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their child disability .In both cases, the family with LD child will need professional help
and support to adapt, adjust and change role of the both as a unit and as individual family
members in order to overcome stress, emotional and economic impacts on families as well as
individuals. One way to support these families is though family therapy. This therapy can be
presented by psychologist, psychiatric or clinical social worker.
Regardless the model that the social worker is going to implement when intervene with
the family, it is imperative for the social worker to choose an effective intervention approach that
has the most promise results in achieving treatment goals
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-control it may not be much of a problem; yet, others such as myself who often react first to controversial issues have to learn to control those emotions and keep them intact. Becoming a therapist is what I was born to be and it is satisfying to see how much closer I am to achieving that goal and providing encouragement to others.
Marriage and Family therapist have many roles involved in their practice. Therapist work closely with clients to help them overcome difficulties in their personal lives and their outside relationships with others. Most people who seek therapy are looking to alleviate a high level of stress or burdens they have been carrying or they are looking for
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The Microsystem. I grew up in a traditional family household for a time being that consisted of my mother, father, and sister. Although, it was considered a traditional two parent household, my father was rarely home, and when he was home he was unavailable. My mother was emotionally unavailable and suffered from manic depression. My mother stayed at home and my father was either out working or pursuing one of his addictions. My family was homeless until I was the age of 5. We had lived and slept in my father’s suburban, randomly stayed with strangers, and at times lived in a recreational vehicle. I assumed responsibility and care of my younger sibling, my mother, myself, and
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Family Systems Therapy
Alexis M. Foote
Texas A & M University-Corpus Christi
Family Systems Therapy
There are a number of theories under the Family Systems Therapy group that focus on communication patterns within the family unit. Systems theory is based on the family’s response to feedback from one another and the desire of the group to make changes to maintain the status quo. In the family system we discover who we are, we grow and change, and we give and receive support that is necessary for survival (Corey, 2013). A number of theories exist based on various approaches, but the theory behind them is that families are SYSTEMS of interconnected and interdependent individuals and to
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therapy is operant conditioning therapy. Therapist use this method based on the premise that reinforced behaviors tend to continue, while those that are punished or are not reinforced tend to gradually end (Operant Conditioning, 2009).
Group Therapy is used when a psychotherapist has several clients with similar problems. This is very common with couples therapy and family therapy. Group therapy is very useful to clients because it allows them to see that they are not the only one with a particular problem. There is a lot of this on television now with reality shows like couples therapy and celebrity rehab. These shows help provide some insight on how group therapy can help and also how it
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Strategic Therapy: Its Origin and Influence
Strategic therapies are a unique form of therapies, dealing with families, of which began in the early 1950’s. Even though this approach is critiqued by many professionals in the field of family therapy, it has been found to be fairly effective. In reading Family Therapy: An Overview, I discovered that strategic approaches are focused on changing or modifying the solutions, not the problem. The various models focus on the behavioral patterns in the family, the solutions in which the families utilize to respond or solve the problems and the hierarchies that lie within the families (Goldenberg & Goldenberg, 2008). The interventions within these
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; Britzman, M. J. (2013, April) Choice Theory and Family Counseling A Pragmatic, Culturally Sensitive Approach. The Family Journal, 21(2), 230-234.
Choice theory and reality therapy is used during counseling sessions but not used as much in family therapy. Choice theory is not looked at as a systemic approach but utilizing reality therapy leads to second-order change for couple and families. Second-order change can lead to creating systemic changes in a pragmatic manner.
McGinn, L. K. (2000, Spring). Cognitive Behavioral Therapy of Depression: Theory, Treatment, and Empirical Status. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 54(2), 257-262.
This article looks at cognitive theories of
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and there are even some potential advantages over traditional teaching and therapy methods
first the internet greatly widens participation for those living in remote areas or those with work family .
Discuss and explain the ethical challenges raise in the article and for such kind of information system in particular?
1. The challenge to professional boundaries is the increased incidences of distraction when providing service and likelihood of confidentiality breaches when working from a distance. One of the greatest benefits of e-therapy is the convenience of providing services from home. However, this can also increase the risk of distractions while providing services as the
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diseases. Hopefully the countries of the world cooperate to regulate the gene therapy research and application. The treatment should not be used as a cosmetic use or even worse, to help aid in the war. This therapy is limitless as scientists find more and more gene and their functions. Government regulators and scientist must approach these issues in a respectful manner and make sure they do not happen and find solutions for it.
Gene therapy may be the only method to treat the gravely ill or prevent the onset of otherwise unavoidable illness. Individuals with family history of a disease could be screened to see if they hold the potential of a disease. If the individual had the
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confidentiality, and the fact that insurance does not normally cover online therapy. However, Carl feels that if someone is in danger of hurting themselves or others that clients should not consider using online therapy. Overall, Carl provided alternative ways to get therapy besides online and face-to-face. This would include finding a local support group, using family or friends, or even reading self-help books ("Serenity Online Therapy", 2005-2013).
This online therapy website provides an interactive process with Jacqueline Gay. The communication between Jacqueline and clients is through via e-mail or telephone. Before beginning the online process, each client has to fill out
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Our lives have become quite busy with the ever changing face of the family and the economy. Having to do more work because of short staffing, leaving work grabbing dinner for the family, dealing with a rebellious teenager while ushering your nine year old to soccer practice seems to be your daily routine. With all this running around, and then having to cope with your elderly parents to boot, it tends to weigh big on the mental state of an individual. Even those unexpected events that happen in life will sometimes cause us to need the
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, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic, and family systems are clinical psychological approaches to depression. Each one uses a different approach and in some areas there are overlaps. The information in this paper addresses origins, goals, and techniques of the approaches. Also, an explanation of how each approach affects the treatment strategies of the selected disorder, and the effectiveness of each approach.
Major Approaches to Clinical Psychology
Psychodynamic therapy is talk therapy like what a person sees depicted on television or in the movies. This type of therapy allows patients to examine emotions, feelings, thoughts, and memories ("Web Md", 2005-2012). Cognitive-behavioral therapy
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into graduate school? The career that I decided to research is
the Marriage and family therapist.
Marriage and family therapist (LMFT) diagnose and treat mental and emotional
disorders, whether cognitive, affective, or behavioral, within the context of marriage and
family systems (A Comparative Analysis, 2008). A Comparative Analysis found that LMFT
apply psychotherapeutic and family systems theories and techniques in the delivery of
professional services to individuals, couples, and families for the purpose of treating such
diagnosed nervous and mental disorders (2008). Therapy usually consists of talk sessions,
asting about an hour. Using techniques learned in classrooms
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Krystle A McClurg
Psychotherapy, or "talk therapy", is a way to treat people with a mental disorder by helping them understand their illness. It teaches people strategies and gives them tools to deal with stress and unhealthy thoughts and behaviors. Psychotherapy helps patients manage their symptoms better and function at their best in everyday life.
Sometimes psychotherapy alone may be the best treatment for a person, depending on the illness and its severity. Other times, psychotherapy is combined with medications. Therapists work with an individual or families to devise an appropriate treatment plan
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client. Being that CT is a structured therapy; it may not be suitable for many especially for those who mental health is way more complex and have learning disabilities. Some feel that because this type of therapy only focuses on the present problems of the client as oppose to the underlying cause of the mental disorder which could of began anywhere from childhood. Cognitive Behavior Therapy focuses on how the individual can change on their own, with the help of the therapist. That is why many feel that a lot of the mental disorders have a lot to do with a traumatic past experience. Let’s take a shy child as an example. Children that are raised in a family that are emotionally and
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While no specific cause of adult acne has been found, several predisposing factors can be identified. Adult women with acne may have excess levels of androgens in the skin and sebaceous gland which promotes sebum production (Geller et al.). Also, genetic predisposition is directly related to an increase in adult acne. 50% of patients report a first-degree family member with postadolescent acne. Studies have also a reported a relationship between acne and diet. Diets high in gluten and dairy may negatively impact the endocrine and immune systems, leading to an aggravation of an existing acne condition (Howard). Chronic stress, leading to an in increase in adrenal androgens, has also been
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Intro to Counseling
25 February 2016
Response Paper #1
I struggled with addiction for many years. My goal is to help people who are still suffering from addiction. I have received many different types of therapy; some of which I liked and some I didn’t. I have selected a few therapies that are of most value to me: cognitive behavior therapy, person centered therapy, and family therapy. These are all treatments that I have received myself and that have assisted me in my recovery.
The first type of therapy that I will be talking about is cognitive behavioral therapy. Cognitive behavioral therapy operates on the theory that what people believe impacts how
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therapy was a good idea for her diagnoses, but I think that they should have also integrated other therapies along with it. This would have been able to target not only her parasuicidal behaviors, but also her sexual and physical assault problems and her major depressive disorder. This therapy only focused on her parasuicidal behaviors and her borderline personality features while her other symptoms went almost ignored.
Another problem with using this therapy was the fact that it was hard for her family to be involved with it because they didn’t get along. I think that since they were unable to incorporate the family, it was harder for her to use her skills. It seems to me that a lot of her
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Structural family therapy (SFT) is a method of psychotherapy developed by Salvador Minuchin which addresses problems in functioning within a family. Structural Family Therapists strive to enter, or "join", the family system in therapy in order to understand the invisible rules which govern its functioning, map the relationships between family members or between subsets of the family, and ultimately disrupt dysfunctional relationships within the family, causing it to stabilize into healthier patterns. Minuchin contends that pathology rests not in the individual, but within the family system.
SFT utilizes, not only a special systems terminology, but also a means of depicting key family
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Gene therapy is a procedure that applies genes to treat disorders, which have hereditary, viral or cancerous origin. Evidence of its humble beginnings can be found in the paper written by Stanfield Roger’s who in 1966 uncovered the ability of Shope rabbit papilloma virus to code for arginase. A mere 10 years later he was administering the virus to children suffering from argininemia “in the hope of replacing their genetically deficient enzymes” (Roger’s, 1976, p66).
As stated by the Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications (2014, Para 1), the three gene therapy approaches currently under investigation are the removal of a mutated gene causing impairment, replacement of a
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(Nichols & Everett, 1986) and are identified as spousal, parental, and sibling (Minuchin, 1974). These subsystems are visible in gangs in the form of cliques that are fluid and connected to one another and to the gang as a whole. The suprasystems concept in family therapy states that all systems are embedded in a larger system (Nichols & Everett, 1986). The suprasystems that are most likely to affect and be affected by the street gangs are the community and law enforcement (Ruble & Turner, 2000). In systems theory, a system that is either too open or too closed is considered to be dysfunctional and is described as being in a state of entropy (Becvar & Becvar, 1982). Gangs experience
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Psychotherapy is a treatment between a trained professional and a person or group.Psychotherapy aims to increase the individual's sense of his/her own well-being. Psychotherapists employ a range of techniques based on experiential relationship building, dialogue, communication and behavior change that are designed to improve the mental health of a client or patient, or to improve group relationships (such as in a family).
Psychotherapy may also be performed by practitioners with different qualifications, including psychiatry, clinical psychology, counseling psychology, clinical or psychiatric social work, mental health counseling, marriage and family therapy, rehabilitation counseling
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Discuss two or more psychological therapies for schizophrenia (24 marks)
Psychological therapies in dealing with schizophrenia are Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT), Family intervention and Behavioural therapy; token economy.
Cognitive- Behavioural therapy is used to treat distorted believes which influences schizophrenic behaviour in maladaptive ways. For example a schizophrenia person may believe that they are being controlled by someone or something else, cognitive therapy is used to treat faulty interpretations of these events. In CBT patients are told to trace the origins of the symptoms to get a better understanding of how it started. Then patients are told to evaluate the
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chromosome is not, and if it is present it would be structurally altered (U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2016).
Genetics can help doctors with the patient’s history of health along with the health history of family members, to evaluate the risk of a person’s chances to overcoming a specific genetic disorder. This knowledge will make it possible to help in the prevention, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment (Wray, Goddard. & Visscher, 2016).
A genetic counselor will help families to attain information and support to those who are at risk of a genetic disorder (Columbia & Alliance, 2016). A Counselor can help families in this situation with helping them to comprehend the
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sure you save your files in accessible location.
Academic integrity: All work submitted in each course must be your own original work. This includes all assignments, exams, term papers, and other projects required by your instructor. Knowingly submitting another person’s work as your own, without properly citing the source of the work, is considered plagiarism. This will result in an unsatisfactory grade for the work submitted or for the entire course. It may also result in academic dismissal from the University.
MFT5105 | Asha Sutton |
Recovery-Oriented Care & Postmodern Family Therapy | Recovery Model in MFT |
<Add student comments here>
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contact and shying away from social places(Partonen, 2014 p.29). 35% of seasonal affective disorder patients report suicidal ideation (Weiner, 2013, p.102). .
People close to the seasonal affective disorder are also affected. When the disorder attacks a bread winner, he/she may not be able to undertake his usual responsibilities of providing his or her family with the basic needs. Moreover, the loss of libido and decreased interest in physical contact means that the patient cannot fulfill the sexual desires of his or her partner. The people around the patient are also affected emotionally when the patient decides to withdraw from having social contact even with family. Another effect is
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Person-centered therapy was developed for use in children’s clinic; however, this therapy type can be used in any age group. Person-centered therapy can be used to help those suffering from anxiety, personality disorder, depression, alcohol and drug disorder, and cognitive dysfunction. Person-centered can be used in family therapy, groups, or individual. The therapy session are usually one hour, however, there are no strict guidelines on the frequency or length of therapy. The client usually decides the need of therapy, and termination (Person-centered therapy, n.d.).
Improved self-esteem and trust in inner feeling are the expected results of the person-centered therapy. When finished with
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and organizational behavior for several decades.
Family system approach
Family therapy as a distinct professional practice within Western cultures can be argued to have had its origins in the social work movements of the 19th century in England and theUnited States. As a branch of psychotherapy, its roots can be traced somewhat later to the early 20th century with the emergence of the child guidance movement and marriage counseling.
The goal of family therapy is to help family members improve communication, solve family problems, understand and handle special family situations (for example, death, serious physical or mental illness, or child and adolescent issues), and create a better functioning home environment. For families with one member who has a serious physical or mental illness, family therapy can educate families about the illness and work out problems associated with care of the family member.
Read more: http://www.answers.com/topic/family-therapy-2#ixzz1KV6oMHxw
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After reading The Red Tent, I believe that one could assess the family as a unit and also assess major figures in the family as individuals. Jacob’s family is very large with one husband, four wives, eleven sons, and one daughter. The men of the family tend the land, hunt for food, etc. The women of the family stick together; they cook and run the family camp. During their menstrual cycle they stay in the red tent and discuss their duties and even gossip. The father has little or nothing to do with the daughter because he is too busy teaching the eleven boys about the land.
When assessing a family for therapy it is important to assess the family as a unit, but also to
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may be that some people have a genetic tendency toward perfectionism, sensitivity and perseverance, which are traits associated with having anorexia. There's also some evidence that serotonin, a chemical in the brain that plays a key role in depression, may also play a role in anorexia. (O'Hara, 2010)
Anorexia is more common in girls and women then it is in men. However, boys and men have recently been developing eating disorders, this might be because of growing social pressures or the need to fit in. Individual therapy, family-based therapy and group therapy may all be beneficial to help cure anorexia. These types of therapy can help deal with the behavior and thoughts that contribute to
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personality disorder, depression, or sexual deviance - the client-directed format of Person-Centered Therapy may not be appropriate or beneficial to the client. Cultural understanding and relevance is also another aspect of understanding clients and creating an effective format of the counseling process, if a person’s culture does not hold individualism above family and/or community oneness, Person-Centered Therapy may not be suited for these clients. Although I believe self-disclosure can be beneficial in most helping relationships I think it is important for the therapist to not disclose to much or become overly integrated into the client’s subjective world.
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Adlerian theory asserts that human beings are social beings, not sexual beings as Freud taught. A social being in interested in how he or she fits into society and family. Adler also believes that human beings are primarily goal-oriented. An individual may or may not be aware of his or her goals, but the goal is there nonetheless. He asserted that a lifelong goal is the guiding objective one one’s existence.
The primary goal of the Adlerian therapist is to view the world through the client’s of eyes (phenomenology) and re-educate the individual towards healthier beliefs and goals. Instead of focusing on internal psychodynamics and things that have happened in the past
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feel judged or viewed poorly may in this case strive for goodness because they have been given warmth understanding empathy and are being held in unconditional positive regard. This is the foundation that Person Centred Therapy is based on.
Some therapists may argue that person centred therapy is not effective with poorly educated individuals as they may not be able to complete the growth in thought process to a positive result. Others maintain that it can be successfully adapted to any type of person. The person centred approach can be used in individual, group, or family therapy. With young children, it is frequently employed as play therapy with great success.
The outcome of a client
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Notify healthcare provider of medication therapy
before scheduling any surgery.
Identify measures to ensure adequate rest and sleep
(daily naps, etc)
Exercise program to maintain bone integrity
Recognize edema and ways to restrict sodium
intake to less than 2000 mg/day if edema occurs
Patient and Family Teaching (cont.)
Monitor glucose levels (look for signs of
See an eye specialist yearly to check for possible
Safety measures to avoid accidental injury (ie:
getting up slowing from chairs or bed).
May need increased doses of corticosteroids in
times of physical and emotional stress
Discuss ways to cope
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health practice needs traditional quantitative research to be consistent with itself. Traditional outcome research is focused on demonstrating the value of family therapy and it needs empirical validation for the various approaches. Although the results of this research offer us direction in broad terms, the impact the research has on the way family therapists practice has been minimal. A shift in thinking was clearly necessary.
There is a move towards what is termed “progress research” based on understanding therapy as an education process. The ongoing process of feedback between therapist and client is being taken into consideration. This new way of thinking has three tasks: to find out how
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Kenya Association of Professional Counsellors
Diploma in Counselling Studies
Describe the four major theories of counselling: Psychodynamic, Cognitive Behavioural, Behavioural and Humanistic with reference to relevant literature (3000 words).
Date: 28th May, 2014
Table of Contents
Table of Contents 2
Key Figures 4
Basic Assumptions and Key Concepts 7
Therapy – goals, clinical relationship and techniques 10
Appendix A – References 16
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Prostate Cancer has many ways to cure the disease and many different ways to possibly treat the disease on a day to day basis if not cured. Some treatments are standard and some are tested in clinical trials. Treatments that are tested in a clinical trial are researched to help improve current treatments or obtain information on newly tested treatments for all patients. There are many different ways to treat prostate cancer such as radiation therapy, hormone therapy, chemotherapy, biologic therapy and radical prostatectomy. Radiation therapy is a treatment that uses high energy x-rays or different types of radiation to kill cancer cells. The way that radiation therapy is given
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Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy
California Baptist University
This paper is being submitted to Dr. Kristen White in partial fulfillment for the requirements for MFT Counseling Techniques, PSY 525, on March 1, 2014.
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) is a group therapy approach that utilizes mindfulness techniques and cognitive therapy for depression relapse prevention. This paper will reflect the effectiveness of MBCT from a personal worldview. It will also discuss if MBCT can be utilized in different areas of psychological treatment including: marriage and family therapy, patients with anxiety
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symptoms that we mentioned, diagnosing the disorder by either physical exam or YBOCS, and finally if one has this disorder, it’s easy for him/her to treat it by either medications or therapy or combination of both.
1. Blais MA, Smallwood P, Groves JE, Rivas-Vazquez RA. Personality and personality disorders. In: Stern TA, Rosenbaum JF, Fava M, Biederman J, Rauch SL, eds. Massachusetts General Hospital Comprehensive Clinical Psychiatry. 1st ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2008
2. Feinstein RE, Connelly JV. Personality disorders. In: Rakel RE, ed. Textbook of Family Medicine. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier;2007
3. International OCD foundation, http
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•(For example, client decided to begin therapy after hitting her daughter during
one of her anger outbursts)
•getting daughter ready for school
•doing household chores
•running behind schedule
*Include information gathered in additional sessions including family history (relationships with father, mother, siblings during childhood and adulthood) and past experiences concerning client’s difficulties
Strengths and Assets (*as per information gathered in additional sessions)
•Ability to work collaboratively with therapist
•Good relationship with infant daughter
•Willingness to work; willingness to change
•Strong connection to
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Syndrome. Cognitive behavioral therapy fundamentally presumes that the way we think about events determine the way we respond (Pomerantz, 2008). A client may use CBT to help him or her stop and think about what they are doing. This can help when an individual is interrupting another or obsessing over an item. Cognitive behavioral therapy can be included in a treatment plan to achieve a more successful outcome for the child.
The resistance I think I, as a therapist, would encounter in this situation would be the family. Not all families understand Asperger’s Syndrome. Parents can be confused, upset or angry that their child has Asperger’s Syndrome. Having a child with Asperger’s can be
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that cultural/family rules can sometimes have disadvantages; namely, they â€œrestrict individual choice, provide many life difficulties, encourage social disapproval, present numerous dilemmas, and lead to other disadvantages.
In conclusion, the behavioral theories and cognitive behavioral theories are the best comparison to my personal view on counseling. There is a saying that ten percent of life is what happens to us, and the other ninety percent is how we react to it. As stated previously, behavioral therapy focuses on developing clientâ€™s skills so that they have increased options for responding (Corey, 2013). I believe that people are solely responsible for their actions and
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listening, and adult models to demonstrate mourning behaviors constructively and appropriately.
* When a child losses someone in their family they are grieving the loss of the systemic role in the family, the loss of a relationship, loss of an emotional connection and the fear of possibly losing someone else in their family.
* May have self-blame, confusion, fear, isolation, or alone
* Faced to deal with the changes in their new family systems, adjusting to the remaining parents new way of life may be difficult
* SC should build meaningful relationships with the student as well as validate, understand, listen, and normalize their loss when the child is comfortable enough to share
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A soldier who is hit by an improvised explosive device while on a mission and loses a leg, an athlete who breaks a bone during the big game, and a child who is born with a deformity that makes it difficult for them to walk, all have something in common. Each of these situations and many others require a Doctor of Physical Therapy to help them be able to recover from these problems. Not only can a Doctor of Physical Therapy help people that are in need, they are well compensated for it. There will always be a need for physical therapists, making this an ideal position to go into in this time of economic instability.
As a military spouse I have seen what many soldiers go through after
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Through narrative therapy a counselor can help clients gain access to preferred story lines about their lives and identities taking the place of previous negative and self-defeating narratives that destroy the self. Presented in this paper, is an overview of the Narrative therapy and the Social Construction Model and several facets of this approach including poststrucuralism, deconstructionism, self-narratives, cultural narratives, therapeutic conversations, ceremonies, letters and leagues. A personal integration of faith in this family counseling approach is presented and discussed also in this paper.
NARUMI AMADOR’S FAMILY CONSELING APPROACH
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and relationships with others. In addition, the theories move away from the medical model into a new focus on the healthiest aspects of the client’s personality. The client is encouraged to use those healthy parts of the personality to move toward increasing psychological health. Humanistic psychology has had an influence on cognitive-behavioral therapy.
Asses the similaries of schferinia bidipolar
Schizophrenia and Bipolar are mental disorder, patients with bipolar disorder usually can lead fairly normal lives, hold down a regular job, have a happy relationship and family, even be very successful in a career. Pateints with bipolar disorder do not hear voices that aren’t there, and they
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1. Psychodynamic family therapy â€“ The interaction of various conscious and unconscious mental or emotional processes, especially as they influence personality, behavior, and attitudes.
Psychodynamic theory - broad therapeutic orientation that consists of self -psychology, object relations, ego psychology, psychoanalysis (according to Sigmund Freud). Behavior in this therapy is explained in terms of past experiences and motivational forces. Actions are viewed as stemming from inherited instincts, biological drives, and attempts to resolve conflicts between personal needs and social requirements.
2. Structural family therapy â€“ Addresses the concepts of boundaries
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called endocytosis. The virus which contains a genetic coding for enzymes is called integrase. Next the enzyme cut away at the diseased gene in the cell’s DNA and is replace with the virus therapeutic gene. With the new gene in place the cells start to make proteins to fight the disease. The dilemma of gene therapy is the clinical testing, even though the gene therapy might be working but the cell realizes that the gene is foreign. The cell sometimes destroys the altered gene.
What process determines who and when someone gets gene therapy. The answer to this is made in context of a particular family and children. When seven children developed leukemia as a result of SCID-X1 test, a gene
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therapy, cognitive therapy, and moral reconation therapy. These methods are aimed at reducing offending behavior.
Pharmacological: medication is not specifically approved for APD treatment but occasionally medication is prescribed to treat certain symptoms of the illness e.g depression, mood instability. Lithium carbonate is one of the most popular drugs used to reduce anger, threatening behaviour and combativeness among prisoners. the drug is also successful in reducing behaviours such as bullying, fighting and temper outbursts in aggressive children. Phenytoin (Dilantin), an anticonvulsant, has also been shown to reduce impulsive aggression in prison settings.
Addiction and family