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Understanding and supporting the development of a child is an important obligation for all carers. The holistic approach to a child’s development seeks to simultaneously address the physical, linguistic, intellectual, social and emotional aspects of a child’s life. The important fact of the holistic approach is that the child is given the ability to learn different things at his/her different stages of development.
This essay will explore why play is important for the holistic development of a child, how playing has an impact on the child’s maturation and how play changes in the first six years of a child’s life.
Because of its multi-faceted nature and the fact that it is an
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• Should adults intervene in child conflicts (between peers and/or siblings)?
I think that adults should not intervene in child conflicts if there is no harm done. Children need to be able to stand up for themselves and learn how to resolve certain situations on their own. Sibling relations provide an important context for the development of children understandings of their social, emotional and cognitive stages. In particular, the understanding is revealed during episodes of teasing, pretend play, conflict resolution, teaching, and through their use of emotional and mental language during conversations which do not cause potential harm. However, if the child’s conflicts get out of hand I
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“Child Development Theory”1
“Child Development Theory”
PSY104: Child and Adolescent Development
Instructor: Daniella Atwell
“Child Development Theory” 2
Child development occurs from birth and continues throughout adulthood, and during
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Child and Adolescent development
From birth to two years, many significant changes occur. In this transition from infant to toddler, great deals of cognitive, physical and psychosocial strides are met. During the first year of life, babies learn to recognize their caregiver voices. Although babies can only babble certain things such as “papa”, “mamma”, “Dada”, and “Babba”, their language development is increasing much more than that. These infants begin to learn and understand many names of objects and people as well. The vision becomes clearer as babies develop the ability to focus and center of things or people especially during this crucial stage, babies form a
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12 February 2014
Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory
Erik Erikson proposed the theory of Psychosocial Development. He believed that the development occurs throughout the total lifetime. His theory provided new insights into the formation of a healthy personality of a child. Children’s personality develops in response to their social environment. The same is true of their skills for being able to interact with others. Erikson has stages that show these issues. At each stage, a social conflict occurs. These conflicts require solutions that are satisfying both personally and socially. He believed that each stage must be solved before children can go
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together with other agency, the effects on children that are maltreated. I will be also looking at theories and why child maltreatment occurs.
Safeguarding legislation and government guidance says that safeguarding means protecting children from maltreatment, preventing impairment of children’s health or development ensuring that children are growing up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care (Barlow and Schrader-McMillan 2010). However according to the legislation taking action is there to enable all children and young people to have the best outcome. “The action we take to promote the welfare of children and protect them from harm - is everyone’s
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child can gain confidence in communication for an effective learning.
Health Sleep: children with insufficient sleep may struggle to concentrate or remember new information. They can fall asleep during lessons at school and that can lead to not understanding what is being taught. Thus, resulting to slow cognitive development. Children are easily angered and frustrated and that can affect their social and emotional development. It is thought that children under five should have at least 12hours sleep, while teenagers need 9 to 10 hours.
If a child shows signs of tiredness as a result or lack of sleep, this matter should be discussed with the parents/carers. The child should be encouraged to go
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The rate of development can depend on the amount of stimuli and the interaction given to the child. Environmental factors and relationships, at first parental and later with peers can have an effect on emotional development.
Reflexes – swallowing, routing and sucking
Head falls back when child is sat up. When held in a sitting position the head falls forward, back curved.
When lay on back limbs are bent.
When on it’s front the newborn will get into the foetal position, knees up. The newborn cannot lift its head or stretch out it’s limbs.
The pupils react to light and when the child is held up the eyes open. Sudden sounds cause the eyes to open
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“Fact: Middle children have it hard”
Child Development 1
Hammond, Online education
Household #: 5
Other : Middle child
1. Your favorite nickname? Fritz
2. Do you have any pets? Yes, two rabbits.
3. What is your favorite color? Black & pink
4. What is your favorite scent? Vanilla & strawberry
5. What's your favorite drink? Red Wine
6. What food do you hate? Liver (not liver spread)
7. What was your favorite subject at school? Social Studies & English
8. What was your least favorite subject at school? Math & Physics
9. The strangest thing
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1.2) The difference between the two starts with the fact that the sequence is the order in which development takes place, for example a baby has to stand before it can walk. However some children may miss out parts of the sequence for example not all children crawl before they walk. The rate of development is how they expect an 'average' child to develop depending on their age, for example they say boys go through puberty between the ages of 9-14 whereas you may find some boys go through it earlier/later. There is also a lot of reasons that a child may not follow the expected rate of development for their age such as; Disability, learning disability, health and nutrition
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Theories of Child Development
Piaget and Vygotsky
If you want to understand a child’s cognitive development, you would certainly have to consider their cultural context. The concern with contextual context is no longer new and has been an integral part of developmental psychology for hundreds of years. In the past few years, a great deal of attention has been directed to the social context of children’s development of cognitive skills (Baker 1994). Much of this attention stems from Vygotsky’s (1978) sociocultural theories, especially his notion about the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD), which represents the difference between what a child can do with adult guidance and what he / she
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Infancy and Early Childhood Development
Terrence O. Roberts
March 30, 2015 11:59 pm
Infancy and Early Childhood Development
One’s early childhood and infancy are some of the most advanced periods of their lives. This development is beneficial to the child’s productive abilities in life. These developmental stages form a foundation for the child’s future learning and well-being. Elements that effect a child during their infancy and early childhood can hinder a child’s development. Particular elements such as one’s family as well as their parenting styles. Some parent’s style of raising children are more effective than other parents’ methods. There are
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Writing Assignment #1 Child Observation
Child Development 30- Human Development
I observed a male child between the ages of 5-6 who I will be calling Sport. I observed Sport at O’Donnel Park in Carmichael which is about 25 to 30 minutes from Sacramento State. Most of the activities that I had observed was Sport going on the playground and running around playing with his parent, and I spent a little over forty five minutes observing the child to try and get as much observation data as possible. I chose to do my observations at a park rather than somewhere like a school or daycare for 2 main reasons: children at school are more likely to notice an unknown person observing
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CYP Core 3.1. Understand child and young person development.
1.2 Explain the difference between sequence of development and rate of development and rate of development and why the difference is important.
Sequence of development: Children generally develop in broadly the same sequence there are exceptions however. Disabled children who have specific needs may develop differently. Also children may be gifted and talented, this is outlined by the government as follows:
Gifted and talented children have the ability to develop significantly ahead of their year group or with the potential to develop those abilities. They may have abilities in one more academic subjects, like maths and
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CHILD AGE 0 – 12MONTHS
* Cry to communicate needs to others
* Responds by smiling at early stage
* Knows others only in relation to satisfying own needs for food, drink, sleep at early stage
* Responds positively to others especially familiar people at +-9 months
* Communicates by making noises and to own name
* Begins to see self as separate to others
* Will respond to simple instruction
* Communicate using limited words
* Sleeps most of the time and grows , also tries to lift their head
* Starts to move legs and movements start to get smoother
* Establishes head control
* May begin
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p.157). As a consequence, there has been a model-based intervention program is directed to improve the interaction between mothers and their infants to further prevent problems in their children’s development. It has been confirmed that children of mentally unstable parents remains to be the primary cause with chances ranging from 41-77%. Reports have shown that these children can exhibit deregulations in the behavioral and physiological areas not too long after birth.
Three topics have been proposed when talking about the direct effects of maternal depression on child development. These include the early mother-child interaction(s), prenatal transmissions (impaired blow flow to the
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Child Development Visit
Date: November 25th
Time: 6:45-7.30 pm
Age: 4 years 2 months
Place: Jack's house
People present: Jack and I
Aims and planning:
For this visit I plan to visit Jack during his bedtime to study his
bedtime routine. I thought this would be a good visit to do as it
involves physical, intellectual, social and emotional development and
these should be easy to observe throughout this visit. First I will
make sure this visit is convenient with Jack's mum and find a suitable
day. I will go around Jack's house 15 minutes before his bedtime
routine starts so I can speak to him about his day and again get him
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Understanding children and young person’s development Unit 2
1.Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development for children and young people from birth to 19 years. This must include physical development, speech and language, intellectual and cognitive development and social development.
As a newborn, infants are showing signs of physical development. They can move their head and limbs, will start to grasp fingers and if held in an upright position use their legs in a stepping movement. By 6 months old an infant can roll from their backs on to their stomachs and push their heads, chest and necks off the floor. By 1 year they could be sitting alone
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Module 4 Assignment: Understanding Childbirth and Newborn Development
1. Describe the stages of childbirth and the outcome of each.
There are three stages of childbirth; the dilation and effacement of the cervix, the delivery of the baby, and the delivery of the placenta. During the first stage called the dilation and effacement of the cervix, the woman experiences contractions of her uterus which in return causes her cervix to widen and prepare to receive the baby. In addition, the mother experiences a brief process called transition where the contractions are at the highest level. This entire stage can last between 12 to 14 hours if it is the women’s first child or 4 to 6
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EASTERN VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY
ORMOC CITY CAMPUS
Physical and Motor Development of Children and Adolescents
A Project Presented
FLORDELIZA E. NAVARRETE, Ed. D.
In partial fulfillment of the course
CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT
(Prof. Ed 233)
ABAPO, MA. JANE MONES, ALMA RIA
DONAYRE, IRENE NUEVO, JELANIE
LANUTAN, MICHELLE PICULADOS, FLORA MAE
MAHINAY, MONA LIZA SARABIA, NANETH
MAYOR, YVONNE VALERIO, RESNAMAE
1ST SEM. S.Y 2013-2014
This book is aim to provide the readers the importance and awareness of various development processes that focuses on the physical and motor
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The article entitled An Analysis of Schema Theory and Learning Theory as Explanations for Variance in Adolescent Adjustment to Divorce is a research done with adolescents to see how well a child and his or her parents adjust to divorce. The researchers are trying to find a way to help children deal with divorce. The researchers are trying to see if there is a connection between a child?s age and their sex that affects the way they adjust to divorce. After trying to see if these two factors are connected, researchers then also study to see if a child?s relationships with his or her parents also have a role in the child?s adjustment. This research was done to help understand if schema
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Part I: Child and Adolescent Development: Definition and Principles
Child refers to someone that is not yet of age and who is not yet legally responsible for his or her own action while adolescent is referring to somebody who has reached puberty but is not yet an adult.
Part II: Who is the child and adolescent learner?
a. Definition of childhood and Adolescent
Childhood is the state of being a child or the period of somebodyâ€™s life when he or she is a child. It also refers to the early period or stage in the development or existence of something. It signify the time of innocence where one is not yet responsible for his or her own action and still dependent in his own
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Television Viewing and Child Development.
There are hundreds of television channels offered by cable companies. What is your child watching? A child sitting with a remote in front of a television could be watching anything! Are you aware of the potential effects that television can have on a child’s development? Television has the potential to be dangerous in a child’s development. In what ways can Television be detrimental to a child and their development? They could be watching cartoons, or programs showing content that is not suitable for young minds. Watching television can have negative health effects on a child's development. Some of these
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* Children at the age of 4-5 years will start asking “Why ?, when ? and how ?” questions as they start being much more fascinated with the reasons for things and how things work .
* Also at this age every child will start wondering what will happen if ….! .
* They know how to say and write their full name and surname .
* A childs mind absorb very fast and if they hear an adult saying a bad word they will say it repeatedly .
* At the age of 5 children will start trying to understand the meaning of words .
* They also start using language much more creatively and adds vocabulary all the time .
* And also at this age every child will start realizing that different situations will require different ways of talking .
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X rays have been used in the healing arts immediately after their discovery. However, it was soon recognized that the radiation could cause harmful effects and henceforth one has never read the word ‘radiation’ in a newspaper or a magazine without the modifier ‘dangerous’, ‘deadly’ or ‘harmful’. Ever since its fatality was known, a great deal of effort has been devoted to developing equipment, techniques and procedures to control radiation levels and hence reduce unnecessary radiation exposure to radiation workers and the public. Because we are unable to conduct controlled studies, most of what we know about the harmful effects ionizing radiation has been gathered from health
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1 December 2014
The most popular method of recording child observations is "narrative recording," or a written description of children's actions.
1. Running records (or Descriptive Narrative Record)
A detailed narrative account of behavior recorded in a sequential manner as it happens;
Not limited to a particular incident like an anecdotal record;
The observer records everything seen.
1. Rich in detail;
2. Focuses on all behaviors, not just one particular behavior;
3. Does not require a great deal of training;
4. Understand not only what behaviors occurred but also the context in which the behavior occurred.
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. It’s one thing to underestimate me, it’s another to challenge me.
I don’t understand, why does she always do this to herself? She makes it hard on her own.
I mean, she’s kidding, right? *said in laughter* this girl needs to learn and who better to teach her than her mother? I would have figured she would know by now. Don’t push my limits. She’s felt the effect of that. Couldn’t she have been a simpler child? She had to get involved. Involved with the drama. With the boys. With the uselessness.
What good does she really think would come from her immature games? They aren’t going to do anything for her. They aren’t going to get her anywhere.
I could see her shifty eyes as soon as I
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The changes in family dynamics at the birth of a child as they affect each of the following: newborn, mother, father, siblings, and extended family of the new parents. Although a newborn baby is a bundle of joy, some adjustments should be done to welcome the new member of the family. With a new addition to the family all members should expect and be prepared for tremendous changes. These changes directly affect the mother, father, siblings and extended family of the new parents.
First, we can start with the changes in the newborn’s life. When the mother delivers the baby it underdoes a huge amount of stress. But until the delivery the newborn is in the mother’s uterus safe and sound
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CYP Core 3.1: Understanding child and young person development.
By Christopher D Sanders
1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years .
There are 5 different aspects which come from the sequence of child development. These are
3) Emotional and behavioral
4) Communication and language
5) Intellectual and cognitive
This stage of development is very fast. Baby’s movements help them to feed or hold on when they grab something. A 1 year old child has more control over their bodies. And at this age may begin to start crawling or pulling themselves up to stand
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Several theories have been developed from the five major perspectives used to research child development. These perspectives include psychoanalytic, learning, cognitive, contextual, and evolutionary/sociobiological perspectives (Papalia, Olds, & Feldman, 2008). Researchers use theories to explain child development. The theories are important because they propose ideas or explanations to describe development and to predict kinds of behaviors. In this paper, I will discuss and describe three theories of development, their key concepts, their similarities, their differences, how the domains of development influence each other, and how understanding development helps those who work with
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. (5). |
|Give details of how the adult might support these sensitive periods to facilitate the child’s optimum development. (25) |
Children are the central factor in Montessori education, for it is through the child that we can understand man and society. This means that
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Unit 2 – Promote child and young person development. (Covers elements unit 2 – 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 5.2 6.1) When a child starts at our setting the parent/carers are given a welcoming pack that includes a brief description of the EYFS and ECM and a consent form for them to sign giving permission for us to observe and take photographs of their children. The parents/carers are also given an explanation of why we need to observe their child when their child comes for their taster session. My role as a child care practitioner and key person in assessing and profiling a child’s development is to observe and assess my key children producing formative and summative assessments. I am then involved in
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Unit 1 Child & Young Person Development
1.1 – Explain the sequence and rate of each aspects of development from birth to 19 years.
The sequence and rate of each aspects of development from birth to 19 years is important and viewed in a holistic way and that every child is unique and will develop in their own way. A child that is three has very different experiences and abilities to a 12 or 19 years old.
Development is considered holistic in all parts that are related and recognised. It is usually divided into the following headings;
Physical development, which includes gross motor skills, fine motor skills, eye hand co-ordination and includes movement skill.
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1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth-19 years.
Although all children will develop at different rates and in different ways, the sequence in which they develop will be roughly the same as they need to have developed one skill, for example walking, before they move on to develop another such as running and jumping. Development is often referred to on a timeline and is broken down in ages. As development is more rapid in early years the milestones start by being quite close together before becoming further apart as baby becomes a child and then a young adult.
The aspects of development that children are measured on are Physical, Language, Social and
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experiences. Children love touching, sucking, smelling, licking, banging, picking up and dropping. It's a fun way to play for young children and uses their curiosity to educate them. Treasure baskets aim to aid a child's development through a range of stimulus offered in each basket, it's a simple, well known, fun and very effective way of enhancing the early experiences of a child and helps them to understand differences and show preference.
Through using treasure baskets babies learn to make choices, children gain reassurance from being able to choose, select, reject and return objects independently. Decision making is an important skill to develop from an early age, whilst exploring the
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Unit 203 – Communication and professional relationships with children, young people and adults.
Know how to interact with and respond to children and young people.
Describe with examples how to behave appropriately for a child or young person's stage of development.
Keystage 1 Years 1 – 2
close supervision of certain tasks e.g. checking that they know how to carry a pair of scissors
high staff to pupil ratios e.g. by risk assessments for school trips
getting down to their level e.g. crouch down when helping or demonstrating skills for an activity at the table
consistently maintaining eye contact e.g. when you are clarifying instructions, eye contact helps you to tell whether
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age physical Language/communication intellectual social emotional Spiritual
0 – 1 year *grasp an object that has touched the palm of their hand
*lifting and holding head up for few seconds
*interest in playing with fingers
*turn their head to look for a nipple or teat if their cheek is touched
suck and swallow
*startle in response to a sudden sound or bright light
stretch their arms suddenly and then bring them in if they feel they
*try to make stepping
movements if they are
held upright with their feet on a firm surface
*exploring toys and objects in the mouth and with fingers
*sitting with support
*crawling or rolling
*sitting up without any support
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De La Salle University
Summary and Analysis
The Relationship between Divorced Mothers' Perceived Control over Child Rearing and Children's Post-Divorce Development
Sandra Machida and Susan D. Holloway
Raissa Abigail Key
Erica May Naranjo
Edgar Jerald Pajaro
Reena Mae Pascual
Dr. Sherlyne Almonte- Acosta
Introduction to Childhood Development
Divorced parents usually end up having bad relationships with their children and their parenting styles are not consistent. In this study the hypothesis is that mothers' beliefs about their role in guiding children's development and their perceptions of controllability are impotant correlates of children's development
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1. Summarise the main development of a child from the age ranges:
• 0-2 years
• 3-5 years
• 5-8 years
Development refers to the process of learning new skills and abilities, and acquiring emotional maturity. All development changes are the result of both genetic and environmental factors. Genetic factors and diet are in the main responsible for growth, whereas environmental factors such as quality of the diet and disease are responsible for the emotional growth.
‘Child development’ is the term given to the growth of babies through childhood. Although all children will go through the same stages of development, they will do so at varying speeds. There are five key stages of
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Assignment # 3
Design a research project that would ascertain how parenting styles influence the development of a child. Include (a) your hypothesis and (b) your method.
How a parent disciplines and respond to their child may have great affects on their creative thinking. There are four types of parenting styles, authoritarian, authoritative, permissive, and uninvolved. (Kendra Cherry, “Parenting Styles”) By definition, I would consider myself an authoritative parent. I give my children age-appropriate rules and chores and corrective punishment when they break their rules. I will be focusing on the children’s creativity and which parenting style suppresses it. My hypothesis is
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3.1 Describe the different transitions children and young people may experience.
One transition a child might experience is starting a nursery for the first time. This can cause many changes in the child’s behaviour such as different eating habits and a change in sleeping patterns. This could happen because the child is in an unusual setting with new people and doesn’t have a bond with anyone there. This could be an upsetting experience for the child as they could be experiencing emotions such as loneliness.
Starting school is a familiar experience for the child, they could be very excited about starting school but some children might not be as willing to go to school. Both of these
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Explain Why Play Is Important to the Holistic Development of the Young Child. Explain How and Why Childrenâ€™s Play Changes over the First Six Years of Life. Include Examples to Support Your Explanation.
In:Â Other Topics
Explain Why Play Is Important to the Holistic Development of the Young Child. Explain How and Why Childrenâ€™s Play Changes over the First Six Years of Life. Include Examples to Support Your Explanation.
Explain why play is important to the holistic development of the young child. Explain how and why childrenâ€™s play changes over the first six years of life. Include examples to support your explanation.
To begin this essay, I have asked myself â€˜what is
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child's development progress.
Suggest reasons for the child's development and behaviour.
Include references to child development experts to support your opinion.
What have you learned from the observation about child development?
What have you learned about this child or children?
Helping the child to progress
Suggest ways to help the child progress to the next stage of development.
Recommend a referral for assessment by another professional.
What needs have you identified for this child?
What action can you take to meet the needs of the child.
How can you develop the child's skills and talents?
Suggest specific activities to help this child.
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Child Growth and Development
Home and Family Life
June 10, 2009
Growth and Development
For every human being, the process of growth and development begins at birth and continues until we die. Growth is defined as the process of increasing in physical size, while development is the process of maturation and the refinement of body systems, thought processes and judgment.
Child development unfolds in a complex manner as he or she interacts with the surrounding environment. Although some children may grow and develop a little earlier or later than others, they tend to follow a general pattern of progression. A child's development can be followed by how they play, learn, speak, and behave
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Non Parental Child Care
Non parental Child Care, and the Influences It has on Development
July 9, 2012
Non Parental Child Care and the Influence it has on Development
In today’s society more and more women are working outside of the homes and are not able to take care of the children on a full time bases. When the parents are unable to tend to their children, they have to seek help from an outside source. Years ago, it was natural for the mother of the children to stay at home and care for them while the father goes to work. But time has changed and there is a major increase in single parenting than before. Even in two parent homes, the
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The teacher plays a crucial role in a montessori environment The teacher and the children form an inseperable part of a single educational whole, which is a dynamic and continous process of development. There are certain qualities that are essential for a montessori teacher to possess in order to help in the normalization and education process of the child.
First, the teacher and child should be in sync. They should work as a unit. In which the child is the reciever and the teacher is the giver.
Secondly, the teacher should be dyanmic and ever growing. The teacher should ensure that no matter what, no child should be left behind. The teacher should have alternative approaches to
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-cared. They live and work in unsanitary working conditions as garbage collector. They get too much responsibility incommensurate with the age of the child. Child labor hampers the opportunity of education. It is against the dignity and self-esteem of the child. It also hampers physical and mental development and it is hazardous for the child. But a child has right to live and survive well. Being deprived of basic rights, a child cannot become a perfect man. We should ensure their good leaving. A child should be protected from all kinds of threats and oppressions. He has the right to get educated. We should encourage them to learn. We should also ensure a child’s health and hygiene. Child labor should be banned from the society as soon as possible for a better future of the country because one who is child today will be a perfect man tomorrow. We should try to improve their physical and mental development. A child should not be forced into labor. We must not expect income from the children.
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Importance of Sensitive Mothering in Social and Emotional Development of a Child
Sensitive mothering has been defined and explained by different authors, but it was originally defined by Ainsworth and other intellects as the mother’s capability to recognize her child’s signs accurately and responding to them promptly, appropriately and contingently. A mother who is sensitive is usually able to perceive things from her child’s perspective or point of view. The quality of mother-child attachment is normally explained in terms of the child’s ability to use the mother as a secure base from which the child explore, and comfort herself during the times of distress and agony.
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involve cognitive, physical, moral, personality, and social development
(Shonkoff & Phillips, 2000).
This paper will discuss the influences on physical and cognitive development of middle childhood years (6 – 12 years). As a child progresses into these years, physical, moral, cognitive, personal, and social traits are further developed. All of these traits are imperative in the personality development of humans. Understanding how humans develop traits as physical, moral, and social during the middle childhood years will give insight into lifespan development (Karpov, 2005).
Physical Development Factors
During childhood years, the physical