What Is Curiosity Essay

1886 words - 8 pages

What is Curiosity, why do babies differ in intelligence, personality and characteristics as they grow up? Some people become good citizens, and some grow up to be bad citizens who become dangerous to the community. Philosophers tried to find out and explain these questions that were observed in individuals. There are many developmentalists whom offered different theories to explain human development. Theories of development include, psychoanalytic, learning, cognitive, biological and evolutionary, and system theories (Boyd, 2009), and we are discussing Piaget’s cognitive theory below.
Jean Piaget was a Swiss psychologist, and his cognitive- development theory is one ...view middle of the document...

The sensorimotor stage: Infants for about the first two years of their life, know the world only through the five senses by touching, tasting, smelling, listening and looking. The sensorimotor stage is the first level of human development. Young children “know” more with more sensory experience (Macionis, 2009). Children forget events, and they do not appear to plan, but it changes continuously through six substages within this stage. They work on primary circular reactions between the ages of one to four months. The child’s own action, which serves as a stimulus to responding with the same action again and again. For example: children may such their thumb, they feel good and they suck more. Children turn to secondary circular reactions between the ages of four to twelve months. These reactions involve an action that extends out to the environment. Such as children may squeeze a toy that squeaks. They it is great, so they do it again and again. They learn procedures which make exciting things last. Children of age 12 and 24 months work on tertiary circular reactions. They learn the same procedure of ‘making exciting things last’. Hitting different things with a stick and the different sounds that come from them, or throwing spoon, dish and food, which they discover, new and interesting. Children around one and a half, develop mental representation. They can hold an image in their mind for a moment after what they experienced. They can imitate an act after seeing an hour ago. They can even use mental combinations to solve easy problems, and can pretend (Boeree, 2006).
The preoperational stage: This is the second level of human development in which children about the age two enter. At this stage, children first use symbols and language. They use their imagination to think about the world. Children cannot describe their desire what kind of toy they like, but they can identify a toy, which is special. They cannot judge size, weight or volume, due to lack of abstract concepts (Macionis, 2009). Children clearly understand of past and future along with symbolization. During this stage children are quite egocentric, that they see things likely from one point of view. For example: A child can hold a picture that only she/he can see, and she/he expects you to see at the same time (Boeree, 2006).
The concrete operational stage: At this level of human development, children between the ages of seven to eleven focus on things that why and how they happen. Children first see connections around their surroundings, and can attach two and more symbols to an object or event (Macionis, 2009). Children age of seven or eight years, develop conservation of substance that they will know if we take a ball of clay and make it rolled rod or flat which is still the same amount of clay. By age of nine and ten, children can master conservation of area or conservation of mass. Children during this stage can be ready for formal education as well (Boeree, 2006).
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