Women's Struggle for Emancipation, 1906-1914
Question 1 – Read the leaflet, The Case of Mrs Pankhurst
A) The leaflet, The Case of Mrs Pankhurst was published by the WSPU. On the bottom of the leaflet there is an address of where the leaflets can be obtained from and the purchase price. In reading the leaflet, the way it is written and the points that are highlighted, make me believe it was made to try to gain public support for the movement and to maybe even gain more members. It shows Mrs Pankhurst as hero of the movement, who has been badly treated by the Government and the Cat and Mouse Act in her many visits to prison. Being explained as “most devilish form of torture, ...view middle of the document...
Question 2 – Read the letter from Millicent Fawcett to David Lloyd George
A) In the letter to David Lloyd George by Millicent Fawcett in 1912, she makes very clear the differences between the NUWSS and the WSPU and all though they are both after the vote for women, the policies and the tactics used are totally different. The NUWSS had always protested, petitioned and campaigned in a peaceful manner to try and achieve their goal. They were against violence and the tactics used by the WSPU, and wanted everyone and the government to know that. They saw the actions of the WSPU as doing more harm than good, and that if continued may lose them their fight to gain the vote. The NUWSS was a massive peaceful organisation that didn't want to be labelled or to be seen as the same as the WSPU “We make a strong personal appeal to you not to punish the great mass of law-abiding suffragists for the faults of the small section of law-breakers”.
B) The letter sent by Millicent Fawcett to David Lloyd George is a very important source. It clearly states that the NUWSS is in no way linked to WSPU and their tactics, and that they believe them to be making matters worse for the movement. Both groups had the same goal, but with a clear divide in the way wanted to achieve that goal. Most of the focus on the women’s suffrage movement has been based around the WSPU because of their actions and the way they campaigned and the things they did to get awareness in to the public eye. The WSPU was a small portion of the women’s movement and towards the later stages had lost lots of its members to the more peaceful groups. The NUWSS did just as much for the movement, but peacefully and in a law-abiding way. It was a massive organisation, with huge numbers of members and followers and shops around the country. The letter shows not all women wanted to be seen as the WSPU were, and that in fact they were in the minority in the movement, and that the cause shouldn't suffer because of the few.
Examine the methods of the WSPU in their struggle for
Women’s voting right down to 1914
Women struggled and campaigned from the middle of the 19th century for the right to vote on the same terms as men. Meetings were organised, petitions were sent to Parliament, they tried to persuade MP's in an effort to change the laws. There were many small groups up and down the country, which in 1897 joined to form one group, The National Union of Women’s Suffrage Society (NUWSS). Led by Millicent Fawcett, this was a peaceful group that campaigned using only peaceful methods. From 1897 to 1903 they campaigned and petitioned for the right for women to vote, but with very little success. In October 1903 in the front room of a house in Nelson Street Manchester, the campaign for women’s suffrage saw the birth of the WSPU. The Women’s Social and Political Union was founded by Emmeline Pankhurst and her three daughters, Christabel, Sylvia and Adela. Its motto was “Deeds not Words” and its...