538 words - 3 pages
Does globalization support economic growth in developing countries?
Even though globalization in developing countries does not assist in maintaining proportional wealth distribution, it can increase growth rate, productivity, and technological changes which helps increase economic growth (Bigman 2002).
Economic Growth is “an increase in the capacity of an economy to produce goods and services, compared from one period of time to another. Economic growth can be measured in nominal terms, which include inflation, or in real terms, which are adjusted for inflation.”(www.investopedia.com).
As mentioned by (Bigman2002), globalization has had a major impact on the economic growth of most
324 words - 2 pages
Agarwal .2001. “Stock Market Growth and Economic Growth: Preliminary Evidence from African Countries.” Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa (JSDA).www.jsd-africa.com
Agarwal, R.N . 2000. “Financial integration and stock markets in developing countries: A study of growth, volatility and efficiency in the Indian stock market” Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi, India in its series Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi Discussion Papers with number 21.
Bundoo, S. K. 1999. “The Mauritius Stock Exchange: An Assessment,” Social Sciences & Humanities and Law & Management Research Journal. University of Mauritius, Mauritius.
Demirguc-Kunt, Asli and Ross
7377 words - 30 pages
Indian economy has been achieving the high rate of growth after the reform process. In India, where rapid economic growth has become a national goal, analysis of the sources of growth assumes special significance to formulation of the macroeconomic strategy and policies that affect the future growth rate- as well as pattern. This study explains “How has the Indian economy growing after independence. Using the latest data on labour and a model of capital accumulation and productivity growth, we map out GDP growth on India economy until 2050. It estimates potential growth using the Cobb-Douglus production function in the Indian context and then examine their implication for policy.
309 words - 2 pages
• The business cycle- unemployment, inflation and output (GDP) growth
• Comparison of the GDP of Macedonia with other countries.
Macedonia is a poor country with the latest estimation on this article of the year 2008, with 5.3% rate on its GDP growth, which puts this country to the 79th country of GDP growth. There have been few factors in the past that have affected the growth of output in Macedonia’s history, such as the declaration of independence and the Greek economy embargo over the flag and the constitutional name made Macedonia’s growth of output to hinder until 1996.
Economic problems persist, even as Macedonia undertakes structural reforms to finish the transition to a
4681 words - 19 pages
China’s Economic Growth 1978-2025:
What We Know Today about China’s Economic Growth Tomorrow
Views of the future China vary widely. While some believe that the collapse of China is inevitable, others see the emergence of a new superpower that increasingly poses a threat to the U.S. This paper examines the economic growth prospects of China over the next two decades.
Extrapolating past real GDP growth rates into the future, the size of the Chinese economy surpasses that of the U.S. in purchasing power terms between 2012 and 2015; by 2025, China is likely to be the world's largest economic power by almost any measure. The extrapolations are supported by two types of considerations
631 words - 3 pages
efficiency, economic growth, domestic and foreign direct investment (FDI), disadvantages the poor, reshapes the government spending to an unsustainable way and is generally harmful for the economy. A small proportion of literature on corruption, however, presents rigorous arguments in favor of corruption- presenting evidence that corruption may actually “speed up the wheels of commerce” Wei (1998) and hence stimulate economic growth. My essay is based on the assumption (which most of the authors on corruption agree on) that generally – corruption is harmful for the economy, however one should distinguish the effects of corruption on a developed and developing economy. The main argument of my
594 words - 3 pages
With the rapid development of the society, the rate of economic growth is becoming an increasingly important part for people to judge the government nowadays. Therefore, some governments in the world decided to ignore environmental concerns in order to increase economic growth. So human activities have caused great destruction to the earth in many ways.
First of all, many nations, especially the developing nations including China and India, have been confronted with pollutions brought by the excessive exploitation, which has threatened. Admittedly, no one can deny that depending on natural resources is one of the fastest ways for a country to increase
382 words - 2 pages
British exporters market. This will make Chinese exporting firms more competitive abroad but also foreign firms more competitive as their exports will fall too.
However, if economic growth in China is slowing down because it is becoming more developed and moving away from cheap manufacturing goods, it will mean that they will start to demand more financial services so British exports may actually increase. Yet, only a small component of our exports goes to China so a slowdown in their growth may actually have small effect on the UK economy. Furthermore, the growth target has only faller from by 1% so nothing much has changed.
On the other hand, slowing growth in China and in the UK could
1112 words - 5 pages
strongly that Government Intervention would strongly help the economy to succeed and grow. His three main argument points concerning the Government were :
The Government has a role to play in moderating the business cycle.
Government can use short term monetary policy to engineer the economy.
During economic hardship the government should spend to try and 'spur' on economic growth.
In the second point I mentioned monetary policy, but what is it? It involves changes in the base rate of interest to influence the growth of aggregate demand, the money supply and price inflation. A short goal would be set for the economy to achieve this by changing the base rate.
If the economy is doing
614 words - 3 pages
The inflation targeting policy is mainly decided by RBI and Government targeted at “Inflation target” by mainly controlling the interest rates. A control over the Interest rates helps curbing the inflation in the long run. Inflation acts as a deflator in GDP thus it needs to be kept under a certain range.
To spur up the GDP to the targeted levels we need to lower the interest rates so as to increase the economic activity and boosting the health of the economy. But doing that at the same time would lead to increase in consumer spending thus increasing the inflation. Thus there arises a seeming tradeoff between growth and inflation.
In the current scenario of our country there are various
1069 words - 5 pages
become apparent that some of the most economically important occupations are receiving pay cuts, layoffs, and further damaging economic growth. The issue can be prevented by ensuring that officials are carefully examining where all of the government funds are being spent, lent to, and reallocated.
One policy that the government is currently recommending is occurring within the Massachusetts state house. Many Massachusetts state employees who have been working in their respective departments have been laid off or fired after being a part of their organization for over 10 years . Unfortunately, it is apparent that there is a major problem with this new structure as there is a lack of organization
319 words - 2 pages
Although the People’s Bank of China has raised the interest rates for five consecutive times in 2007, inflation is still very high with peaks of
6.2% in 2007.
Economic growth is still mainly driven by fixed asset investment and exports; however
there has been a noticeable increase of private consumption.
China has the largest population in the world, 1.3 billion people increasing of about 7.8
million people every year. Research based on forecast data from the Department of
Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat (http://esa.un.org) shows
that the number of people with age between 20 and 39, which represent the target
338 words - 2 pages
industrialization slowly contributed to rising wages for workers. Only the chaos of the first and second world wars and the Depression of 1929 disrupted this pattern. High taxes, inflation, bankruptcies, and the growth of sprawling welfare states caused wealth to shrink dramatically, and ushered in a period in which both income and wealth were distributed in relatively egalitarian fashion. But the shocks of the early 20th century have faded and wealth is now reasserting itself.
From this history, the author derives a theory of capital and inequality. As a general rule wealth grows faster than economic output, he explains, a concept he captures in the expression r > g (where r is the rate of return
311 words - 2 pages
partnerships and employment opportunities (San Manual)
Economic diversification is critical to the San Manuel Band of Serrano Mission Indians as the tribe continually strives to expand its financial horizons in Southern California and beyond. The tribe works diligently to ensure a solid economic foundation for future generations by investing in diverse and strategic economic ventures, both on and off the reservation.
Economic diversification creates ways for the tribe to build a strong economy and contribute to job growth, our surrounding communities, and the long-term self-reliance of our members.
1001 words - 5 pages
money on important things can be considered as an example for deficit spending (Oxley & Martin, 1991). If the loan taken by the individual right now is more important than the interest money that he or she spends on interest, it can be considered as a good deficit spending deal and vice versa. The deficit spending can be explained by referring to the activities of Federal Government. When then expenditure exceeds its revenues, the government will try to borrow, likely from foreign governments, to finance the excess spending needs (William and Alan, 2005). Governments will operate in deficit spending with the anticipation that the increased government spending will stimulate economic growth
308 words - 2 pages
expertise in this industry and in venture capital of the founders (very anxious) * Very improvised launching (technology platform was not ready) * Poor financial attractive delivered to investors (economic model) |
Opportunities | Threats |
* Potential growth of the market (low penetration in the US) * Attractive alternative than owning a car (potential customers) * Alliance with car makers or car rental * Potential for revenue diversification (enhancements to the car) | * Vulnerable to increases in costs (parking, fuel, insurance, leasing) * Car rentals offer lower and competitive prices. * Problems to locate good parking spaces in some urban areas. * Potential
2785 words - 12 pages
Economics is the social science which studies optimum utilization of scarce resources. It basically studies economic activities, markets, allocation, money, capital, competition, resources, development, growth, welfare, well-being, poverty, deliberate, purposeful, rational, optimal, efficient, and many more.
We can also define the economics as
"Economics is the study of purposeful human activities in pursuit of satisfying individual or collective wants"
"Economics is the study of principles governing the allocation of scarce means among competing ends"
When we think of Geography, we often use the following words or concepts
2695 words - 11 pages
Innovation in BRICS Busines - Way of growth and sustainability strategy
Wuhan University of Technology, School of Management, Wuhan 430070 P.R. China
Abstract: The last decade has presented a new global economic scenario lead by emerging markets. BRICS countries (comprised by Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) have been at the forefront in this phenomenon. During these years, the real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth of the world (annual percent change - A% c) averages 3,83. It is worth mentioning that the above referenced countries reached 6,01 (157,02% more); and Advanced Economies - not yet recovered since
2761 words - 12 pages
The Monetary & Fiscal Policies in Support of Economic Transformation and Inclusive Growth in Nigeria
Abubakar M. G
1. Department of Economics, Umaru Musa Yar’adua University, Katsina
2. Central Bank of Nigeria, Katsina. Phone: 08032838408 and 08023563415
Central BanEmail: email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org
There is a plethora of literature on Monetary/Fiscal Policies - economic development nexus. This has prompted renewed interest in inclusive Growth. This probably explains why governments and policy makers are now tinkering with ways to situate and develop a permanent solution to the widened gap in broad range of financial services which of course are
1617 words - 7 pages
investments, partnerships and commerce. I think if we decide to do either a joint-venture or direct foreign investments, it would be a win-win situation for us. Yes there will be some difficulties, but it would not reduce its market attractiveness. Brazil’s economy is so diverse, it includes agriculture, industry and many others. Since agriculture and other sectors like forestry, logging and fishing accounts for about 5.1% of Brazil’s gross domestic product, this would put us in a great position for growth in the agribusiness.
Brazil has experiences tremendous economic growth over the past three decades in the global power in agriculture and natural resources. Even though, Brazil has had a
510 words - 3 pages
protection of workers, employees and the representatives, at least the government of India is now lenient than before, and is giving away the businesses their freedom to operate the market. Also, in line with this change, India’s rate of economic growth rate will be increasing since the more businesses come and operate in the country, the more profit it could get which will be included in the country’s GDP. By means of an increasing economic growth, they have the increase in employment rate and a decrease in poverty. Another one big contribution to the country by letting a foreign company to enter their market is also the possibility of bringing in a multinational corporation which could
1644 words - 7 pages
dating back from colonial era deprived education to millions of Bangla's Muslim peoples setting them back by decades. Some of the same factors that had made East Bengal a prosperous region became disadvantages during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. As life expectancy increased, the limitations of land and the annual floods increasingly became constraints on economic growth. Preponderance on traditional agricultural methods became obstacles to the modernization of agriculture. Geography severely limited the development and maintenance of a modern transportation and communications system.
The partition of British India and the emergence of India and Pakistan in 1947
762 words - 4 pages
Euro/USD and Yen/USD.
The semiconductor market growth in 2015 and also the following years is strongly
driven by smartphones and automotive applications.
Worldwide Semiconductor Market is expected to grow moderately in both 2016
All major product categories and regions are forecasted to grow moderately in both
years under the prerequisite of a stable economic market environment throughout the
Worldwide semiconductor market is forecasted to be up 3.1% to US$354 billion in 2016.
For 2017, the market is forecasted to be US$365 billion, up by 3.0%.
By end application, automotive and wireless communications are projected to grow
stronger than the
927 words - 4 pages
India and China a comparison by Nobel Laureate Mr.Amirtya Sen
Modern India is, in many ways, a success. Its claim to be the world's largest democracy is not hollow. Its media is vibrant and free; Indians buy more newspapers every day than any other nation. Since independence in 1947, life expectancy at birth has more than doubled, to 66 years from 32, and per-capita income (adjusted for inflation) has grown fivefold. In recent decades, reforms pushed up the country's once sluggish growth rate to around 8 percent per year, before it fell back a couple of percentage points over the last two years. For years, India's economic growth rate ranked second among the world's large economies
1004 words - 5 pages
1472 words - 6 pages
countries like Cameroon. These poor households spend about three-quarters or more of their total budget on food (Haq et al., 2008).
Over the past decades, most governments, international organizations and researchers have been stressing on policies related to income distribution, poverty reduction and welfare (Clarke et al, 2003). Much attention has been paid to policies targeting income distribution since high income inequality leads to inequality in household consumption patterns and low economic growth (Krueger and Perri, 2005). Poor households generally spend a large share of their income on food consumption (Deaton, 1997), thus any slight variation in household spending patterns may
815 words - 4 pages
increased fertility rates. In addition, the economic benefit of having children was considered and played important role. Children were given jobs and they contributed to family income. Population growth has impacted water availability. Fast urbanization reduced the amount of water for irrigation and increased water pollution. For instance, Yellow River in China is so polluted with toxins that it cannot be used for irrigation.
The situation in developed countries is different. More weight is put on education and carrier, and family planning gets delayed for some time in the future. Children are seen as liability. This resulted in families having smaller number of children. Over time, this
3133 words - 13 pages
Reference ……………………………………………………… 11
This paper provides an overview of how the high HIV/AIDS prevalence rate adversely affects the economic growth of Botswana. HIV/AIDS is a growing problem in Botswana as the country has the second highest HIV/AIDS infection rate in the world. There are different sectors in the economy which can be affected by HIV/AIDS namely; the household, the firm and the macro economy. This paper will look at the various components affecting these sectors and explain what impact they have on Botswana s economy.
In light of recent studies, that establish a direct correlation between health and development, it
2137 words - 9 pages
2010 as a result of increase in copper prices and improvements in the performance of agricultural and tourism sectors.Previously Zambia relied on copper production and exports for economic growth, the resurgence in copper prices hit Zambia hard leading to poverty and deterioration of the nation’s economy before the 21th century. The privatization of the mining sector backed by the increase in copper prices in the last decade as well as capital investments in agriculture and tourism have boosted Zambia’s economic growth. I believe Zambia’s GDP will grow by the end of the year 2010. Zambia’s economic status dwindled over the last 50 years. Previously a middle income country, Zambia was
324 words - 2 pages
board members must be outsiders.
b. A separation of the CEO and chairman of the board positions is recommended.
c. The CEO and CFO must certify all financial statements.
1.23 Business ethics: How could business dishonesty and low integrity cause an economic downfall? Give an example.
Solution: Business dishonesty and lack of transparency lead to corruption, which in turn creates inefficiencies in an economy, inhibits the growth of capital markets, and slows the rate of economic growth. For example, until the mid-1990s the Russian market had a difficult time attracting investors as there was no reliable financial information on any of the companies. Only after the Russians made a conscious decision to make their records and motives transparent were they able to draw foreign investments.
284 words - 2 pages
in Kenya and around the world. The Mobile Money Transfer Providers have contributed greatly towards the economic growth of the country as the enterprises are sources of revenue, employment and innovation in the society. The scope of the impact in the lives of the entrepreneurs has greatly been noted as their livelihood has improved; they can now invest in other areas, afford basic amenities and even create opportunities for others (Kraft, 2006).
261 words - 2 pages
During the thirty-year boom cycle lasting from the early 1940s to the early 1970s, most American
families had enjoyed unprecedented prosperity. Real per capita family income doubled, and the
GDP more than doubled during those three decades of strong economic growth. The steadily
expanding economy and rising living standards over a long period of time convinced most
Americans that prosperity was perpetual. But during the early 1970s, stagflation replaced perpetual
growth and created a set of economic circumstances that eroded the prosperity that middleclass
Americans had taken for granted for decades.
During the early 1970s, the declining U.S. economy was also showing the effects of
474 words - 2 pages
REDBUS: THE NEXT STEP FOR GROWTH
redBus launched in 2006 as a bus-ticketing company that served bus operators by providing an online platform to display their real-time inventory, and served bus travelers by providing an efficient online and offline ticket-booking and delivery network. Although they have achieved a growth of 1000 times by 2012 since their initial establishment, they are currently faced with the challenge of selecting the right growth strategy to achieve scalability and sustainable growth, however, this can be accomplished through careful selection of the right option that formulates a strategic direction and action plan.
The first option for redBus is to launch its own
862 words - 4 pages
Economic prosperity depends crucially on the size and quality of the workforce. The combination of possible labor market tightening and dissaving raises concerns that the steeply aging countries will experience slower economic growth and even shrinkage of their economies.
This will put pressure on social services. In fact in some countries, this demographic dividend is already turning into a tax. Take the case of Japan, which has the largest number of people above the age of 65 in the world. This is increasing the burden on its public finances as economic growth stagnates. China is also aging in a hurry and this is putting pressure on Beijing to rethink its one-child policy started in 1979.
736 words - 3 pages
Capitalism is an economic system based on the private ownership of capital goods and the means of production, with the creation of goods and services for profit.
Characteristics of Capitalism:
• Ownership belongs to “YOU”
• Freedom of own economic growth
• Suitable environment for business
• Profit in your “Pocket”
• Reward based system
• Creative and innovative environment
Advantages and Disadvantages of Capitalism:
Advantages of Capitalism:
1. Cost of production is reduced due to efficient control.
2. Production process is efficiently controlled.
3. Improved quality of goods.
4. Different varieties of product.
5. Consumer’s choice given full priority
1973 words - 8 pages
India's 10 fastest growing cities
A lot has been said about India 's robust economic growth with economists predicting a bright future for the country. But few know of the booming Indian cities that are adding to the nation's growth. So which are the country's fastest growing cities? Read on to find out?
Growth rate: 11.5%
Surat is Gujarat 's second largest city with a population of 4 million. It is the fastest growing Indian city in terms of economic prosperity. The city has registered an annualised GDP growth rate of 11.5 per cent over the past seven fiscal years, according to the data compiled by economic research firm Indicus Analytics.
Known for its thriving
1557 words - 7 pages
domestic front too, growth has decelerated significantly, even as inflation remains at a level which is not conducive for sustained economic growth. Although there has been notable softening of non-food manufactured products inflation, food inflation remains high, driving a wedge between wholesale price and consumer price inflation, and is exacerbating the challenge for monetary management in anchoring inflationary expectations.
3. Global economic developments over the last few months present a mixed picture. US GDP estimates for Q4 of 2012 indicate a tentative upturn on the back of improvement in housing and payroll employment. However, US macroeconomic prospects are clouded by
7453 words - 30 pages
very good position to benefit from the recovery in sales growth expected to occur.
excluding Japan has been resilient throughout the economic downturn. The Chinese market remains a major focus for LVMH as it looks to expand its presence in the emerging markets.
the threat of encroachment from mass producers, particularly in beauty and personal care and in wines and spirits. The company will need to continue to justify its higher price points.
Downloaded from www.warc.com
in the integrity of its premium brands. The company faces an ongoing threat from counterfeit goods and must continue to work very hard to avoid dilution of its brands premium status.
3332 words - 14 pages
Introduction Theoretical controversy on crises has augmented over the last two decades with a special accent on system and stmcture crises, as well as on the crisis of intemational economic relations among unequally developed countries. Crises regularity, in Juglar's opinion, is due to evolution and development. Each cycle comprises a period of prosperity, a crisis movement and a liquidation time. "The three periods occur one after another, always in the same order, although they have different manifestations in each epoch. The faster the growth in wealth, the greater the amplitude of movements and vacillation is always in the same direction (Juglar, 1862, p. 7). Using scientific
739 words - 3 pages
necessarily putting them back on the road to growth.” (Rapley 2002) Therefore, the sweeping government cutbacks served to simply put a hold on growing government deficits without adding any significant amount of progress to the economy. Moreover, fiscal austerity led to severe cutbacks in important sectors of society, namely education. Therefore, the promise of economic growth was justified despite the structural violence it imposed on the people as a result of poor food, health and illiteracy. The same can be said for policies such as privatization which was meant to raise money for cash starved governments, while improving efficiency and financial performance(Rapley 2002), but instead led to an
5321 words - 22 pages
international trade and other forms of economic co-operation, every State is free to choose the forms of organization of its foreign economic relations and to enter into bilateral and multilateral arrangements consistent with its international obligations and with the needs of international economic co-operation. Article 5All States have the right to associate in organizations of primary commodity producers in order to develop their national economies, to achieve stable financing for their development and, in pursuance of their aims, to assist in the promotion of sustained growth of the world economy. In particular accelerating the development of developing countries. Correspondingly, all States have
361 words - 2 pages
we have not seen since the late 1980’s although reported job losses have slowed employers do not seem to be hiring. The market for jobs fell but at a slower rate than the first quarter but projections expect it to take time before the growth of the economy and labor market to gradually improve. The economic inflation and activity had little to no change and is expected to be held back by business and consumers weariness. Expectations of the economy to be able to sustain growth in output and employment rate could take five to six years for convergence.
Thai Press Reports. (2009). United States: Federal Reserve. Retrieved December 3, 2010 from accessmylibrary:
Mandigan, B. F. (2010). Federal Reserve Board: FOMC Minutes February 2010. Retrieved
December 3, 2010 from http://www.federalreserve.gov/monetarypolicy/mpr_20100224_part1.htm
645 words - 3 pages
the United States GDP in 2010, which was $14.54 trillion.
It is believed that this is purely a domestic political issue. The international ramifications of the growing national debt are equally as important the domestic ones. After all, the United States primary creditors are overseas. The United States economy forms the bedrock of the global economy. Washington has the largest and most diverse economy in the world. Its currency is even more important, as the dollar is the currency used in most international transactions.
This economic disaster stems from a troublesome history. The history of modern civilization is unique in that it contains some very simple figures that always act as
1605 words - 7 pages
.” In 1962, Kuznets stated: “Distinctions must be kept in mind between quantity and quality of growth, between costs and returns, and between the short and long run. Goals for more growth should specify more growth of what and for what.
We use GDP as a measurement of economy because All these items notwithstanding, GDP per capita is often used as an indicator of standard of living in an economy, the rationale being that all citizens benefit from their country's increased economic production. The major advantages to using GDP per capita as an indicator of standard of living are that it is measured frequently, widely, and consistently; frequently in that most countries provide information on GDP
433 words - 2 pages
will be embarked upon after establishing a dominant position for the ITC Welcomgroup chain in India.
On completion of the expansion plans, nearly 1500 rooms will have been added to the ITC Welcomgroup chain over the next few years. These investments, apart from providing an attractive growth opportunity for your Company, would stimulate large direct and indirect employment besides supporting substantial foreign exchange earnings. Given the high economic multiplier impact of investments in hotels, it is estimated that your Company’s investment programme will create upwards of 20,000 additional direct and indirect jobs.
961 words - 4 pages
financial crisis especially in Argentina which made a growth rate of 9.2 and currency reserves, the bank sector also made an impressive achievement by making a gradual return of depositor which has a potential effect on investment, as it is known the higher return of depositors, the more investors will be willing to invest. The MERCOSUR organization has been benefiting from the economic environment through free-trade and attracting foreign investors which both have helped to return the confidence to the domestic market which leads to stabilize the prices. In 2005, the MERCOSUR economies grew by 4% making a GDP of $9568 and total of $1002 billion contributed among the members as following
845 words - 4 pages
quarter of 2013 over the previous quarter. GDP Growth Rate in the United States is reported by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. The United States GDP Growth Rate averaged 3.23 Percent from 1947 until 2013, reaching an all-time high of 17.20 Percent in March of 1950 and a record low of -10.40 Percent in March of 1958. The United States has one of the most diversified and most technologically advanced economies in the world. Finance, insurance, real estate, rental, leasing, health care, social assistance, professional, business and educational services account for more than 40 percent of GDP. Retail and wholesale trade creates another 12 percent of the wealth. The government related services
1127 words - 5 pages
food fare and desserts.
Goldilocks is dominating the bakeshop industry by having a huge market share of about 70% while its closest competitor Red Ribbon was a distant second with about a 14% market share. Expansion and marketing strategy for the future was on the minds of Goldilocks management like increasing retail outlets and opening stores outside of Metro Manila. Goldilocks did not just stop there, but they set a goal to at least get 30% revenue growth every year for the next three years which could be difficult considering the economic environment after the recent Asian regional crisis.
II. ENVIRONMENTAL SCANNING
- PORTER’S 5 FORCES ANALYSIS
• Bargaining power of
435 words - 2 pages
economy with the perspective of power relations which control women and girl children's sexuality, fertility and labor.
The paper examines the three approaches for women's development:
Women in Development (WID) model deconstructs the economic growth paradigm and focuses on women specific statistics and indicators, policies and schemes, plan allocation and programs on health, education and employment.
Women and Development (WAD) model integrates women in the development work as active change agents. Affirmative action by the state and pro-active approach by the civil society through NGOs and women's groups are advocated by these models for empowerment of women against the forces of