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March 4, 2012
The purpose of this paper is to explain the inflammatory response to HIV and AIDS, describe the disease, how it is transmitted, and the environment factors that may make someone vulnerable to it. Additionally, this paper will identify standards and alternative treatments to HIV and AIDS, the methods used to control the spread of the disease and the consequences of not controlling it. Finally, this paper will include community health promotion and wellness strategies to help prevent the disease.
AIDS was first noted in the early 1980s among men with multiple sexual contact with other men and drug users who shared
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the blood and liver. This would consist of using the first formula of milk thistle, Picrorhiza kurroa root, dandelion root and beef leaf or artichoke. Then you should continue with another formula that contains all or some of Oregon grape root, cayenne, chaparral, red clover, burdock root, goldenseal, yellow dock, bloodroot, mistletoe, periwinkle, flowers, lobelia seeds and sheep sorrel. Also “Dr. Altshuler” recommends a colon detoxification and the continued use of milk thistle.
Hepatitis B is a preventable disease by having the vaccination and using post-exposure prophylaxis this has significantly reduced the rate of infection. Also risk can be reduced by avoiding unprotected sex
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The Decimating Effects of Infectious Disease in the New World
"It is often said that in the centuries after Columbus landed in the New
World on 12 October, 1492, more native North Americans died each year from
infectious diseases brought by the European settlers than were born." (6) The
decimation of people indigenous to the Americas by diseases introduced by
European invaders is unprecedented. While it is difficult to accurately
determine the population of the pre-Columbian Americas, scholars estimate the
number to have been between 40 and 50 million people. The population in
Mexico alone in 1519 is believed to have been approximately 30 million. By
1568, that number
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Chronic and Infectious Disease Paper
December 19, 2011
Chronic and Infectious Disease Paper
In today’s society many individual are living with a chronic or infectious disease. Chronic disease is one the most common and preventable of health problems in the United States. Although, chronic diseases are more common in older adults, but it can affect people of all ages. Some infectious disease is caused by bacteria or viruses in an individual body. These types of disease can be passed from person to person. This paper will discuss the characteristic of chronic illness, the relationship between healthy nutritional program and
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VET 140 Mr. Bell |
A prion is a protein that has been mutated. Prion means proteinaceous infectious particle. Proteinaceous infectious particle can be broken down into:” proteinaceous which is relating to, resembling, or being protein, Infectious which is capable of causing infection, and particle which is a minute quantity or fragment” (Merriam – Webster 2012). So a proteinaceous infectious partial would be a very small protein that can cause an infection. The protein called PrP can be found in nerve cells all through the brain. The prion does not have a nucleus like other infectious dieses, and this makes it rare. Without the
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food, drink and drinking-water. Oral rehydration salts should be carried to combat dehydration in case of severe diarrhea and seek proper information on the foods while practicing safe infection control.
Vector-borne diseases on the other hand, account for 17% of the estimated global burden of all infectious diseases and the most deadly vector-borne disease is malaria (WHO, 2014). Malaria has caused an estimated 627 000 deaths in 2012.However, the world's fastest growing vector-borne disease is dengue, with a 30-fold increase in disease incidence over the last 50 years (WHO, 2014). Other vector-borne diseases are schistosomiasis, human African trypanosomiasis, leishmaniasis, Chagas disease
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Grand Canyon University:
8 October 2014
Epidemiology is a science that uses quantitative, scientific, and research methods to study the causes of disease, how it is transmitted and preventive measures that can be taken to stop the transmission. Healthcare officials then use the information to help guide the public to optimal health. This paper will take a look at the disease Infectious Mononucleosis and how the community nurse can help fight against it and other infectious diseases.
Mononucleosis, also known as the “kissing disease”, is an infectious disease that is mainly found in young adult college students or teen-agers from ages 15-17
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cause the person to experience any type of illness nor gives the person the actual disease.
Historically vaccines have been the most effective means of fight infectious disease and eradicating the diseases. However there are some limitations to the effectiveness of vaccines. Protection often fails due to the host’s immune system because it simply doesn’t respond well. Factors affecting the effectiveness of vaccines are clinical responses such as a person with diabetes, HIV, or steroid use.
Vaccines don’t just protect us from infectious diseases, it protects others as well. It is much cheaper to prevent a disease with a vaccine than to treat an actually illness. When a vaccine-primed
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Bram Stoker’s Dracula is a novel focused on vampirism during Victorian time. Vampirism is a curse that awakens the dead as blood sucking monsters, however, it is also a metaphor or a symbol for disease. Vampirism can correlate with animal related illness such as rabies and bubonic plague seen in Dracula’s transformations. Although associating with animal related disease vampirism can also be associated with venereal disease such as syphilis shown in Dracula through the infection of Lucy and Mina. Vampirism rate of infection is closely related to the infectious theory.
Bram Stoker’s Dracula is riddled with text that supports disease. “As the count leaned over me and his hands touched me
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The Effects of Zoonotic Diseases
Case Study #13
April 17, 2011
Zoonosis refers to an infectious disease in animals that can be transmitted to people. An animal serves as the natural reservoir for such an infectious agent, ("MedTerms," 2001). Many zoonoses, which is simply the plural meaning of zoonosis, including viruses, bacteria, and parasites can be transmitted to humans by various routes. Some of these routes consist of animal bites, vectors (i.e., insects), and animal-to-human contact (i.e., inhalation of respiratory droplets or skin-to-skin contact), (Bauman 613-14) & ("Infectious Diseases," 2009). Most emerging infections that have occurred
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NH1002 Public health principles – briefing paper
I am a nurse working in a remote rural health centre in Australia and I am providing a briefing paper to my new Manager on the clinical disease of syphilis. Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the spirochete bacterium. It is a highly contagious infection spread by sexual contact. The objective is to describe the epidemiology of infectious syphilis within the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities of Australia.
Historically, among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) people, the reported rates of infectious syphilis have been much higher compared to
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The invention of the vaccinations has been one of the greatest health interventions, saving millions of people from infectious diseases (Ehreth, 2002). The vaccine program has had extraordinary success in decreasing the spread of preventable diseases (Zimmerman, 2000). Research shows vaccines are safe, provide a way to protect your child and society, and help avoid wide spread disease.
Vaccines are not completely 100% safe, but it is safer than the infectious disease it is preventing (Concerns about vaccine safety, 2009). With any drugs, there are side effects, but serious ones are rare (Concerns about vaccine safety, 2009). Children are given vaccines at an early age when
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Posted May 1, 2007
Emerging diseases remain a global concern
Infectious diseases are responsible for 26% of mortality worldwide.
Submit a Comment Email Print SAN DIEGO — Global emergence and re-emergence of diseases remain a challenge because of the microbes’ abilities to replicate and mutate, according to Anthony S. Fauci, MD.
Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, described three types of disease challenges: emerging, which he said includes HIV and severe acute respiratory disease (SARS); re-emerging and resurging, which includes West Nile virus in the United States; and deliberately emerging, which includes bioterrorism
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Nutrition Final Exam Study Guide
By hanxlee | April 2014
Page 1 of 7
Final Exam Review
NUTR 295 – Fall 2013
NEW MATERIAL: 100 points (~50 questions)
Understanding Disease Risk Factors
Describe the differences between a chronic disease and infectious disease. What leading causes of death are nutrition-related?
A) heart diseases, cancers, strokes, diabetes
Describe the concept of a risk factor.
A) Factors known to be related to diseases, but have not yet proven to be a cause. We say that a certain factor puts us at increased
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fever. Pest houses functioned mainly in seaport areas to prevent disease from entering the large cities. Contagious-disease and tuberculosis hospitals were to become the next means of infection control, and are the predecessors of the modern quarantine and isolation practices used today.
Quarantine and Isolation are the most common public health strategies used to protect the general public by reducing and preventing the exposure, and spread of deadly, or infectious agents. Medical quarantine and isolation safeguards and prevention practices of today have evolved into strategic operations that are well planned, well designed, with a defined organizational structure that strives to meet the
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laboratories in Hamilton Montana. In 1982 he found the cause of Lyme disease that causes spirochete which it was named after Dr. Burgdorfer (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, 2008).
This type of disease can choose any population, young or old, male, or female can be affected. There is an increase risk for hiking, camping, and boating, and any individual who frequent the woods, bushy, and grassy place can be vulnerable, and let us not forget your typical hunters who handle wild life can also be exposed to ticks. The population is most affected by this disease are those in areas highly wooded, and have a high deer population are also among the most affected area which
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The conventional understanding of microbiology and germ theory had many foundations built upon trial and error and experimentation. The initial concepts proposed before the new public health movement focused on the environmental factors as a causation of infectious disease. However, environmental factors could not account for all cases of disease. Conversely, contagionism focused on the person to person transmission of disease rather than the human environment. Modern germ theory arose from contagionist believe that microorganisms enter the body multiplied, caused disease, and that a specific microorganism caused a specific disease. Public health administration dealt with disease
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undertaking disease prevention can be understood by an awareness of the epidemiological triangle (see Figure 29.1).
An agent may be thought of as a substance that must be present for a disease or condition to occur. Transmission of an agent to a host may be accomplished in a variety of ways: infectious agents such as bacteria, viruses and parasites by contact; chemical agents such as toxic chemicals or pesticides may be inhaled, or absorbed through the skin; poisons may be ingested.
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receptor on the cell surface. The infectious cycleusually consists of two stages. The first stage makes the proteins necessary for theprotein to form. The second stage forms the adult virion to start the attack on the body.Smallpox attack with no warning.There are several painful symptoms that are brought upon by this disease. In most ofthe cases, symptoms in a new victim will occur ten to twelve days later. Patients willdevelop chills, high fever, and nausousness. The fevers may reach up to 105 degreesfarenht. In three or four days later a rash erupts and the fever and discomfort maysubside. It begins on the face, then spreading to the chest, arms, back and finally thelegs. It consists of hard
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Evolution of New and Old Communicable Diseases
According to Gordis (2004), epidemiology is defined as “the study of the distribution and determinants of health related states and event of diseases in specified populations and the application of this study to control of health problems”.
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is contagious and potentially life threatening form of pneumonia which was first detected in February 2003 in Asia and it spread to various countries in Europe, North America and South America before it was declared as SARS 2003 global outbreak (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2004).
SARS is an acute respiratory tract illness caused by an infectious
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Hispanic Community and Chicken Pox
Introduction to Health and Disease
Since time immemorial, one of the main factors affecting human population will be epidemics in the form of infectious and deadly diseases. Throughout history we have heard of many infamous cases of epidemics such as the Black Death throughout Europe, the plague of London in 1592 and Great Plague of Vienna in 1679. In modern history, we are familiar with epidemic such as the current H1N1 swine flu, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and also the Great Plague of Surat in 1994. Despite the advance medical knowledge and technology which we have today, we have been however unable to fully eradicate and
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structures, mainly China. China has always been secretive about the inner workings of its government. For the Chinese government “any disaster, natural or man-made, can reflect badly on the Party, the government, officials, and of course all citizens.” China’s policy on infectious disease puts China’s reputation before all else classifying any infectious disease from the first documented occurrence to the announcement of the disease as highly secret. The social construct of Chinese society led to over three thousand cases of SARS developing in China.
China’s response to SARS is best exemplified through the words of a Shanghai doctor, “You foreigners value each person’s life more than we do
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The Impact of the Tuberculosis Vaccine
Tuberculosis is one of the most infectious diseases in the world. With almost one third of the world infected with this virus, people are striving to help prevent the spread of this disease (NIAID, 2001). One prevention technique for tuberculosis is the BCG (Bacillus of Calmette and Guerin) vaccine. In the early twentieth century Calmette and Guerin worked together to isolate a strain of the disease creating the first BCG vaccine. Throughout the century the scientists improved the BCG vaccine and today there are several different strains of the vaccine available. However, even today its full effects on the disease are unknown. The
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Infectious Mononucleosis and Community Health Nursing
Infectious mononucleosis (IM), or "mono," is a communicable disease that is most commonly caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). EBV is one of the most common human viruses found all over the world, and most people will become infected with it at some point in their lives (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2014a). However, not all people infected with EBV will develop IM. By understanding the epidemiologic triangle of IM and identifying how the determinants of health contribute its development, the community nurse can better understand the scope of their role in helping to reduce or resolve its impact.
IM is most
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triggers for Graves' disease include stress, smoking, radiation to the neck, medications, and infectious organisms such as viruses. Graves' disease can be diagnosed by a nuclear medicine thyroid scan and blood test. Graves' disease may be associated with eye disease (Graves' ophthalmopathy) and skin lesions (dermopathy).
First described by Sir Robert Graves in the early 19th century, Graves' disease is one of the most common of all thyroid problems.
It is also the leading cause of hyperthyroidism, a condition in which the thyroid gland produces excessive hormones.
Understanding Graves' Disease
Once the disorder has been correctly diagnosed, it is quite easy to treat. In some cases, Graves
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Tuberculosis and the Impact it has on
Society and the Healthcare Industry
According to the “American Lung Association” (2015), “Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that usually infects the lungs, but can attack almost any part of the body.” “In 2006, the World Health Organization declared TB a global health emergency and developed a global plan to stop TB that aims at saving 14 million lives by the year 2015. This plan appears to be on track since the death rate has dropped 40% from 1990 to 2010 (WHO, 2012)” (Neighbors & Tannehill-Jones, 2015, pp. 199).
Tuberculosis (TB) is considered to be a primary disease. This is because it starts by a person breathing infected air and
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of action based the resources available and the need of the population.
The National Foundation for Infectious Disease is a non-profit organization that was founded in 1973 for the purpose of educating the public and health care professionals about the causes, prevention and treatment of infectious diseases across the lifespan. The foundation is based in Bethesda, Maryland. More information can be found at www.nfid.org/info.
Chickenpox the Disease and Vaccine Fact Sheet. (n.d.). Retrieved November 22, 2015, from http://www.nvic.org/vaccines-and-diseases/Chickenpox/chickenpoxfacts.aspx
Chickenpox (Varicella). (n.d.). Retrieved November 22, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov
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Module 08 Homework Assignment
1. Discuss the four (4) different classifications of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases and give examples of diseases for each class. How do these classes differ from the three groups classified by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious diseases (NIAID)?
There are four major groups of emerging and reemerging diseases which are classified as newly emerging, reemerging, new manifestations, and known agents in new geographical territories. Newly emerging disease are Hantavirus, Ebola, and aids which are seen as new in human population with respect to human history. Reemerging disease such as malaria and tuberculosis are ever present
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Health, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Office of Infectious Diseases, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response, the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Promotion, and many more. All these national centers provide in-site in there specialized areas to victims and the nation. The demographics of those that the Center for Disease Control and Prevention serves are a wide range, it considers the nation, not an individual, as the patient. They assist healthy people remain healthy and train people in diseases and illnesses. They also help the unhealthy people with training them on how to prevent disability and future illnesses.
The reason I chose
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, cutaneous TB, Uterus ovarian TB and Osteo articular skeletal bone and joint TB(articles base, 2008). It is curable and preventable. TB is contagious and is transmitted through the air from a person with the active respiratory disease and then another person inhale this infectious droplet. Active TB symptom from the lung are coughing, and with bloody sputum present sometimes, weakness, chest pain, fever, weight loss and night sweats. Once the germs enter the air it takes only a few of them to infect another person (World Health Organization, 2014). People with active TB usually have positive TB skin test and blood test. The chest x-ray is usually positive and positive sputum culture (Centered
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Associate Level Material
Name Sci/162 Week 7 Foodborne Illness Date [pic]Hepatitis A ? What is the infectious agent (pathogen) that causes this infectious disease? For example, the name of the bacteria, virus, or parasite.[pic] There are several types of Hepatitis. Infectious hepatitis, which is commonly referred to as Hepatitis A, infects the liver via the virus of the same name. This is commonly spread through contamination from feces. The virus is transmitted among people through direct contact with an infected person and from improper hygiene. For example, if a kitchen worker uses the restroom and does not properly wash their hands and goes directly back to preparing food the virus
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Health and Wellness
Prof. Michael Wagstaff
What is the infectious agent (pathogen) that causes this infectious disease?
Hepatitis A virus HAV is an RNA virus classified as a picornavirus.
How is this infectious agent transmitted through food or water?
There are a number of ways that one can get the HAV and there are; person-to-person contact; through exposure to contaminated water, ice, or shellfish harvested from sewage-contaminated water; or from fruits, vegetables, or other foods that are eaten uncooked and that were contaminated during harvesting or subsequent handling. HAV is shed in the feces of infected people. The virus reaches peak
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as the U.S. and borders that stretch thousands of miles, it would be nearly impossible to protect and observe every area at its full and complete capacity.
The health issues of immigrants have been largely discussed within the media. More than 7 million people who are born in other regions that now reside in the U.S have been found to disperse some type of infectious disease to the country. Many of the immigrants carry over infectious type disease that is commonly found in the Latin community. Because the Mexican government lacks to aid in health care, many of these disease go untreated. Being that majority of Mexico is poverty stricken many of these diseases are the result of
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will analyze the several suggested ways to prevent the spread of chagas disease in Latin America that might or might not work. I will also gather information on what is now being done to solve the issue of the chagas disease spread in poor rural areas.
The chagas disease is part of the many more neglected tropical disease. Neglected diseases are the diseases, which receive very little or no funding money to advance in treatments and cures. These infectious diseases affect the most vulnerable population meaning the most poor, and the ones with the least access to health services. This is a problem when in 2008 it was estimated that 40% of the 556 million people in Latin America and the
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• All animals entering the premises should be isolated
• Nursery and breeding facilities should be allowed to rest for two to three weeks between groups
• Sample all breeding stock on arrival and after sixty days of isolation.
Foot and Mouth Disease
Another highly infectious disease found in pigs is foot and mouth disease (FMD). Those that are affected by foot and mouth disease are cloven-hoofed animals. Although on the positive side, this disease does not affect humans or their health. Foot and mouth disease is spread by direct contact with any sort of infected animals. FMD has been around for a long period of time although the last time foot and mouth was in the United
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disease without becoming sick from it.
What are some side effects of vaccines?
There is a very small chance of an allergic reaction with any vaccine. Serious problems associated with receiving vaccines are rare. Problems that do occur tend to be minor such as :
• redness or tenderness at the injection site
• mild crankiness
• loss of appetite
• rarely seizures can occur
What are some of the Vaccines given to horse?
Rabies: recently approved for horses. It contains a killed virus to protect against this disease, which affects the central nervous system and results in death And is an annual vaccine only. Tetanus: an infectious disease that
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Kayla Redd, RN WGU VWT1 Student ID 339433 Task 2 The potential for global health crises is a real threat to community populations all over the world. Advancing technology and modes of travel allow populations that prior had no or little contact, now have the ability to interact. Despite the advances in technology, global health is still lacking in vaccinations and prevention of communicable diseases. Many diseases are preventable through vaccination. Vaccines, by definition, is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease . Vaccines typically are the most effective way to fight or eliminated infectious diseases. Vaccines have
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treat a patient with an infectious disease. Yet, others benefit from the treatment as well because the patient is not spreading the disease to others. Immunizations protect an entire group or even society. “…if enough people are treated or are immune to a disease, others around them will not catch it and prevalence will be reduced,” (Pillman, p. 1, 2012).
Water pollution is a negative externality that occurs in the pharmaceutical industry. According to a research briefing for the Sustainability Accounting Standards Board, millions of pounds of pharmaceutical compounds are drained into the water supply during production and disposal of compound residue and medication
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Tuberculosis, also known as TB, has been with us for as long as we can remember. In the first half of the 20th century, it was generally called “consumption,” an often fatal illness. At that time, when infectious diseases were responsible for the majority of deaths, tuberculosis was a leading cause of death. As special hospitals, called sanatoriums, were used to control the spread of TB along with better nutrition, housing, sanitation and the introduction of antibiotics in the middle of the 20th century, TB and other infectious diseases became curable and less rampant. Tuberculosis is an airborne infectious disease caused by
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extreme poverty, malnourishment, and exposure to infectious diseases, while living in a continued state of poor hygiene. This gangrenous infection has a microbial origin, often found in the mouth. It is exacerbated by poor hygiene that give rise to the bacterial micro-organisms responsible for aggressive manifestations observed on individuals infected.
Etiology of Noma
The exact etiology of Noma disease is unknown. However, it is believed to be multifactorial in nature (Ashok, Tarakji, Darwish, Rodrigues , & Altamimi, 2016). The spread of the disease is due to deteriorating sanitation and inadequate nutrition, most common in underdeveloped countries. Noma is an opportunistic infection
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compliance with infection control policies relevant to the practice setting.
Application of professional judgment Nurses exercise professional judgment relevant to each client situation and infection prevention and control practices.
The nurse meets the standard by: assessing situations for potential or actual infectious disease transmission; selecting and using the appropriate prevention measures when micro-organisms are likely to come into contact with the nurse’s skin, mucous membranes or clothing; modifying her/his practice appropriately when there is a risk of transmitting a disease to clients or other health care providers;
■ ■ ■
selecting, in collaboration with
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Genome- The total genetic content of a chromosome
Nosocomial- Infection acquired in hospital.
Pathogenic- disease causing organism.
Probiotics- Bacteria found naturally in gut used to fight pathogenic bacteria.
Resin- compound that contains carboxylic acids and is obtained from plants.
Toxin- Any poison produced by an organism.
Berkow, Robert. "Colonâ€ The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy. 16th ed. 1992.
Carpenter, Donna. "Psuedomemberneous Colitis."Professional Guide to Disease. 7th ed.
â€œClostridium difficile." JAMA (2008) 12. 4 Dec 2008 .
â€œFeature: Clostridium difficileâ€ CDC. 14 May 2007. 4 December 2008.
Speelman, P. "Treatment of Recurrent Clostridium difficile." University of Amersterdam
Press. 30 August 2008. 4 Dec 2008 .
Wilmoth, Brenda. "Clostridium difficile Infection.â€ Infectious Disease: In Context. 2008.
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Mononucleosis, often referred to as the "kissing disease," or Mono, is a viral illness that leaves its host feeling tired and weak for months. The "kissing disease," is actually transmitted through saliva, so it is common at high schools with all the adolescents and young adults who tend to share drinks with best friends who may have, unknowingly, contracted Mono.
According to the Mayo Clinic Staff, 80 percent of the time, the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is the beginning of Mononucleosis. Epstein-Barr virus is a member of the herpes virus family, one of the most common human viruses. Mono will have periods of time where it seems to be dormant, then, when one is under too much stress, flare
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days and heat waves, helping with the a greater number of illnesses and deaths in the United States, according to international climate scientists.
Global warming has serious implications for all aspects of a humans life, including infectious diseases. The effect of global warming depends on the complicated interaction between the humans and the different diseases that are influenced or helped by Global Warming. From the human point, changes in the environment may trigger human migration, causing disease patterns to change and causing the different diseases to adapt to all different weathers. â€œCrops not growing and famine may reduce host resistance to infections.â€ This will effect
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. Seeing how out of 112 children examined 70 showed signs and symptoms of lead poisoning. However, among the adults there was a very low morbidity rate with only one adult showing signs and symptoms of lead poisoning.
8) Would you consider the lead poisoning in this case an epidemic? Would you consider it an infectious disease? Explain each answer.
-Yes, due to the large number of children that showed signs and symptoms, I would call the outbreak of lead poisoning among this community to be an epidemic.
-No, lead poisoning is not an infectious disease because it isn’t contagious. One person infected with lead poisoning cannot pass it on to
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standard “have you had any recent travel outside the country or known exposure to communicable diseases” question and very rarely is there a “yes” answer that would prompt further investigation to find out exact details and exposure timelines. There is a process in place where the patient known to have a potential exposure risk is placed in isolation and the infectious disease officer contacted. The drawback being that by the time the screening is complete, the infected patient has been through triage, and down the hall to a room, and has possibly coughed on at least 2 nurses, a registration clerk, and a physician or physicians assistant, along with any other patients and visitors who were in
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the devastating earthquake in
Port-au-Prince Haiti, a near epidemic outbreak has surfaced (Galazka, 2000). With the
development and administration of the diphtheria vaccine, the incidence of diphtheria has
has decreased significantly. Though it is still endemic in many parts of the world,
respiratory diphtheria has now became a rare disease in the United States (with up to five
cases per year). Furthermore, whereas diphtheria primarily affected younger children in
the prevaccination era, an increasing proportion of cases today occur in unvaccinated or
inadequately immunized adolescents and adults (Murray, 2000).
Diphtheria is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium
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Mononucleosis is an infectious disease. This particular infectious disease has a variety of nicknames. These nicknames include â€œmonoâ€ and â€œthe kissing diseaseâ€. In the United States, about 95% of men and women between the ages of 35 and 40 have been infected with â€œthe kissing diseaseâ€ at some time in their lives.
Mononucleosis is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. EBV is so common, that many people have exposed to it during sometime during their youth. Although they have been exposed and possibly even infected by the virus, does not necessarily mean they will become sick. People who have been infected by EBV will be carriers for the virus for the remainder of
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modern health equipment and personnel so to ensure that the population served is not over-burdened (American heart association, 2004).
With over 20 years of experience in disease management at Eastern Disease Management, the Chief Executive Officer would ensure that, timely, efficient and patient centered approach is adopted in ensuring that that terminal illness and infections are addressed. Many arising infectious diseases should be dealt with whenever diagnosed in a patient (David, 1996). Modern treatment measures and equipment are to be used in making analysis of any new infections. Also client advice and counseling will be conducted on all patients screened with the infections