What Led The South To Ceded From The Union; Was Slavery An Issue? Did It Lead To The Civil War?

1514 words - 7 pages

There were many reasons why the South wanted to secede but the main reason had to do with the North's view on slavery.There were a few reasons other then the slavery issue, that the South disagreed on and that persuaded them to ceded from the Union. The North favored a loose interpretation of the United States Constitution. They wanted to grant the federal government increased powers. The South wanted to reserve all undefined powers to the individual states. The North also wanted internal improvements sponsored by the federal government. This was more roads, railroads, and canals. The South, on the other hand, did not want these projects to be done at all. In addition, the North wanted to ...view middle of the document...

Southerners compared it with the wage-slave system of the North. They said that the slaves were better cared for then the free factory workers in the North. Southerners said that slave-owners provided shelter, food, care, and regulation for a race unable to compete in the modern world without proper training. The Baptist Church spilt because of slavery. The Northern Baptist saw slavery as immoral. Yet, Southern preachers proclaimed that slavery was sanctioned in the Bible. By the time of 1804, seven of the northern states had abolished slavery. The time of reformation swept over the North and West. There were demands for political equality, economic, religious, and social advances. The Northerners goals were free public education, better salaries and working conditions for workers, rights for women, and better treatment for criminals. Education changed in the North. Horace Mann, as secretary of the Board of Education, campaigned for more and better schoolhouses, longer school terms, higher pay for teachers, and an expanded curriculum. Black slaves in the South were legally forbidden to receive instruction in reading or writing, and even free blacks, in the North and South were usually excluded from the schools. Women began to go to higher places of education. Even though many thought, women should stay at home.The South felt these views were not important. All of these views eventually led to an attack on the slavery system in the South, and showed opposition to its spread into whatever new territories that were acquired. Northerners said that slavery revoked the human right of being a free person. Now with all these views the North set out on its quest for the complete abolition of slavery.When new territories became available in the West, the South wanted to expand and use slavery in the newly acquired territories. Nevertheless, the North opposed to this and wanted to stop the extension of slavery into new territories. The North wanted to limit the number of slave states in the Union. However, many Southerners felt that a government dominated by Free states could endanger existing slaveholdings. The South wanted to protect their states rights. The first evidence of the North's actions came in 1819 when Missouri asked to be admitted to the Union as a slave state. After months of discussion, Congress passed the Missouri Compromise of 1820. Now the balance of 11 Free states and 11 Slave states was in trouble. Maine also applied for statehood in 1819, in which it was admitted as a free state. Southern extremists opposed any limit on the extension of slavery, but settled for now. Missouri and Maine were to enter statehood simultaneously to preserve sectional equality in the Senate. Nevertheless, in 1848 the Union acquired a huge piece of territory from Mexico. This opened new opportunities for the spread of slavery for Southerners. Because of these reasons, Congress passed the Compromise Measures of 1850 during August of 1850 as well as the Fugitive...

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