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1. DEFINATION: Nuclear receptors are a superfamily of ligand activated transcription factors that modulate specific gene expression.
Currently there are 100 nuclear receptor are identified.
2. INTRODUCTION: In the field of molecular biology, nuclear receptors are a class of proteins found within other molecules. In response, these receptors work in concert with other proteins to regulate the expression of specific genes thereby controlling the development, homeostasis, and metabolism of the organism.
Nuclear receptors have the ability to directly bind to DNA and regulate the expression of adjacent genes, hence these receptors are classified as transcription factors. The regulation of
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Huntington's Disease (HD) is a dominant genetic disorder. Each child of a person who has HD has a 50% chance of inheriting the disease, and the disease does not skip a generation. HD is caused by a larger than normal CAG repeat in the Huntington gene. This larger than normal CAG repeat produces an abnormal protein that begins to kill brain cells when the person who has the gene reaches middle age. The loss of these cells causes intense symptoms and eventually death.
HD was named after Dr. George Huntington. In 1872, he was the first person to document an accurate description of the symptoms and course of the disease. At the time he called it “hereditary chorea
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Review - For natural selection to occur individuals in a population must vary from one another. The variations may be visible (Eye color) or on the molecular level (Blood type). Only those traits that can be inherited are relevant to natural selection.
Where does genetic variation come from?
1. Genetic variation is random and caused by mutation. Random changes in a gene can result in a new allele. This new allele may be helpful or detrimental.
2. Sexual reproduction results in a unique combination of alleles that each individual inherits. Unique genetic combinations are the result of independent assortment in meiosis, random fertilization and crossing over
Genetic variation is
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c. nucleic acids.
9. Color vision deficiency is more common in males than in females because it is controlled by a:
a. sex-limited gene.
b. Y-linked gene.
c. dominant X-linked gene.
d. recessive X-linked gene.
10. The central nervous system is composed of:
a. the brain and spinal cord.
b. all the nerves outside the brain and spinal cord.
c. the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems.
d. the somatic and autonomic nervous systems.
11. Almost all humans have 23 pairs of which of the following?
12. In one family, all three children are homozygous for a recessive gene. What can be concluded about the parents
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Any of a set of three or more alleles, or alternative states of a gene, only two of which can be present in a diploid organism.
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An allele (UK /ˈæliːl/ or US /əˈliːl/), or allel, is one of a number of alternative forms of the same gene or same genetic locus (generally a group of genes). It is the alternative form of a gene for a character producing different effects. Sometimes, different alleles can result in different observable phenotypic traits, such as different pigmentation. However, many variations at the genetic level result in little or no observable variation.
Most multicellular organisms have two sets of chromosomes
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. Many cancers begin when one or more genes in a cell are mutated (changed), creating an abnormal protein. A person may either be born with a genetic mutation in all of their cells (germ-line mutation) or acquire a genetic mutation in a single cell during his or her lifetime sometimes as a result of exposure to environmental factors, such as UV rays from the sun.
Most melanomas – about 90 percent, are considered sporadic, meaning that the damage to the genes occurs by chance after a person is born, and there is no risk of passing on the gene to a person's children. An increased risk of melanoma occurs when specific gene mutations are passed within a family from generation to generation and is
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1455 W Georgia St.
October 15, 2015
103-595 Howe Street.
Request of a Refund
Dear Gene Fishberger:
As a regular client of your company, we unfortunately have to inform you that the delay of shipment and the damages during transportation has influenced the reputation and finance of our company. Therefore, we request a refund to recover the loss.
We shipped our materials to the Dinosaur Museum in Drumheller, Alberta on October 1. Our tracking Number is 1ZX05R5420. The goods should be delivered before October 11 based on the information you provided; however, the museum received
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. The disease manifested in persons who are homozygous for the gene. If the mutant haemoglobin is inherited from both parents, the genotype of such offspring will be HbSS, HbCC or HbEE. But if from only one parent, the genotype would be heterozygous HbAS, HbAC or HbAE. Also, an offspring can be compound heterozygote e.g. SC and SE among others (Weatherall, Akinyanju, Fucharoen, Olivieri, & Musgrove, 2006)
The molecular basis for erythrocyte sickling is a single nucleotide substitution in codon 6 of the β-globin gene leads to an amino acid substitution (Glu→Val) that is responsible for the sickle mutation in beta-globin (β S), which forms the abnormal HbS tetramer (Kazazian et al., 1992). Upon
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A Separate Peace Essay
John Knowles’ novel A Separate Peace is the story of Gene Forrester who struggles to come to grips with the guilt over his role in a traumatic event from his childhood. The novel, told as a flashback from the perspective of an adult Gene, looks back on his friendship with a private school classmate and Gene’s destructive feelings of jealousy, fear, and anger.
Write a 3-5 page literary analysis that explores one of the attached essay topics.
You might want to think of a five-paragraph structure, but because of the length requirements, you may need to expand on that to adequately explore your
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, etc. They can be as complex as prevention of cancer and other gene-based diseases. Gene modification to create enhanced humans is an evolutionary necessity.
In the day and age where the aspects of oneself can be modified with enough money or enough time, it is only natural that society would progress to the point where they would want to modify their offspring. The prospect of eugenics (literally, "well born") is not new, it spans back to the 1800's, when Sir Francis Galton created the word to define the basis for inheritance of intellect. He theorized that through the process of uncontrolled breeding, the unintelligent were outweighing the intelligent. Galton was not too
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). Heterosis was explained by George Harrison Shull. It describes the tendency of the progeny of a specific cross to outperform both parents. The detection of the usefulness of heterosis for plant breeding has led to the development of inbred lines that reveal a heterotic yield advantage when they are crossed. Maize was the first species where heterosis was widely used to produce hybrids.
Statistical methods were also developed to analyze gene action and distinguish heritable variation from variation caused by environment. In 1933 another important breeding technique, cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS), developed in maize, was described by Marcus Morton Rhoades. CMS is a maternally inherited
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Defining the Methyl-Specific Recognition of BRCT Domain Proteins
An important tumor suppressor for preventing carcinogenic mutations with direct roles in DNA repair and transcriptional regulation is a gene known as Breast cancer gene 1(BRCA). These genes have several domains. These domains have important roles in tumor suppression as several pathogenic mutations have been mapped to BRCA1’s C terminal (BRCT). However, there is an emerging paradigm that BRCT domains have binding sites capable of recognizing, additional post-translation modifications (PTM’s) methyl ADP-ribosylation. In understanding the basic mechanism of gene mutation it is important to first understand the details of the
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many safeguards in place. Genetic engineering is largely uncharted territory and only hubris would allow us to assume that we can see all possible pitfalls. As Potera (2004) points out, gene manipulation is “like driving a car"--safe driving relies as much on braking as on accelerating.” However, it is noted that many view the benefit as outweighing the risks involved, while others argue that we can’t always know all the risks.
One argument in favor of GE points out that science often benefits society. We have many examples of this. The material developed to make heat tiles for the space shuttles is also sold as “Corning Ware,” ceramic cookware that can handles extremes of hot and cold
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development also known as brain dysfunction. The areas that the brain gets damaged are:
* Pre-frontal cortex. For criminals this area is not very active. It is the part of the brain where humans are conditioned to form fear and anti social behaviour.
* Limbic System. This area of the brain controls the aggressive part which is increased in criminals.
* Corpus callosum. the rational part of the brain communicates with the irrational part. Murderers have this part of their brain inactive so communication between the two hemispheres are week.
* Temporal lobe. This controls: language, learning, emotions and memory.
The gene can also affect the appearance as well as the behaviour.
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reasonable restrictions. The company’s restrictions on individual freedoms should be equitable and have rational purposes. In this case, the “no smoking” policy is a justified restriction because, apart from the economic burden on the company, smoking is detrimental to the general health of the employees, both by active and passive smoking. We also think that WEYCO should include a gene testing program in this policy to screen for individuals whose resistances make them less likely to achieve abstinence and have higher relapse rates due to their genetic makeup (they have the gene form that decreases activity of an enzyme that metabolizes nicotine). These individuals should be given additional
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the expression of a given gene. The problem with this argument is that it does not consider the moral and ethical issue. In fact, that human are affected by surrounding environment, in the way that Asian migrate to US may still look like Asian, but what their behaviour will be changed bit by bit as the merge of different cultures.
In some way, that not everything is determined by social constructionism, like allergy to food, like egg or milk. It is more like a genetic problem that you are born this way with such problem, and you cannot change it, where it is what biological determinism could stand for. Moreover, in the example of homosexuality, it is still not sure that homosexuality is caused by biological or social factors. For a gay person, they would believe that their orientation for another half is determined by genetic, that it is an unchangeable characteristic.
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iron and is considered anemic. Her symptoms listed were she was complaining about being too tired all of the time, picky eater, being pale, and only eats certain foods. The symptoms of Iron deficiency anemia are pale skin, decreased appetite, fatigue, and shortness of breath. It is most certain that she has this disorder. This disorder can be prevented by having an iron fortified diet.
Davon, age 5, thinks that his mother gave him the sickle cell trait. The sickle cell trait is when a person has one gene for sickle hemoglobin and one for normal hemoglobin. There are no symptoms but being African American makes him more of a risk for having the sickle cell trait. This disorder cannot be
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DNA molecule is structured into a thread-like shape in the nucleus of each cell which is the chromosome. Chromosomes are composed of 50 % DNA (deoxy-ribonucleic acid) and 50 % proteins. The genetic material or DNA is wrapped around the histone protein to form a nucleosome. About 200 base pairs (bp) of DNA coil around one histone. The next level of organization of the chromatin is the 30 nm fibe, a solenoid structure with about 6 nucleosomes per turn. The stability of this structure requires the presence of the last member of the histone gene family, histone H1. The final level of packaging is characterized by the 700 nm structure seen in the metaphase chromosome. The condensed piece of
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* X-ray of the sinuses and the jaws
* X-ray hip and the knees
* HDL cholesterol level determination (which may be decreased) (Kaiser, 2007, & Kahn, 1995)
* Cockane’s syndrome
* Rothmund-Thomson’s syndrome (Raghu, 2001)
Demonstration of an understanding
The exact cause of the condition is not known properly, but it is mainly caused due to a genetic defect. This genetic defect is caused due to mutation of the gene LMNA (also known as ‘lamin A’) or due to recessively expressed traits. The gene LMNA expresses the protein lamin A that is responsible for producing the nuclear envelope (which holds the nucleus of
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produce offspring while the weaker ones don’t get the mates and die off getting rid of that “bad gene”
Homeostasis: Claude Bernard mid 19th century
Organisms function best when they have a stable internal environment despite the varying external environment.
What Are the Characteristics of a Living Organism
Ten characteristics distinguish an object or thing from an actual living organism. All 10 characteristics must be present simultaneously for something to be considered living. The following table lists one of the ten characteristics that make up a living organism. Fill in the remaining characteristics.
Characteristics of a Living Organism
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administered targeted chemotherapy agent that has shown statistically significant results in “reducing the risk of the persons illness progressing and improved short term survival rates” of people with metastatic melanoma who have the BRAF V600E mutation as compared to standard treatments of dacarbazine in a Randomized Phase III large multi-center clinical trial (Vemurafenib - New Drug for Melanoma Skin Cancer, 2011).
Vemurafenib is a kinase inhibitor that targets and acts to block the BRAF V600E mutated gene found in tumor cells. BRAF is a protein kinase gene that is involved in putting out signals in cells that help produce cell division and growth. If the BRAF gene is mutated or altered
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Report on the connection between the Central dogma of Molecular Biology/ Bioinformatics, Model Organism and Drug Designing.
The basis of the central dogma of molecular biology is the expression of the genetic information in any call. It is a universal process that occurs in every cell. The genetic information is stored in the DNA. During gene expression DNA is transcript to RNA and these RNA are transcribed to proteins.
Bioinformatics deals with the genetic information which involves collecting, analyzing, manipulating and predicting etc.
For the functioning of bioinformatics it is essential to know the genetic information that is stored in DNA. Therefore sequencing of DNA, genes
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others sometime will cost you. What the cost? Only with time they will know as we discuss what laws, feelings and interpretation affect the rights and trust between employer and employee.
The study title Danville Airlines presented the scenario of a 42 year old pilot, David Reiger, whom father recently passed away from Huntington Diseases (Mead & Wicks, 2004). The disease is heredity and children of parent with the disease have 50% chance of inheriting the gene (Semaka, Balneaves, & Hayden, 2013). Reiger found out he had the gene after undergoing a required screening by Danville Airlines and Danville Airline secretly, without consent, tested for it. Now armed with this new information, Julie
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epidemic of 2013 spread to areas outside of Brooklyn? Explain herd immunity.
• What is the required percentage of people who need to be vaccinated to ensure that a major measles epidemic does not occur? What was the percentage in France in 2007 -2008? How big was the epidemic that followed? 95%, 89%, 15,000 cases in 2011
• What caused Luke Filben’s neurological disorder? A gene mutation causes Dravet syndrome
damaged by traumas, infections, heredity and tumors, among other things. Some pediatric neurological disorders are caused by exposure to toxic chemicals and development delays.
• What is the difference between a cause of a disease and a trigger for a disease?
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cultural as well as genetic diversification. Throughout the past 50 years the US was seen as the land for opportunity attracting people from all over the world. The rapid economic growth and need for workers was the driving force behind this mythical view of the US. The US had work and freedom when other countries did not. As a result of this, the US was given the nickname “Melting Pot” because cultures and gene pools from all over the world were being blended together. The gene pool in the US is the most diverse in the world because of this idea, resulting in a wide range of people with many different skills and attributes.
In recent years illegal migration to the US has become a problem
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that would have them working together and that is treading cautiously. Brain Imaging has come into light in the past decade or two that shows structural and functional deficiencies in the frontal and temporal lobes. These frontal and temporal lobes regulate aggression. Some say there is a gene some call the “warrior gene” which is aggressive. The actual name is MAOA. Some are using this as a defense when a person is being tried for a violent crime.
Also research of violent and aggressive psychopathic individuals have proven that several biological markers do exist and these are; lowered heart rate, abnormal EEG, multiple abnormalities in right temporal lobes and greater abnormalities in left
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combating crime. These programs involve the citizens most likely to be affected by crime and assist them in changing their lives for the better, which, in return, brings a lower crime rate. I believe that McKinney’s article provides a more effective way to fight crime than some officials sitting behind a desk attempting to pass new gun control laws.
Stephens, Gene. "Preventing Crime: The Promising Road Ahead." Futurist 33.9 (1999): 29. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 Oct. 2012. Criminologist Gene Stephens wrote this article to examine our crime problem here in America, and to help determine what is effective in preventing crime in future. Stephens states that a team of researchers conducted
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three repetitions taking into account the standard error of the mean. This shows that the authors recognised the underlying uncertainty - failure to do this would likely lead to misunderstanding and bias, thus reducing data reliability. However, it is unclear why E-box mutants were included in this graph as there was no subsequent discussion about these results.
To determine whether the Wnt-initiated EMT programme can be mediated by the canonical pathway, MCF-7 cells were transfected with a dominant-negative TCF-4 construct. This was an extremely effective method as the gene product would adversely affect the wild-type gene product. As expected E-cadherin repression was relieved and
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therapies, such as biofeedback or supportive therapy, have not been shown to reduce tic symptoms. However, supportive therapy can help a person with TS better cope with the disorder and deal with the secondary social and emotional problems that sometimes occur.
Is TS inherited?
Evidence from twin and family studies suggests that TS is an inherited disorder. Although early family studies suggested an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance (an autosomal dominant disorder is one in which only one copy of the defective gene, inherited from one parent, is necessary to produce the disorder), more recent studies suggest that the pattern of inheritance is much more complex. Although there may be a
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PRO Designer Babies
Designer babies are the concept that involves the isolation of human embryos from a willing human donor. The individuals involved in the process are allowed to choose the traits and the genes that they desire to be present in the embryo and the eventual baby. The idea is technically called the liberal eugenics. Genetic engineering was incorporated in certain species of plants to modify crop yields and improve resistance to certain crop diseases. The scientists inserted a given gene into plasmid bacteria to ensure that the plant cell assumed the new DNA. The technology has allowed many plant species to thrive in harsh conditions, including cold, hot, and effectively
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aforementioned criteria and upheld by the court.
Planned Parenthood Federation of America
1. In 1942 reorganized as Planned Parenthood Federation of America. (Mehler, 1988)
2. gene-pool cleansing lasted until 1963,
3. legislation recognized this association for eugenics and the Nazi abuses of government genocide was for the purpose of human cleansing
4. Justice Harry Blackmun, stated specifically, “The detriment that the State would impose upon the pregnant woman by denying this choice altogether is apparent…Maternity, or additional offspring, may force upon the woman a distressful life and future. There is also a distress, for society and all concerned, associated with
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goods/services different from other SBUs
3. Which of the following statements in relation to Mintzberg’s 5 P’s for Strategy is not true
a) As plan, strategy tries to establish direction for organisations
b) As ploy, strategy involves exploiting competences
c) As pattern, strategy focuses on consistency in action and behaviour
d) As position, strategy matches an organisation to its environment
e) As perspective, strategy concerns how intentions become shared
4. According to Gene Browne of the City Bin Company, mediocrity results from
a) Not trying hard enough
b) Focusing on only one part of the value chain
c) Trying to be a jack of all trades
d) The type of industry you are in
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each behavior. Specifically, ADHD patients endure alterations on the transporter genes for these neurotransmitters. For instance, patients in conjunction with mostly inattentive ADHD consumed modifications to their norepinephrine transporter gene, which disturbs norepinephrine levels in their brain. Patients with mostly hyperactivity-impulsive ADHD developed modifications to their dopamine transporter gene, consequently disturbing dopamine levels in the brain. Medicines that are readily available for ADHD focus on these specific neurotransmitters. Stimulant medication such as, Adderall and Ritalin increase the levels of dopamine by obstructing its transporter; non-stimulants, such as Strattera
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Genetically Modified foods - Evils or Friends
Genetically Modified Foods (or GM foods) are produced from organisms in which specific changes are introduced into their DNA through the methods of genetic engineering. Genetically Modified crops are available commercially since 1994. Majority of the gene modification of foods have primarily focused on cash crops which are in high demand such as soybean, corn, canola, and cotton seed oil. These crops have been engineered for resistance to pathogens and herbicides and better nutrient profiles (Wikipedia). According to an article by author Robert Shields, more than 26 percent of the cotton, 40 percent of the soybean acreage in the US was planted
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American Studies can be a variety of different meanings to a lot of different authors. They are all pretty much on the same note, but with different alterations. For me, I believe that it is to make connections between the past and how it will impact the future. American Studies has transformed overtime. Each individual has their own beliefs and feelings of what it really means. In Gene Wise’s article he states how he is interested in how the field of American Studies has transformed overtime, what American Studies methodology is, and the types of questions that American Studies practitioners ask. I believe that there is no one way to understand America. For Gene, he
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that made this strategy work. One of them being ‘The digital and satellite technology’ which made the localization of programming easier and cheaper. The key to the success of this strategy is that MTV does a ‘ gene transfer ’ of company’s culture and operating principles when it starts a local station anywhere i.e. it begins with expatriates and once it is established it switches to the local employees. MTV has always been a trend setter with constantly providing the users with reality shows and innovative programs which have accounted significantly for its success around the world.
This case shows the evolution of MTV from adopting a global international strategy to localization strategy
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Alternatively research that undermines Bowlby’s theory includes that on internal working model. According to Bowlby it is expected that children would form similar relationships with all people because they are working from the same internal model or framework. Lamb (1977) found that some infants form secure relationships with their mothers and insecure relationships with their fathers. This suggests that there is more to attachment than just a sensitive response to a social releaser. Kagan (1984) found that infants have an innate temperament, e.g. easy going or difficult, that influences early attachments with their caregivers and later relationships when they are adults. This is called temperament hypothesis. This means that attachments form as a result of temperament not an innate gene for attachment.
Although some psychologists have sought to undermine the evolutionary theory we must remember that Bowlby was the psychologist who developed the most influential theory of attachment.
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Assignment: SCIE207 Phase 3 Lab Report
Title: Heredity Lab
Instructions: You will need to write a 1- page lab report using the scientific method to answer the following questions:
• State which genes are dominant (the genes that get expressed over the other genes) and which genes are recessive (the genes that will not be expressed when the dominant gene is present).
• How do you know which genes are which?
• What is the ratio that is most likely to be observed across all traits?
When your lab report is complete, post it in Submitted Assignment files.
Part 1: Using the lab animation, fill in the following data table to
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__________________. Selected Answer: Answers: d. all of these a. provides calories b. is a food c. is partially eliminated through the lungs and urine
d. all of these
1 out of 1 points
____________________ was part of a class of drugs introduced as barbiturate substitute in the belief that they would be safer. Selected Answer: Answers: c. Methaqualone a. Fentanyl b. Buprenorphine c. Methaqualone d. Methadone
1 out of 1 points
__________ often carry a gene that makes them physically ill and flushed before they can consume an addicting amount of alcohol. Selected Answer: Answers: b. Asians a. Hispanics b. Asians c. Native Americans d. Middle Easterners
1 out of
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* However, these qualities (good & evil) do not apply to all beings. It only applies to rational beings
Northwest Samar State University
College of Management and Information Technology
Rueda St., Calbayog City
Course: Bachelor of Science in Information Technology 3
Subject: Ethics (Humanities 5)
Instructor: Mr. Gene Paul A. Pueblos
Information Sheet 2
Fallacies - are basically arguments (statements) containing premise(s)- evidence and a claim - conclusion. However, these arguments contain errors. Thus, they cannot be considered as valid. Such arguments are called fallacies.
* Argumentum ad Popolum (appeal to many) – argument which makes justification the number of
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, making them more appealing to mass production farmers. (Genetically)
Genetically modified organisms are known to reduce the effectiveness of antibiotics used to fight illnesses. Since most genetically engineered plant foods carry fully functioning antibiotic-resistance genes, they render the antibiotic taken by humans useless. When GMOs with antibiotic-resistance genes are consumed along with antibiotics, the gene destroys the antibiotic, which in turn eliminates the possibility of curing the disease. In addition to this problem, these resistant genes can be transferred to human viruses, making them immune to antibiotics. When this happens, there will be an increase in the already severe
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species are not able to naturally breed), correct genetic flows in any type of being. It is applied in fields such as agriculture, industrial, medicine and pharmaceutical. (Aldridge, 1996).
As Primrose explained, gene manipulation involves the creation and cloning of artificially created DNA (recombinant DNA) that provides with DNA sequences not found in nature. This created DNA is introduced in a host living cell. “…genetic engineering is a 'cut, paste, and copy' operation. The gene transferred is first cut out of the DNA of the organism it comes from. It is then 'pasted' into an intermediary DNA molecule called a vector, which carries it into the host organism. Here it is copied many
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Medical model - the concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorders, have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and in more cases, cured, often through treatment in a hospital
The biopsychosocial approach emphasizes that mind and body are inseparable. Negative emotions contribute to physical illness, and physical abnormalities contribute to negative emotions.
Epigenetics - the study of environmental influences on gene expression that occur without a DNA change
Classifying Disorders & Labeling People
Classification aims to:
* Predict the disorder’s future course
* Suggest appropriate treatment
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) and a long term mechanism (involves control of gene expression) (17). The short term regulation takes place at the posttranscriptional level. The main activities in this phase include regulation of TH phosphorylation, which is an activity that activates the enzyme. The enzyme is also activated by various types of protein kinases, including protein kinase C (PKC) family members. On the other hand, long term regulation consists of enzyme stability, translational regulation and has an effect on ribonucleic acid (RNA) stability after gene transcription (18-22).
There are reports documenting that various transcription factors bond to the 5′-flanking sequences of the tyrosine hydroxylase gene and
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cost, C (which is the expected loss in reproductive success for the doer) to the benefit for the recipient, B (the gain in reproductive success for the must be less than the probability that the recipient has the same allele, for the altruist gene to survive (5).
Human altruism is much more nuanced than simply risking one's life for another, and cannot be accounted for by a simple application of Hamilton's rule. Many self-sacrificial acts that people perform for each other do not involve a direct risk to their life, and may also involve some benefit to the actor. Additionally, if the recipient of the act is not a relative, Hamilton's rule doe not apply. In fact, there is some question as to
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New avenues of research in molecular genetics hold promise for investigating links between genes and personality. For example, emergent research suggests that variation in a gene related to dopamine function (DRD4) is associated with personality differences in novelty seeking, just as variation in a gene related to serotonin function (5-HT transporter) has been linked to differences in neuroticism. The mechanisms of action between genes and personality are complex and not yet known, however. Research in genetics will likely yield important advancements in the years to come, particularly with respect to multiple gene contributions to personality, mechanisms of action, and gene
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Phone Number: 832-498-8757 (Mobile)
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anymore. Behavioral view is that it deals with learning operant conditioning. That they make their mind drift to other things to get relief from the traumatic event.
Treatments: The treatment for this disorder is psychodynamic therapy, hypnotic therapy and drug therapy.
Case Study 5: Schizophrenia
Causes: The cause of schizophrenia have to deal with genes and environment and different brain chemistry and structure. “Scientist recognize that the disorder tends to run in families and that a person inherits a tendency to develop the disease (Mental Health America, n.d.).” There have also been studies that suggest that schizophrenia may have to do with a certain gene that is key to making
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sustainable food source to end human hunger, and the ability to create more nutritious disease and pesticide-free foods.
GMOs have been very helpful in creating vaccines for many diseases. For example, during the 1980s, humanity was blessed with the first genetically engineered vaccine to fight STDs. Benjamin Hall of University of Wisconsin and then-postdoctoral researcher Gustav Ammerer fused a gene-controlling antigen that fought HIV and Hepatitis into yeast cells. With this biotechnology, they were able to create one of the first vaccines to fight Sexually Transmitted Diseases (A Triumph of Biotechnology). This has proven highly important, because without the use of such technology, this life