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In order for us to survive we need blood. Blood transports oxygen, nutrients, protein, water, and most importantly carbon monoxide. Our blood contains red blood cells, platelets, and plasma. Red blood cells, also called erythrocytes, carry protein called hemoglobin. The red blood cells are transported throughout the body while the hemoglobin releases the oxygen for carbon monoxide. The plasma is the fluid part of the blood throughout the circulatory system. It helps transport the red blood cells. Platelets are small blood components that help the blood clot when it is needed.
Iron deficiency anemia is what 4 year old Lily has. This disorder is a where your blood has low
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Name _____________________________________ Section ______
PART 1: Blood Laboratory Applications Questions
Read the blood laboratory exercise posted on D2L and answer the Applications questions below (these are the same questions as within the exercise document).
(1) What is a normal hematocrit range for you?
(2) What could cause a low hematocrit?
(3) What could cause a high hematocrit?
(4) What is the importance of heparin or EDTA in the blood-collection tube?
(5) If a clot forms in a vessel and blocks blood flow, what would happen to oxygen delivery to the tissues supplied by that vessel? Why?
(6) Aspirin inhibits platelet aggregation. How
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A BLOOD ALCOHOL MEASUREMENT DEVICE USING A FIXED FREQUENCY PHOTOSPECTROMETER BY LUCILLE J. DURFEE
ABSTRACT There are many people who go out for a night on the town without thinking about the potential dangers of drinking alcohol and then driving. A simple, non-invasive system is needed to test these people before they leave the bar to determine if they are “okay” to drive. The purpose of this project is to study, design ,build, and test a fixed frequency photospectrometer that will test the blood alcohol content of a person non-invasively.
BACKGROUND Over the past decades a new method for measurement has been rapidly envancing. This method is a photonic technique that envolves
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«BLOOD DIAMOND» - Film review.
Blood Diamond is an Oscar-nominated political war thriller movie from 2006 directed by Edward Zwick. The movie stars Leonardo DiCaprio, Djimon Hounsou, Jennifer Connelly, Kagiso Kuypers and Stephen Collins.
The movie is set during the Sierra Leone Civil War, from 1996 to 2001. We get introduced to the main characters, Danny Archer and Solomon Vandy, both living in Sierra Leone. Solomon gets kidnapped by the RUF (Revolutionary United Front). He got separated from his family, and his son got kidnapped too, and turned into a child-soldier. Solomon got sent to work as a slave in the diamond mines. If the slaves found any diamonds, the RUF would use the
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In the novels Kidnapped by Robert Louis Stevenson and In Cold Blood by Truman Capote both authors demonstrate their use of characters and their change throughout the novel. In Kidnapped, the characters David and Ebenezer Balfour and the characters Herb Clutter, Perry, and Alvin Dewey in In Cold Blood are dynamic characters because they all undergo a change within the novels. Furthermore, Capote and Stevenson use suspense to promote the character dynamics within the novels. Capote and Stevenson cohesively use suspense with irony, the theme of chase and the overall structure of their novels to illustrate the character dynamics. Suspenseful irony is used to show the change in character
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What Is Blood Pressure?
Blood pressure is the force at which your hearty pushes blood around to give it the energy and oxygen that it needs.as blood moves, it pushes against the blood vessels, the strength of this is known as your blood pressure. If the pressure of your blood is too low then this may cause a strain on your arteries and in some case it strains the heart also. This may lead to heart attack (whether mile or sever) and even strokes. Blood pressure is expressed in two form/figures, one is said to be “over” the other; systolic pressure which is caused when the left ventricle of the heart contracts to push the blood through the body, and the diastolic pressure is when the
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Blood Pressure Homeostasis
Homeostasis in the ability of the body to keep an internal environment that is constant, regardless of outside influences. Blood pressure remains within normal limits through the utilization of both rapid and slow mechanisms. Working together, the mechanisms strive to maintain an approximate blood pressure of 120/80 mm Hg. The baroreceptor reflex is one of the most important fast acting homeostatic mechanisms involved in regulating blood pressure. This contains receptors, sensory nerves, and the medulla oblongata and motor nerves, all working together. Another rapid acting mechanism in the regulation of blood pressure is the secretion of epinephrine and
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Canadian Blood Services Case Study
Canadian Blood Services Case Study
The main problem facing the organization is its potential inability to meet the high growing demand for blood products. This is because the demand for blood products is increasing at a rate that is twice that of the population growth rate.
CBS is a non-profit making organization whose main purpose is management of the supply of blood and blood products. The organization was formed in 1998 after the Canadian Red Cross was stripped of the role of blood management due to occurrence of the blood contamination scandal
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3 October 2014
Vampire-human contracts for the purchase and sale of blood
I proposed the creation of legalized “blood markets” to allow us humans to transfer our property rights in our blood to vampires on a consensual and contractual basis. If both parties benefit, and their is voluntary consent the human-vampire contract should be enforced. It turns an act that was once in the shadows, a sign of duress, into now a legal exercise that has joint cooperation with a beneficial voluntary trade.
Their is mutual assent for both parties, the Offeror, the human and the Offeree, being the vampire. When both parties benefit I don’t believe
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Case Write-up #4: Biopure
Issues: The main issue for Biopure corporation was the strategic decision on when to introduce Oxyglobin. What should be the launch strategy for Oxyglobin that ensures that the potential of Hemopure would not be affected?
SWOT analysis & Reommendation:
S: Oxyglobin is the first blood substitute that has received full government approval. The FDA approval would be a time consuming process, the company will be the first player to enter the market and gain first entry advantage. Biopure products are universal blood substitutes, free of infectious agents and contamination, and could be saved up safely up to 2 years. Able to immediately start off with 100
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6 Ways to Prevent Hypertension - Hypertension Center - Everyday Health
Recommended For You
Are You Eating
Too Much Salt?
Are Your Meds
Brought to you by
6 Ways to Prevent Hypertension
By Krisha McCoy, MS | Medically reviewed by Pat F. Bass III, MD, MPH
Making an effort to prevent high blood pressure can reduce your risk of
heart attack, stroke, and other serious illnesses. If you are at risk for
hypertension, take these steps to help prevent it.
High blood pressure, which is also called hypertension, increases your risk of developing many
serious health problems, including heart disease, stroke, and kidney
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The Deadliest Disease in the World
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most deadly disease in the world. CAD occurs when plaque builds up in the arteries causing blood clots and restricting the heart of oxygen. CAD is the number one cause of death in the United States and the world. Medications and treatments are available but nothing can take the place of being proactive and preventing the disease. ("What Is Coronary Heart Disease?")
Coronary artery disease is caused when cholesterol containing deposits of plaque buildup inside the arteries that supply blood to your heart. As the plaque builds up, it begins to narrow your arteries
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The digestive system consists of a series of connected organs that together, allow the body to break down and absorb food, and remove waste. It includes the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, and anus. The liver and pancreas also play a role in the digestive system because they produce digestive juices.
The endocrine system consists of eight major glands that secrete hormones into the blood. These hormones, in turn, travel to different tissues and regulate various bodily functions, such as metabolism, growth and sexual function.
The immune system is the body's defense against bacteria, viruses and other pathogens that may be harmful. It includes lymph
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Hyperglycemia occurs when your blood glucose levels become too high, indicating the body's inability to use the sugar that is present in the bloodstream. This occurs either because insulin is not available (Type 1 diabetes) or because the cells are resistant to the present insulin (Type 2 diabetes). Hyperglycemia is a sign that the body's tissues are, to one degree or another, starving for glucose. In extreme and untreated cases, hyperglycemia can be very serious, leading to ketoacidosis, coma and even death.
For all the danger that can be associated with hyperglycemia, it is to some extent, a difficult-to-avoid experience for people with diabetes. It is likely to be the means through
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the overstretching of the heart muscles as it tries to pump blood. As a result the heart may beat too fast. Smoking may also raise the cholesterol levels in the body. This goes and surrounds the muscles of the heart making it hard for the walls to pump blood. Such complications may affect the general performance of the body a great deal. Too much smoking leads to a lot of tar being inhaled into the body. This is a chemical component of cigarettes and other drugs that are consumed by smoking. The tar goes to the blood vessels and clogs them. This results into blood flowing with difficulty. This may further result into hypertension which is very fatal in humans. This becomes more serious in
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Congestive heart failure
* The inability of the heart to pump enough blood throughout the body (decreased cardiac output) to maintain well-being
* Can be caused by a MI
* A life threatening complication of left-sided congestive heart failure
* When large amounts of fluid and blood accumulate in the lungs, causing the alveoli to fill up and air exchange to be nonexistent
* A syndrome that occurs from the progressive inability of heart to pump enough blood to meet body’s oxygen and nutrient needs
* Causes are
* Coronary artery disease
* Heart valve problems
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Sickle cell originated from Africa, India, Mediterranean countries, Saudi Arabia, the Caribbean islands, and South and Central America. Sickle is most commonly found in African Americans, but it can also effect, and be found in all races. Sickle cell anemia is an inherited form of anemia — a condition in which there are not enough healthy red blood cells to carry proper amount of oxygen throughout your body. Many people may have heard about sickle cell and may be aware but many most likely do not know how it exactly works. When looking at sickle cell blood cells you can tell the differences between normal blood cells and sickle cell blood cells. Sickle cell blood cells, are crescent shaped
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The disease I chose is stoke risk, a stroke is sometimes called a “brain attack” it is in some way related to having a heart attack. The most common stroke happens when a blood vessel that feeds your brain becomes blocked, for example a thrombus or blood clot. With the sudden reduction in blood supply to the brain it causes injury to the brain tissue. Sometimes the damage is permanent or sometimes it is temporarily and it resolves itself within a twenty four hour period. A rare and less common stroke is called a hemorrhagic stroke; this is when one of the blood vessels in your brain breaks open. This is caused by the lack of blood where it is needed and too much blood where it does not
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Here’s a list of some of its amazing benefits — benefits that you may not have been aware of. Some of these benefits are still being debated, so please do your own research if you want to use green tea for medicinal purposes.
1. Weight Loss. Green tea increases the metabolism. The polyphenol found in green tea works to intensify levels of fat oxidation and the rate at which your body turns food into calories.
2. Diabetes. Green tea apparently helps regulate glucose levels slowing the rise of blood sugar after eating. This can prevent high insulin spikes and resulting fat storage.
3. Heart Disease. Scientists think, green tea works on the lining of blood vessels, helping keep
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I. Introduction: In America, Heart Disease is one of the leading causes of death. I will discuss what Heart Disease is and ways to prevent and treat heart disease, as well as what contributes to Heart Disease and why it is important to prevent it.
A. What is Heart Disease?
1. Heart disease is a broad term used to describe a range of diseases that affect your heart. The various diseases that fall under the umbrella of heart disease include diseases of your blood vessels, such as coronary artery disease; heart rhythm problems; heart infections; and heart defects you're born with (congenital heart defects
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risk for a disease, but does not cause it. How does one use risk factors?
Review the basics of cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis. Be ready to identify the risk factors for cardiovascular disease (especially diet-related risk factors!) A) High LDL blood cholesterol, low HDL blood cholesterol, high blood pressure (hypertension), diabetes, obesity (central obesity), physical inactivity, cigarette smoking, diet: high saturated or trans fats, low veggies, low fruits, low whole grains Describe the dietary strategies to reduce risk of CVD through diet. A) Decrease saturated and trans fat, increase soluble fiber intake, increase fruits and veggies, increase whole grains/ decrease refined
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Nueva Ecija Doctors’ Colleges, Inc.
Cagayan Valley Road, Cabanatuan City
College of Medical Technology
In partial fulfillment of RLE
Valdez, Shiela Mae A.
Alonzo, Krizzel Marie M.
Sevilla, Rica Allona N.
Flores, Ma. Cristina D.
Mangulabnan, Kimberly M.
Glomerulonephritis literally means inflammation of the glomerulus or the clusters of microscopic blood vessels in the kidney that filter wastes and fluids from the blood. It includes a number of disorders that affect the structure and function of the glomerulus without any prominent inflammation. It is therefore also referred to as glomerular
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ASU BIO 100 EXAM 3 PRACTICE QUESTIONS – SPRING 2016
1. Explain the functions of each system of the body: digestive, cardiovascular (respiratory and circulatory), immune, skeletal/muscular, endocrine, reproductive, and nervous.
2. Compare and contrast how positive and negative feedback mechanisms are used to maintain homeostasis. Use these concepts to describe:
* The maintenance of blood glucose levels
* The release of platelets to form blood clots.
3. What does it mean if an organism is an ectotherm? Endotherm? Give an example of each.
4. Herbivorous mammals tend to have extremely long digestive systems, especially the intestines; omnivores have
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BANANA AS A NATURAL REMEDY
This natural food generally known as banana is highly nutritious for man, animals such as monkies, and other domestic animals. It can be eaten alone or served with other meals, such as rice, beans, yam and vegetables. Banana is very medicinal to the body system because it contains vitamins and minerals which are essential to the body. They include:
VITAMIN A :It is important in the maintenance of the mucous membrane and promotes bright sight.
VITAMIN B COMPLEX: It is required for growth, formation of blood, strength, digestion, appetite tonic for the muscles and healthy skin. It also helps other vitamins and minerals to function properly.
V ITAMIN C: It
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Stress and the immune system
It is suggested that stress can result in immunosuppression which can lead to stress-related illnesses such as Coronary Heart Disease and high blood pressure.
Kiecolt and Glaser conducted an experiment to see the effects of stress on the immune system. This was achieved by taking blood samples of 75 medical students one month before and during their examination period. They then compared the two blood samples and found decreased leucocyte activity in the sample taken during high levels of stress (during their exams). This shows that stress reduces the activity of the immune system, making them more susceptible to becoming ill.
Advantages of the study are
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and cardiac arrhythmias can result from sudden changes in fluid and electrolyte levels. Dehydration can also cause an imbalance in the levels of a person’s blood pressure. When the blood vessels get filled with little blood, it leads to low blood volume delivered to a person’s arteries; this causes a person’s blood pressure to be low. Once blood has made it to a person’s organs, the blood vessels contract to keep up with the volume of blood. Histamine is then produced, which is the reason for the narrowing of the blood vessels. When this happens, tension happens in the blood vessels, in result, increases a person’s blood pressure.
Finally, diet pills can result in addictions and diet pill
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cells are white blood cells. There are two types of white blood cells – lymphocytes and phagocytes. When people are stressed, the immune system’s ability to fight off antigens is reduced. That is why we are more prone to infectious disease. The stress hormone corticosteroid can suppress the effectiveness of the immune system (lowers the number of lymphocytes). Stress can also have an indirect effect on the immune system as a person may use unhealthy behavioural coping strategies to reduce their stress, such as drinking and smoking which further inhibit the immune system.
There has been a lot of research into the relationship between stress and the immune system. One group of psychologists
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Measurement of Serum triglyceride and serum glucose
● Patient should not have any bleeding disorder
● Patient should not engage into any physical activity before the test
● Blood should be drawn from the healthy finger; devoid of any infection.
● Tip of the finger should be thoroughly cleaned with alcohol swab before taking the sample
● Serum triglyceride and glucose measurement device should be calibrated before testing.
● Sensor code should match the code set on the device.
● Patient should be in 8-12 h fasting state before the test
● Ask the patient about the medications he/she takes
Serum triglyceride and glucose level are measured by using
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Leukemia is a cancer that is commonly diagnosed to anyone.
Leukemia is a type of Cancer, there are various types of Leukemia and they each carry many symptoms to it. Although Leukemia is incurable it is treatable. There are a variety of ways to find out whether or not a person has Leukemia. Leukemia is a cancer of the body’s blood-forming tissues, including the bone marrow and the lymphatic system. There are many types of Leukemia that exist. Some forms of Leukemia are more common in children, other forms of Leukemia occur mostly to adults. Leukemia symptoms vary depending on the type of Leukemia it is. The treatment for Leukemia can be complex, this all depends on the type of Leukemia
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10 March 2011
Vampires: Fact or Fiction?
When the word “vampire” comes up in a conversation an immediate thought that comes to mind is Twilight. The Twilight series has made the world of vampires and werewolves a teenage girls greatest fantasy. To some, the idea of having a mythical creature fall madly in love with you is romantic, but what if vampires aren’t actually mythical creatures? What if they are real, human like killers who have a taste for human blood? How can a human being make up something so vile, it almost seems like it somehow has to be based off of a real life situation, or maybe the imagination of early humans, due to boredom
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be responsible for sensory input, integration of data and motor output.
2. Cardio vascular system (CVS): is composed of heart, blood, and blood vessels wish includes arteries, veins and capillaries. It role is to allow flow of blood and nutrients throughout the human body, defend the body, thermoregulation
3. Respiratory system (RS): is composed of nose, lungs, trachea, alveolar, bronchi, bronchioles, sacs, and alveoli. It main role is to allow exchange of gases between the environment and the human body (gaseous exchange).
4. Digestive system (GIS): IS role to ensure mechanically chemically, absorption and eliminate waste. It is composed of alimentary canal (oral cavity
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Coronary disease is the number one killer in America. Coronary disease is basically dealing with the heart and its arteries. Coronary disease is a result of plaque (cholesterol) buildup in arteries, which blocks the blood flow and rises the risk for heart attack and or stroke. When the plaque builds up it may result in the heart being starved of oxygen and the nutrients that it needs. Without oxygen to the heart and without the vital nutrients that the heart needs, it is dangerous because without those things it won’t be able to pump properly and perform its duties. From a young age, cholesterol plaque can start to build up in the blood
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Cardiovascular Disease Information
Marissa Leigh Estes
Friday, May 18, 2012
Cardiovascular Disease Information
The most common cause of Cardiovascular Disease is called Atherosclerosis or “hardening of the arteries”. Atherosclerosis occurs when plaque builds up in your arteries and slows or stops the flow of blood to your heart. Atherosclerosis is most often caused by unhealthy eating habits, poor or no exercise, being overweight and smoking. Some other causes of heart disease are high blood pressure, congenital heart defects, excessive alcohol consumption, drug abuse and even stress.
There is a laundry list of symptoms associated with Cardiovascular Disease
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begin to resolve. Daily intake and output should be monitored, any weight gain should be reported (greater than 3lbs in 48 hours), as the goal is to reduce fluid volume to improve cardiac output and tissue perfusion. Any increase in blood pressure, heart rate, edema, difficulty breathing, mentation changes, and weight gain indicate that therapy is not effective and that CHF is not resolving.
* How would you differentiate between expected, adverse, and toxic side effects?
Digoxin is used to increase contractility, which would be decreased in a patient with CHF. Digoxin may cause; visual disturbances, headaches bradycardia, nausea, anorexia, muscle weakness, and dizziness. The therapeutic
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Diabetes is has two types Type 1 and Type 2. They have in common that the level of sugar is abnormally high. Type 1 diabetes is a deficiency of the hormone insulin that regulates blood sugar levels. Only about 5% of people who have diabetes have this type whereas type 2 is far more common. With type 2 the level of insulin can be low, normal or high. The body does not starts respond properly to insulin it becomes partially resistant to the effects of insulin.
Diabetes is often described as one of the most psychologically and behaviorally
demanding of the chronic medical illnesses. What makes diabetes difficult to treat is that
psychosocial factors play a role in “nearly every
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body maintain a steady temperature. Water in the blood also helps regulate body temperature by increasing or decreasing the amount of heat lost at the body’s surface. When you exercise your skin can become red and you usually sweat. This happens because the blood vessels in the skin dilate so the blood flows close to the surface where it is released into the air. When it is cold outside like it is in the winter, the blood vessels in the skin contract restricting the blood flow at the surface in an effort to conserve heat.
When a person is thirsty, that person’s body is telling them to consume water to bring their levels back up. The urge to drink water is signaled from the brain as well as
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Description: Leukemia is a type of blood cancer that begins in the bone marrow.
Types of leukemia- acute or chronic: Acute leukemia gets worse very fast and may make you feel sick right away. Chronic leukemia gets worse slowly and may not cause symptoms for years. And Lymphocytic or myelogenous: lymphocytic affects the white blood cells called lymphocytes and myelogenous affects the white blood cells called myelocytes.
Sign and symptoms: fever/ night sweats, headaches, bruising/bleeding, bone or joint pain, swollen or painful belly from enlarged spleen, swollen lymph nodes in armpit/neck/groin, gets a lot of infections, feeling very tired or weak, losing weight or not hungry
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How would you revise the market potential for Hemopure?
The best four-segment solution to the usage problem includes these categories: elective surgery; emergency surgery; in field trauma; and chronic anemia.
Current Usage Change Potential Usage
Trauma (in field) 200,000 *10 2,000,000
Currently only 10% of trauma cases get blood transfusions in the field. With better storage potential and no need for blood typing this could be increased to 100% (a factor of 10!).
This is the potential usage in 1995. In order to project the numbers forward to 2000 (the date of product release), we must estimate population growth. The elderly population (65 and older), which
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Final Research Paper
HIV: Introspective Overview
What is HIV?
Figure 1 HIV 1 virus electron micrograph, (Goldsmith)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus of the lentivirus genus. HIV attacks the immune system by invading and destroying certain white blood cells such as helper T cells (mainly CD4+ T cells), dendritic cells, and macrophages. The infection and destruction of the CD4+ T cells takes place through three methods: The direct viral killing of the infected cells, the apoptosis (programmed cell death) of infected cells, and the killing of infected CD4+ T cells by CD8 cytotoxic lymphocytes that
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Diabetes mellitus or diabetes for short is a disease that has characteristics relating to a high level of sugar in the blood. This sugar is typically called glucose. The word Diabetes is from the Greek word meaning to “to flow through,” and mellitus is the Latin word for “sweet”. When someone has consistent high blood glucose levels this can be characterized as diabetes. The characteristic that is a clear sign of diabetes is high levels of glucose excreted in urine. In a healthy person, the broken down carbohydrates from foods eaten are broken down and released from the digestive system into the blood stream. This can be used by all the cells of the body. For cells to be able to use glucose
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, shortness of breath, and generalized swelling may occur. Acute Renal failure: sudden drop in urine production, headache, gastrointestinal distress, and odor of ammonia on breath. Chronic renal failure: longstanding kidney disease such as chronic glomerulonephritis, hypertension, or diabetic nephropathy.
3. What is causing Ms. Jones’s kidney disease? The causes can be “from dehydration due to vomiting, diarrhea, or fever, with a lack of adequate fluid intake, severe infection leading to shock, drugs like anticholinergics, methotrexate, and diuretics” (Northwestern Memorial Hospital, 2007). Chronic renal failure: poorly controlled diabetes, poorly controlled high blood pressure, and chronic
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be observed visually, hypothesize about what might be occurring throughout the activity. After you have completed the course, we will come back to this activity to see what you have learned.
Write your observations of what you think the following systems/organs did while you performed the activity. How did the system/organ adapt to the warm-up, more intense exercise, and cool-down:
* Warm – up- I take a preworkout supplement before my warm-up and my veins dilate for increased blood flow throughout my muscles. My muscles start out tight and sore from the workout before, but get warm and loose as the warm-up continues. The back of my head begins to itch due to
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maintaining healthy cell membranes to building crucial hormones and vitamins. Cholesterol is a waxy substance that don’t mix with water.
Identify the meanings of different lipids panel information.
HDL, LDL, Triglycerides
HDL: high density lipoprotein (good) that carry cholesterol from cells to the liver for eHventual excretion.
LDL: low density lipoprotein (bad) carry blood cholesterol to the cells.
Triglycerides: combination of fatty acids and glycerol.
HDL- cholesterol teams up with protein to get through the blood vessel. HDL a high density lipoprotein made up (another word for fat) and protein has more protein than fat and appears to carry the cholesterol it contains to the
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unresponsive, I would assess her facial, body expression, and behavior to determine if she's having pain. IV access would be started, in case Mrs. Baker needs more fluids or iv medications. Next, I would ask the nursing assistant to take the patient's vital signs to see if there's any major issues with her vitals, especially her blood pressure. I would also ask lab to get stat labs for the patient with an order from the attending physician. Labs would include, stat CBC, CMP, and ABG's. The CBC would help to determine if she's having any bleeding, anemic, or having an infection. The CMP would help to determine if there's an electrolyte imbalance. The ABG's would help to determine if she's
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, that is, they are diploid. These chromosomes are referred to as homologous chromosomes. Diploid organisms have one copy of each gene (and therefore one allele) on each chromosome. If both alleles are the same, they are homozygotes. If the alleles are different, they are heterozygotes.
A population or species of organisms typically includes multiple alleles at each locus among various individuals. Allelic variation at a locus is measurable as the number of alleles (polymorphism) present, or the proportion of heterozygotes in the population.
For example, at the gene locus for the ABO blood type carbohydrate antigens in humans, classical genetics recognizes three alleles, IA, IB, and IO, that
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mosquitoes. In the human body system, the parasites frequently affect the liver and the red blood cells.
According to the WHO annual reports malaria has a worldwide occurrence. Every year 3.2 billion of people representing a half of the total world population are vulnerable to malaria infection. This cases transforms into about 198 million worldwide malaria cases and approximately 584, 000 disease reported death cases. However, vulnerability to malaria infection is higher among individuals living in poorest countries.
The WHO reports for the year ending 2013 showed that ninety percent of worldwide malaria deaths cases occurred in Africa region with more than 430, 000
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concepts of atherosclerosis and its risk factors
The reason for this is to help the patient understand why they have underwent the surgery. This will enable them to understand the disease process, which will provide a foundation for the rest of their choices. At this point I would also encourage the patient’s partner or next of kin to attend these educational sessions.
These sessions may potentially have a duration of an hour during which, they will be informed of CAD risk factor modification and what is CABG.
Risk Factors for CAD –
The majority of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is caused by risk factors that can be controlled, treated or modified, such as high blood pressure
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Low Fat Lies – Section 3
1. What are triglycerides?
They are the fats that supply your body with energy
2. Why is it so important to look at triglyceride levels?
The more triglyceride in the blood the smaller the LDL gets and the greater the risk of heart disease.
3. What is the relationship between LDL’s and triglycerides?
Most triglycerides travel in a vessel called VLDL (very low density lipoprotein), but some triglycerides are carried by LDL.
4. What raises your triglyceride levels? Why?
A low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet especially if you don’t lose weight on it and if you don’t exercise.
5. How does the Mediterranean Diet influence your
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Kaiser Foundation Health Plan of the Northwest Kaiser Foundation Hospitals
HR #: DOB: Clinician:
Personal Health Profile
Medications (Prescription and over-the-counter drugs) Drug Names Strength Frequency
Medical Office: Occupation: Medication Allergies Drug
Major Surgeries or Injuries (Include year if known)
Other Hospitalizations (Include year)
Have you been treated for any of the following? Yes No Yes No Yes Diabetes High Cholesterol High Blood Pressure Heart Disease Thyroid Disease Lung Disease Other (Explain) Does your mother, father, sister or brother have any of the following? Yes No Yes No Yes Diabetes
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Diabetes mellitus (DM) also known as simply diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. This high blood sugar produces the symptoms of frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. Untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. Acute complications include diabetic ketoacidosis and nonketotic hyperosmolar coma. Serious long-term complications include heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, foot ulcers and damage to the eyes.
Prevention and treatment involves a healthy diet, physical exercise, not using tobacco, and being a normal body weight. Blood pressure control and proper foot care are also