Women In Politics And Abortion Essay

1853 words - 8 pages

The second half of the XX century has given the world a new political phenomenon - a kind of a breakthrough of women in the highest echelons of power. In several countries of Western Europe, Southeast Asia, Latin America, they took power into their own hands. The process flow of women into politics thoroughly shake the stereotype: the policy - for men, family, children - for women. But this stereotype is not broken. Overall, the proportion of women in decision-making in most countries remains low and far below their proportion in the population and labor force. Over the past thirty years the representation of women in public office has substantially increased. Although women have yet to ...view middle of the document...

In general, the weak representation of women in national legislatures is amazing. After all, with any variants of liberal democracy the right to vote is combined with the right to be elected, so it seems, in many countries, there is something wrong, just the sexual part of the national assemblies, so different from the sex composition of the population as a whole. Reflecting this concern, "Platform for Action" adopted at the Fourth World Conference on Women, highlights the theme of women in decision-making bodies as one of the most important (Kumari 2006).
In part, the lack of women in institutional politics is a historical tradition, but at the same time it reflects the prejudices of party and voter population policy, they say - is "men's club." Long-standing and deep-rooted barriers to women close to the path of participation in political life, in batches as they are traditionally sent to the "female half" and assign them the role of "cheerleader." In the "masculine" political culture to be elected without resorting to some sort of electoral technologies quotas or reserved seats, women are also extremely difficult. Female candidates received less votes than men, even if you do not act purely on women's issues. And if they are on the feminist position, the success they have even less in the eyes of many voters are women represented opponents of women, families and traditions.
Attempts were made to equalize the situation. Progressive political parties behind the expansion of women's representation, trying to support women. Thus, the number of parties in Latin America (Argentina's two largest parties - Radical Civic Union and the Party of Justice, the nation's conscience Bolivian and Mexican Revolutionary Democratic Party) held a number of women in the elections with the help of informal quotas (Paxton 2007).
Other countries in attempts to "positive discrimination" of women are faced with difficulties. Sometime in the UK, for example, from some local branches of the Labour Party wanted to in their final lists were only women. From this abandoned due to the contradictions that practice the law of equal voting rights. However, after the elections in 1997 in the British Parliament sharply increased the number of women MPs from the Labour Party - to 101, representing almost a quarter of the deputies (Paxton 2007).
The usual way to increase the number of women in Parliament - conduct of the elections by party lists. If elections are held on the basis of party lists, the parties have the opportunity to include those whom they see fit - then, if the party in favor of gender equality, the list will appear and a woman. To some extent this mechanism depersonalizes procedure and prevents discrimination against candidates of the electorate on ethnic or gender. In South Africa, the ANC has gone down this path and held in the National Assembly a few women of South Africa stands in eighth place in the world for the representation of women, who now account...

Other Papers Like Women In Politics And Abortion

Aborigines and Their Place in Politics

2233 words - 9 pages Whitlam government did a lot for the Aboriginal people. Apart from the creation of the Department of Aboriginal Affairs (DAA) and the passage of anti-discrimination legislation, a lot of money was spent, much of it usefully. During the Fraser years, Labor was proud of the work of the Whitlam government, which, it claimed, had ‘developed achievements and advances, which remain unparalleled in the history of our politics since the British

Women and Water in Africa Essay

1268 words - 6 pages . Rothenberg, Paula S., 2006. Print. 1 October 2011 World Health Organization “Violence Against Women.” Beyond Borders: Thinking Critically About Global Issues. Rothenberg, Paula S., 2006. Print. 1 October 2011 Pietra Rivoli “COTTON COMES TO CHINA.” THE TRAVELS OF A T-SHIRT IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY-SECOND EDITION: An Economist Examines the Markets, Power, and Politics of World Trade. Rivoli, Pietra. 2005. Print. 1 October 2011 Pietra

Women and Femininity in Medea

1067 words - 5 pages Women and Femininity in Medea Women’s rights movements have made incredible progress in recent times. Although there are many countries around the world where women are facing political and social unjustness, the social class of women in ancient Greece of 5th century BCE was solely grounded by patriarchal ideologies. The Greek playwright Euripides creates a persistent character Medea, in his classic tragedy Medea. Today, scholars study this

An Examination Of Power And Politics In Organizations

1894 words - 8 pages AbstractMany studies have examined the affects power and politics have on organizations. In researching The University of Phoenix's Online Library and current web sites information shows that power and politics dominates the work place and organizations more than any other personal skill. In order to lead one must have power to influence, set and enforce rules. Politics are found in the majority of organizations, therefore it is crucial for

Religious Conflict and Politics in Nigeria: Implication for National Development

2867 words - 12 pages interaction between religion and the society of the world he lives in. The need for political stability in Nigeria cannot be overemphasized. Indeed, all segments of the Nigerian society are interested in the political future of the nation. However, this interest is approached from various dimensions. A major interest in the Nigerian polity is the relationship between religion and politics. The Nigerian society is religiously pluralized and this

Teaching Abstinence And Abortion In Junior High Sex Education

1123 words - 5 pages life may end because he or she has not been born. Educating teenagers on alternatives to abortion are the best option. In the curriculum I would inform students about centers that counsel pregnant women and men on how to deal with the birth of the child. Adoption is a good option, as well as keeping the child, considering living standards are comfortable. However, the best way to prevent abortion is to abstain from sex in a relationship

An Essay On The Politics Of Gender Roles. Examines The Traditional Gender Roles, And Women Who Are Changing Them

866 words - 4 pages The Politics of MuscleWhich sex is stronger? What does strength suggest in the American culture? Today, there are two schools of thought. They are alike in many ways, yet strikingly different in their views. Would an increase in the physical strength of women have a greater impact than the occasional role model in business or government?In the era of gender politics, men and women play traditional roles. Historically, the male has been the

Industry, Science, and Women in Victorian England

2243 words - 9 pages Industry, Science, and Women in Victorian England In The Stone Book: The Mosaic Record of Creation, Thomas Cooper expressed the opinion of many Victorians, claiming that our brave and revered forefathers, who, if they could rise from their ashes and look about them in this their native England, as it is at present, would feel sorrow, instead of joy, mingled with their surprise (Cooper). Although such sentiments are not confined to any single

Gender Stratification and Women in Developing Countries

1546 words - 7 pages Gender Stratification and Women in Developing Nations University of Phoenix January 9, 2011 Gender Stratification is basically is when gender is the only focus in social stratification. As far as gender stratification and women in developing nations women are not shown equal

Men and Women in the Workplace

1010 words - 5 pages Men and Women in the Workplace All across American there are millions of people that go to work each day to earn a living. In recent years, the amount of money that we are bringing home is not nearly as much as we have been paid in the past due to the national recession the United States is experiencing. When looking at specific careers, there still seems to be some discrepancies in the pay for a man versus a woman. Despite what the average

Perception And Its Impact On Communication, Power And Politics In Organizations

1706 words - 7 pages KULLIYYAH OF ENGINEERING ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT TOPIC 2: Perception and its impact on communication, power and politics in organizations Introduction Organizations establishment function to fulfill needs of the people. In today’s competitive and yet challenging world, the organizations have to be growth-oriented. Organizations are composed of number of individuals working independently or in teams, and number of such teams makes a

Related Essays

Women In Politics Essay

1329 words - 6 pages Psychoanalytic theory Introduction Psychology is a social science academic discipline that involves many ideas about personality development. The most and widely known theory in Psychology is a theory of Sigmund theory called the theory of Psychoanalysis. Other theories in Psychology like behavioral, cognitive and so on developed either agreeing or disagreeing with Freud. Weiten ,(2007) defined psychoanalysis as a theory of personality

Women In Politics In The 1920's

1848 words - 8 pages Throughout time women have been oppressed by their male counterparts. Many suffragists in the late 1800’s and beyond fought valiantly for the rights women have today. Women including Susan B. Anthony, Alice Paul, Lucy Burns and countless others protested and were jailed for their heroic actions. Women in the 20’s were apprehensive to join politics due to the extensive discrimination, but when the 19th amendment was passed these ‘new women

Justice And Morality In Global Politics

1294 words - 6 pages Justice and Morality in Global Politics: A perceptual lacuna in a realist global environment Water and oil do not mix. Scientific experiments demonstrate that water settles beneath the oil and that oil always floats to the top, suffocating the environment below. In nature, oil spills present enormous potential for harm and occur when humans make mistakes, are careless or enact deliberate acts of sabotage. This description of oil and water is

Caste In Indian Society And Politics

2333 words - 10 pages Orientalist image of India. Role of CASTE IN POLITICS Though casteism in traditional sense in weakening in India, though the leader of our country have proclaimed time and again the caste is menace to our national life,but still in this 21st century caste plays an important role in Indian Politics. Adult franchise and Panchayati raj have given new opportunities to castes. Numerically large castes have become important pressure groups in local as