Week 9 Assignment
Explain both the Pendleton Act and the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978.
The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act established the Civil Service Commission, which placed most federal government employees on the merit system and marked the end of the so-called spoils system. The act provided for some government jobs to be filled on the basis of competitive exams. The Pendleton Act served as a response to President James Garfield's assassination by Charles Julius Guiteau. The Act was passed into law on January 16, 1883. The Act was sponsored by Senator George H. Pendleton, Democrat of Ohio, and written by Dorman Bridgeman Eaton, a staunch ...view middle of the document...
6. The president was given the authority to extend coverage to other groups of government employees beyond the approximately 10 percent of federal employees covered by the act ( Denhardt & Denhardt, 2010, p.288).
One result was more expertise and less politics. An unintended result was the shift of the parties to reliance on funding from business, since they could no longer depend on patronage hopefuls. The act also prohibits soliciting campaign donations on Federal government property.
President Carter proposed the Civil Service Reform Act to “restore the merit principle to a system which has grown into a bureaucratic maze.” The Act sought to deal with the often contradictory roles of the Civil Service Commission by creating a new Office of Personnel Management responsible for policy leadership and a Merit Systems protection Board to handle investigations and appeals( Denhardt & Denhardt, 2010, p.290-91). Beyond establishing the two new agencies, perhaps the most striking feature of the Civil Service Reform Act was the creation of the Senior Executive Service, or SES. The SES created a separate personnel system for the highest-ranking civil service officials, permitting greater flexibility in assignments and establishing a new system of incentives for top-level managers.
The Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 abolished the U.S. Civil Service Commission and distributes its functions primarily among three agencies: the newly established Office of Personnel Management, the Merit Systems Protection Board, and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) (“Civil Service”, 1978). The EEOC assumed responsibility for enforcing anti-discrimination laws applicable to the civilian federal workforce as well as coordinating all federal equal employment opportunity programs. Under the "rank-in-the-person" provision of the act, agency heads can move career senior executives into any position for which they are qualified. One provision of the act was the abolishment of the United States Civil Service Commission and the creation of the U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM), the Federal Labor Relations Authority (FLRA) and the U.S. Merit Systems Protection Board (MSPB).
OPM primarily provides management guidance to the various agencies of the executive branch and issues regulations that control federal human resources. FLRA oversees the rights of federal employees to form collective bargaining units (unions) and to engage in collective bargaining with agencies. MSPB conducts studies of the federal civil service and mainly hears the appeals of federal employees who are disciplined or otherwise separated from their positions. This act was an effort to replace incompetent officials.
List the steps in recruiting for a government position.
A clearly defined recruitment process is key to successfully filling a position. The recruitment and selection process in government activities should reflect efficiency and...