William James Views Essay

548 words - 3 pages

• God could not be known through sensory experience or logical argument
• Ordinary language cannot do justice to religious experience, because it is an experience beyond normal sense-experience
• Religious language is a ‘schema’ – an attempt to find clusters of words which approach the idea of expressing an inexpressible idea
• God is ‘wholly other’ – completely different and distinct to humans
• Humans are not able to know God unless he chooses to reveal himself
• The numinous is where God reveals himself and his revelation is felt on an emotional level
Objections
• Confusing regarding the issue of whether knowledge of God is gained through experience
• He says the theological ideas come after the experience
• He implies that numinous experience is a ‘once and for all’ experience – implies there can be no further experience
• To suggest that all religious ...view middle of the document...

He contended that the experiences are not numinous but are at their core a feeling of absolute dependence upon the divine.They are an awareness of a dependence on a ‘source of power that is distinct from the world’ that is at the heart of religion.
• Theology arises afterwards as people reflect on their experiences
• Religion is a ‘sense and taste of the infinite’
• Christianity is the highest religion as Jesus was the only example of someone who was completely ‘God-conscious’
Objections
• Too much emphasis on the subjective, reducing religion to emotion and removing the possibility of showing that religious claims are based on fact
• Some critics argue that there has to be the possibility of testing experiences again the Bible/Church doctrines, otherwise any experience would count (even those caused by drug induced hallucinations or mental illness)
• Research by Prof. VS Ramachandran (University of California) He discovered that heightened activity in the temporal lobe of the brain floods all senses with over whelming emotional experience similar to the account by believers of numinous experiences
• How can we know if it is God? The difficulty lies in defining God (Aquinas argued that we can never really understand God.
• AJ Ayer- it is impossible to verify the existence of God because religious experiences are unverifiable and thus it is unreasonable to believe them
• We all experience transformations in terms of our life priorities but the changes are usually gradual. ‘Crisis’ type events can cause rapid transformation.
• Edwin Starbuck (1866-1947) studied conversion and found parallels between them and the normal process of finding our identities in adolescence as most experiences occur between the ages of 15 and 24. He noted that non-religious adolescents also go through similar anxieties and depression before finding ‘happy relief’ and a sense of identity.
A surge of electrical activity in the brain could be responsible for the vivid experiences described by near-death survivors, scientists report

Other Papers Like William James Views

Thirteen Colonies Essay

884 words - 4 pages thirteen. King Charles II owed the English Quakers a debt. In order for the debt to be paid, King Charles gave them a piece of land that would become Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania was discovered in 1682, by William Penn. Penn is the reason that the colony survived. One of Penn’s greatest contributions towards the colony was the way he decided to run the government. In 1682, he promised the people that would settle in Pennsylvania, things such as

Discuss the View That Religious Experiences Must Be True Because There Is a Common Core to All of Them

772 words - 4 pages possibilities that are subject to individual definitions of religious experience, their respective beliefs and many more. William James in his book “Varieties of Religious Experiences” recognizes that religious or “mystical” experiences can be distinguished into having four characteristics or qualities namely Ineffability, Transiency, Noetic quality and Passivity. He distinguished an experience to possibly be one of a mystical occurrence if it

James's Pragmatism And Plato's Sophistes

3339 words - 14 pages James's Pragmatism and Plato's Sophistes ABSTRACT: In the first chapter of Pragmatism, William James outlines two philosophical temperaments. He argues that though one's temperament modifies one's way of philosophizing, its presence is seldom recognized. This statement by James led me to Plato's Sophistes, especially the relationship between temperament and being. Although Plato describes certain temperaments, I hold that the main topic is

Women in Psychology

1558 words - 7 pages at Harvard Calkins was afforded the occasion to learn alongside and under the tutelage of William James as well. Additionally, after her one-year of psychology instruction she was able to work in William James's lab at Harvard for an additional two years. During this added two years she was able to complete her doctoral thesis consisting of a series of experimental studies on association. Surprisingly, Calkins continued her professorship at

Aspect of Human Experience

579 words - 3 pages Aspect of Human Experience 1 William Blake’s poem A Poison Tree, Anton Chekhov’s Misery and the Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark by William Shakespeare all show us how individual experiences shape interpretations. Many people believe that things happened in the past should stay in the past - which they should be forgotten. But others believe that your past defines who you are today. They believe that past experiences shape

Witches in Macbeth

1046 words - 5 pages Witches & Witches in Macbeth The history and beliefs about witches go all the way back to the Old Testament in the bible, which forbids the act of witchcraft (Oster 228). In the seventeenth century, there were many different views about witches. William Shakespeare, author of The Tragedy of Macbeth, had an interest in witches and the supernatural. In Macbeth, Shakespeare shows his interest and incorporates three witches, which are evil spirits

History Of Psychology

1402 words - 6 pages same year that William James set up a similar lab at Harvard. Wilhelm Wundt and William James are usually thought of as the fathers of psychology, as well as the founders of psychology?s first two great ?schools? Structuralism and Functionalism. Psychologist Edward B Titchner said; ?to study the brain and the unconscious we should break it into its structural elements, after that we can construct it into a whole and understand what it does

Cognitive Psychology

723 words - 3 pages establish a laboratory just for psychology. In the course book written by Willingham, D.T it states how this is not true. Wundt started his lab in 1879 and William James started a lab in 1875. But it does not count because James used his lab for teaching Wundt did what was necessary to get science going. In 1913 John Watson Published a paper titled “Psychology as the behaviorist views it”. Watson made it clear in that paper that he plans to overturn

Social Psychology

1693 words - 7 pages psychology was William James which introduced the theory of ‘stream of consciousness’. The reason why James made an influence in social psychology is due to the step taken from introspection. Therefore, this implied that human behavior can be interpreted by their emotions and thoughts. Although both McDougall and James made a great contribution to social psychology, especially in the context of theories and research, their interpretations were

Abigail Adams By: Tan Ly

1082 words - 5 pages the families of the major family network in Boston's South Shore. Although her family lived well they had no fortune, thus young Abigail learned from the very beginning how to work the Parsonage farm (her father, William Smith, was the minister of the North Parish Congregational Church of Weymouth). Abigail learned from her mother, Elizabeth Quincy-from one of the Colony's old and prominent families- how to master a public role (as a minister's

The Queen

936 words - 4 pages , which forces the changing of the Queen's guard to use another gate. British tabloids become inflammatory about the lack of a statement from the Royal Family. Charles leaves no doubt that he shares Blair's views about the need for a statement. As the Royal Family's popularity plummets, Blair's acceptance rises, to the delight of his anti-monarchist advisers and wife Cherie(Helen McCrory). However, Blair does not share these sentiments. While

Related Essays

William James Essay

1379 words - 6 pages Ethan Glass William James Ethan Glass Professor Earley Introduction to Religion 1 May 2013 William James 1.) How does the theorist define religion? James often defines religion through supernatural experiences. He believes that religion has an active and significant role in these experiences. With that being said, James refuses to place a single definition of the term ‘religion.’ Due to the fact that there are so many different

Theoretical Views Essay

1764 words - 8 pages .” (Major Concepts of William James, para 1) Conclusion Every scientist, philosopher, and psychologist have different theories and views. Some of these theories and views may conflict with one another. Freud, Jung, Adler and James are no exceptions. They are all very gifted and knowledgeable in their fields. Freud led the way and taught several other psychologists. Freud had very unconventional views which led to those he taught to question

Cognition Essay

1046 words - 5 pages the development of modern psychology Wundt was impressed with the growth of chemistry. His goal for modern psychology was to create a periodic table of the mind like chemist had done for chemistry. Wundt’s work later came to be known as structuralism, which emphasized the structures of the mind. Although Wundt worked out his details with structuralism, William James began his work with what he called functionalism. William James views of

The Mystical Within An Embodied Experience

2525 words - 11 pages , vary as much as their individual specialization fields. Thinkers have always had something to say about the experiences believers encounter when they immerse themselves in their deep-rooted belief systems. They reiterate, agree with, reject, and even propagate the theses brought forth by both past thinkers and their own contemporaries. In the writings of Friedrich Schleiermacher, Rudolf Otto, William James, Richard King, and Alan Cole, the view of