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Wk5 Chronic Disease Essay

632 words - 3 pages

How to Avoid a Stroke
James M. Boggess
SCI/162 Principles of Health and Wellness
July 13, 2013
Robin Fernandez

A stroke is a very serious health risk. It is the fourth leading cause of death in America and the leading cause of disability. There are an estimated 7,000,000 stroke survivors in the U.S. over the age of 20 and approximately 795,000 strokes will occur this year. This means a stroke is happening every 40 seconds, and taking a life approximately every four minutes. With that being said, up to 80 percent of strokes can be prevented. 80 percent is pretty good odds to prevent a stroke. All you need is the information to be able to do it.

A stroke happens when a blood clot clogs an artery (a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body) or when a blood vessel (a tube that allows ...view middle of the document...

The Ischemic stroke occurs when your arteries become clogged with blood clots or by the gradual build up of plaque and other fatty deposits.
Hemorrhagic strokes occur when a blood vessel breaks in the brain. When this happens, the blood does not make it where it needs to be instead, it fills up in the brain where it shouldn’t be. This type of stroke is only responsible for 13 percent of all strokes, but it is responsible for over 30 percent of all deaths due to a stroke. Some people also experience mini strokes. Mini strokes are also known as transient ischemic attacks. Your chances of having transient ischemic attacks increases as you get older. Up to 40 percent of all people who suffer a TIA will eventually go on to have a stroke.

There are several warning signs you need to know about having a stroke. One sign to tell your having a stroke is by smiling. If one side of your face droops, that means your having a stroke. Another sign of a stroke is slurred speech. If you can’t complete a simple sentence without sounding strange or having slurred speech, you may be in the early stages of a stroke. You can also lift both arms in the air. If one of your arms drifts downward you could be experiencing a stroke. If you or someone you know is experiencing any of these symptoms don’t hesitate to call 9-1-1 immediately. Every second is very crucial with a stroke.

A few simple things you can do to help avoid a stroke is eat healthy and exercise regularly. The healthier you are, the better off you will be in life. Not just for a stroke, but heart attacks and other serious health conditions. Avoid smoking and alcohol abuse, because this can increase your odds of having a stroke. Also having a family history of strokes in your family may increase your odds of a stroke. Although this does not mean you’re guaranteed to have a stroke, you may want to take extra precautions to stay healthy and make all the right choices in life. (National Stroke Association 2013)

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