White Collar Crime And Criminals Essay

2417 words - 10 pages

There are many definitions of "white-collar" crime. (Edelhertz, 1970) White-collar crime - “An illegal act or series of illegal acts committed by nonphysical means and by concealment or guile, to obtain money or property, to avoid the payment or loss of money or property, or to obtain business or personal advantage.” (Edelhertz, 1970) White-collar crime are crimes can be committed by: “persons working on an individual basis for personal gain in a non-business situation (personal crimes); crimes in the course of their occupations by those operating inside businesses, Government, or other establishments, or in a professional capacity, in violation of their duty of loyalty and fidelity to ...view middle of the document...

(Edelhertz, 1970) White-collar criminals can only be successful if the victim is ignorant and negligent. (Edelhertz, 1970) Difference between white-collar crime and other types of crime is that white-collar crime generally requires the victim to comply in being victimized in contrast to murder, robbery, assault or rape. (Edelhertz, 1970) Difference - other types of crime create a clear representation there has been a violation, despite the fact that the identity of the perpetrator may not be known. (Edelhertz, 1970) This is not the case with white-collar crimes, where victims may never know that they have been victimized and if they do find out it is well after the fact. (Edelhertz, 1970)
In regards to the criminal justice system, the laws are implemented differently for white collar criminals than for others. (Sutherland, 1944) Three factors resort in this difference in how white-collar criminal are treated: status of the business man, the movement away from reprimand, and the somewhat unorganized resentment of the public against white-collar criminals. (Sutherland, 1944) First factor - provoking business may result in a reduction in regards to political gain. Legislators do not recognize business men as the typical criminal. (Sutherland, 1944) Second factor – due to the status of business men there are not a lot of precedents in regards to laws of white-collar crime. (Sutherland, 1944) The procedures of criminal law are tailored so that the dishonor of crime will not attach to the offenders. (Sutherland, 1944) Third factor – white-collar crimes are not as obvious as murder, rape, assault and battery. (Sutherland, 1944)
Upper class individuals comprise less than two percent of individuals incarcerated in a year. (Sutherland, 1940) Crime is considered to be caused by poverty, personal and social characteristics, demographics, and upbringing because it is concentrated in the lower class. (Sutherland, 1940) Present-day white-collar criminals found in every occupation and are considered polished and deceiving. (Sutherland, 1940) Difference between white-collar and other types of crime is that white-collar crimes create distrust, which lowers public confidence and produces social inadequacy. (Sutherland, 1940) Another difference is that other type crimes are handled by policemen, prosecutors, and judges, with punitive sanctions (i.e. fines, incarceration, and capital punishment). (Sutherland, 1940) There are either no action or law suits for damages in regards to white-collar crimes. (Sutherland, 1940) Also, there may be regulatory sanctions in the structure of warnings, orders to cease and desist, and loss of license. (Sutherland, 1940)Only in severe matters are fines or prison sentences accessed. (Sutherland, 1940) White-collar criminals do not consider themselves to be real criminals. (Sutherland, 1940) Characteristics of white-collar criminals are that they have lawful and respectable careers; they are men of associations, experience,...

Other Papers Like White-Collar Crime And Criminals

White Collar Crimes and Price Fixing

1640 words - 7 pages the ones who commit white collar crimes. Many white collar criminals are wealthy and they still feel the need to commit fraud and criminal activities. The NIBRS data for 1997 through 1999 show white-collar crime offenders5 are, on average, in their late-twenties to early-thirties, which is only slightly older than most other offenders captured in NIBRS. The majority of white-collar crime offenders are white males, except for those who committed

Blue Collar vs White Collar Crimes

583 words - 3 pages Damian McAllister Professor Ahmad Wright Aug 3,2011 ENG215 Proposal BLUE COLLAR CRIME VS WHITE COLLAR There are many different sophisticated crimes that are classified as white collar crimes according to legal precedent. They include, but are not limited to: embezzlement, money laundering, identity theft, credit card fraud, hacking, forgery, and similar crimes. The punishments for

Newspaper Annotated Bibliography

1327 words - 6 pages investigations of white-collar crime. O’Malley will formed a special task forces as the need arises to emphasize issues such as the proliferation of public integrity, white-collar crime, guns, street gangs, drugs and vote fraud (Mount). This is called the situational crime prevention theory that is based on the concepts to prevent crimes; this will reduce the opportunities for criminals to commit crime, change the criminals' ideas about whether they can get

Criminal Justice

947 words - 4 pages Criminal Justice Renee Swartz CRJS 105 May 1, 2016 Michael Collum Blue Collar crime Blue collar crime is considered as a lower class which crimes harms the victim and requires the criminal to be present at the scene of a crime. Blue collar crime causes bodily harm or direct damage and is done directly to the victim. Examples would be Robbery, Rape, Murder, Theft and Assault. White Collar Crime White collar crime does not directly harm

Sensory Perception

1583 words - 7 pages Subject Matte 1. Compare and contrast the nature of white collar crime with other type types of illegal acts. 2. Compare and contrast the typical participants of white collar crime against the participants of other types of illegal acts 3. Discuss the role of technology in white collar crime and how its role may create differences from other forms of crime. 4. Analyze the role of “opportunity” and how it

Assignment 1 Choose One Of The Option

2599 words - 11 pages combated and fought (Friedrichs, 2009). The recommendations stipulate a process that a criminal suspected of white-collar crime undergoes when innocent or when guilty. According to the report, there are ways to be followed by law enforcement agencies when dealing with suspected criminals. The state is aware of the various modes of White Collar crimes taking place in the medical industry. Similarly, the state with the assistance of the medical


1000 words - 4 pages other being White-collar crime which is usually non-violent and committed in commercial situations for financial gain. White-collar crimes consist of financial fraud, mail computer &internet fraud, counterfeiting, public corruption, money laundering, tax evasion, embezzlement, credit card fraud, healthcare fraud, investment schemes, extortion, racketeering, and welfare fraud. (Harbeck, 2015) Most people may recognize a White-collar crime

Common Value

819 words - 4 pages occupation”. His goal was to demonstrate a correlation between money and social status and the likelihood of going to jail for a white-collar crime. Although the percentage has risen, numbers still show a large majority of those in jail are poor, blue collar criminals. The fact is, less than two percent of the persons committed to prisons in a year belong to the upper class. And some people think, white-collar criminals are opportunists, who learn

Law Enforcement Paper

325 words - 2 pages role in the overall criminal justice system? Although both types of prisons fall under the role of corrections in the criminal justice system there are differences in the two. State prisons house the majority of the prison population. Some may refer to prisoners in state correctional facilities as blue collar criminals, compared to federal prisoners who are referred as white collar criminals. How

Outline And Evaluate Realist Approaches To Crime (50 Marks)

1350 words - 6 pages realists criticise community sentences, as they encourage criminals to commit crime as the reward outweighs the punishment. Cornish and Clarke also found that criminals are most likely to act in areas they are comfortable with, and areas they know well. They will also create plans, as establish who and where are easy targets. Left realists on the other hand say that crimes other than white-collar crimes are a serious problem and they need to

Computer Crime

1185 words - 5 pages late 1990's, however, the term "white collar" is somewhat inaccurate. The playing field has been leveled by the widespread use of computers. Now "white collar crime" tends to mean simply "non violent crime" or "economic crime." As technology becomes increasingly accessible to more and more people, it also becomes a potential tool for increasing numbers of criminals. Most computer crimes do not involve violence but rather greed, pride, or play on

Related Essays

White Collar Crime Essay

3125 words - 13 pages available for research is provided by ancillary sources such as offender interviews. When interviewing an offender, the material is subject depending on the personality of the individual and how that sways motive to the commission of the crime. There are only a handful of studies which attempt to analyze individual personality traits of white collar criminals (Blum 1972; Bromberg 1965; Selling 1944; Spencer 1965). In regards to the four studies

White Collar Crime Essay

2954 words - 12 pages HARSH PATEL PROFESSOR DARREN SWAN ENG-121-03 13 MARCH 2012 White collar crime The phrase white collar crime was first used by Edwin Sutherland in 1939 during a speech to the American Sociological Society. He defined white collar crime as a "crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation."(Sutherland, “White-Collar Criminality."). Today, white collar crime refers to illegal offenses

White Collar Crime Essay

609 words - 3 pages shoplifting, which makes up 35.7 percent of shrink or $12.3 billion.” Therefore, it is not a surprise that such huge losses are one of the biggest problems that employers are facing in the today’s economic environment or have always faced for that matter. Employee theft is manifesting in different ways but, somehow, a theft done by a low-level worker is almost always comes first to our minds when we hear about this form of white-collar crime. However, we

White Collar Crime Essay

1666 words - 7 pages the business are more likely to steal. “Conversely, white-collar criminals have been found to be college educated, in their thirties and married” (Appelbaum, 2006). Regardless of the demographic to the person stealing, the triad of every crime must be fulfilled: means, motive, and opportunity to commit their act couple with a lack or warping of ethics. And of course, they think they will get away with it. Dr. Appelbaum, 2006 suggests some