What is Hypnosis? Describe the psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis and discuss the role of relaxation in hypnotherapy.
For this essay I will start by looking at the question what is hypnosis? I will look at the way hypnosis is perceived and look at some of the reasons for this, a brief history of hypnosis and some of the individuals who have had a hand in shaping its path to what it is today.
When describing the psychological and physical aspects I will look at personal experience along side information I have obtained from others plus medical research that has shown clear markers for an individual in a hypnotised state. Then to complete the essay I will ...view middle of the document...
This will be a change that the client is looking to achieve. The use of suggestion to change the subjects thought, feelings, or behaviour in the area they are looking to change.
From the research I have done so far it seems that no subject can be hypnotised unless they wish to be and can not be made to act in a way that they do not wish to. Therefore in conclusion they have to want any changes for the suggestion to imprint.
A brief history of Hypnosis
There has been text found from ancient Egypt, China, Greece and Rome that describe practices that could now be regarded as hypnotic, but would have been considered at the time as ritualistic or magic, only used by healers, witch doctors or priests.
When researching hypnosis there are two names that stand out as individuals that have helped to shape hypnosis to its modern day form:
1) Franz Mesmer
The word “mesmerise” dates back to an 18th century Austrian physician named Franz Anton Mesmer (1734-1815). Mesmer established a theory of illness that involved internal magnetic forces, which he called animal magnetism. (This would later become to be known as mesmerism.)
Mesmer believed that good physical and psychological health came from properly aligned magnetic forces; bad health, then, resulted from forces essentially being out of whack. He noticed a treatment that seemed to work particularly well in correcting these misaligned forces.
2) James Braid
Braid, who first discovered hypnosis in 1841 and founded hypnotherapy. By the term “Neuro-Hypnotism,” then, is to be understood “nervous sleep,” this is a peculiar state of the nervous system, induced by a fixed and abstracted attention of the mental and visual eye, on one object, not of an exciting nature.Braid, Neurypnology, 1843
However, Braid later reviewed his idea that hypnosis was a specific neurological state and replaced it with the theory that hypnosis was ‘monoideation,’ the fixation of consciousness on a single idea or object:
In order for hypnosis to be understood and developed the effects and signs would need to be observed and monitored ensuring informed practice could develop, the physical signs of hypnosis would be more easy to ascertain with scientific test like ECG and EEG. observing the subjects during the hypnotised state and noting the changes in heart rate and blood pressure, other the clear signs of muscle relaxation which are visible by sight alone as the subjects posture becomes relaxed, e.g. lowered shoulders, relaxed facial muscles etc. they will have a slow and more deep breathing pattern shown by the extended movement of their abdominal area.
Although each subject is different and will relax in different ways and at different speeds some will easily let go of the tension their body has been holding when other struggle to unwind and relax, the first noticeable physical sign is the change in breathing a noticeable slowing of the breaths in and out which will deepen and become slower and more...