2012-2013 Decolonization and Independence Lesson Plan
Essential and Guiding Questions:
1. Why is it important to develop an appreciation of other cultures?
2. How does religion impact the development of cultures?
3. How has the process of “modernization” affected Africa?
4. How has conflict affected Africa?
5. How do the cultures of sub-Saharan Africa impact the global community?
6. What are the core beliefs of Animism?
7. How have Animist beliefs affected sub-Saharan Africa?
8. What events, figures, and processes impacted Africa from imperialism through independence?
9. What issues currently affect Africa?
10. What internal conflicts ...view middle of the document...
Perspectives on Imperialism:
a) John Gunther, Inside Africa, 1955: “The benefits the colonial system brought to Africa, even if it brought abuses too, are incontestable. Perhaps much of what the whites did was selfish, since it was for the benefit of the white communities themselves; nevertheless the record stands for itself. The Europeans may have ravaged a continent, but they also opened it up to civilization. Colonialism made today’s nationalism possible, and opened the way for democracy.
The Europeans abolished slavery and ended tribal warfare. They created communications, improved the standard of living, developed natural resources, introduced scientific agriculture, fought to control malaria and other diseases, established public health controls, gave natives only an inch away from barbarism, stable government administration and a regime based in theory at least, on justice and law. (The white man’s law of course.) Most important, they brought Christianity and western education. Not much education, but some. And there had been practically none before.”
b)Cecil Rhodes, a British explorer whose work led to settlements in Southern Africa. The country of Rhodesia, now known as Zimbabwe, was even named after him. In Confession of Faith 1877, he wrote: “I contend that were are the first race in the world, and the more of the world we inhabit, the better it is for the human race…it is our duty to seize every opportunity of acquiring more territory and we should keep this one idea steadily before our eyes that more territory simply means more of the Anglo-Saxon race, more of the best, the most human, most honourable race the world possesses.”
c) Jomo Kenyatta, African Nationalist Leader, 1938: “There certainly are some progressive ideas among the Europeans. They include the ideas of material prosperity, of medicine, and hygiene, and literacy which enables people to take part in world culture. But so far the Europeans…have not in reality transferred this to the Africans, and the Europeans seem to think that the only way to do it is by police discipline and armed force. They speak as if it was somehow beneficial to an African to work for them instead of for himself, and to make sure…they…take away his land…they rob him of his government, condemn his religious ideas, and ignore his ideas of justice and morals…Europeans have robbed the African of the material foundations of his culture, and reduced him to an inferior state that goes against human happiness. The African…realizes the he must fight for his own complete emancipation; for without this he is doomed to remain the prey of rival imperialisms, which in every successive year will drive their fangs more deeply into his vitality and strength.”
d) Tom Mboya, African Nationalist Leader, 1960: “Despite its force as an aid to Africa’s economic development, African colonialism has been the biggest hindrance to the development of the people. Under colonial rule, little...