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and destination of data packets sent over an IP netwrok
ARP – Address resolution Protocol, IP to MAC
IGMP – Internet Group Message Protocol
multicasting – when one host sends data to many destination hosts
multicasting address – the address used to send a multicast data packet
network interface layer – defines how the host connects to the network
hex – hexadecimal, base 16
Ipv4 – The older IP version currently being used on the internet
class A, B, C, D, and E – the five classes of IPv4
non internet routable IP address - IP address not routed on the internet
RIRs – Regional Internet registries, IANA-designated governing organizations responsible for IP address allocation by
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protocol that, like TCP, runs on top of IP networks. Unlike TCP/IP, UDP/IP provides very few error recovery services, offering instead a direct way to send and receive datagrams over an IP network.
Internet Protocol specifies the format of packets, also called datagrams, and the addressing scheme. Most networks combine IP with a higher-level protocol called Transmission Control Protocol (TCP), which establishes a virtual connection between a destination and a source. IP by itself is something like the postal system. It allows you to address a package and drop it in the system, but there's no direct link between you and the recipient.
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8. Source IP Address: 10.10.5.1
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Subnet: 10.10.5.0 (host subnet)
Destination IP address: 10.10.5.2
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Subnet: 10.10.5.0 (destination subnet)
The packet will stay in the LAN because the destination subnet and the host subnet are the same.
9. Source IP Address: 10.10.5.1
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Subnet: 10.10.5.0 (host subnet)
Destination IP address: 10.5.10.2
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Subnet: 10.10.5.0 (destination subnet)
The packet will stay in the LAN because the destination subnet and the host subnet are the same.
10. Source IP Address: 10.10.5.1
Subnet Mask: 255.0.0.0
Subnet: 10.0.0.0 (host subnet)
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Unit 7 Assignment
Given an IP Address of 172.16.10.1 use the guide to get 1000 hosts on each of your 50 networks:
1. What Class is this IP address? _B_
2. How many bits would you use for networking? _6_
3. What is the CIDR or Slash value: _/22__
4. What subnet mask would you generate? __255.255.252.0_____
5. What is the first subnetwork range created? ________172.16.8.0_____________________
6. What is the last subnetwork range created? ______172.16.255.0_________________________
Given an IP Address of 172.16.14.1 use the guide to get 500 hosts on each of your 100 networks:
7. What Class is this IP address? _B__
8. How many bits would you use for
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DHCP, an acronym for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol, is a protocol used to automatically assign a unique IP address to a device. DHCP allows a computer to join an IP-based network without having a pre-configured IP address. DHCP is a protocol that assigns unique IP addresses to devices, then releases and renews these addresses as devices leave and re-join the network. DHCP is also used to configure the proper subnet mask, default gateway, and DNS server information on the device. A computer, or any other device that connects to a network (local or Internet), must be properly configured to communicate on that network. Since DHCP allows that configuration to happen automatically
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|ITA135: Networking 2 |Lab |
|Router Lab 1 | |
Name __Will Bolin_____
1. Plan the IP addressing for the lab. You will need to identify two different /24 networks to use and one /30 network. You may use any address ranges. (12 points)
|Mask |Network Address |First Usable IP |Last Usable IP |Broadcast Address |# Usable Hosts |
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In this Exercise, you will explain IP addres components, contrast classful and classless IP addressing, and explain the function of DNS and DHCP.
Respond to the following scenario with design considerations and recommendations:
You are a IT Administrator for a newly founded company and have been tasked with designing an IP addressing scheme and a plan for allocation and management of IP addresses.
The company will currently have a single, physical location with approximately 145 hosts (computers, printers, etc.) IT plans should accommodate 50% growth within the next two years.
At a minimum, address these specific questions, in addition to any other concerns
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Unit 1 Assignment 1: Windows 2008 Network Services
Most networks out there will take advantage of DNS and DHCP services. These services make managing a network an easier task for the administrator. While they are not always required for a network to function, most cases they will be used. Knowing what these services do will help the administrator determine if they are required for the network.
DNS stands for Domain Name System. What this service does is help convert IP addresses into names easily remembered by the user. Instead of having to remember an IP address for every device on the network an administrator could set up DNS so names can be assigned to all the devices. Most users will
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Student Name | bob | Class | Com0 | Date | |
Windows CLI Commands Lab Report
NOTE: Please use Carriage Returns and Page Breaks as needed to prevent box contents from extending across page boundaries.
Task 1: Displaying IP Configuration Settings
Open the Windows Command Prompt using the desktop or the Taskbar icon. Maximize the size of the CLI. Use the ipconfig /all command to determine the following IP configuration settings for “Wired”
IP Address: | 169.254.7.186 |
Subnet Mask: | 255.255.0.0 |
Default Gateway: | 126.96.36.199 |
MAC (Physical) Address | 00-0C-29-BF-9D-2F |
Copy and paste the specified ipconfig /all command output from the Windows
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, IPX for IPX/SPX. Other important protocols in this layer include various routing protocols and network address to physcial address mapping protocols (e.g, ARP in TCP/IP).
c. Layer 4: For TCP/IP, the core layer 4 protocols are TCP and UDP.
d. Layer 5+: The core protocols again depend on the network protocol suite. In the case of TCP/IP, layer 5 to 7 are normally integrated into a single application layer. The use of spefic application layer protocols may be inferred from the network diagrams. For example, if an email server is shown, you may assume that SMTP and POP/IMAP are used.
To make more convincing your recommendations on network elements and protocols, please use referenced networks in other health care organizations. Note that you should NOT call hosiptals to inquire about their IT infrastructure nor should you use proprietary information. Instead the research should be done based on public domain info, such as Internet and case study papers.
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Associate Level Material
TCP/IP Network Planning Table
Refer to appendix E1.
Identify the problems with the TCP/IP network and complete the table.
Problem | Explanation of Proposed Solution |
Scenario: Two of the network segments pictured will not communicate with each other or any other network segments.The two network segments in question will not communicate because the gateway address assigned to the workstations in each segment are incorrect. | The easiest and quickest solution is to reconfigure the router that connects the two segments and make the router's interfaces match the gateway addresses assigned to the computers in each segment. The other solution
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/24 where the VM server farm resides. Using Zenmap GUI, students then performed a “Ping Scan” or “Quick Scan” on the targeted IP subnetwork.
Lab Assessment Questions & Answers
1. Name at least five applications and tools pre-loaded on the TargetWindows01 server desktop, and identify
whether that application starts as a service on the system or must be run manually.
WINDOWS APPLICATION LOADED
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
STARTS AS SERVICE Y/N
❑ Yes ❑ Yes ❑ Yes ❑ Yes ❑ Yes ❑ No ❑ No ❑ No ❑ No ❑ No
2. What was the allocated source IP host address for the TargetWindows01 server, TargetUbuntu01 server,
and the IP default gateway router?
TargetWindows01 IP 172.30.0.8 Default gateway
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stressed that the DepEd will also pursue a support incentive for teachers assigned in isolated and hard-to-reach IP villages, even as he also encouraged members of IP communities who may wish to enter the teaching profession to help them complete the necessary academic preparation and satisfy professional licensure requirements.
Albos noted that Luistro’s order further sought to adopt appropriate basic education pedagogy, content and assessment through the integration of indigenous knowledge systems and practices (IKSP) in all subject areas.
The DepEd chief, Albos said, also enjoined the further development and enforcement of: Mother tongue-based multilingual education (MTB-MLE); culture-responsive education for sustainable development; and, alternative modes of instructional delivery and assessment schemes to address the peculiar needs of IP learners.
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. A hardware address is a six-byte data-link layer address coded into a network interface adapter, while an IPv4 address is a 32-bit software setting supplied by a server or a network administrator.
2. On a TCP/IP network, an application issues function calls to an application layer protocol, which package the application data to be transmitted over the network and passes it down through the layers of the networking stack. At the transport layer, the TCP or UDP protocol encapsulates the application layer by adding a header containing the destination address for the packet, and passes it down to the data-link layer. At the data-link layer, Ethernet completes the encapsulation process by
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What is the format of an IP address?
1. 4 bytes
2. First 2 – network address
3. Second 2 – host address
How is an IP address associated with a device on a network?
1. IP address specifically or automatically assigned
2. Each device has own private IP address
What is the difference between a public IP address and a private IP address?
1. Public – dynamic (changes each time device connects to internet) or static (doesn’t change because used for hosting web pages or services)
2. Private – assigned on LANs (automatically or chosen by LAN administrator) and are static; able to change, but rarely.
What are a URL, IP address, and a DNS? Why are they important?
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a unique IP Address – separating each department into Zones or Segments designed to mitigate risk management and provide increased security.
This is accomplished by assigning like-resources a specific IP range and VLAN. Each VLAN ends with a router/firewall interface designed to manage basic network access decisions in accordance with local Security Policies and Practices. This type of zoning enables NCIF to assign specific access rules and restrictions to each user or terminal based on their assigned zone or network segment.
In order to maintain proper IP Addressing, provide broadcast filtering, security, address summarization, and traffic flow management each network construct has been connected via a combination of routers and switches configured for multi-layer networking using Virtual LAN (VLAN) technology, providing a one-to-one relationship between VLANs and IP subnets, which has been broken down in the proceeding tables/documentation.
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. Why would a network administrator use Wireshark and NetWitness Investigator together? Wireshark is better for performing protocol analysis and Netwitness Investigator is best at performing protocol captures. Wireshark does well at both aspects, which makes it a little better
2. What was the IP address for LanSwitch1? 172.16.8.5
3. When the 172.16.8.5 IP host responded to the ICMP echo-requests, how many ICMP echo-reply
packets were sent back to the vWorkstation? 23
4. What was the terminal password for LanSwitch 1 and LanSwitch 2? cisco
5. When using SSH to remotely access a Cisco router, can you see the terminal password? Why or
why not? No you could not. You probably couldn’t see the password for security reasons that way no one could hack into it.
6. What were the Destination IP addresses discovered by the NetWitness Investigator analysis?
2 | Lab #5 Performing Packet Capture and Traffic Analysis
7. Are packet-capturing tools like Wireshark less dangerous on switched LANs? Yes
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1. When you are finding a name for an IP Address, what would you call the process?
2. Windows Server 2008, what size network would it function in? (routing)
a smaller sized network
3. Which Windows had NAP (network access protection)?
Windows server 2008
4. IP address range 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206?
5. What is this format 10.45.100.26 ?
dotted decimal format
6. As we move from IPv4 to IPv6, what is the most important thing focused on?
7. Each Host on your network has a what as a non-changeable function?
8. If you have a DHCP server, how would you obtain an ip address
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trace to IP address 220.127.116.11. (1.25 points)
After reading the explanation for this command in the “Sample Solution,” in your own words, explain what the output of the “tracert” command indicates? (1.25 points)
Troubleshooting TCP/IP Problems Lab (20 points)
Write a paragraph (minimum five college-level sentences) below that summarizes what was accomplished in this lab, what you learned by performing it, how it relates to this week’s TCO’s and other course material; and just as important, how you feel it will benefit you in your academic and professional career. (10 points)
Copy and Paste the following screenshots from
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condensed into the application layer. Instead of having seven layers there are only four as shown in this figure.
The layers are as follows,
The Application layer provides applications the ability to access the services of the other layers and defines the protocols that applications use to exchange data. The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is used to transfer files that make up the Web pages of the World Wide Web.
The File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is used for interactive file transfer. The following Application layer protocols help facilitate the use and management of TCP/IP networks: The Domain Name System (DNS) is used to resolve a host name to an IP address. The Routing
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, click the Windows Start button. 28. Select Run from the menu. 29. Type cmd in the dialog box and click OK. 30. In the Windows Command Prompt window, ping the IP address for the TargetWindows01 server.
Type ping 172.30.0.8 and press Enter.
The replies indicate that the Windows server is accepting connections.
Successful ping of TargetWindows01
31. Type ping 172.30.0.1 (the default gateway for this lab) and press Enter.
The replies indicate that the gateway is accepting connections.
32. Close the Windows Command Prompt window. 33. Double-click the PuTTY icon on the desktop to start the PuTTY application.
8/1/12 3:31 PM
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There are a multitude of things that can go wrong with an Active Directory Replication process, but like most preventative maintenance issues, issues can typically be resolved quickly if proper precautions are taken. Such problems include the DNS Lookup Failure coming up as an error in the logs. This is caused by a DNS zone having improper links to the child zones, the IP configuration of the DCs having misconfigured DNS servers, or the mapping of the current IP address to the domain controller isn't correct, along with many other things. In order to fix these types of errors, it's important to test the connectivity through the prompt of dcdiag and verify that the CNAME records. If
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one device was displaying data. It was summarizing all of the routers’ data, because all of the routers were using the same SNMP port number.
Solution: Each router was assigned its own SNMP port number in the 9000-9999 range.
Problem: In Cacti, the data graphs weren’t displaying.
Solution: The data took 5 minutes to display on the Cacti graphs, because NetFlow has a 5 minute default timer.
Configurations (SNMP & NetFlow commands, which can be found in the procedures section) can be verified by running the show running-config command.
The snmpwalk –v 2c –c cit345snmp <ip address of desired router> system command can be entered on the HQ server to display
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Phases of a computer attack
Phase 1 - Reconnaissance
Phase 2 - Scanning
Phase 3 - Gaining Access
Phase 4 - Maintaining access
Phase 5 - Covering Tracks
Phase 1: Passive and Active Reconnaissance
Passive reconnaissance: This is the process of scouting out a company or individuals knowledge and processes, such as finding out when employees come in to work and leave work. It can also be the result of researching the company through the internet via search engines.
Active Reconnaissance: This is the process of actually scanning the network to find out IP address and services that the network provides. This process will help the hacker determine what vulnerabilities are
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Name System (DNS) for...
[pic]This step-by-step guide describes how to configure Domain Name System (DNS) for Internet access in the Windows Server2003 products. DNS is the core name resolution tool that is used on the Internet. DNS handles resolution between host names and Internet addresses.
[pic]Back to the top
How to Start with a Stand-Alone Server Running Windows Server 2003
[pic]The stand-alone server running Windows Server 2003 becomes a DNS server for your network. In the first step, you assign this server a static Internet Protocol (IP) address. DNS servers must not use dynamically assigned IP addresses because a dynamic change of address could cause clients to lose contact
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4.4. Server 1 Installation & Configuration ..................................................18
4.4.1. Configuring Static IP Address...................................................18
4.4.2. Configuring DNS & ADDC ......................................................18
4.4.3. Configuring Reverse Lookup Zone in DNS ..............................26
4.4.4. Configuring DHCP ....................................................................30
4.4.5. Configuring the File Server on Server .......................................38
4.4.6. Configuring the Print Server on Server1
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itnerfaces to advertise. Read this line to say "Any interface with an address of 172.16.10.x is to be put into area 0."
18 Router(config-if)# ip ospf priority 50 Changes the OSPF interface priority to 50
19 Router(config-if)# bandwidth 128 If you change the bandwidth, OSPF recalculates the cost of the link
20 Router(config-if)# ip ospf cost 1564 Changes the cost to a value of 1564
21 Router(config-if)# ip ospf hello-interval 20 Changes the Hello Interval timer to 20 seconds.
22 Router# show ip ospf
display general information about Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) routing processes
23 Router# show ip ospf neighbor lists all ospf neighbors and their states
24 Router# show ip ospf neighbor detail displays a detailed list of neighbors
25 Router# show ip ospf interface Displays OSPF info as it relates to all interfaces
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* Idle timeout time
* Maximum session time
* Encryption strength
* IP packet filters
* Advanced restrictions:
* IP address for PPP connections
* Static routes
Additionally, you can vary connection restrictions based on the following settings:
* Group membership
* Type of connection
* Time of day
* Authentication methods
* Identity of the access server
* Access client phone number or MAC address
* Whether unauthenticated access is allowed
On this network I recommend a WAN network . Because the wan network is great for going cities to cities or state to state plus there are more security features that can be
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as well as the broadcast address of the subnet.
3) Level 3: Troubleshooting
Question: Given Network A 10.0.0.0/255.0.0.0 and Network B 10.0.0.0/255.255.255.0 .Evaluate
possible issues if a node on Network A is misconfigured with the subnet mask for Network B.
Subject Area: Information Systems Security (Concepts discussed in NT2580)
Topic XIV: IP Addressing & Routing
1) Level 1: Definition
Question: Identify the seven domains of a typical IT Infrastructure according to the Introduction to
Information Security course.
2) Level 2: Application
Question. Elaborate on the best practices for Access Controls.
3) Level 3: Troubleshooting
Question: It is suspected that a recently terminated
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ISP_Router#show ip interface brief
Interface IP Address OK? Method Status
FastEthernet0/0 18.104.22.168 YES NVRAM up
FastEthernet1/0 22.214.171.124 YES NVRAM up
Serial0/0 126.96.36.199 YES NVRAM up
Serial0/1 188.8.131.52 YES NVRAM up
ISP_Router#show ip route
Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2
* - candidate default
Gateway of last resort is not
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tools are Angry IP Scanner a windows IP scanner that scans IPs of any range. It simply pings each IP address to check whether or not the system is alive. Nmap is used for port scanning. Nmap supports more than a dozen way to scan a network. Some scanning techniques used are UDP, TCP connect, TCP SYN (half open), FTP proxy (bounce attack), reverse-ident, ICMP (ping sweep), FIN, ACK sweep, Xmas, SYN sweep, IP and null scan”. (EC-Council. 2010. Ethical Hacking and Countermeasures Attack Phases. Clifton Park, NY: Cengage Learning)
Many different techniques are used as ways attackers will try to gather your information, to prevail and avoid attack you would need to stop the threat before it reaches
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Internet Services Provides a single point of contact for business’ connectivity needs, access the Internet and Intranet, stream audio and video and transfer large amounts of data and provide access to remote workers.
2. How should the existing and new campus locations be connected to each other? (10 points)
The Existing and new campus can use a fiber optic cabling in order to connect the two campuses. Fiber optic cables are less expensive, there is less signal degrading, non flammable and the best option compared to other competitors. On the other hand the campuses can request a static IP address through the internet provider. Through this the two campuses can connect on a network via
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brand determination in DNS with the objective of governing the IP address of the host and that the prey finally joins. The same origin policy and DNS
The second paper outlines the mechanics of signature equivalency NIDS and procedures for embellishing the machination of that process. NIDS
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DHCP and if necessary the NTP servers)
• Check your network settings are configured correctly. Check DHCP is enabled if used or check that the IP protocol, IP address, subnet mask and default gateway are correct
• Check your Ethernet speed is correct.
Gatekeeper registration failed
TANDBERG systems will report an error when they cannot reach a gatekeeper or the gatekeeper rejects the registration. Before checking the gatekeeper it is worth checking the following:
• Do you have a LAN connection?
• Do you have the correct gatekeeper IP address
• Are you using authentication? Are the credentials correct? Can the Codec reach a valid NTP server?
• Can you ping the
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lightpaths provided by the optical layer can be set up and taken down
circuits in circuit switched networks, except that the rate at which the set up and take down actions occur is likely to be much slower than, say, the rate for telephone networks with voice circuits. No packet switching is provided within the optical layer.
Division of Computer Science & Engineering
9. UNICAST, BROADCAST, AND MULTICAST TRAFFIC
Understanding the differences between unicast, broadcast, and multicast network traffic is central to understanding the benefits of IP/TV. Each of these types of transmission uses a different type of destination IP address to accomplish its task, and can
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members to be contacted. The staff member will call those designated on the list. The staff member will contact the incident response manager using both email and phone messages while being sure other appropriate and backup personnel and designated managers are contacted. The staff member will log the information received in the same format as the grounds security office in the previous step. The staff member could possibly add the following:
a)Is the equipment affected business critical?
b)What is the severity of the potential impact?
c)Name of system being targeted, along with operating system, IP address, and location.
d)IP address and any information about the origin of the
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Bits and Bytes
September 11, 2015
The article I have chosen to write about concerns the Internet cyber attacks that took place a few years back in South Korea. The cyber attack plagued over 32,000 computers and servers with a virus or “computer bug” (Bits and Bytes Powerpoint, Onesti & Richart). The virus crashed multiple computers and enabled them all to function extremely slow, or not function at all. This attack was targeted at banks and broadcasting computers (Pearson). Sources say that these attacks were traced to an IP address in China. However, this does not mean that China was at fault. The article states that North Korea is under
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back to the trusted corporate network. VPN’s can be complex and is costly to support due to the overheads of authentication, processing and bandwidth.
3. IDS and IPS
An intrusion detection system (IDS) is a network-centric strategy that involves monitoring traffic for suspicious activities that may indicate that the corporate network has been compromised. This may require the detection of port scans being created from within the network or excessive attempts to log into a server. The intrusion prevention system (IPS) is usually deployed in-line in order to actively prevent or block intrusions as they are detected. A specific IP address could be automatically blocked.
4. Malware Detection
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4 G Wireless Networks
May 3, 2013
In the last decades wireless services have been competing with each to bring the latest wireless phone with state of the art technology that customers can use anytime and anywhere. These wireless phones are capable of taking pictures as well as mp3 player to listen to music and video chatting. However wireless networks technology has grown rapidly starting with first generation the (1G) was the first form of wireless networks then came the second generation (2G). It was design to address the demands for extraordinary, advanced quality of signals and higher data-rates to endure the digital services. Verizon, ATT, Sprint, and T-Mobile have all
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complexity, the reliable operation of modern infrastructures depends on computerized systems and SCADA systems. These control systems and devices communicated with each other almost exclusively, and rarely shared information with systems outside their environment. As more components of control systems become interconnected with the outside world using IP-based standards, the probability and impact of a cyber attack is at highest risk.
Complexity of SCADA architectures, there is a variety of both wired and wireless media and protocols involved in getting data back to the central monitoring site. This enables implementation of powerful IP-base SCADA networks over mixed
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How to Set Price
The global manager must
develop systems and
policies that address
Price floor: minimum price
Price ceiling: maximum price
Optimum prices: function of
Must be consistent with
global opportunities and
Global Marketing - Schrage
Basic Pricing Concepts
Market Price Strategy
Law of One Price would prevail in a
truly global market
International trade helps keep
prices low and low prices keep
inflation in check
Global markets exist for certain
National markets reflect costs,
regulation, demand, competition—
May make or break your
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important exception: hypertext is text with pointers to other text. Hypermedia is a superset of hypertext. Hypermedia documents contain links not only to other pieces of text, but also to other forms of media - sounds, images, and movies. Images themselves can be selected to link to sounds or documents. (6 marks). For each reasonable example students should get 1 mark (total 4 marks)
1. Describe and explain these five (5) multimedia and web based terms:
* IP Address
* Domain Name
* 2 marks per description
* IP Address, every computer connected to the Internet has a unique ID,
* Domain Name: AKA
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Use logwatch to monitor logs and have emails sent to the root user in light of unexpected activities. Simply change the email address in the /etc/log.d/logwatch.conf file.
Rather than use the system time clock, you should configure the Network Time Protocol server daemon to synchronize the system clock with three public NTP servers. NTP servers can be located at http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/ntp/servers.html Get permission from the admins of these servers and the edit /etc/ntp.conf and replace the loopback address with for ex. Server 10.0.0.1 Server 10.0.0.2 Server 10.0.0.3 #IP address of public server #IP address of public server #IP address of public server 1
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segment. MAC addresses are used for numerous network technologies and most IEEE 802 network technologies, including Ethernet. Logically, MAC addresses are used in the media access control protocol sub-layer of them.
9. Cables (UTP, Coaxial, Fiber)
UTP: unshielded twisted pair and is the most common used. UTP’s cost is significant less than STP’s, UTP’s is inexpensive, easy to install, and highly flexible.
Coaxial Cable: two of the most common forms of coaxial cable are thin-net (RG-58) and thick-net (RG-8). A standard coaxial cable has five layers
Fiber-Optics: transmits signals using light rather than electricity.
10. Bandwidth: is the capacity of a circuit to carry data and
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sensitive information such as usernames, passwords, and credit card details (and sometimes, indirectly, money) by masquerading as a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication.
s the creation of Internet Protocol (IP) packets with a source IP address, with the purpose of concealing the identity of the sender or impersonating another computing system.
is the use of the internet or other electronic means to stalk someone. Stalking generally involves harassing or threatening behavior that an individual engages in repeatedly.
act of defaming, insulting, offending or otherwise causing harm through false
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,including encrypted PDF transmission.
• Super G3 fax modem transmits each page in just two seconds.
• Forward incoming faxes to an e-mail address, so users can receive important documents anywhere — even if they are away from the office.
• Reduce document distribution costs dramatically with advanced IP (T.38) faxing, which delivers fax documents almost instantaneously over IP networks, or with Internet (T.37) faxing.
• Deliver fax documents to any destination without leaving your desk with LAN faxing, which saves time and money.
• Ensure security with multi-level Authentication which lets you confirm user identity and control access to