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Work Within A Structured Counselling Framework

1732 words - 7 pages

Effective counselling and therapy often relies on stages of development, accordingly developmental theories are used as tools to identify a crisis and assist counsellors to provide an appropriate counselling framework that presents the best interventions and resources to ensure the client’s well-being.
Erik Erickson’s psychosocial stages of development extend from birth to death addressing various conflicts at each developmental stage of life to indicate either favourable or unfavourable outcomes. Erikson placed emphasis on the external world as the influence of culture on behaviour is determined by the interaction of genetic biological programming, psychological development and ethos ...view middle of the document...

Erikson described this stage as an entrance to life (Snowman & Biehler, 2003), where a child entering school is at a point in development when behaviour is dominated by intellectual curiosity and performance. If Abdi is encouraged to complete tasks, helped to persevere and regularly praised for his attempts at school then the outcome at this stage of development should encompass a sense of competency in intellectual, social, and physical skills which will result in the ability to relate to the world of skills and tools in order to make things and make them well (Erickson, 1993). However if Abdi experiences failure at school tasks and is denied the opportunity to discover and develop his capabilities and strengths, a sense of inadequacy and inferiority will consequently develop and affect his life at a later stage (Snowman & Biehler, 2003).
The psychosocial stage of development for Alara, a twelve year old female; and Gizem, a fourteen year old female, may be Identity versus Confusion, categorised within the education system as Middle School to High School (Erickson, 1993). The favourable outcome at this stage of development is the ability to see oneself as a unique and integrated person in society through the attainment of identity (Snowman & Biehler, 2003). Role confusion becomes the crisis at this stage of development as Alara and Gizem may not have clear conceptions of the role of a female in society. Turkish culture and tradition have formed the foundation of their behaviour prior to migration and the influence to their identity may become compromised by the process of acculturation and appropriate behaviours as reflected by the reactions of others in society (Snowman & Biehler, 2003).

The psychosocial stage of development for Huda and Zeal is pertinent to Generativity versus Stagnation which refers to adulthood and parenting (Erickson, 1993). This stage refers to the productive and creative efforts in which adults take part that have a positive effect on younger generations. Having recently emigrated from Turkey, Huda and Zeal have the task of guiding their children, teaching them aspects of Australian culture in conjunction with the traditions from their Turkish origin. Caring for children is the common Generativity crisis, and success at this stage depends on the nature of a parent’s ability to contribute towards the life of the next generation.
Those unwilling to establish and guide the next generation become victims of stagnation and self absorption which can also extend to other productive activities such as work and tertiary studies (Snowman & Biehler, 2003). Stagnation is an extension of intimacy which turns inward in the form of self-interest and self-absorption, representing feelings of selfishness, self-indulgence, greed, and a lack of interest in young people, future generations, and the wider world. Stagnation and self-absorption result from not having an outlet or opportunity for contributing to the good or growth of...

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