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What Is An Fir Essay

1393 words - 6 pages

Usage of language in the sentence structure of FIR

Submitted by: rana irfan
Submitted to: Dr Athar Khurshid

University of Management and Technology

Usage of language in the sentence structure of FIR

Introduction
Filing an FIR may have become easier over the years, but what you write in it can leave both you and the policemen in a bit of a linguistic tizzy. The main reason is the customary use of Urdu/Persian words while registering an FIR. It begins at the outset with the bayan azaane (a compound Urdu-Persian word for statement description or expression) of the tehreer (complainant) being ...view middle of the document...

He said that the last sentence begins as 'Aj (this) Thana (police station) tehreer (complainant) badast (hand to hand received)' is similar for all the FIRs that's registered in Delhi. Going back to the usage of such words in the FIRs, a police officer said that Delhi was ruled by the Persians and Mohammads because of which such words got into the lexicography of cops as well.

What is an FIR?
First Information Report (FIR) is a written document prepared by the police when they receive information about the commission of a cognizable offence. It is a report of information that reaches the police first in point of time and that is why it is called the First Information Report. It is generally a complaint lodged with the police by the victim of a cognizable offence or by someone on his/her behalf. Anyone can report the commission of a cognizable offence either orally or in writing to the police. Even a telephonic message can be treated as an FIR. It is a duty of police to register FIR without any delay or excuses. Non-registration of FIR is an offence and can be a ground for disciplinary action against the concerned police officer
Cognizable Offence:
A cognizable offence is one in which the police may arrest a person without warrant. They are authorized to start investigation into a cognizable case on their own and do not require any orders from the court to do so.

Non-cognizable Offence:
A non-cognizable offence is an offence in which a police officer has no authority to arrest without warrant. The police cannot investigate such an offence without the court’s permission.

Why is FIR important?
An FIR is a very important document as it sets the process of criminal justice in motion. It is only after the FIR is registered in the police station that the police start investigation of the case. According to Articles 21, 22, 23, 25, 49, 50 of Qanoon-e-Shahadat Order 1984, FIR is a relevant fact.
Who can lodge an FIR?
Anyone who knows about the commission of a cognizable offence can file an FIR. It is not necessary that only the victim of the crime should file an FIR. A police officer that comes to know about a cognizable offence can file an FIR himself/herself. You can file an FIR if: 1 You are the person against whom the offence has been committed. 2 You know yourself about an offence, which has been committed. 3 You have seen the offence being committed.
Note:
The police may not investigate a complaint even if you file an FIR, when:
1. The case is not serious in nature;
2. The police feel that there is not enough ground to investigate;
3. The police resources are already over-committed in investigating more serious offences. However, the police must record the reasons for not conducting an investigation and in the latter case must inform you (Section 157 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898)

What is the procedure of filling an FIR?

The procedure of filing an FIR is prescribed in Section 154 of the Code of Criminal...

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