This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Why, In The Years 1961 68 Were Both Kennedy And Johnson Unable To Avoid Increasing Involvement In Vietnam?

921 words - 4 pages

Why, in the years 1961-68, were both Kennedy and Johnson unable to avoid increasing involvement in Vietnam?
The United States’ involvement in the Vietnam War proved to be the most controversial episode in American history. There are many influences why the USA stayed so closely involved with Vietnam, including strategic hamlets, secretaries and personal beliefs.
In the election campaign of 1960 Kennedy promoted himself as being tough on communism. He supported the Truman Doctrine, and believed in the ‘domino theory’, the idea that communism would inevitably spread from North Vietnam to Laos and Cambodia. His slogan was “Vietnam is the place”, which helped him gain support. Kennedy's ...view middle of the document...

Kennedy’s counter-insurgency strategy included US political and economic analysts sought to encourage Diem’s regime, which gained popularity, since a disaffected populace was ripe target for communist propaganda. Diem refused, and the USA overthrew the North in 1963. South Vietnam’s continuing failure to defeat the North persuaded Kennedy to increase the number of advisers in the country from the 1000 deployed by Eisenhower to 16,000 in 1963: these included the Green Beret Special Forces. Kennedy also authorised Operation Ranch Hand in 1962, which sprayed defoliants on forests to expose North Vietnamese hiding places. Strategic Hamlets were one of the main causes why the USA stayed involved in Vietnam.
By the time of his assassination Kennedy had committed to South Vietnam so deeply that Johnson realised that withdrawal was not an option and abandoned Kennedy’s counter-insurgency strategy. He used the Gulf of Tonkin resolution to launch the bombing of North Vietnam in Operation Rolling Thunder (1965-68). US officials estimated that Saigon controlled 49% of the population, and Vietcong 9%. The rest was in dispute. Johnson believed that deploying ground troops, which was begun in March 1965, would give the USA and the ARVN a real chance of defeating North Vietnam. This proved a severe miscalculation as the number of ground troops mushroomed from 125,000 in July 1965 to over 500,000 in 1967. This had breached the Geneva Accords. Westmoreland’s tactics included search and destroy methods, and branded that “The war will be over soon”. He asked for more troops, which resulted in more billions of dollars. His request for nuclear weapons was turned down and he was fired. Despite its substantial commitments, the US appeared...

Other Papers Like Why, In The Years 1961-68 Were Both Kennedy And Johnson Unable To Avoid Increasing Involvement In Vietnam?

Us Involvement in the Vietnam War Up to 1965 Hsc Modern History

1069 words - 5 pages and Nhu surrendered to officers of the SV Air Force and they were both murdered and their bodies mutilated. After the overthrow of Diem the United States greatly increased its involvement in the war. Kennedy was replaced by Vice President Johnson (LBJ) after Kennedy was assassinated. Johnson decided to escalate America’s involvement in the Vietnam War by bombing North Vietnam and sending combat troops, rather than just advisers to South Vietnam

Australia's Involvement in the Vietnam War - Short Essay

672 words - 3 pages big threat to Australia as we were surrounded by many Asian countries. Therefore, Australia was ready to fight, if it would bring an end to communism or the domino theory. The forward defence strategy was another key reason for Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War. Forward defence was a very cunning and smart tactic used by the Australian government. The tactic was that it would be ideal if we fought in another country rather than our own

Reasons For Australia's Involvement In The Vietnam War

781 words - 4 pages the need to support America was one of the reasons for Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War. Australia’s reasons for involvement in the Vietnam War consisted of a variety of influences that, combined, created a strong justification as to why troops should be sent there. While a fear of communism made a large contribution to these reasons, the necessity to protect Australia’s allies and the rule of Robert Menzies were also major reasons as to why the country should become involved in the Vietnam War.

How Successful Were the Five-Year Plans in Transforming Russian Industry in the Years to 1941?

1741 words - 7 pages transform Russian industry during the years up to 1941 because prior to this, working conditions were abysmal and production levels were decreasing. Without these incentives, the workforce would not have fully excelled to the best of their ability, as they did not see an adequate reason as to why they should. Overall, Russians industry would not have been able to make a successful transformation in the years up to 1941, without the Five-Year

Asses the Reasons Why Lenin and the Bolsheviks Were Able to Seize Power in October 1917

2158 words - 9 pages Bolsheviks seizing power in October 1917. Kerensky, who became Prime Minister in July 1917, was a key figure in the Bolshevik seizure of power. His extremely poor decisions and military leadership were both big factor as to why the Bolsheviks came to power in October 1917. Under his leadership, the Provisional Government was unable to gain support or authority due to his ambiguous role in many of the 1917 crucial events, like the Kornilov

Why Did America Get Increasingly Involved In The Vietnam War?

878 words - 4 pages outraged Vietnamese were against him. He was assassinated in November 1963, days before Kennedy himself was assassinated. Nguyen Van Thieu then replaced Diem and Lyndon B. Johnson was elected president of the USA.Two major factors why America escalated its war effort towards the end of the Vietnam War were the Tongkin incident, where a U.S. destroyer was fired on and sunk by Vietnamese ships and the Pleiku incident where a U.S. base that got

Why British Troops Were Sent to Northern Ireland in 1969

799 words - 4 pages Why British Troops Were Sent to Northern Ireland in 1969 The piece of coursework is about the reasons why the government decided to send in the British troops to Northern Ireland on the 14th August 1969, we look here at the origins and the history of the conflict. The most obvious reasons we think of are that riots started to break out and the Northern Ireland police lost control, this was because from the

How Succesful Were The Nazi Economic Policies In The Years 1933 - 1945?

994 words - 4 pages During the years 1933 – 1945, Hitler and the Nazi party introduced various policies in which impacted the economy, is it necessary to label them all a success? The most successive policy that they announced was those in which was led by Albert Speer, this had a great influence on both the economy and the final stages of war; despite Germany being unsuccessful. The first policy that was introduced was the “New plan” which was created by Hjalmar

How Far Were the Federal Government and the Supreme Court Responsible for the Changing Status of African Americans in the Years 1945-1968?

2257 words - 10 pages The Federal Government in the United States is divided into three branches, Legislative; Congress, Executive; President and Judicial; The Supreme Court. The Supreme Court therefore forms part of the Federal Government. The Federal Government played a significant part to change the status of African Americans from 1945 to 1968 in the sense that the Presidents during this period; Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy and Johnson all started to become more

Was Told To Clearly State Differences In An Actors Abilities From Past Films To More Recent Films And Explain Why Certain Roles Were Superior To Others. The Title Is - Acting Taken To Another Level

989 words - 4 pages Vietnam. This comedy/drama was about a deejay assigned to a radio station for the U.S. Armed Services in Vietnam. Even on the set of the movie, Williams' improvisational skills became famous, and he became known for ad-libbing many scenes. His ability to entertain people became his trademarks, which then lead him to a number of entertaining roles such as Dead Poets Society (1989), Mrs. Doubtfire (1993), Jumanji (1995), The Birdcage (1996), Flubber

To What Extent Did Royal Authority Decline in the Years in the Years 1547-1558

1714 words - 7 pages sign of the apocalypse). Only other occasion when England had been ruled by a female was in the twelfth century it had resulted in civil war, so there were doubts of Mary`s ascension to the throne. But I see no reason why, seeing as Castile of Spain and Mary of Guise were both very effective and powerful female rulers. The marriage of Phillip II and Mary I Is used to convey the decline of Royal authority as Phillip was thought to be the one who

Related Essays

To What Extent Was Does Fear Of Communism Explain The Usa’s Increasing Role In Vietnam During The Years 1954 64?

1742 words - 7 pages intervene in the fates of other nations for the security of itself, by becoming increasingly involved in the Vietnam war, this ideology was inherited by both Kennedy and LBJ, meaning withdrawal from the war, or lack escalation was no longer an option, as they were blinded by a hatred of communism which lead them to commit such atrocities as covert bombing, appointing corrupt prime ministers such as Diem, which meant the USA were effectively using a

How Important Was The Contribution Of Martin Luther King To The Civil Rights Movement In The Years 1955 68?

678 words - 3 pages and fifteenth amendments being passed to the US constitution they were never fully enforced since there was segregation in housing, voting, and education. Was Martin Luther Kings contribution to the civil rights movement the most significant in achieving equality for African Americans between 1955-68, or were other factors such as the Vietnam war, increasing political activists like Malcolm X and changes in the political climate as important

U.S. Involvement In The Vietnam War

1566 words - 7 pages U.S. Involvement in the Vietnam War Although it was called the Vietnam War, the U.S. was primarily involved and participated in most of the warfare to defend democracy. South Vietnam's government and army were not well organized. The U.S. fought most of the war, then when it turned the war over to the South Vietnamese, they couldn't fight the North. Ngo Dinh Diem, prime minister of South Vietnam, was opposed in South Vietnam. Buddhists

Australia's Involvement In The Vietnam War

1279 words - 6 pages the US became out strongest ally. In order to ensure Australia’s security the government signed treaties with countries in the region; these included ANZUS (Australia, New Zealand and United States) and SEATO (ANZUS members and several other countries). Members of these treaty organizations meant that these countries would support each other in both foreign and domestic threats. French involvement in Vietnam ended in 1954 with the