World Religions Report
Religion has been an important part of history for thousands of years. Judaism is one of the oldest religions, founded in Israel, and the primary religion discussed in this paper and soon to be briefly compared to Hinduism. Between the years 1900-1700BCE, Judaism began with a man named Abraham whom made a covenant with God, this made him a patriarch. Judaism is a monotheistic religion, meaning the worship of only one God. God expects Jews to be obedient. According to Axia College Week Four Supplement (2005), God is thought as a loving Father, who is nonetheless infinitely majestic, sometimes revealing divine ...view middle of the document...
The first devastating event in Jewish history, Moses led the Israelites out of bondage from Egypt. After this ordeal, Moses led the Israelites to Mount Sinai to re-establish the covenant. According to Axia College Week Four Supplement (2005), “The Lord is said to have descended to its summit in a terrifying show of lightning, thunder, fire, smoke, and trumpeting. God is said to have then given the people through Moses a set of rules for righteous living, later called the Torah” (p.235). The first Temple was assembled (961-931BCE) under Kind Solomon’s rule, but in 586 BCE it was destroyed, and the Jews were exiled to Babylon. About 50 years later some Jews returned, and in 515 BCE another temple was rebuilt under Kind Cyrus’s rule. Ezra, a priest and scribe read and edited some of the stories in the scribe of the Pentateuch. Around that time the Torah was written the spiritual and secular foundation for the dispersed nation. Then more oppression hit between the years 175-164 BCE when the ruler of Syria, Antiochus Epiphanes, tried to force his Hellenistic beliefs on everyone. This caused Torahs’ to be burned, whole families killed that circumcised their sons, and Epiphanies even put a statue of Zeus in the Jerusalem Temple and sacrificed a hog in it. The Maccabean Revolt in 164 BCE gave Judea a bit of independence, ruled by the Hasmonean family, calling the land Israel again until the Romans conquered the land in 63 BCE. The Romans destroyed the second Temple in 70 CE. Three sects of Jews were made under the Hasmonean kings: the Sadducees, the Pharisees, and the Essenes. Because of false accusations about the Jews helping Muslims murder Christians, the Crusades began in 1095 BCE that resulted in the massacre murders of so many Jews that entire Jewish communities were nonexistent after the crusades. These rumors grew to more rumors and Jews had to leave home once again and disperse. People found it in the norm to treat Jews horribly until the French Revolution (1789-1792) that brought equality for Jews. The equality lasted until the Holocaust (193-1945), led by Adolf Hitler and the Nazis with a goal of what they called the “Final Solution” - completely exterminating the Jews. The Nazis estimated the Jew population at 11 million, and murdered about six million until the last Nazi troops surrender. The United Nations made a decision in 1947 to split Palestine between the Jews and the Arabs. In 1948, after so long, Israel was declared an independent Jewish state. The Arabs did not like the split of the land so violence between the two nations erupted. Israel attacked the Arabs in the Six-Day War because threats of Arabs coming to claim their land and kill all of the Jews. The war was successful on the Jews behalf but the Arabs still never respected the split and there is still a significant amount of violence back and forth.
Sacred practices have much significance to the Jewish religion. The first sacred practice is scriptural study....