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John Smith, age 63 was recently diagnosed with hypertension. His family will be accompanying him today to speak with me about his treatment options. To prepare for my discussion with Mr. Smith and his family, I want to gather some simplistic information about hypertension. Hypertension is an abnormal rise in blood pressure. Blood pressure is the blood that is pumped into and out of the heart. The systolic pressure, also known as the blood leaving the heart, is what occurs when the heart contracts (or squeezes). The diastolic pressure is found in the arteries when the heart is resting. Your physician typically displays your blood pressure results as 130/70 or systolic/diastolic
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6 Ways to Prevent Hypertension - Hypertension Center - Everyday Health
Recommended For You
Are You Eating
Too Much Salt?
Are Your Meds
Brought to you by
6 Ways to Prevent Hypertension
By Krisha McCoy, MS | Medically reviewed by Pat F. Bass III, MD, MPH
Making an effort to prevent high blood pressure can reduce your risk of
heart attack, stroke, and other serious illnesses. If you are at risk for
hypertension, take these steps to help prevent it.
High blood pressure, which is also called hypertension, increases your risk of developing many
serious health problems, including heart disease, stroke, and kidney
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FINAL - TAHC
I. Assessment of your target clientele
-Demographic profile of your clientele
-Existing records and studies
-Common complaints of your clientele
Name of Patient: A.B.C.
Age: 54 years old
Educational Attainment: College Graduate
A.B.C. is a 54-year-old manager with a 5-year history of type 2 diabetes. Although he was diagnosed in 2008, he had symptoms indicating hyperglycemia for 2 years before diagnosis. He had fasting blood glucose records indicating values of 118–127 mg/dl, which were described to him by his doctor as indicative of “borderline diabetes.” He also remembered past episodes of nocturia associated with large pasta meals and pastries. At
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Care Plan Elements of Hypertension
American Sentinel University
Care Plan Elements of Hypertension
Worldwide, hypertension is the most common contributor to death of any medical risk factor. HTN contributes to the development of heart disease, heart failure, chronic renal failure requiring dialysis, stroke, peripheral vascular disease and cognitive decline. The risk of cardiovascular events doubles for every 20/10mmHg rise in blood pressure above 115/70mmHg. Untreated HTN causes progressive renal and vascular damage, eventually leading to a treatment resistant state. Hypertension is usually diagnosed and treated in the community. As this is largely an asymptomatic
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Hypertension and the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System
The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, otherwise known as RAAS is a complex hormone system that regulates blood pressure and fluid balance in the human body. When blood volume is low, juxtaglomerular cells in the kidneys activate prorenin, which secretes renin directly into the blood stream circulation. Subsequently, a drop in blood volume additionally releases angiotensinogen from liver, in which renin converts into angiotensin I. Angiotensin I is then converted to angiotensin II through the enzyme angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) found in the lung. Angiotensin II is a potent biological
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Hypertension is diagnosed by having a blood pressure of 140/90 or above, this may sound like a simple diagnosis but high blood pressure is a very serious condition. Hypertension is also known as the silent killer due to its limited and quiet symptoms yet deadly aftermath, it puts a person at high risk for heart disease and stroke by damaging your arteries. According to the CDC (2010), Heart disease is the number one cause of death in the U.S. and stroke is number four. Hypertension also damages your kidneys after time; this may lead to kidney failure and require kidney transplant or dialysis down the line. Hypertension is nothing to overlook, it is a severe issue that must be addressed
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Pregnancy Induced Hypertension, Preeclampsia, & Eclampsia
Tessa K. Larsen
Mercy College of Health Sciences
Pregnancy induced hypertension or Gestational hypertension, is a condition of high blood pressure unique to human pregnancy. Hypertension during pregnancy affects about 5-10% of all pregnant women worldwide (Baker, 2004, P. 16). Hypertension can prevent the placenta from getting enough blood. If the placenta does not receive enough blood, the baby gets insufficient amounts of oxygen and nutrients. This can result in low birth weight and other severe complications (Simkin, Walley, Keppler, 2008, P. 75). Pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) can lead to a serious
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usual & and was having increased difficulty in gait. Physician suspected pt to have some left-sided weakness greater than left-sided weakness and chest pain. A second CT of the brain turned up normal. VS stable, but pt remains confused, weak, & complains of some dizziness and palpitations. Physician referred pt for admission to nursing home with admitting chief complains: chest pain, palpitations and frequent falls.
PRESENT ILLNESS HISTORY:
Patient currently has a diagnosis of essential (primary) hypertension, chest pain, palpitations, chronic kidney disease, dementia w/o behavioral disturbances, hyperlipidemia, and anemia.
*Give a brief definition/description of each
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Atenolol is a Beta adrenoceptor Antagonist which is more efficient in Blocking Beta 1 receptors. It is one of the most used drugs for treating hypertension since it is a cardioselective drug. It lowers the blood pressure and the heart rate and may be safe for asthmatics. The main indication is for angina pectoris, hypertension and arrhythmias. Its main action is to prevent sympathetic vasoconstriction and to reduce prostatic smooth muscle tone. One of the main problem with taking atenolol is that a daily dose is not sufficient and the behavior of the patient towards taking the drug continuously is dependent on this.
Doxazosin is an Alpha 1 Blocker. It selectively blocks alpha 1 receptors
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Disorders related to hypertension are one of the most common medical complications during the pregnancy. It is also an important cause of maternal and preinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide (Baha, 1996). The term hypertension in pregnancy describes a broad spectrum of medical conditions, for which the pressure in the blood vessels varies widely.
According to studies conducted by WHO (2004), hypertension causes complications in 5 to 7% pregnancies in the United Kingdom. The risks associated with hypertension are high for pregnant women and they are higher risk for complications such as organ failure, cerebrovascular accident, abruptio placentae and
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Over the last thirty years there has been a considerable change in the profile of morbidity and mortality of the Brazilian population (Foletto, 2009). Nowadays, apart from infectious and parasitic causes, the epidemiological profile of Brazil has a high prevalence of diseases and deaths due to chronic illnesses. The economic burden of these diseases produces high costs for patients and their families, to society and especially to the health systems and social welfare due to early mortality and disability caused by this type of clinical conditions. Currently, cardiovascular diseases are the major cause of deaths. Actually Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and Hypertension (HTN) are major predictors
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Patient education plan for Larry Garcia
Hypertension Case Study
Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, affects about 8.1 million Americans, and is one of the leading causes of cardiovascular disease. High blood pressure is dangerous, as it increases the risk for heart attacks and stroke, which is the number one cause of death in the United States. There are typically no warning signs or symptoms associated with high blood pressure. Unfortunately, it is a life time disease once it occurs. Hypertension has multiple risk factors associated with it; middle age men have a higher risk than women, a family history of hypertension, being overweight, not being physically active
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The Pharmacology of Aliskiren, and its Safety and Efficacy in the Treatment of Hypertension
PHM 813, Summer 2015
Hypertension is a common condition in which blood pressure in the arteries is elevated. A number of conditions can cause blood pressure to spike, but in hypertension there is a chronic elevation of blood pressure. There are two types of hypertension; primarily (essential) and secondary hypertension. 90-95% of patients have essential hypertension, which is a form with no identifiable underlying cause. Essential hypertension can be treated with drugs in addition to lifestyle changes. The remaining 5-10% of hypertensive patients have secondary hypertension
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A hypertensive emergency is severe hypertension (high blood pressure) with acute impairment of an organ system (especially the central nervous system, cardiovascular system and/or the renal system) and the possibility of irreversible organ-damage. In case of a hypertensive emergency, the blood pressure should be substantially lowered over minutes to hours with an antihypertensive agent.
Contents [hide] * 1 Treatment * 2 Incidence * 3 Definition * 3.1 Hypertensive emergency as a generic term * 4 Pathophysiology * 5 Mortality * 6 Clinical history * 7
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Student No. 22282118
How to Lower High Blood Pressure
American Intercontinental University
High blood pressure can lead to other health problems if it goes uncontrolled. This article explains what blood pressure is in order to offer an understanding of high blood pressure. The long-term detrimental effects of high blood pressure or “hypertension” are discussed. Ways to lowering blood pressure are offered from a nurse’s perspective and experience along with suggested lifestyle changes.
Keywords: blood pressure, systolic, diastolic, hypertension, smoking, overweight, anti-hypertensives, BMI
What is Blood
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Chapter 11 QuizQuestion 11 out of 1 points
Individuals with hypertension being treated with diuretics should consume foods rich in:
Question 21 out of 1 points
In general, studies of populations have suggested that low cancer rates correlate with:
a and b
Question 30 out of 1 points
According to the DRI Committee, the percentage of calories from fat in the diet should be no more than ___ percent.
Question 40 out of 1 points
Effects of protein-energy malnutrition on the body's defense system include:
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clear goal, and clear path to achieving it.
Overall I felt the review process was effective in opening my perspective, enabling me to produce a piece I was proud of.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the United States. Effective regulation of Hypertension (high blood pressure) is an essential part of cardiovascular disease prevention. However current clinical antihypertensive drugs are limited in effectiveness and possess notable side effects as well as a relatively large expense ("Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention" 2009). In order to effectively control blood pressure, new strategies are critical. As the
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University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing
Medication Tracking Sheet
Tracking Medications Across the Curriculum
Major Drug Classification (s): beta blocker
Generic drug name: Metoprolol Trade (Brand) name: Lopressor
Normal dosage range:______25-50mg Safe dosage range:
Route(s) of administration: PO once a day
Drug action (s): Blocks simulation of beta1 adrenergic receptors.
* Angina pectoris.
* Prevention of MI and decreased mortality in patients with recent MI.
* Management of stable, symptomatic (class II or III) heart failure due to ischemic, hypertensive or
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Hispanics, Hypertension , and Healthy choices.
Family-Centered Health Promotion
June 12, 2016
Hispanics, Hypertension , and Healthy choices.
Health status and health behaviors of Hispanics is diversified within their own culture. There are differences between American born versus immigrant born. Acculturations to the American lifestyle has made this divide. American fast food is inexpensive, convenient, high in salt, and saturated fats. We will compare the health status of Hispanic culture to the national average. Health concerns include Hypertension, Heart Disease, and Cancer. Heart disease and cancer are the leading diseases affecting
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mind and emotions. They will also need have education about the medications that they will be taking, how to administer it, and any side effects. Organizations: The website www.nationalmssociety.org is an informational website containing information to patients and heath care providers about medications, provides support, and gives information on both traditional and CAM. This website can be easily accessed at the hospital or clinic if the patients do not have internet access at home. |
Hypertension: High arterial blood pressure that is a chronic disease and is the leading cause of stroke and heart failure. | Symptoms are vague until vessel damage has already occurred
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are at increased risk for CVD. This risk affects women more than men and is influenced by the client’s ethnic group. Patients with diabetes often also have the cardiovascular risk factors of obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and sedentary lifestyle. Cigarette smoking and a positive family history also greatly increase risk of CVD (Ignatavicius &Workman, 2013, p. 1413-1414).
Because of her family history of diabetes it is very important that I.G. maintains her blood pressure below 130/80 and her LDL’s below 100 mg/dl. Diabetes is life-long and is considered a modifiable risk factor however family history is not. Lifestyle changes that she should focus on to reduce the risk factors for
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National University of Chimborazo
Name: Lisset Alcozer Course: 8th Semester
Metabolic Syndrome in young adult people can reduce Life expectation
The definition of metabolic syndrome is quite tricky, because it represents a condition where several diseases converge. The problem comes when this condition gets chronic, and slowly damages in an irreversible way our body, causing an early death in relatively young patients. The main diseases that will decrease life expectation present in the metabolic syndrome are: diabetes, obesity and arterial hypertension.
The mechanism in which
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that the p-value for both the systolic and diastolic blood pressure is the same that is (p= 0.001), which means that according to the p-value, both of them are statistically significant. However, the chi-square value for systolic blood pressure (χ² = 141.4) is greater than the chi-square value for diastolic blood pressure (χ²= 80.2), which shows that the systolic blood pressure contributes more to the hypertension than the diastolic blood pressure. As far as comparison is concerned, since there are no standardized b-values, we cannot compare systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
B. In order to estimate the effect of gender and current smoking on the predictability of hypertension, we
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ask these questions and go on to make changes in your lifestyle, I think it’s easier to look at someone else and tell them what they need to do differently. Someone has to WANT to change for the better before it will happen. It can’t be just because they are overweight, a smoker that has now been diagnosed with hypertension.
I believe that all three models (Biomedical (views health as the absence of diseases or disorders), Behavioral (views health as the product of making healthy lifestyle changes) and Socio-Environmental (views health as the product of social, economic and environmental determinants)) are a big factor of every one’s healthy or unhealthy lifestyle. Take example the person
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Unit 1 Assignment 1
March 26, 2015
What is hypertension (HTN)?
Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a chronic medical condition in which the blood pressure (tension) becomes elevated (hyper) in the arteries causing the heart to have to work harder. You can think of it like blowing up a balloon using a tube attached from your mouth to the balloon. The tubing represents your arteries, the balloon your heart, and you the risks factors that changes air flow (blood flow) to the balloon that inflates and deflates it. Normal blood pressure is within a range below 120/80. The first number (systolic) shows the pressure for when the heart
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Vu H. Phan, D.C., QME, L.Ac
Hardin Simmons University
Patty Hanks Shelton School of Nursing
Pharmacology for Nursing
Heather Flores, RN, MSN
November 30th, 2009
Clonidine is a centrally acting alpha 2 agonist. Clonidine is approved to treat hypertension and relief severe pain. Clonidine has minimal adverse effects. It is both safe and effective. (Lehne, R, 2010)
Mechanism of Antihypertensive Action:
Clonidine is a centrally acting alpha 2 adrenergic agonist that causes selective activation of alpha 2 receptors in the CNS â€“specifically the brainstems areas associated with autonomic regulation of the cardiovascular system. By activating
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suffer from high incidences of Heart Disease, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, poverty and high crime rate. All of these health disparities are either the cause of genetic predisposition, lack of education or financial issues. Healthcare providers need to be aware of this minority groups disadvantages and be able to promote health with these patients and educate them so they can properly prevent future complications. Such complications can go as far as End Stage Renal Disease which is a common complication that occurs as a result of longstanding, uncontrolled hypertension.
Using the Health Belief Model, healthcare providers can understand and predict this particular ethnic groups
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– caused when fetal head descends rapidly or when assistive devices such as vacuum extractor or forceps are used
* Hematoma – bleeding into loose connective tissue occurs while overlying tissue remains intact
8. How is postpartum hemorrhage treated? Make sure you know pharm!!!
9. What are the indications and contraindications of common medications used to treat postpartum hemorrhage?
* Discusses the etiologic factors and implications for patient teaching for hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, eclampsia and chronic hypertension) (UNDERSTANDING)
* Formulates a nursing care plan for a patient
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liver for excretion, HDL cholesterol is known as the good cholesterol.
LDL- cholesterol is a low density lipoprotein (more fat, less protein). The cholesterol it contains is carried to the tissues and may be deposited into the blood vessels, which causes plaque formation. It is desire to have LDL cholesterol of less than 100 mg/dl. The LDL number is always larger than the HDL number.
Triglycerides: are composed of three (tri) fatty acids attached to a framework of glycerol, hence their name.
* High blood pressure (hypertension)
High blood pressure has long been recognized as a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Studies report a positive association between hypertension and
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blood lipid profile?
By replacing some carbohydrate calories with olive oil calories, you can lower your triglyceride levels and maintain or even raise your HDL levels even before you lose a pound. On this diet , you will be less likely to develop carbohydrate-induced small LDL.
6. What is Syndrome X, or Metabolic Syndrome, and what are its characteristics?
Syndrome X is a deadly syndrome that has shares characteristics such as central obesity, hypertension, lipid abnormalities and insulin resistance.
The Characteristics of metabolic syndrome are central obesity, hypertension, high triglycerides, low HDL, small LDL, tendency of blood to clot, and insulin resistance.
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bilateral heel diabetic pressure ulcers, hypertension, and blind in her left eye. She was Spanish speaking only, and through a translator, she welcomed me and taught me how she learned and how she was taking care of herself in Mexico. Her learning was multimodal, so I set up the television to Spanish videos that taught about diabetes and hypertension and was able to stay in the room with her and the translator. We spoke throughout the videos so her questions were answered as we went along. This patient was extremely grateful for the time and education given to her and was almost embarrassed to tell me how she took care of her feet back home. As the discussion progressed, I learned that she
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behind these serious issues of diabetic control and complications.
Addo et al. (2007)  suggest that a significant portion of hypertension-related morbidity and mortality rates may be influenced by "low levels of detection, treatment, and control". In a hospital-based sample in Ghana, approximately 93% of hypertensive patients were non-compliant. Among those patients, 96% were non-compliant because of the cost of anti-hypertensive medication . Thorogood and colleagues  found that in rural area of Nigeria, treatment of hypertension is often hindered by lack of medication and BP testing supplies. In many cases, traditional healers are sought due the lack of affordability and
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Safety, Communication, and Placement for the Older Adult
Safety, Communication, and Placement for the Older Adult
Henry Trosack is a 72 year old male that was hospitalized one month ago after a fall at home requiring right total hip replacement. Mr. Trosack reported no previous health history but has been diagnosed with hypertension and non-insulin dependent diabetes during hospitalization. Mr. Trosack is a widower, lives alone and manages the family-owned business with his brother. Currently ambulating with the assistance of a walker, Mr. Trosack has been in in-patient rehabilitation for the past 2 weeks.
Healthcare Issues Related to Discharge Plan
Three issues that must
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“diseases of adaptation” which result from poor adaptation in facing a stressor (Selye, 1950). This damage results in inflammation and the narrowing of the blood vessels due to the aggregations which occur at the damage site. This both increases the client's hypertension due to increased peripheral resistance and also risk for ischemia or infarctions as pieces can break off of accumulated aggregations (thrombi) (VanMeter and Hubert, 2014, Chapter 12). At the same time circulating glucocorticoids' catabolic effects and decreased blood flow to certain areas due to vasoconstriction, also make it more difficult to repair any damage when under prolonged stress(VanMeter and Hubert, 2014, Chapter
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Smallpox Triple Vaccine (DDT) Polio Miletus
Typhoid Yellow Fever Meningococcus Meningitis
*Do you suffer from any other personal health defect e.g Sight, Hearing impairment and whether or not adequately? ________________________________________
*Was it corrected? ___________________________________________________
*Have you been treated for Nerve or Mental Illness__________________________
*How would you rate your own health status? (poor, fair, good, excellent)
HAVE YOU SUFFERED FROM OR DO YOU SUFFER FROM ANY OF THE FOLLOWING
Tuberculosis Yes No Heat in the Head or Body Yes No Sickle Cell Anemia Yes No
Hypertension Yes No Diabetes Yes No Hard Disease Yes No
Epilepsy Yes No Peptic
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pressure also returns to normal between episodes of smoking. But smoking throughout the day results in higher average pressure. It also results in greater blood pressure variability, or swings in blood pressure. While hypertension itself can lead to heart disease, variable hypertension is even more dangerous and even more likely to lead to heart disease. (Whelan, 1996)
Those who smoke are not only harming their own health but health of others around them. Children whose parents smoke are at a greater risk of developing respiratory diseases, especially infants under the age of one. Experts suspect that younger lung tissue is weaker and is subject to damage at lower concentrations of contaminants
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Larry Garcia Education Plan
Nur/427 Health and Chronic Disease Management
March 30, 2015
Larry Garcia Education Plan
In this essay, we will be discussing the case of Mr. Larry Garcia a 45year old male newly diagnosed with high blood pressure. The points that are going to be addressed would be an evaluation of the patient, including gaps in education about high blood pressure and ways to fill gaps. The disease process, developmental issues based on age, ethnicity, cultural background, spiritual and developmental issues. We will also be discussing how suffering from hypertension will affect the quality of life of Mr. Garcia. Also the educational needs of Mr
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risk for a disease, but does not cause it. How does one use risk factors?
Review the basics of cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis. Be ready to identify the risk factors for cardiovascular disease (especially diet-related risk factors!) A) High LDL blood cholesterol, low HDL blood cholesterol, high blood pressure (hypertension), diabetes, obesity (central obesity), physical inactivity, cigarette smoking, diet: high saturated or trans fats, low veggies, low fruits, low whole grains Describe the dietary strategies to reduce risk of CVD through diet. A) Decrease saturated and trans fat, increase soluble fiber intake, increase fruits and veggies, increase whole grains/ decrease refined
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Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an abnormal functioning of the heart or blood vessels. Heart disease (HD) is a general term for a variety of heart conditions. The most common form of HD is coronary heart disease (CHD), also called coronary artery disease (CAD) because it involves the coronary arteries. Other types of CVD include hypertension, congestive heart failure, stroke, congenital cardiovascular defects, hardening or narrowing (atherosclerosis) of the blood vessels, including the coronary arties, and other diseases of the circulatory system. The majority of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is caused by risk factors that can be controlled, treated or modified, such
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Your |Benefit(s) |
| | |Life | |
|Cardiorespiratory Fitness |Being able to exercise at a |Walk 2 miles at a brisk |Reduced the risk of heart |
| |moderate to high intensity for a|pace every day. |disease, hypertension, and high |
| |long period of time | |cholesterol. |
|Muscular Strength |The maximum force able to exert |Create a resistance |The ability to
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-generalized narrowing of bronchioles, may include asthma
COPD-4th leading cause of death in United States
Risk factors- smoking, outdoor air pollution, occupational dust and chemicals
Candium exposure can cause COPD
Alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency- hereditary
COPD cause air trapping- mucous obstructs airway. Air then gets trapped in causing increased Co2 eventually leading to VQ mismatch
Indicators-cough, sputum production, dyspnea
Yellow or green sputum- bacteria
Look for barrel chest, sitting upright leaning forward, nail beds
COPD may lead to cor pulmonale ( pulmonary hypertension and right sided heart failure)-prominent pulmonic component of S2, jugular venous distention
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Please complete or attach prescription below
Sulfa t Codeine t
Patient Name DOB Issue Date
Other Medical Conditions
t Heart Failure t Hypertension t Heart Attack/Angina t Asthma t Glaucoma t Ulcer
NO COVER SHEET REQUIRED
Fax this page ONLY to
1 800 837-0959
We cannot accept CII prescriptions via fax. Fax forms wil only be accepted when sent from a prescriber's office. The printed fax confirmation is proof of receipt. Most patients can receive a 90-day supply plus refills up to 1 year (as appropriate).
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, penbutolol, pindolol, propranolol, sotalol, and timolol. Major drugs in the cardioselective category include acebutolol, atenolol, betaxolol, esmolol, metroprolol, and nebivolol. Some others, including carvedilol and labetalol also have alpha-adrenergic blocking effects, but are outside the scope of this paper. (Vallerand, 2013; Turley, 2010)
Beta-blockers are prescribed for the treatment of hypertension, angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmias, hypertrophic subaortic stenosis, prevention of myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, migraine headaches, and glaucoma. (Vallerand, 2013; Hodgson & Kizior, 2013)
Beta-blockers work to compete with sympathetic neurotransmitters1 for
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to psychosocial stressors such as job strain, effort-reward imbalance, emotional labor, threat-avoidant-vigilant work, organizational injustice, as well as increased demands in the form of long work hours, contingent work, shift work which increase stress and can lead to chronic illnesses, including mental and physical health problems. Psychosocial stressors play an important role in promoting CVD risk factors, such as obesity and hypertension. Many of these work stressors are especially prevalent among drivers (bus, taxi, and truck) as well as health workers who are exposed to noxious combinations of long work hours, intensification of work, inadequate training, lack of support and emotional
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.) or new valvular regurgitation.
* MINOR CRITERIA:
* Predisposition (cardiac lesion, IV drug use).
* Fever >38deg.
* Vascular/immunological signs.
* Positive blood culture – doesn’t meet major criteria.
* Positive ECHO that doesn’t meet major criteria.
* Treatment = Antibiotics.
* Is a risk factor for stroke and MI.
* Difficult to define a high BP, but need to treat those with a BP >160/100mmHg; consider treating those with a BP >140/90mmHg if they’ve a risk of coronary events, have diabetes or signs of end organ damage.
* ‘Malignant HT’:
* Severe HT (>
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that from 139,681 post menopausal women in the U.S. that breastfed for less than 12 months during their reproductive years had a higher risk hyperlipidemia and hypertension than woman who lactated for more than a year in total. Womean who had children and did not breastfeed has a 42.1% chance of developing hypertension and mothers who did breastfeed only had a 38.6% chance of developing hypertension. It was also shown that the longer a woman had lactated during reproductive years the less likely she was to get type 2 diabetes regardless of her BMI. Breastfeeding also helps mothers cardiovascular health in very specific ways. In a analysis of post menopausal women research has shown aortic
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January 30, 2012
Personalized For: Ms. Mary Swift.
Pharmacologic Category: Angiotensin- Converting Enzymes (Ace Inhibitor) you need to know the class of this drug in case you ever have surgery. Some doctors like to give are hold it. This drug may cause Hypotension with mayor surgery.
Reason for medication: Treatment for Hypertension (Elevated Blood Pressure).
Dosage Range: 10-40mg daily
You have been prescribed 40mg daily. Take the first dose at bedtime. Then daily in am at the same time.
This drug has other usages but in your case Hypertension. Managing your Blood Pressure.
Things to watch for while taking this medication:
Hypotension: Medication takes
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Current Medications: Wellbutrin 300mg xr sleep
Travel: States travelling to the Bahamas in 2009, 2011, and 2012. Denies travel to any other countries.
Reports having sister who is age 46, died in car accident. States mother is age 68, alive and well. States father is age 68 with a history of hypertension and high cholesterol. See attached family genome on appendix A for extended family history.
Review of Systems
General Overall Health State:
Skin: Denies any changes in skin or moles.
Hair: Denies any recent hair loss or changes in texture.
Nails: Denies any changes in shape, color, or brittleness of nails.
Head: Denies head injuries
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physician suspects Mr. J has new onset Stage C heart failure. Mr. J has multiple prescribed drugs for Hypertension, Hyperlipidemia, Parkinson’s, Gout and Depression. After careful reviewing Mr. J’s medications there is concerns ineffective pharmacological management. Ineffective pharmacological management refers to medication therapy prescribed that does not take into account the patient’s age, diagnoses and comorbidities; therefore leading to complications of existing health problems. Side effects, adverse reactions and drug to drug interactions have to also be considered when reviewing a patient’s medication regimen. The drug categories most commonly involved in adverse reaction are
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an abortion would impermissible under justice, because it would break the contract.
In addition, Jane’s pregnancy has induced hypertension, which is detrimental to her health. Thompson presents an additional facet to the violinist case, in which the person hooked up to the violinist will eventually die due to additional strain on his kidney, and that being unplugged will kill the violinist (Thompson 59). In this scenario, unplugging to save the person’s life would be directly killing the violinist whereas staying in place would result in “letting die” of the person. One might claim that in Jane’s case, it would be impermissible for her to obtain an abortion, because doing so would kill the