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Matewan: A 20th-century Form of Feudalism
Matewan, in which the action takes place in the 1920s in West Virginia, gives a clear and realistic picture of the economical situation of the given place and time. This has been a purpose and an idea which the director of the film, John Sales, has paid a particular attention to. The film elucidates a 20th-century conflict between two economical systems: feudalism and capitalism, with feudalism clearly dominating the economical status of the small town of Matewan, in spite of some outer characteristics (such as wages being paid) that imply capitalism.
The main feature of capitalism is the free labor market and 'freedom' is the key concept
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Feudalism of medieval Europe and Asia
In the ninth to the twelve centuries in Europe and Asia there was not a significant power that controlled the land. Instead of a centralized government, both continents had small villages that would gradually gain power and they eventually started to expand for more power and for more land. The state of government that these continents were faces is called feudalism. The three main characters that defined European and Asian feudalism was the art of the time period, the architecture, and the differences of the knights of Europe and the samurai of Asia.
European art at this time can be classified as either gothic or Romanesque. The Romanesque art
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Feudalism means many things to many people. One camp limits the concept to
“the hierarchical relationship between a lord and his vassals” (Lefebvre, 1976, p.
122). In this tradition, “history was not just written from the perspective of the top
but was also limited to studies of the top” (Kaye, 1984, p. 73; e.g., Ganshoff, 1964).
The critique of this narrow conception of feudalism was spearheaded by, among
others, Rodney Hilton (1949, 1973, 1985) and Marc Bloch (1961). Although recognizingthat
“feudal Europe was not all feudalized in the same degree or accordingto
the same rhythm and, above all, that it was nowhere feudalized completely” (Bloch,
1961, Vol. 2, p. 445), these
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Analyze the CCOT of the middle ages in Western Europe during 600C.E.-1450C.E.
In 476, the Roman Empire fell which created no central military authority. Many German Barbarians invaded the area so they could rule. With all the corruption, Feudalism was created which was when someone wouldgive up their land for military protection. The fall of Rome brought many revisions to political structure because it went from a lack of central authority to a society where feudalism and manorialism were strongly used. The economic basis went from the Roman coin system to the barter system and back to the coin system. The social structure was
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to a new division of classes:
two very different kinds of commodity owners; on the one hand, the owners of money, means of production, means of subsistence, who are eager to valorize the sum of value they have appropriated by buying the labour power of others; on the other hand, free workers, the sellers of their own labor-power, and therefore the sellers of labour. Free workers, in the double sense that they neither form part of the means of production themselves … nor do they own the means of production” that transformed land and even money into what we now call “capital.”
Marx labeled this period the "pre-history of capitalism".
It was, in effect, feudalism that began to lay
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with both state-power and ideological apparatus (Heywood, 2002, pp. 91-92). While a class structure has been a general feature of societies, in particular there have been different modes of production with their particular relations organised around the means of production (Marx, 1996, p.160). Marx sought to explain the development and change of modes of production and therefore class systems (Marx, 1996, p.160). The historical process of transformation from Feudalism to Capitalism will help elucidate Marx’s materialist conception of history and its explanatory power in relation to social change.
Feudalism can be defined by the predominance of an exploitive relationship between a
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Medieval Literature Notes
The changing face of England
â€¢ William unites England. Norman and Anglo Saxon Cultures Blen
â€¢ Normans introduce European feudalism â€“ social hierarchy (peasantsâ€¦ ect)
â€¢ The Domes day book compiled â€“ under direction of William the conquerer
o Record of all the property and men in England.
o he could tax with this kind of information
o he also used this information for the military
â€¢ The age of castles, knights, and chivalry (code of conduct)
o respect women
o show allegiance to king
o reverence to God
â€¢ Christianity strengthens and dominates
o Great church building
o corruptions in the higher officials
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of a fever in 323 B.C.E., resulting in a scramble for power and eventual fragmentation of his Empire.
The scope of Alexander’s victory is staggering, and most definitely earns him a place in my top five. His courageous and just leadership earned him the devotion of a substantial army and a reputation throughout the ages as one of the greatest men to ever live. It fascinates me that one man could create such a lasting legacy in such a short time. I believe his true genius was in his style of occupation; his endorsement of political autonomy ensured continued stability and economic viability within his holdings.
Approaching the 10th Century, the West was in a state of chaos
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CHAPTER 8 through 10 REVIEW
The "hierarchical" fief-holding system in which vassals in turn had vassals owing them services was known as subinfeudation.
The VIKINGS used iron weapons, had superior shipbuilding skills, did raids onto continent (they came from Scandinavia) , established settlements, aided growth of fief-holding., and in time - Christianity assimilated them into European civilization. In Western Europe, the chief political repercussion of frequent Viking raids was .an increase in the power of local aristocrats to whom threatened populations turned for effective protection. Feudalism of medieval Europe was primarily a complex system of vassalage by which the weak sought
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Materials on the concept:
Mercantilism: Trade and Enterprise
Capitalism, Unionization, and the Modern Class System
Which of the following examples best illustrates feudalism from the standpoint of business evolution?
The physical capital is privately owned.
Merchants and bankers organize and manage the trade.
One class of people owns all the property and people.
Price differences are exploited across markets.
During the Middle Ages, under feudalism, the laborers had no rights to property. The aristocrats owned everything, including people and resources.
Which of the following examples best
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Maria Theresa is a bad leader because, she was not recognized a monarch by France and allowed the province of Silesia to be captured by France and then failed to recapture Silesia.
* Had 16 kids
* Refused to allow religious toleration
* Imposed financial and educational reforms
Frederick II was a good leader because, he was dedicated military tactician and was nicknamed Frederick the great.
* Tried to defect to Britain at a young age
* Conquered polish territories
* German historians made Frederick into a romantic model of a glorified warrior
Louis XIV was a good leader, he eliminated the remnants of feudalism and pacified the aristocracy.
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Illusion of democracy in Pakistan
History of feudalism
Repercussion of feudalism
Lack of implementation of ideology of Pakistan
Lack of sense of national integration
Inconsistent Long term policies
Geopolitical location of Pakistan
Implementation of ideology of Pakistan
Process to weaken the land lords and feudal culture
Good governance in all institutions
Friendly foreign policy
Long term policies
Devolution of Power
Positive role of media and social networks
Japan democratic setup suitable for Pakistan
Illusion of democracy in Pakistan
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began to form, one that was extremely spoiled with riches, and another, that was almost too poor to survive. Another flaw in this idea was that it didn’t consider things used by the community that do not benefit any single person in particular. Although Capitalism helped England consistently move away from feudalism as a country, it’s flawed use caused significant problems in the country’s social balance.
The other greatly significant economical breakthrough defined during the industrial revolution was socialism. This was defined by a German philosopher, Karl Marx. Ironically, socialism would have never been a defined economy if it wasn’t for capitalism. Karl Marx identified the key flaws in
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feudalism, a form of social organisation once routinely held to have been introduced by the Normans in 1066. In recent years there has been considerable debate about the problems arising from the use of the term 'feudal', a debate wittily foreseen by the great Victorian historian, F. W. Maitland, who stated that '"Feudalism" is a useful word, and will cover a multitude of ignorances.' Nevertheless, whatever the wider problems of writing of 'feudalism', the process of Norman conquest and settlement did tie closely together a variety of types of lordship - regarding protection, service, and jurisdiction - and linked them to the bond of land tenure, the holding of what men at the time referred to as a
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social differences. Cobban spelt little time trying to come up with his own and new interpretations but more on discrediting that of the Marxist “He admitted that he spent little effort in providing new interpretations to replace the old”. Cobban had the idea that feudalism still existed after the French revolution and also the seigniorial rights were wrongfully put on the Nobility instead should have been held by the non-nobility.
The French Revolution was a period of massive social, economic, and political change in France that lasted roughly from 1787 to 1799. The Marxist view was that the Revolution was driven by class struggle and should be analysed in class terms it is the
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only those questions which I would like to address and even those questions were formulated by me.We have travelled a long path since the days of Feudalism to Post Modernism all to determine the true human nature.But it seems like a mirage because whatever I think,I think about me,and I mend all the ways to fit that.And when other people criticise me then they too do the same.So I can never get a true picture of what I am.All my faces ,they argue with each other and finally the one wins which fits the situation best to satisfy my personal satisfaction.Hence for the same reason I can treat two different persons differently, I can love one person and hate other ,both having same "specifications
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of Rome. First of all, throughout Europe new monarchs emerged.Kings weren't elected. They held power simply for the bloodline they had. During the Middle Ages, politics were greatly influenced by the economy and warfare. How much land a person owned literally meant how much power the person would have and therefore what offices that person could hold meaning how important his job for the king would be. Under feudalism, a lord gave his vassals land in return for specific duties. This has to do with politics because the lord controlled and ruled everyone that lived in his land. The main occupation of the medieval nobles was warfare. In the later Middle Ages, feudal warfare declined, and knights
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late 16th century, drama of the medieval period had lost its force. The social structure was changing. Feudalism was destroyed, as well as the corporate nature of communities. Dissension within the church caused prohibition with the religious plays in Europe. As a result of the decline,there were no longer religious plays. Classics returned with new ideas for stories. Professional theater rose. It became commercial and was no longer a community event. Everything disappeared after the fall of the Roman Empire.
Today, plays are still very popular. There is a diversity of themes and explores genres, cultures, experiences, and issues. Switching ones gender or role of the gender is part of the
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The Medieval Era was a time of knights and castles, royals and peasants, plague and famine, war and death. In the 1300’s a devastating plague swept across of most of Europe and Asia. It killed millions of people. Upon reaching Britain it killed over one-third the population. The Black Death, in only a few years, had left a permanent mark on Britain, its economy, the feudalism system and its culture through the cause of the major population decline in the 14th century.
The Black Plague or Black Death is believed to have begun near China in 1347, it spread to Europe by rats and fleas on merchant ships. It originated from fleas feeding from the blood of the rats. The infectious bile
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a god called the Millet Ruler, who had given them permission from heaven to rule.
During this dynasty which lasted around 900 years, a total of 37 emperors ruled China. The emperor’s role in society was to be the supreme leader of the Zhou dynasty, make decisions on territorial expansion, trade alliances, developments in infrastructure and keeping the civilisation at peace.
Aristocracy / Significant Figures
During this dynasty, lords, marquises and noblemen were the leaders by birthright of feudal states that coexisted under the rule of the emperor but were able to run the affairs of their own state. This system is known as proto-feudalism and is very similar to the system used in
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majority of the Chinese against imperialism, feudalism, and capitalism. This was displayed quite well in the previous presenters by Mao in “the foolish old man“, speech in which Mao explains that the Chinese people hold two large mountains on their shoulders and one being imperialism, and “the other is feudalism.” However, afterwards much of the economic surplus was placed in the hands of the state for industrialization and in turn allowed elites the power to control. These elite found power and was subsequently considered “capitalist roaders” who were working amongst the communist party to put forth a capitalist agenda. Mao put forward the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution to prevent the
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to meet & answer under oath, the crown's questions about land ownership & related matters.
Feudalism (pg 10-13, 224-227) Feudal incidents (pg?)
Feudalism grew out of a lack of a centralized government from the collapse of the western roman empire. Began w/ the incursions & settlements of barbarians within the frontiers of the empire. Feudal arrangements became as a means that society protected itself when protection was no longer provided by kings. It provided organization of society on a war basis & supplied only the method of effective resistance to the constant war that hemmed Europe. Survival req. full time Military experts w/ horses, equipment, & skill. When the value of the
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about to collapse due to imbalance, bankruptcy, and a new way of thinking. In France, feudalism was still practiced where the nobles and clergy had exceptional benefits over the commoners and lower class. For example, the nobles and clergy did not have to pay taxes; they owned most of the land, and they had the most political power in France. However, the majority of the population, which was the commoners, had very little say in politics. Eventually, the lower class became frustrated with the way they were being treated; as a result, they rebelled. France’s government also became bankrupt. Starting with King Louis XIV, the monarchy was spending too much without taking in enough money
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certain population groups. Policy makers measure economic impacts in order to shape the way members of the public do business with one another.
Economic thought has been evolving for hundreds of years. The following timeline of important figures and dates can help illustrate how the field has developed.
* 850-1000 A.D. – Marks the rise of feudalism, which arose in England and entails a society where land is held in exchange for service. Peasants or a working class are protected by a military class in reward for obedience. The origination and existence of this inequitable, often cruel system is debatedtoday.
* 1723-1790 — Adam Smith is largely considered the father of modern economics
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kingdoms at the Treaty of Verdun.6 After this, a trend of weak monarchs followed. These political disputes weakened Francia as a whole, and the Vikings seized the opportunity. Spending the better part of 20 years focusing on Francia, before continuing there raids of England once more.7 The French empire like its Roman predecessor was too large for an adequate defense, thus leaving protection of the people to the local lords.8 This further disintegration made way for the French noble class, and feudalism. With this new era of feudalism nobles increasing developed loyalty to their local lord, and once castles began to be raised, powerful families now had a center of power, much like a capital of
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history, it has always been a feature of all class societies, which are divided into two main classes, the class of the exploited which produces most wealth, and the class of the exploiters which expropriates the wealth. However, there is an important difference between exploitation under slavery and feudalism and that under capitalism. Under slavery and feudalism, exploitation is obvious to both the exploited and exploiters. Under capitalism, however, it is well hidden by the labor-wage system and private property right. It seems to be an equal exchange that workers are hired, labor for a given amount of time, and receive their wages. But this is not a case of justice for Marx. To Marx, labor
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By the early 1400’s Europe reached a unique point in there
Economy they had developed there economy to the highest
Point possible for there time. The 1400’s ended the middle
Ages and developed the age of exploration and discovery.
The years of 500ad-1100ad is known as the early/
Low middle ages, during this period there economic heath
Decreased 80%, from 1100ad-1400ad were the late/high
Middle ages. The economic health increased due to the central
Monarchy this was due to feudal states taking over other feudal
States. During the early middle ages there was no central gov’t
In Europe, they were under the control of feudalism.
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culture is what caused people of later time to believe in more that one God, something that, for the most part, is unheard of today. It lead to Feudalism and the divine right to the throne. Different people are brought up to think different things, and the things people learn as a child stick with them forever. Culture is also based on choice, and every person has the choice to do whatever makes them happy. So much is know about culture now because it has been recorded in books such as Gilgamesh, Beowulf, and The Nibelungenlied. Three different books displaying cultural views from three different time periods. And it is with works like these that modern scholars and historians can
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in place in England.Feudalism is the separation of people into separate estates. People who live on these estates are obligated to the lord, or owner of the estates. In the middle ages, because Feudalism was so common, and people were so split, military was important. The knights kneel down before the lord in obedience and are granted much power, though the undying power is to the lord. The serfs were mostly just slaves with a title, where it is considered their obligation to serve the lord and its people in exchange for living on their land.
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that unreasonable rule doctrine is to be brave resistance and only the courage to resist it possible to win for their right.
Besides that, Mao Zedong has a flexible thinking. At that feudalism era, he accepted and adopted Marxism-Leninism and he combine successfully Marxism-Leninism with China’s reality first historic leap in theoretical result and establish it as Maoism. When Marxism- Leninism principles guiding China as the weapon for revolution, Mao Zedong found to be Marxist-Leninist principles and the concrete practice of China’s revolution. As a result, Maoism opened up the new democratic revolution and transformation of the road.
Mao Zedong was a good reader. He read the various
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Mongols come into play and invade the empire and end Byzantine’s era with the Silk Roads. In Western Europe, society was in the period called the Middle Ages where trade was minimal and feudalism/manorialism had taken the place of trade since the fall of the Roman empire. The Mongols, who had invaded Europe, are determined to strengthen the roads again and expand trade, which they do successfully and also manage to dethrone the Islamic powers who had previously dominated world trade. Also strengthening the roads were the Crusades, as Western Europe is introduced to new goods and ideas from the east, which further changed the roads. In the end however, the Mongols are weak because of their own
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December 3, 2011
Normal law originated in Britain, and was certain procedures were adopted by the United States. The majority of laws are made by the federal and state legislature. Normal law contains rules and other doctrines of the English royal. For more than a four hundred year period, from the eighth to the eleventh centuries, the social system believed that when settling differences there was an increasing of feudalism. Since the United States of America was a new nation and had a government which many felt wasn't as nice as it could be. They were gathering information to create a different way of running the nation. There was a
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| A Magazine of Evangelical Conviction." ChristianityToday.com | Magazines, News, Church Leadership & Bible Study. Web. 30 Jan. 2012. <http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2011/april/muslimschristianssamegod.html>.
English, Uplifted. "A Brief Biography of Marmaduke Pickthall." Mas'ud Ahmed Khan's Home Page. Web. 30 Jan. 2012. <http://www.masud.co.uk/ISLAM/bmh/BMM-AHM- pickthall_bio.htm>.
Herlihy, David. "Fiefs, Feuds and Justice in Raoul of Cambrai." The History of Feudalism. Ed. Patricia Herlihy. 131-77. Print. Excerpts reproduced in Sharon Farmer,History 4b, Primary Sources, Week 2.
Urban II, Pope. “Crusades, c. 1096-1150.” Excerpts reproduced on the Internet Medieval Sourcebook, and in Sharon Farmer,History 4b, Primary Sources, Week 2.
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modern forms of government came to be. This is proven by McCormick transition from feudalism to the enlightenment of people being in power from John Locke's insight of "natural right" and "social contract" on page 37. which is the foundation of democracy to day; while given the since of need for some central control and protection for the nation state of today.
the fact that, McCormick goes even farther by clearly defining the reemergence of the Islamic Nations of the middle east and categorize them as an influence power of modern time is solidified by " 1.4 billion adherents, Islam is the second biggest religion in the world" (McCormick, pg 47) and is used as the basis for rule in the
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-1936), Mao and other Communist Party leaders moved to carry through a Marxist social revolution. However, Communism was expected to emerge out of the most industrialized stages of capitalism as a result of class struggle between worker and factory owner. That said, in China, factories and factory workers were not in abundance. Even so, Mao Zedong saw the revolutionary potential of peasants. In his report on the peasant movement in Hunan he stated, “The fact is that the broad peasant masses have risen to fulfill their historical mission, and that the democratic forces in the country side have risen to overthrow the forces of feudalism…” In another doctrine he remarks that the communist
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with the fundamental divinity tat connects everyone.
Lao Tzu was contemporary with another great Chinese philosopher, Confucius, between them, these two men set the basis for Chinese intellectual, religious, and political culture. As it’s stated in the text Laozi (Lao Tzu) “They each created very different schools of thought to address the social and political upheaval of the Warring States Period (c. 403-221 B.C.E), a time when feudalism was decaying, the commoner was emerging, and divisive wars among individual states were prevalent throughout China.” (Crawford et al. 1601) Confucianism and Taoism have contrasting views on both religion and politics. However, they stem from similar
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the aristocrats, who opposed most economic and administrative reforms.
Louis promised to take off the greatest burden the peasants carry, Taxes. He also made promises to abolish the’’ lettres de cachet’’ and certain privileges of the first and third estates. Louis also disagreed to the Declarations of the Rights of Man and Citizens when it was read out to him. He oppressed and exploited the freedom of the people. He was a vain monarch and his somewhat attempts to abolish feudalism and restore freedom to the people was not fulfilled.
His queen Marie Antoinette was his biggest obstacle when it came to personal affairs. She influenced him in many ways. It was because of her that Necker was
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his sons, through 840 AD
When Louis dies, his sons continued fighting for another 3 years but stop with the Treaty of Verdun (843 AD)
Charles the Bald in the west, Lothiar I in the middle, and Louis the German in the east
Charles and Louis have Lothiar murdered and split his territory in 870 AD
The Kingdom weakened as they continued to fight over boundaries, the counts no longer obeyed them, and they lost land to the Muslims, Slavs, and Magyars
A social, political, and economic society where there was constant fighting between the counts
After the vikings died down, Europe had no one to fight so they started fighting each other
98% of the population were peasants
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Chapter three which is entitle : Africa’s contributions to the capitalist development of Europe-the colonial period.] Here Walter talks about how surplus was drawn from Africa to develop capitalism in the metropolitan sector. “Colonialism was not merely a system of exploitation but one whose essential purpose was to repatriate the profit to the so called mother land” [page 177].It means that the development of Europe as a part of the same dialectical process which Africa was
Underdeveloped. African labourwas cheap. The employer often required more from the worker but paid him less not even enough to maintain his physical self. This was not the case in Europe when feudalism gave way to
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economic growth. These stages were titled hunting, pastoral, agricultural and manufacturing. Karl Marx also believed that there were four stages, he titled them capitalism, socialism, feudalism and communism. It is believed that Rostow’s theory which contains five stages is an extension of these theories.
In the 1950’s countries were suffering from the aftermath of World War Two. They became independent an there was the need for new development policies. After the success of the US Marshall plan, countries began to see the need for development and thus Rostow’s theory was developed. It was developed for underdeveloped country. It was considered a linear theory.
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have no choice to but leave them at home alone. They live in shacks in ‘shanty-towns’ where living conditions are not clean, contaminated with all sorts of bacteria and viruses’ that affect the children health
6. What does this mean? “The trappings are modern, but the hunger, sickness, and death that they conceal are traditional, deeply rooted in a history of feudalism, exploitation, and institutionalized dependency.”
That even though the shanty-town has developed a bit over the past 3 decades, and people may look a bit more taken care of and updated the malnutrition, poverty, illness and death still remains. These people still work in horrid conditions and are exploited while the
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-superpowers emerging, notably the oil-rich Gulf
States, with their vast financial resources. According to the world systems approach, capitalism includes feudalism and socialism.
They are extreme variations on the division of labour. As the world develops and changes,
there will either be a swing towards a more socialist system or there will be a transition towards a more unequal (feudal) system.
Modernisation theory is largely based on the view that to develop means to become ‘modern’ by adopting Western cultural values and social institutions. It is suggested that undeveloped societies subscribe to value systems and institutions that hinder the development process.
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What Accounts for the Stability of the Tokugawa Regime?
In the first half of the Seventeenth century, the regime perfected by Ieyasu Tokugawa and his successors was based on the accepted system of daimyô domains which Nobunaga and Hideyoshi had been developing prior to Ieyasu’s rule. It was thus basically feudal in structure, but it represented a highly organised and stable stage of feudalism, unlike Europe ever experienced. The reasons for the stability of such a regime are quite numerous, and demonstrate the bakufu government’s capability of maintaining a time of peace for the better part of two centuries. They maintained this
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/ainu.htmEncyclopedia Britannica Online, Shogunate,http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/541431/shogunate (March 2009).Kara Knafelc, Japan: The Culture (Lonely Planet Publications Pty Ltd., 2005), p. 44.KidsKnowIt Network, Japanese Feudalism,http://www.kidspast.com/world-history/0259-japanese-feudalism.php (2009).Masami Ito, "Ainu: Indigenous In Every Way But Not By Official Fiat." The Japan Times, (May 20, 2008).Michiko Nagao, Rediscovering the Treasures of Food, Vol 6: Salmon Sacchep,http://www.tokyofoundation.org/en/series/japanese-traditional-foods/vol.-6-salmon-sacchep/?searchterm=ainu (September 22, 2008).National Diet Library, Birth of the Constitution of Japan, Part 5: Enactment of the
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goals and his side goals in abolishing unfair treaties posted by the Westerners, Sun died of liver cancer in 1925 at the age of 59. Despite the spiritual leader no longer exist, but his goal was not left behind. In 1928, one of Sun's followers, Chiang Kai-Shak fulfilled Sun's goal in reunifying the southern army and marched them into Beijing and defeated the northern army. Despite the fact that the civil war did not end at this point until Chiang lost and fled to Taiwan, but Sun had help putting an end to the imperialism and feudalism in China and pushed China to the next stage of modernization.Until these days, in both China and Taiwan, Sun's strong personality and mixed political fortunes
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ten years. At the time of her husband's death, Christine was only twenty-five. During this time period social class and gender dictated much of everyday life. While Christine is known for her contributions to feminism, she was very accepting of the social hierarchy in place during her time. In fact, she defended this social hierarchy. Arguably, Christine believed, as many other of her time, that "social order was divinely ordained" (Nowacka 2002). This was a time of social reform: the end of feudalism, weakening of church authority, and hostility brought forth by peasants. Amidst this uncertainty of social order, Christine viewed "that a strong monarch was preferable to uncertain
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was a debate about what would be include in this document earlier that month, which concluded to the decision to cut down the original twenty-four rights to seventeen rights. It was argued how much influence the United State’s Declaration of Independence should have effect of the document. It was in disagreement that the understanding of equality in America could be transferred into a nation with a detailed history of nobility and feudalism. The end of the decision of the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen was partially influenced by the United State’s Declaration of Independence, but was distinctive and lasting by the French their own way. The Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen
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system except socialism produces a force that eventually leads to a new economic form. For example, in a feudal system the market and factory emerged but were not capable of a feudal way of life. The market in return created a class based system in which feudalism was replaced by capitalism; and ownership was replaced by factories and the ownership of capital. Capitalism, Marx maintained, also carries its own self destruct button. “Capitalism will produce a class of oppressed people bent on destroying the system itself”. The first of the four flaws Marx saw in capitalism is the inevitability of monopolies, which eliminates competition and hurts consumers and workers. The second flaw is the
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great hero(s) came out of this time period it would revive and flourish once more. He then turned to history to find such a hero. As needed to remedy the situation he found King Arthur of Britain. Even though a English man or a Britainian, he was said to be the best ruler to date (1500's.) Now that King Arthur has been chosen and changed a little to fit in with chivalry, part of feudalism he now needed a teacher. Researching even further he found a Druid priest by the name of Merlin.Druidism is and was a religion that delt with nature. There temple, church, meeting place, what ever you would like to call it, was a grove or thicket. They made sacrifice of animals and offered wheat, rice, and
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abolished the Secretariat that censorate and the Chief Military Commission and personally took charge of the six ministries and the regional five military commissions. Hongwu also made the decision stating that, “Eunuchs must have nothing to do with the administration.” (Rhodes Murphey, East Asia, A New History, pg. 126)
The Tokugawa period from 1600-1867 was centralized. During the first two stages of the feudal time Japan was in political decentralization. The warrior families and territorial lords led to a locally political leadership. This system of centralized feudalism was stable for two and half centuries. “For the first time in Japanese feudal age the power was centralized and Japan