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Why Canada Was Successful In The War Of 1812

2294 words - 10 pages

Lopardo6Umberto LopardoMr. FitzpatrickCanadian History (CHI 4U)7 February 2014Why Canada was Successful in the War of 1812North America as a continent has seen very diverse groups of inhabitants living on her for thousands of years such as: the Aboriginal peoples, the French, the English, the Americans, and finally, the Canadians. The one thing that all these groups had in common was their ambition for land. In some cases this meant decimating populations to get it. The Americans in the 1800's were going through a time in their history known as Manifest Destiny, which was a term coined by John L. O'Sullivan in 1845. (Manifest Destiny) This idea of expanding America's borders began prior to ...view middle of the document...

This Canadian army was made up of British forces, Canadian Voltigeurs militia and the Mohawk Warriors. At the height of the battle, Prendergast led a group of men in charge to secure an American cannon. Prendergast and his men captured the American gun and began firing on the retreating Americans. Prendergast's Commanding Officer said: "On all occasions when engaged with the enemy, he has never failed to display the greatest energy and bravery."(Heroes of the War of 1812) James Prendergast showed a lot of courage in the war and without him, perhaps the battle outcome would have been different. In the published textbook Defining Canada, the author "When the French Canadians (and Prendergast) were successful in the battle for Chrysler's Farm... the Americans decided to give up trying to take Lower Canada." (Brune 210) Isaac Brock was probably the most important military leader in Canada's disposal and for this reason; he was a major asset to Canada in the War of 1812. Alain Gauthier, the author of Sir Isaac Brock: A Bibliography said in his publication that, "Brock was largely responsible for transforming this unit from one of the worst to one of the best in the service." (Gauthier) Brock knew that the real war was being fought in Europe but he continued rising up the ranks in Canada to show Britain his military skills. When War broke out against the Americans in the summer of 1812, Brock noticed that he was outnumbered. However, being the leader that he was, he showed no fear of them and wanted the people of the colony to have the same mentality. When Brock spoke to the troops to motivate them to fight he said, "Most of the people have lost all confidence. I however speak loud and look big!" (Brock) The United States captured the Town of Sandwich at the beginning of the war. Brock heard about the American advancement and decided to get it back even though his superiors told him not to. "Brock initiated an aggressive campaign even though he was advised by his superiors to remain on the defensive." (Heroes of the War of 1812) Brock traveled from York to Sandwich with a small army of British Regulars, Militiamen, and Aboriginal warriors. Brock and Tecumseh, a leader of the Shawnee warriors, led the force of Regulars, Militiamen and First Nation warriors to Detroit where they created the illusion of a much bigger Canadian force. The Canadians won this battle without firing a single shot. After capturing Fort Detroit, Brock strengthened Upper Canada's defence around the Niagara region fearing another American attack. Brock's strategic planning proved to be crucial in choosing the Niagara region because on October 13, 1812 the Americans decided Queenston Heights on the Niagara River. Brock led his troops to defend Queenston Heights and his army of Canadians, British, and Aboriginals won this quite important battle. Brock did not get to witness the Canadian victory because an American sharp shooter earlier in the battle and had taken his life. "While...

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