WORLD RELIGIONS – REL 212 World Religions |
WEEK 1INDIGENOUS | The term indigenous is a generalized reference to the thousands of small scale societies who have distinct languages, kinship systems, mythologies, ancestral memories and homelands. These societies comprise more than 200 million people throughout the planet today. |
Origin of All Things | Most indigenous peoples have creation stories where they believe the Creator or Great Father in the Sky made the earth, the animals and all humans. |
Nature of God/Creator | Many believe that they have lost touch or even forgotten about a Creator that their ancestors knew, but disobeyed. They believe the dark gods of the spirit world ...view middle of the document...
For example, some Native American groups believe in a “Happy Hunting Ground’ or that one goes to be with the ancestors and/or the Great Spirit. Many indigenous peoples are terrified of death and use their rituals to ward it off. |
Practices and Rituals | Varies by country or group. Some have animal sacrifices or smoke various substances in a ritualistic manner. Dance is often used to express stories and tales of the tribe or group or the gods. Body decoration, paint, garments and drums are often used in the ritual dances. To placate the spirits, they may also cut themselves or in some cases engage in cannibalism or headhunting. An example: the Sawi people of New Guinea make peace with an enemy by swapping infants between the tribes. As long as the children live there will be peace between the two tribes. One family per tribe agrees to take in the other child and give up their own. |
Celebrations & Festivals | Varies by country or group. Some have celebrations tied to the seasons of the year. Others have celebrations of victory in war or at weddings. The birth of children is often a time of great celebration. Death is universally observed in various ways depending on the culture and local beliefs. The finding of good prey when hunting would be a cause for celebration as well. Communal meals are common. For example: the Native Americans shared food with the Pilgrims who came to America. |
Week 1 - Sources | www.godonthe.net/evidence/atribute.htm | www.britannica.com/indigenous-religion |
WEEK 2HINDUISM | Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in the world. The word "Hindu" comes from the name "India," and in modern usage, it refers to a number of religious expressions. The most well-known Hindu saying about religion is: "Truth is one; sages call it by different names." |
Origin of All Things | Indigenous religion of India as developed to present day. |
Nature of God/Creator | One Supreme Reality (Brahman) manifested in many gods and goddesses |
View of Human Nature | Humans are in bondage to ignorance and illusion, but are able to escape. Purpose is to gain release from rebirth, or at least a better rebirth. |
View of Good & Evil | * The law of karma says that every action has consequences. * Pain, suffering and any kind of misfortune have not been imposed on people by God. Nor are these things due to the actions of anyone else. It is the same for good things that happen. Things happen because of the law of karma. * Reward and punishment do not always come in this life. They might come in a future * Evil and suffering should not be seen as unfair. Suffering in this life is because of behavior in a previous life. * Every living being has an inner spirit – the atman. The atman is eternal, perfect and indestructible. The Atman is born into one physical body, and when that body dies it is reborn into another body. This endless cycle of life, death and rebirth is called samsara. * It is possible to be...