B.Sc. in Psychology Level 5
Academic Year: 2013-2014
Module: Psychological Research
â€œ Is work engagement the remedy to employee burnout? Discuss with reference to current research evidence.â€
Submission Date: 10/12/13
Grading Criteria for Coursework Essays Level 5
Grades will be awarded on the basis of closest fit with class descriptions. Within class, higher grades ...view middle of the document...
There are many factors that affect the motivation and the commitment of the employees, which may be personal, or stems from the work environment of the employee. An engaged employee who gets satisfaction from his work is a great component for the proper functioning of an agency or a company because an engaged employee will increase the productivity and the performance of the agency and he can also motivate other younger employees to try their best and reach his level. Employee engagement is a wide concept; it has a complex way of commitment because an engaged employee will be connected with his work both rationally and emotionally. An Employee has to the organization that employs them, together with how effectively they work and their intention to remain with the organization. Work engagement is a two way relationship between the employee and the agency, the agency tries to keep itâ€™s employee engaged so that he will cope with his work better and on the other hand the engaged employee tries to be as much productive as he can to help the agency or the company that he works in. work engagement is a related concept. It shows how bound an employee is with his occupation, and it reflects how he feels about his job. The ability of the superiors of a company to understand the level of engagement or burnout of an employee is essential for the better understanding of the human recourses of an agency and the improvement of their performance (Deci, 1971).
There is a positive correlation between motivation and job satisfaction. Motivation acts as the main drive towards achievement of a given goal. Companies, which reward employees, may foster productivity (Robinson, 2000). Employees need to be involved in major decision making of their work place; otherwise they may feel isolated and unappreciated affecting their performance. Human needs are insatiable explaining why people are motivated to work hard to reach higher goals in life. Various incentives such as a favourable working conditions, increased salaries and good communication between employees and employers may foster job satisfaction. Various theories such as humanistic, incentive, instinctive and drive, explain the relationship between motivation and job satisfaction (Weick, 1979).
First is the incentive theory, which is a theory that is based on extrinsic motivation. It is a theory, which states that an individualâ€™s performance is determined by the external rewards and punishments (Kotler, 2006). It is a theory that explains why most people behave the way they do in a job setting. Incentives such as favourable working conditions, increased salaries, reasonable working hours and involvement in major decision making of the company enable workers to be more productive (Robbins, 2000). This theory assumes that if the company engages in activities that are directed towards the improvement of the plight of workers, there will be increased output levels at work. It is a theory that has been...