What Is Human Resources Management? In What Respects Does It Differ From Personnel Management? How Have Hrm Techniques Been Designed To Facilitate The Management Of Workplace Change?

3231 words - 13 pages

This essay will be explaining what Human Resource Management (HRM) means including its brief history and approach from the US to UK. In addition there will be a description of the 'hard' and 'soft' models of HRM of John Storey. Moreover there will be a discussion of the possible differences between Personnel Management and HRM as well as describing the way HRM techniques have been designed to facilitate the management of workplace change.What is Human Resources Management?Human Resources Management's (HRM) origins came from the USA in the 1950's and gained a wide recognition in the biggining of the 1980s whereas in the UK it wasn't until the mid of the 1980s. HRM evolved due to pressures in ...view middle of the document...

There are three ways in which HRM can be used to gain a competitive advantage. Employees are a source of added value and employees are "rare" or unique in some way compared to other employees found in other companies. Moreover competitors are not able to copy or imitate easily a company's approach to human resource management. This is because the knowledge and the information that an individual possesses is the key to any organization and therefore HRM have a very risky task of trying not to lose any potential knowledge asset when there is a need to reduce the number of employees to cut costs.Storey (1989: 5) describes HRM as "a distinctive approach to employment management which seeks to obtain competitive advantage through the strategic deployment of a highly committed and skilled workforce, using an array of cultural, structural and personal techniques".On the other hand, Walton (1985) states that "The new HRM model is composed of policies that promote mutuality- mutual goals, mutual influence, mutual respect, mutual rewards, mutual responsibility. The theory is that policies of mutuality will elicit commitment which in turn will yield both better economic performance and greater human development."HRM involves all management decisions and actions that affect the relationship between the organization and employees. In addition the emphasis is concentrated on the interests of management, on adopting a strategic approach, on obtaining added value from people by the processes of human resource development and performance management and finally on gaining their commitment to the objectives and values of the organization. Planning, acquiring, retaining (controlling turnover), developing or training, performance appraisal, compensation, safety and health, family and work life are some examples of management decisions and practices over people in an organization.The main activities of HRM carried out by both line managers and HR professionals are related with organization, the employment relationship, resourcing, performance management, human resource development, reward management, employee's relations, health/safety and employee services and employment and HR administration. In addition HRM have many objectives, these may be found in appendix 2.Storey (1989) classified HRM into two models, 'hard' and 'soft'. The 'hard model' approach to HRM is quantitative, calculative and concerned with managing an organization's head count 'rationally'. It is implemented by an organization which concentrates their beliefs with cutting costs to increase productivity. The hard model is fundamentally driven by the product market logic (that is, it aims to make the necessary adjustments to achieve strategic fit between HR policies & the demands of the external marketing environment, in line with Corporate Strategy). On the other hand, the 'soft model' approach to HRM aims to achieve people's 'commitment' to the organization by focusing on communication,...

Other Papers Like What Is Human Resources Management? In What Respects Does It Differ From Personnel Management? How Have HRM Techniques Been Designed To Facilitate The Management Of Workplace Change?

What Are the Company’s Key Resources and Competitive Capabilities? What Competitive Liabilities and Resource Weakness Does It Have? What Opportunities Exist? What Threats to It’s Continued Success Are...

1275 words - 6 pages Question 6: What are the company’s key resources and competitive capabilities? What competitive liabilities and resource weakness does it have? What opportunities exist? What threats to it’s continued success are present? Google Inc., is one of the leading organization today owing its success to their search engines that were pioneered in the early years, the search engine had everything compiled and is easily retrievable from any devices

Human Resources Administration of Workplace Safety

1577 words - 7 pages accident free but these efforts can only be realized with the support of management which must take ownership of their moral obligation to ensure workplace safety inspections are just as critical to their operations. High level administrators, beyond the human resources department, must set the tone and convey across the business the importance of inspections in the workplace. “It is imperative that top managers impose their strong feelings

Human Resources Change Paper

1176 words - 5 pages Running head: AON CORPORATION - HOW THEY RUN Aon Corporation - How They Run Their Human Resources Department Terese Pawlowski MGT -420 July 31, 2011 Aon Corporation - How They Run Their Human Resources Department The Human Resources Department is the backbone of many corporations, both large and small. Its main responsibility is to be in compliance with all aspects of the company not just the hiring and firing of employees. The staff

Human Resources - The Family Friendly Workplace

1093 words - 5 pages workplace policies at North Island Federal Credit Union (NIFCU) in San Diego, California. A recent phrase has been coined to capture the change in orientation that companies must achieve…"family friendly." … this phrase means allowing employees to keep families as their first priority, if they choose. This philosophy is the cornerstone…of employee-focused culture. NIFCU North Island Federal Credit Union (NIFCU), San Diego, already is

The Shift From Personnel Management To Strategic Human Resource Management In Australia

1385 words - 6 pages The Shift from Personnel Management to Strategic Human Resource Management in Australia The management of people is ever-changing and extremely dynamic; it under goes sequential evolution with an organisations’ internal and external environments. Consequentially history has seen global Human Resource Management have considerable variation in its focus and practice. In Australia the history of Human Resource Management is said to have

What Is American Way of War? How Does It Differ from Other Forms of Warfare?

752 words - 4 pages What is American way of war? How does it differ from other forms of warfare? The further developments of technology, especially those of Information Technology and their increasing role in military affairs, as well as the growing risk averseness and the decreasing numbers of the ground forces eventually led to the ‘Rumsfeld’s transformation’ or the ‘new’ American way of war. The transformation of military strategy can be said to have started

What Three Pieces of Legislation Have Been Most Important in Defining the Rights of Management and Unions? Why and What Role Did They Play?

1134 words - 5 pages direct result the work environment that we are accustomed to is indebted as is society as a whole. Labor Laws Throughout history laws have been created to guide us in the never-ending quest to know right from wrong. From Biblical text to the Middle Ages until the present time, laws have shaped society for the better and for the worse. It is my opinion that in no other realm has law enactment created such vast amounts of change than when we

Quantifying The Contributions Of Human Resources Management To Overall Organizational Effectiveness. (How Human Resources Can Contribute In Creating A Competitive Advantage For The Company.)

1051 words - 5 pages Human Resource Management (HRM) is a vital part of creating and maintaining an effective organization that is able to meet its goals and gain a competitive advantage over the competition.. HRM includes myriad activities ranging from recruitment to training and even the development of compensation systems. HRM has evolved significantly since the early 1900s. The need to deal with labor unions, as well as global competition, technological advances

What Are the Main Definitions of Management? Why Are There so Many Definitions in the Literature and Does It Matter?

2186 words - 9 pages economical and precise quantitative techniques to maximize the utilization of organizational resources. This differs from the other theories of management as it deals with management through the process of a measurable amount. Defining anything, let alone management, is a challenging task. Management is varied across countries, cultures and classes. People’s skills can be like chalk and cheese and therefore management in diverse areas is

Role Of Compensation In Human Resources Management

773 words - 4 pages in monetary terms. Compensation is the employer's feedback for an employee's work. It simply is the monetary value you would give to your four employees in return of their services. In the book Human Resource Management, Gary Dessler defines compensation in these words "Employee compensation refers to all forms of pay going to employees and arising from their employment." The phrase 'all forms of pay' in the definition does not include non

The Impact of a Management Change in the Workplace

4756 words - 20 pages together to make them happen. It was almost exactly like it should have been out of a text the way the changes came to be. Literature Review Change in the workplace is not an easy task but is usually a needed opportunity. Change for an organization needs to occur to maintain relevance in the marketplace no matter what the organization does. There are many people that are affected by change and there has to be a plan in place to allow the change to

Related Essays

The Development Of Personnel/Human Resource Management And How Personnel/Hrm Operates In An Organisation One Is Familiar With

3341 words - 14 pages ). HRM differs greatly from Personnel Management across many topics and must be treated very differently. Human resources centres on the pro-active participation of the work force in order to gain a loyalty and commitment from the work force. This in practice will generally create positive long term perspectives for the business, a view where all concerned have an input to decision making with in the business. HRM is the function within an

How Do Person Centred Counsellors Use The Therapeutic Relationship To Facilitate Change And In What Way (S) Does Person Centre Therapy Differ From Other Helping Relationships?D

3003 words - 13 pages How do psychodynamic counsellors use the therapeutic relationship to facilitate change? The word psychodynamic means the active mind. This is when much of our mental activity is unconscious, which results in a mental struggle in the hidden unconscious mind. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) used the term psychoanalysis (1896) to describe his theories and techniques for finding and curing the mental problem of his patients. The approach of

Human Resources Management (Hrm) And Organisational Performance

1935 words - 8 pages Human Resources Management (HRM) have been increasing aware by Business Studies and Organisation Management approaches because it closely related to organisational daily and organisational performances (Kalleberg & Moody, 1994). Human resources practices are suggested have influences on improving organisational performances in most organisations. Basically, oorganisational performances refer to the outcomes of employees performances and daily

As A New Hr Representative, You Have Been Asked To Facilitate A Session On Attribution Theory To A Group Of Perspective Managers Participating In A Management Development Program. Your Manager Has...

1778 words - 8 pages changing toward this new era of innovation in e-commerce since companies want to reduce waste, order-to-delivery cycle time and unit cost. 7. CONCLUSION The Internet network is a marketing channel use by advertisers, marketers, and society to find the right combination of marketing mix to best suit customer’s needs. It is important for a company of this era to have access to the Internet to be more successful. Internet marketing does