Women In The Military Essay

930 words - 4 pages

women in the miliWomen In the Military

Historical Contributions
Revolutionary war: During the American Revolutionary War thousands of women took an active role in both American and British armies. Most were wives or daughters of officers or soldiers. These women were known as “camp followers” because they maintained a constant presence in military camps. Their duties consisted primarily of cooking, sewing, laundry, childcare, and nursing the sick. Many women also disguised themselves as men in order to serve in the military.
Civil War: During the Civil War thousands of women volunteered and signed up to work as nurses. Others helped supply food, sewed clothes and blankets, and ...view middle of the document...

1948 Combat Exclusion Law: Under this law women in the Air Force could not be assigned to aircraft in combat missions, such as fighter and bomber aircraft. Women in the Navy and Marine Corps could not be assigned to aircraft or naval vessels engaged in combat missions, such as aircraft carriers, destroyers, and submarines. Women could not be assigned to units engaged in direct combat, such as infantry, artillery, tanks/amphibious vehicles.
1948 WASIA: The Women’s Armed Services Integration Act was passed in 1948 and signed by President Harry Truman. Under the Act, women were allowed to serve as regular members of the armed forces of the United States for the first time. They were subject to the same rules which applied to all service members, and entitled to all the same benefits, including veteran’s benefits.
1951 DACOWTIS: The Defense Advisory Committee on women in the Military services was established was established in 1951. The Committee is composed of civilian women and men who are appointed by the Secretary of Defense to provide advice and recommendations in the matters and policies relating to the recruitment and retention, treatment, employment, integration, and well being of women in the Armed Forces.
1967 Public Law 90-130: was signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson on Nov. 8, 1967, it removed promotion restrictions on women officers in the Armed Forces. It made it possible for more than one woman in each service to hold the rank of Colonel and for women to achieve general officer rank.
Current Policies
-Women banned from assignment to combat
-Women can fly attack helicopters
-Women can serve on all Navy vessels in support roles except submarines
Physiological Differences
-Armed Forces studies demonstrate male advantages:
-lean muscle mass
-upper body strength, leg strength, heavy lifting

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