This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Why School Buses Are Not Required To Have Seat Belts

1842 words - 8 pages

What about seat belts? Why don’t school buses have them?

The short answer is that small school buses do in fact require seat belts; large school buses, with a few exceptions do not. Seat belts are not required on the larger school buses because both the U.S. Department of Transportation and Transport Canada, have determined that compartmentalization is the preferred occupant protection system.

To explain these differences in a greater detail we begin as follows; a small bus is categorized as a bus under 10,000lbs in weight, which are required by federal law to have seat belt systems on them due to the fact that they are closer in nature to the size of the average automobile and/or ...view middle of the document...

Protection from ejection is a primary function of automobile seats.

This primary function is the same rationale that school buses incorporate a passive restraint system known as compartmentalization, which is designed to protect the children without the aid of a seat belt.

Compartmentalization

A term that was coined in the late 1960’s by researchers from UCLA. It basically was termed compartmentalization, denoting a safety envelope or “compartment” around the passengers in school buses. The fundamental idea was that if a crash were to occur, that the child may be thrown around within this compartment but the design of the seat compartment would essentially absorb the crash force and protect the child.

After extensive research during the 1970’s the Department of Transportation and its agency, the NHTSA determined that the safest and most practical arrangement for school bus seating would be this “compartmentalization” concept. Accordingly, the new safety regulations that were effective for school buses manufactured on or after April 1, 1977, included this requirement among other improvements made that year.

Student riders are surrounded by a compartment of energy absorbing material – 4inch thick foam seats, seat frames that bend to absorb crash forces, and a vehicle designed to absorb energy. The idea is the crash force will be dissipated or absorbed before they get to the student passengers. However, compartmentalization doesn’t work well in rollover crashes, hence one of the reasons on the NHTSA’s regulatory update on seat belts

With these changes at that time seat backs were now higher in school buses, wider and thicker that before. All metal surfaces are covered with foam padding. This structure must then meet rigid test requirements for bending and absorbing energy, such as would be required if a student’s body were thrown against the padded back. In addition, the equivalent of a seat back, called a “ barrier”, is placed in the front row of seats at the front of the bus.

In addition to padding, today’s seats also must have a steel inner structure that springs and bends forward to help absorb energy when a child is thrown against it. The steel frame must “give” just enough to absorb the child in the seat ahead. Also, of course, the seat is required to be anchored to the floor so strongly that it will not pull loose during this bending action. And the floor itself must be strong that it will not be torn by the pulling action of the seat anchors during a crash.

Seats are spaced close together as another safety precaution to ensure containment of children after a potential crash. If seats are spaced too far apart, the student could be thrown too far before being cushioned and/or could be thrown outside the compartment altogether.

The federal government concluded that compartmentalization is a better safety measure than seat belts and arguments to favor this are as follows:

Compartmentalization is...

Other Papers Like Why School Buses Are Not Required to Have Seat Belts

Business Do Not Have To Be Ethical They Are Guided By The Law. Discuss?

1271 words - 6 pages Business Ethics'Companies do not have to be ethical, they are guided by the law; business ethics is an unnecessary consideration'To what extent do you agree with this statement? Support your argument with company responses to ethical responsibility.Ethics are the moral principles that should underpin decision-making. A decision made on ethics might reject the most profitable solution in favour of one of greater benefit to society as well as the

Why Contingent Assets Are Not on Balance Sheets

1016 words - 5 pages Why Contingent assets are not on balance sheets. It is a key principle for accountants to give a fair and true view of a business to help people that use this information to make more informed decisions. It is important to provide the users, accurate financial information that is as close to the true circumstances as possible and so not to alter the decisions of the users. Accountants produce financial statements that display all of the

Why Material Management Losses Are Not Easily Visible Whereas Sales and Production Losses Are

629 words - 3 pages Explain why material management losses are not readily visible whereas sales and production losses are? Material management is defined as “the planing, sourcing, purchasing, moving, storing and controlling of materials in an optimum manner so as to provide a predecided service to the customer at minimum cost.” It includes various functions like materials planing, purchasing, receiving, stores and inventory control, scrap and surplus

Why Creation Should Not Be Taught In School This Is A Outline For Why Evolution And Not Creation Should Be Taught In American Public Schools

1253 words - 6 pages beliefs as facts.Credibility Material: All of the information I used for this debate was found doing intensive research.Thesis Statement: Creation should not be taught in Americas public schools due to it being unconstitutional, being impractical, and would counter the purpose of schools. Preview: The audience will learn about why alternatives to evolution should not be taught in school.Transition to I: There are several reasons why creation should

We Have a Strange Situation in Australia. at a Time When People Seem to Be More Worried by Crime, the Research Evidence Suggests Crime Rates Are Not Increasing. How Can We Explain This Apparent...

2557 words - 11 pages We have a strange situation in Australia. At a time when people seem to be more worried by crime, the research evidence suggests crime rates are not increasing. How can we explain this apparent contradiction? In a democratic society such as Australia, crime trends largely influence parliaments and ministries in crime policy management. If the media are found to be reporting an upward trend in crime figures, enough to unease the public, policy

Why I Returned to School

712 words - 3 pages you have not yet received a bill for your taxes. Go to IRS.gov to apply to pay on-line. Caution: Do not file this form if you are currently making payments on an installment agreement or can pay your balance in full within 120 days. Instead, call 1-800-829-1040. If you are in bankruptcy or we have accepted your offer-in-compromise, see Bankruptcy or offer-in-compromise, in the instructions. This request is for Form(s) (for example, Form 1040 or

Why I Desver to Graduate High School

655 words - 3 pages Speech The financial needs that I see my community, my home, and my self needing are jobs, money, and education. I have seen people get laid off from their jobs. Especially teachers, the most important people in a student’s life. Through out my high school years I have seen my teacher get pink slipped, or watch them leave to a different school. This effects our education not only because are we use to the way they taught us in the past

Why Am I Returning to School

738 words - 3 pages Why I am returning to school Danielle Brown ENG 121 English Composition I Prof. Michaela Vargas April 15, 2012 Why I am returning to school On December 8 2011, I decided to return back to school to get a degree in something I can enjoy doing until I retire. Anymore you need a degree to get a good career job. So these are my choices and my reasons for coming back to school. There are some good benefits from returning to school and also

Why We Should Not Go to Mars

582 words - 3 pages Why we should not go to the Mars Launching a manned mission to Mars has been a dream or substantial matter for the scientist throughout this decade. This idea has been argued by certain groups of people with supporting or opposing view. The trip to the Mars planet had facing a lot of problems or issues which need to overcome in order to continue this mission. Some of the supporting parties may argue that the exploration of Mars gives us a

Different Reasons Why Romeo and Juliet Have to Die

2382 words - 10 pages dramatic play, it suggests that the parents must loose someone that they adore before they realize that what they are arguing over is stupid and not worth it. The children were a type of sacrifice used to stop the two families feuding and this is why Romeo and Juliet have to die. The prologue is the introduction to the play. The prologue is written in the style of a sonnet, because it has fourteen lines and is written in the Shakespearean

Why Men, Not Religion, Reduced Women to Second-Class Citizens

980 words - 4 pages . Although women are not guilty, they have been deprived of religion which is their essential right. So, it can facilitate only male’s reaching their purposes, not thinking about women. As I have shown, patriarchy had many reasons for wanting to take power away from women in the early days of the axial faiths. Men wanted to derive benefit from women by using religious sources with inaccurate information. Also both Kitzinger and Armstrong suggest that

Related Essays

Why School Should Have Regular Grades Not Pass And Fail Only

680 words - 3 pages high school. This could lead to more kids dropping out of colleges, and this would be a tragedy in the long run.It may be all right to have pass/fail in an elementary school, but in high school I feel grades are very important. Even though I feel this way I still believe there are special exceptions. Students should get pass/fail if they do not know the language and are taking ESL or are learning or physically disabled. ESL students might not

Why We Should Have Longer School Days

3044 words - 13 pages and faces scored 20 percent better on a test of the information than subjects who had not taken a rest. Countries like Spain or Japan have actually implemented siestas or short naps into both the classroom and the workplace; making a boom in efficiency for both areas (Gabrieli). Also, adding a siesta during the school day may create a sense of ease for students who are hostile or uncomfortable towards the schooling process. According to the Journal

Why Americans Should Not Have Credit Cards

933 words - 4 pages Why most Americans should not have credit cards Christopher Croke Com/172 May 31, 2011 University of Phoenix Why most Americans should not have credit cards Most people will argue that having credit cards are necessity, believing that without credit cards they could not live without them, that in fact they would not know how to get by without them. Now that might be true because they have never had to worry as of yet for the credit to be

Not Sure Why I Have To Do This To Sign Up

4098 words - 17 pages Answer: False Question 18 3 out of 3 points What you believe should be based upon truth, not culture or even what you have been taught. Selected Answer: True Question 19 3 out of 3 points “All religions are effective in attaining their own ends” would be best defined by: Selected Answer: Strong pluralism Question 20 3 out of 3 points The search of significance, as expressed by postmodernism is a reaction to the emptiness of modernism. Selected Answer: True