This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

What Should Be Done About The Racial Disparities In The Sentencing Of Criminals?

1394 words - 6 pages

Desiree’ Smith
World Literature, Heffernan
Research Outline
April 13, 2012
What should be done about racial disparities in the sentencing of criminals?
I. Thesis Statement: Racial disparities in the sentencing of criminals is a problem in contemporary society and it must be solved
II. Topic Sentence HB: It is necessary to examine the history and background of racial disparities in the sentencing of criminals before considering possible solutions.
A. In 1964 Congress passed the Civil Rights Act prohibiting discrimination in employment. Yet today, three out of every ten African American males born in the United States will serve time in prison, a status that renders their ...view middle of the document...

The report also shows that while the average federal prison sentence for black offenders was about five months longer than for whites in 1984, by 2001, the average sentence for blacks was almost 30 months longer. The report should serve as a catalyst for major discussion about the racial impact of federal sentencing policy, though, to date, it has received scant attention. Of course, data showing vast racial disparities do not necessarily prove that the federal sentencing system discriminates. (
C. Young, black and Latino males (especially if unemployed) are subject to particularly harsh sentencing compared to other offender populations; Black and Latino defendants are disadvantaged compared to whites with regard to legal-process related factors such as the “trial penalty,” sentence reductions for substantial assistance, criminal history, pretrial detention, and type of attorney; Black defendants convicted of harming white victims suffer harsher penalties than blacks who commit crimes against other blacks or white defendants who harm whites; Black and Latino defendants tend to be sentenced more severely than comparably situated white defendants for less serious crimes, especially drug and property crimes. (
III. CS: The current situation of racial disparities in the sentencing of criminals indicates a problem that still exists.
A. In 2009 the incarceration for African American males in state and federal prisons was 6.7 times the rate for white. The incarceration rate Hispanic American males was 2.6 times greater than whites. There were also disparities in the incarceration of white and African American females, but not as great as for males. Also 52 percent of African Americans opposed the death penalty for persons convicted murder, compared with 27 percent of whites. More African Americans expressed fear of “getting mugged” than whites. (The Color of Justice, Book, 2011)
B. A 2010 Arizona law directing local police to check the immigration status of anyone they suspected to be undocumented created a national controversy and several lawsuits challenging the law. Critics charged that it would inevitably lead to ethnic profiling against Hispanic and Latino people.
C. Racial profiling-the allegation that police officers stop African American drivers or pedestrians because of the color of their skin and not because of actual violations of laws-continues to be a national controversy. The issue was highlighted in 2009 when Cambridge, Massachusetts, police arrested Harvard Professor Henry Louis Gates for disturbing the peace at his home.
IV. P/F: If nothing different is done about the racial disparities and the sentencing of criminals, the problem will get worse in the future.
A. It seems as nothing is going to be done to stop the racial disparities and the sentencing of criminals because...

Other Papers Like What Should Be Done About the Racial Disparities in the Sentencing of Criminals?

What Are Some Of The Likely Environmental Impacts Of The Operation Of A 'free Market' Economic System? What Can Be Done To Limit These Environmental Impacts?

1130 words - 5 pages This essay will firstly define a 'free market' then by using course materials it will discuss the possible environmental impacts of a 'free market' and what can be done to limit them.A free market is a market '…where price is determined by the unregulated interchange of supply and demand. This is in contrast to a controlled market where supply, demand, and price are set directly by government' (Wikipedia). In a free market, the economy

‘Most Comedies Can Be Criticised for a Lack of Seriousness’. to What Extent Do You Believe This to Be the Case in the Play ‘Much Ado About Nothing’?

1713 words - 7 pages ‘Most comedies can be criticised for a lack of seriousness’. To what extent do you believe this to be the case in the play ‘Much Ado About Nothing’? ‘Much Ado About Nothing’ contains comedy throughout but it could be argued that seriousness is present in equal measure. They are portrayed simultaneously by Shakespeare in his play: where one scene is comedic to one part of the audience, seriousness could be interpreted by others. The writer uses

What Substances or Objects Should Be Recycled the Recycling Legislative Experience in Taiwan

4142 words - 17 pages J Mater Cycles Waste Manag (2005) 7:1–7 DOI 10.1007/s10163-004-0119-9 © Springer-Verlag 2005 SPECIAL FEATURE: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Material Cycles and Waste Management is Asia (2) Chun-Chao Lin · Chun-hsu Lin What substances or objects should be recycled? The recycling legislative experience in Taiwan Received: October 1, 2004 / Accepted: October 10, 2004 Abstract The legislative framework of waste management in Taiwan has never

Punishment or Rehabilitation: What Works Best for the Young Criminals

1579 words - 7 pages Punishment or Rehabilitation: What Works Best for the Young Criminals Analyzing the current crime policies, it seems unlikely that legislators will find resources for delinquents while having a simpler option on hand. Indeed, public unwillingness to provide for the welfare of all children forces one to question whether the juvenile court can serve its role. The recent sentencing policy changes reflect dubious purposes of juvenile courts

Should the Holocaust Be Taught in Schools

635 words - 3 pages The holocaust is a very controversial subject as of the massacre surrounding it. Should the holocaust be taught in schools? The holocaust was a horrible event in the history of the modern world. Millions of people were needlessly and ruthlessly exterminated at the hands of the nazis. There are few people in Britain who feel that the Holocaust should not be taught in schools. Whilst it is important to teach about the holocaust to children, it

The Kind of Boss You Should Be

616 words - 3 pages to make sure your employees have gotten the exact message that you want to convey – and also want to understand exactly what others are trying to tell you. Authority. In an effort to maintain a good rapport with your employees and being concerned about their well being and work standards, at no cost should you let go of your authority. You are the boss – and the employees should know it. Be a strong person. When it comes to decision making

Should the Sale of Tobacco Be Criminalised?

1513 words - 7 pages . From a legal perspective, the act of public smoking could be considered a crime. Government regulation has introduced the banning of smoking in public venues yet this has done little to deter the consumption of tobacco in designated smoking areas. This discourse will argue that smoking should not be criminalised as it removes the freedom of choice which underpins the very foundations of democratic society. The criminalisation of tobacco would

Why Has the Work Done by Women Often Been Assumed to Be of Less Important Than the Work Done by Men? Is It Due to the Prevalence of Men’s Ideas About the Value of Individual Occupations, or Have Other...

2668 words - 11 pages significant than their primary task of homemakers. Even at one stage the Courts set barrier between the types of jobs a female could do claiming to be protecting the procreative ability and their morals. This was done by what was called protective legislations. This again reinforced my pervious statement on how men view women as mere chattel for which decision must be made on their behalf. For example in 1948 the Supreme Court upheld a state law

Should Public Figures Be Held Accountable for Their Actions, Even Those Done in Private?

902 words - 4 pages about the context the actress was captured in. It was in a moment of freedom for the actress, when she thought that nobody was around to intrude during the moment of privacy. From this incident, fans were taken aback, and some even stopped supporting her. However, when we take a step back, would this affect her skill in acting? Would wearing a bikini degrade her abilities? The answer is no, and no. Her personal life, which should not be privy to

Racial Disparity In The Application Of The Death Penalty

1505 words - 7 pages person.In 1990 before a Congressional panel, the U.S General Accounting Office testified to Congress the results of its review of empirical studies on racism and the death penalty. The General Account Office concluded their testimony by "Our synthesis of the 28 studies shows a pattern of evidence indicating racial disparities in the charging, sentencing, and imposition of the death penalty after the Furman decision" and that "race of victim influence was

What Can Be Done To Combat Stress?

551 words - 3 pages Stress and stress-related illness seem to be unavoidable in the life most people lead nowadays. For many years now, it has been recognized that increasing levels of stress in the workplace not only increases the risk of disease but also reduces people’s ability to respond flexibly to the demands of their job. This stress results from a variety of aspects of our modern life; there are, however, several things that can be done to reduce the

Related Essays

Racial Disparities In The U.S. Judicial System

2911 words - 12 pages % of the inmates in prison are minorities however; they make up only 37% of the United States population. Considering the trends in which minorities commit crimes, such broad statistics conceal that racial disparities pervade each stage of the U.S. judicial system, from arrest to trial and sentencing. The first stage of the judicial system is the arrest made by an officer. Police are given an incredible amount of discretion to use that leads to

Racial Disparity In Sentencing Essay

1914 words - 8 pages ineffectual” (Tabak, 1999, p. 6). An individual facing capital punishment or life with parole may seem desperate to anyone he or she may choose to try appealing the case to about ineffective counsel. Although illegal deliberately to railroad or throw a case, proving racial disparity of sentencing with ineffective counsel or procedural bars may prove to be impossible of existence. Ineffective counsel is present throughout America and is an

The Different Aims Of Sentencing Essay

640 words - 3 pages incapacitating the offender, e.g. in driving offences the offender can be banned from driving. Denunciation is society expressing its disapproval of criminal activity. A sentence should indicate both to the offender and to other people that society condemns certain types of behaviour. It shows people that justice is being done. Denunciation also reinforces society’s views on the criminality of particular conduct, e.g

What Should The American Drinking Age Be?

997 words - 4 pages An ongoing debate in the United States of America consists of what the legal drinking age should be. The question is should the legal drinking age be lowered? The officially permitted age as of now is twenty-one years old. There are many reasons why the drinking age should be changed, and also many reasons why drinking age should remain the same. Americans can vote for our country's president at age eighteen, can go to war at age eighteen, but