This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

What Do We Mean By Cognitive Science

2653 words - 11 pages

Project 1

What do we mean by cognitive science?

Name: Silvia Paniagua Suárez
D.N.I.: 76.129.755-P
Date: 11/11/2010

1. Introduction

In this project I am going to analyse some definitions about cognitive science and establish the similitudes and differences between these definitions. Previously, I will try to explain the epistemological basis of cognitivism. To conclude the project, I will try to make my own definition about cognitive science.

2. Epistemological basis of cognitive science

The birth of Cognitive Science takes place in the decade of 1950. There are some important movements represented by young investigators in many different disciplines. Thus, the most ...view middle of the document...

So, Chomsky proposed his generative grammar theory to explain that mind and internal representations have an influence on linguistic processes.

So then, the Cognitive Science has knowledge as an object of study. In this way, the Cognitive Science try to analyse the nature of knowledge through empiric methods. For this reason, this new paradigm ends with the dichotomy of mind and body, considering mind embodied, that is, all the mental processes are supported by neurons and those processes are associated to our sensorial experiences, and all the information we have is organised in schematic configurations that we create and save in our memory. This schematic configurations are very important, because are related to the studies about memory that some cognitive investigators made.
These studies established that there are two kinds of knowledge: declarative information and capability, that is, for example, we can have a lot of information about a sport but we do not have the ability to perform it. So, declarative information is explicit while procedural capability is implicit, and this information is stored in our memory.

Aktinson and Shiffrin included notions about short-term memory and long-term memory. Short-term memory is the ability to store the information that we are perceiving and we need attention. This information disappears very quickly and short-term memory is very limited. Long-term memory is where the storage where we have implicit and explicit information. This information is what differentiate us from others because of feelings, experiences, knowledge, etc. conclusively, it is where we have the information that makes us as an individual.

But all the information we store in our memory is organised in schematic configurations as I have said before, that is, in terms of neurological connections all is interrelated creating schemes through prototypes (an image or example that we have of something). So, the first time we see something we won't pay attention to what is it, but the second time, we will make a relation between the first image to the second image until we get a process or recognition.

By the way, I have to emphasize that one of the most important features of the Cognitive Science is the interdisciplinariness, because the relevant answers to all the questions that the Cognitive Science tries to find come from the discoveries from other disciplines such as psychology, linguistics, neurology, anthropology, biology, philosophy, etc. and so, one good example of this interdisciplinariness are the connectionist theories which try to explain the mental and behavioural phenomena as processes that emerge from nets formed by simple units that are interconnected, for example: every unit of the net would be words, and every connection an indication of semantic similitude. Connectionism appears in the decade of 1950, but has its precedents in 1888, when Santiago Ramón y Cajal discovered the structure of neurons and the way...

Other Papers Like What Do We Mean by Cognitive Science

What We Can Do More Than Service

1817 words - 8 pages . Knowing that some homeless people are competent for the service, someone would ask the necessity of spending time and effort to involving the homelessness into serving process -Why do we have to do it? How can them benefit from the roles of servers? Before responding to these two questions, we must understand what homeless people need from social service. Homelessness is a big social problem caused by diverse and complicate social

Title: What Do Kaldor and Selchow Mean by ‘Subterranean Politics’ in Europe, and What Are the Implications of Their Four Findings? Do You Think Their Study Has Really Demonstrated the Usefulness and...

662 words - 3 pages Title: What do Kaldor and Selchow mean by ‘subterranean politics’ in Europe, and what are the implications of their four findings? Do you think their study has really demonstrated the usefulness and credibility of their approach? From the title of this essay, it allows the reader to understand that this assignment will be associated with Subterranean Politics. It will also inform the reader on a research project carried out to examine a new

What Needs Do We Have for Seeding Machine Industry

556 words - 3 pages What Needs Do We Have for SEEDING MACHINE Industry? Seeding machine is the essential machine in corn processing and other grain processing. What’s the requirement for seeding machine manufacture? As people living standard rise, demand for food quality is becoming higher. Seeding machine is the main equipment for corn processing, which widely used in corn processing industry. With the continuous development of seeding machine, number of

What Needs Do We Have for Seeding Machine Industry

556 words - 3 pages What Needs Do We Have for SEEDING MACHINE Industry? Seeding machine is the essential machine in corn processing and other grain processing. What’s the requirement for seeding machine manufacture? As people living standard rise, demand for food quality is becoming higher. Seeding machine is the main equipment for corn processing, which widely used in corn processing industry. With the continuous development of seeding machine, number of

What Is Economic Growth and How Do We Use Gdp?

708 words - 3 pages Glenda Stahl 03/13/16 Week Eight Homework What is economic growth and how do we use GDP to measure an economy? Economic growth is measured by the value of all the products manufactured and sold in a country over the course of one year along with everything people do and get paid for. There are four categories that create GDP: consumers, investments, governmental spending and other companies that buy from another country. GDP measures

What Should We Do Before Starting a Hot Water Boiler

524 words - 3 pages What should we do before starting a hot water boiler Hot water boiler,as one kind of motivity equipment of heat energy,is widely used in hotels,schools,communities,enterprises,public institutions,etc.Therefore,the hot water boiler system's operational safety appears to be of particular importance,before starting it,we have many preparations to do,they can be summed up as follows: The external inspection of hot water boiler

Big Ideas In Science Methods To Mutation: What Is In The Food We Eat?

1197 words - 5 pages PAGE 1 PAGE 1 Daryl Christopher YostScience 300 Big Ideas In Science: From Methods to MutationInstructor Yolanda SankeySunday August 09, 2009I had eggs, sausage and potatoes for breakfast. I will start by speaking about sausage. The general idea is that sausage was developed by the Sumerians around 3000 BC. Once you've butchered an animal and made use of all the good bits, you chop up the bits such as offal and noses and things, and mix them

The It Policy - Why Do We Need One and What Should It Contain ?

1137 words - 5 pages The IT Policy - Why do we need one and what should it contain ? Many, many years ago, in fact December 25th 1981, I got my first computer, a joint Christmas present with my Brother. My first computer was a Sinclair ZX81 with 1k ram, we later purchased a 16k expansion pack and a sound-card and spent many long hours programming it, reading the 'full' manual (RTFM;) and if things went wrong or the program we had just spent all day working on

How Do We Change Health Related Behaviour?Critically Evaluate Using Relevant Examples, What Makes a Successful Intervention?

4957 words - 20 pages however is “What really makes these Brief Interventions successful?” In order to understand this, first we discuss a few studies that have proven brief interventions successful. In a study conducted by Paul Wallace et al (1988), Randomized controlled trials over 12 months with interim assessment at the end of 6 months were used. Out of 2571 patients, 909 who had stated their alcohol consumption limit were above the limit set for study, they were

What we Learn from Sheila in An Inspector Calls by J.B. Priestley

1299 words - 6 pages What we Learn from Sheila in An Inspector Calls by J.B. Priestley What do we, the Audience, learn about Sheila from the ways that she responds to the Inspector’s visit, and how she speaks, and behaves, towards other characters? From the play we learn that Sheila is having an engagement party and is looking forward to it. At the beginning of the play, Sheila and her Family are happily celebrating her engagement to

What The Most Successful People Do Before Breakfast By Laura Banderkam

1934 words - 8 pages keep track of time, I set an alarm on my iPhone to remind me what I was scheduled to do for each part of my day. This alarm helped me know when to begin all of my scheduled events each morning. The third alarm reminded me that it was time to get dressed for work. By planning my work outfits every evening, I was able to not waste time playing dress-up in my closet. Upon hearing the fourth alarm, I knew it was time to eat breakfast, which consisted

Related Essays

What Can We Do? Essay

1010 words - 5 pages What Can We Do? The world right now, to put it simply is messed up. We are sinful beings that can not be changed by anything we do. We have sinful natures from birth and it shows by the state of our world today. So much crime and corruption plagues not only where we live, but also our entire country and planet. Sure, we don’t see it all the time, but no matter what, it’s there. My question to you is what can we do

Compensation Management What Do You Mean By Compensation Structure? What Are The Components Of Modern Compensation Structure?

1281 words - 6 pages IntroductionWhen it comes to employee compensation, most managers are busy asking: "What do I have to pay to…?" That is not an easy question to answer. A better question might be: "What do I want my compensation package to say?"Compensation package of the organization says it all like the child care and health benefits say that the company values family. Giving longevity bonuses for employees on the anniversaries of their employment says

What Should We Do Now? Essay

812 words - 4 pages are greeted by name upon entering store. Cons: Privacy concerns and information is on display for entire store. • Kool Kids Club. Establish Kool Kids Club. Shoppers who purchase caps and visors can join the KK Club and activate their hats at home. Users can control what information they share and where it can be displayed. Shoppers can deactivate their account at any time. Shoppers have total control. Pros

Why We Dream And What Our Dreams Mean

840 words - 4 pages Why We Dream and What Our Dreams Mean There are several theories to why people have the dreams they have. Yet there are no definitive answers to this age old question. One theory is the Evolutionary Theory which states that we dream to practice responses to threatening situations. Cognitive scientist has shown that our amygdala (the fight-or-flight piece of the brain) fires more than normal when we're in REM sleep the time in sleep when we