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that holds that an action is right if it produces, or if it tends to produce, the greatest amount of good for the greatest number of people affected by the action. Otherwise the action is wrong.” ( DeGeorge 44) Utilitarianism is a way of making decisions by evaluating the consequences. Utilitarianisms believe that actions are not “good” or “bad” in themselves; they are evaluated by their effects and consequences. (DeGeorge 44-46) There are many different forms or views of utilitarianism that are used to calculate consequences. One of these views is hedonistic utilitarianism; the basis of this form is pleasure and pain. This form of calculation reduces VIEW DOCUMENT
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Ethics

1326 words - 6 pages Mill's Utilitarianism: Sacrifice the innocent for the common good? When faced with a moral dilemma, utilitarianism identifies the appropriate considerations, but offers no realistic way to gather the necessary information to make the required calculations. This lack of information is a problem both in evaluating the welfare issues and in evaluating the consequentialist issues which utilitarianism requires be weighed when making moral decisions. Utilitarianism attempts to solve both of these difficulties by appealing to experience; however, no method of reconciling an individual decision with the rules of experience is suggested, and no relative weights are VIEW DOCUMENT
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Ethic Paper

570 words - 3 pages Ethic Essay Anthony Tone Ethics/316 05-27-2014 Robert Jose Ethic Essay Understanding ethics and morality when referencing the similarities and differences in Virtue Theory, Utilitarianism, and Deontological Ethics can be quite troublesome, thus, makes an individual morality and ethics contribution to decision making. Ethics is the guideline on how people should live, acknowledgement of right from wrong, fulfillment of moral obligations, and promote equality. Morality is the “conformity to the rules of right conduct; moral or virtuous conduct” (Morality, N.D., 2014). Although there are some similarities to virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics the differences VIEW DOCUMENT
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Individual Research Paper

1842 words - 8 pages Running head: ACCOUNTING ETHICS: DIFFERENCES BETWEEN DEONTOLOGY AND UTILITARIANISM Accounting Ethics: Differences between Deontology and Utilitarianism Yaa Mendez Liberty University Outline: Introduction with thesis Deontology: definition, concepts Utilitarianism: definition, concepts Similarities between deontology and utilitarianism Difference between deontology and utilitarianism Conclusion In 2013, the movie, The Wolf of Wall Street portrayed the dishonest dealings of people involved in securities exchange and trades of foreign and public companies. The actor, Leonardo DiCaprio, had an sensational thirst for wealth and learned of greed from his VIEW DOCUMENT
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Utilatarianism

612 words - 3 pages Although there are a variety of values and criteria for debaters to select from when formulating their cases, two of the most prevalent in LD debate are utilitarianism and deontology. Often used as both criteria and as values in LD, these are two time-honored philosophical positions that apply to a wide variety of topics. All LD debaters need to be familiar with these competing philosophies in order to be consistently successful in competition. Utilitarianism: Utilitarianism is an ethical system that is most often attributed to philosophers such as John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham. Utilitarianism believes that the most ethical thing to do is to maximize the happiness within a society VIEW DOCUMENT
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Moral Luxuries

1277 words - 6 pages . One philosopher will have one belief and another will have a completely different view and an outside person could interpret each of those philosophies in a different way. In the eyes of a utilitarian, such as John Stuart Mills, it would be considered morally justifiable to expend resources on luxuries when those same resources could provide others with the necessities of life. John Stuart Mill was historically known for utilitarianism. This means that he believed the morality of an action is determined by their consequences and uses the principle of utility to evaluate those said consequences. The principle of utility states that actions are right insofar as they promote happiness and VIEW DOCUMENT
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Business Ethics

819 words - 4 pages 1. Shaw and Barry distinguish two different forms of utilitarianism. What are these two forms? Briefly describe each and use examples. The two forms of utilitarianism are act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism. Act utilitarianism states we must ask ourselves what the consequences of a particular act in a particular situation will be for all those affected. If its consequences bring more net good than those of any alternative course of action, then this action is the right one and the one we should perform. (Shaw and Barry, p. 60) The other form is rule utilitarianism. Rule utilitarianism states the utilitarian standard should be applied not to the individual actions but to moral VIEW DOCUMENT
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Ethics Essay

599 words - 3 pages Ethics Essay Michael McPhetrige ETH316 09/19/2013 Mr. David Trammell Ethics Essay In our world, there are many different ways to approach ethics. We all have our different opinions on what ethics are, or as I like to say, our own ethical codes. However, we can relate to other peoples theories. Some theories that can be related to, but are different from each other, are virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. “Utilitarianism is a theory that suggest that an action is morally right when that action produces more total utility for the group than any other alternative” (Boylan, 2009). Basically, utilitarianism looks out for the greater good of the group instead of VIEW DOCUMENT
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Deontology

686 words - 3 pages Utilitarianism: Utilitarianism is an ethical system that is most often attributed to philosophers such as John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham. Utilitarianism believes that the most ethical thing to do is to maximize the happiness within a society. Utilitarians believe that actions have calculable outcomes and that ethical choices have outcomes which lead to the most happiness to the most members of a society. Utilitarianism is thus often considered a 'consequentialist' philosophical outlook because it both believes that outcomes can be predicted and because it judges actions based on their outcomes. Thus, utilitarianism is often associated with the phrase 'the ends justify the means VIEW DOCUMENT
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Ethics Essay

571 words - 3 pages Ethics Essay Comparing and distinct ethical theories helps an individual to appreciate the regulation system, which helps or aides one throughout their decision-making process. Virtue, utilitarianism, and deontology theories try to set up a moral that an individuality person can survive, and perform on. These approaches to ethics have similarities and differences at the end of the day. Every theory has its individual thoughts as regard to ethics and morality concerning the character of a human being and the public. There can be benefits and penalty change with virtue, utilitarianism, and deontology theories. Virtue theory is unlike the other two normative theories; utilitarianism VIEW DOCUMENT
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General Business Essay

518 words - 3 pages Utilitarianism is the issue that he must face in the the case because of it being the cue for it to be the reason that Luke is an employee of ABC. The work in the ethics department shows that utilitarianism is the theory of normative ethics that the best action is done because of the ethics. So the company needs to take in fact the theory of utilitarianism because it is very crucial to use. He needs to be ethical, very ethical. The the most ethical of humans that there could possibly be for him to successfully run his company and become an ethical person. So basically by looking at the theory of utilitarianism the necessary component for someone to successfully accomplish the ethical VIEW DOCUMENT
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Whatever

365 words - 2 pages Similarities and Differences Between Virtue Theory, Utilitarianism, and Deontological Ethics In: Philosophy and Psychology Similarities and Differences Between Virtue Theory, Utilitarianism, and Deontological Ethics Similarities and Differences Between Virtue Theory According to Boylan (2009), “ethics is the science concerning the right and wrong of human behavior.” It is a method that allows us to organize our values and go after them. It helps us answer questions like: do I seek my own happiness, or do I sacrifice myself for a greater cause? According to "Ethics - Definition And More From The Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary" (2012), ethics is “the discipline dealing with what is VIEW DOCUMENT
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Human Resource Management

1253 words - 6 pages Human Resource Management Human resource management is a very important department within an organization therefore; it should be conducted effectively to achieve company’s success within the organization. The human resource management department is mandated with the employees’ management directly and dealing with the human beings is a challenging task in firm since the organization success is directly related to the motivation and happiness of the employees (Dessler, 2005). The HR department applies specific theories and philosophies to assist them in managing their employees. Some of these philosophies include the utilitarianism principle and the happiness principle as explained below VIEW DOCUMENT
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Organizational Behavior

872 words - 4 pages Business Ethics M2 Written Assignment 1. Shaw and Barry distinguish two different forms of utilitarianism. What are these two forms? Briefly describe each and use examples. Shaw and Barry distinguished two different forms of utilitarianism, Act Utilitarianism and Rule Utilitarianism. To understand Utilitarianism in depth we must understand what Utilitarianism means first. “Utilitarianism is the moral doctrine that we should always act to produce the greatest possible good over bad for everyone affected by our actions.” (Shaw and Barry, pg.59). In other words, a human being tends to search for pleasure and avoid pain or suffer. Now while the Act Utilitarians measure the consequences VIEW DOCUMENT
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Business Ethics

823 words - 4 pages 1. Shaw and Barry distinguish two forms of utilitarianism. What are these two forms? Briefly describe each and use examples. There are two types of utilitarianism, act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism. Act utilitarianism is a theory which states an act is morally right if it benefits the greatest number of people; this theory is based on the act itself and accounts for the happiness (benefit) of the majority (even if others are disadvantaged). Rule utilitarianism bases morality on a rule which already exists, the action is right based on a rule (Shaw & Barry, 2013). An example of act utilitarianism would be a wealthy person in need of an organ. If they donate a large sum of VIEW DOCUMENT
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Legal 500

1714 words - 7 pages understood as ethical or unethical according the deontology principle; since certain acts are right in and of themselves. Although, physicians and nurses performed illegal procedures, they may have felt like this was a possibility of actually saving the patient’ life, which was not to cause hurt or harm, but good. Retrieved February 10, 2013 from http://fds.oup.com/www.oup.com/pdf/13/9780199592531_chapter1.pdf. 5. Describe the utilitarianism principle and apply it to the ethical dilemma Dr. DoRight faces in this case. The belief of utilitarianism is an ethical system that is most often attributed to philosophers such as John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham. Utilitarianism strongly VIEW DOCUMENT
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Business Ethics Review

540 words - 3 pages . • What theory did Ayn Ryad create? Ethical Egoism • Know utilitarianism Greatest good for the greatest number • Know rights theory Everyone has a set of rights. It's up to the government to protect those rights. Adherent: Robert Nozick • Know ethical egoism Everyhting is based on self-interest. • Who are the creators of utilitarianism theory? Jeremy Benthem and John Stuart Mill • Know moral relativism (very similar to utilitarianism) Time & place ethics. No absolute rules. The situation dictates and justifies the actions taken. Week 3 • Know Carr and Drucker perspectives (numerous questions on them) • Drucker's prospective: A) No distinction between personal & business ethics VIEW DOCUMENT
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Ford Pinto

2346 words - 10 pages Utilitarianism and Business Ethics INTRODUCTION Welcome to philosophicalinvestigations - a site dedicted to ethical thinking (rather than one page summaries!!! Though I'm afraid I do add those at exam time - market pressures!). I hope you enjoy this case study which also has a powerpoint that goes with it.  There's plenty of other useful material on this site - case studies, handouts, powerpoints and summaries, and also I have written a number of books including best-selling revision guides and a useful book on 'How to Write Philosophy Essays".  Click here for details. If you're worried about exams you might at least print out my strengths and weaknesses summaries under each moral theory VIEW DOCUMENT
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Nsa Ethics of Mass Surveillance

1358 words - 6 pages back that the program was an essential tool for fighting terrorists who had become more advanced digitally, often using the internet in order to communicate with each other. Much of the discussion on the program related to the ethical appropriateness of the NSA’s activities. This paper will summarize the NSA’s surveillance program and discuss it from the perspective of utilitarianism and Kantian ethics; in addition, the paper will discuss the author’s personal viewpoint of the program. Summary of the Program The NSA spying program, named the “Terrorist Surveillance Program” by the New York Times, focused on monitoring the communications of between 500 and 1000 people within the United VIEW DOCUMENT
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Commerce Essay

1594 words - 7 pages INTRODUCTION The link between Utilitarianism Theory and the James Hardie Industries – ‘asbestos’ case has helped me to develop a deeper understanding of the difficult ethical questions asked in business and how corporations respond to those questions using moral philosophies. From the time when the short summary written in regards to the meaning and importance of the term ’responsible business’ in week 2, till today, I have explored various historical, moral, governance and economic aspects of business both domestically and internationally, proliferating my knowledge in regards to responsible commerce. I have come to understand the moral landscape or commercial enterprises which have VIEW DOCUMENT
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Discussion Question Week 2

644 words - 3 pages Natural Law ethical theory, and the Utilitarianism ethical theory. These theories would summarize the top five ethical issues I perceive to be a challenge in health care today. Describe at least two ethical principles discussed in this week's reading material. Apply those principles to two examples of ethical challenges that exist in the delivery of health care today. Do these principles assist in overcoming the challenge or do they create more of an ethical dilemma? Why? Natural Law Ethical Theory- This principle of ethics is defined as the position that rational reflection on nature, will yield principles of good and bad that can guide human action toward fulfillment or flourishing VIEW DOCUMENT
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Case Study

556 words - 3 pages Case study Introduction As the case stated, Bob which is the senior executive has facing a ethics dilemma circumstance that whether report to the cultural bureau or not, that means whether he would stop the excavation process or not. This essay will apply the normative ethics theories of Egoism, Utilitarianism and Kantian ethics, and what he will do under each theory. Egoism Under the viewpoint of egoism, Bob’s action should motivate his self-interest, especially the large amount mortgage about his living house. In this case, the requirements of BCC limited that BT Pty Ltd need to be completed on time; otherwise it will incur a finance penalty. However, the poor financial statement VIEW DOCUMENT
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Mill's Utilitarian

519 words - 3 pages Are You Happy? According to John Stuart Mill, what does it mean to act rightly or be good? Mill states how people are inclined to act rather than how they should act. He states in his essay written in 1861, Utilitarianism, “actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness; wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. By happiness is intended pleasure and the absence of pain; by unhappiness, pain and the privation of pleasure.” Mill proves by this statement that we act in a certain way because of the greatest happiness principle; however, I am not convinced that is the way that people should act or the best way to live a moral life. Mill believes that people act VIEW DOCUMENT
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Eth/316 Ethics Essay

646 words - 3 pages Ethics Essay Ethics is something that we as people deal with on a daily bases. People view ethics in their own way and have their own way of approaching everyday conflicts, which ethical and moral decisions need to be made. In this paper I will discuss the similarities and differences between virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. I will describe the differences on how each theory addresses ethics and morality. I will also add a personal experience to explain the relationship between virtue, values, and moral concepts as it relates to one of the three theories. Virtue theory is basically is a form of ethics that uses a person's character as a way to determine ethical VIEW DOCUMENT