World War II through the 1970s
Professor Stephen Hudson
March 2, 2013
World War II through the 1970s
United States was determined to stay out of European conflicts that would eventually lead to World War II. The period before Second World War, most European countries and the US was characterized by major tensions due to provocations of the countries allied to the German Nazis. The major turning point in the United States decision to join the Second World War against the Nazis was after a brutal attack by the Japanese in 1941. The Japanese forces on 7th December 1941 attacked and bombed the United States pacific fleet killing 2,403 ...view middle of the document...
The Cuban missile crisis of 1962 later led to the cold war between the United States and the Soviet Union. Cuba broke its relations with the US resulting to travel bans between both countries.
United States was determined to staying out of any war after the First World War. America had vowed to isolate itself from the European and Asian conflicts, as well other elements which could lead to another war. This was because of numerous reasons. Firstly, the United States was facing a very tough economic times. This was what was referred to as The Great Depression. Therefore, the United States government was only focusing on building its own economy and could not afford another war. Its economy was not stable to engage in war at that time. The other reason was the memories of tragic losses in the First World War (Renn, 2012). A lot of troops were killed in the First World War leaving many families in great losses. This was an opinion that highly contributed to American Public opinion toward isolation from European issues.
It was not only men who fought in the Second World War; the women especially in the United States had a very active role. They had significant roles that ensured that their military front won the war. Due to most men being waged in battlefields in the pacific and Europe, the war industry was in need of more work force, additional labor and resources in the military campaigns. After the enactment and launch of Women Auxiliary Corps (WAAC), women were enrolled in critical communication jobs (Schultz, 2012). Many women volunteered as clerks, engineers, researchers, typists, electricians and mechanics in efforts of helping in the war. The Army would have crippled without their critical service in performing in delicate departments such as Army Medical department and the signal corps among others. The American women highly participated behind the war front in the Second World War helping the win of the war in 1945.
The Second World War opened a lot of opportunities for the African Americans. During this course, about a million African Americans joined the army to serve for their country, United States of America. After the war a new movement in quest for their civil rights began. The war had given the Blacks more confidence to believe in themselves. There was creation of group the Nation Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), which attracted support from many members both black and whites (Renn, 2012). Blacks due to discrimination started to boycott buses. One renowned woman is Rosa Parks who was arrested for refusing to let a white passenger take her seat.
The major civil rights movement was in 1963 led by Martin Luther King, who had become the leader of the Civil rights Movement. Martin Luther led over a million people comprising majorly of blacks and a good number of whites in a nonviolent demonstration in the heart of Washington DC. This led to a law which banned...