Watson's Theory of Human Caring
University of Phoenix
Dr. Elizabeth Wider
May 12, 2014
Watson's Theory of Human Caring
Dr. Jean Watson was born in Appalachian Mountains of West Virginia in the 1940s. She graduated from the Lewis Gale School of Nursing in Roanoke Virginia in 1961.She progressed through her nursing education by obtaining her bachelor’s degree in 1964, a master of science in nursing in psychiatric and mental health nursing in 1966, and a Ph.D. in educational psychology and counseling in 1973, all from the University of Colorado at Boulder.
(McEwen & Wills, 2007).
Today she serves as a legendary Professor of Nursing and holds ...view middle of the document...
Patients require holistic care that promotes humanism, health and quality of living. (Mosby, 2012).
Caring is a science that encompasses humanitarian, human science orientation, human caring processes, phenomena and experiences. (Vance 2000 - 2013). Jean Watson’s theory is based on caring and this is the guiding principle on why I decided to enter the nursing profession and branched off into forensic nursing.
Dr. Watson’s established Caring Factors to define the nurse- patient relationship, which was later redefined in 2008 as Carative Processes, they were formulated as guidelines for the patient nurse relationship. Caring behaviors are defined as; behaviors evidenced by nurses in caring for patients (Vance 2000- 2013). The top ten caring behaviors, derived from nursing literature are; attentive listening, comforting, honesty, patience, responsibility, providing information so the patient can make informed decisions, touch, sensitivity, respect and calling the patients by name. (Vance, 2000-2013). Watson’s theory also contributes to helping people find meaning to the crisis in their lives. (Ackley & Ladwig, 2014, p. 428).
Watson states “Transpersonal caring seeks to connect with and embrace the spirit or the soul of the other through the process of caring and healing, and being in an authentic relationship in the moment”. Cara (n.d.). It also seeks to define and establish a relationship between the patient and the nurse, based on dignity, respect and trust. This theory is vital to the continued growth of the nursing profession. According to Lukose (2011). “Tasks performed by the nurses become routine, if they are performed without compassion” (p, 30). Nurses have a moral obligation to protect and enhance human dignity, caring must be communicated consciously honoring the soul, never treating the patient as an object. Cara (n.d.)
A Caring Moment between Nurse Wilkins and Individual A.B.
Working as a R.N. in the Department of Mental Health in a forensic setting can be best described as challenging. I work with convicted sex offenders who have done their prison terms and are being held on civil commitment status. Which means they are being held on indeterminate sentences, for crimes they may commit in the future. All aspects of patient care is dictated through the Department of Justice Corrections System. Corrections and Nursing continually clash regarding nursing, viewing patients as human-beings and treating them with dignity and respect.
A.B. was a 40 year old Afro-American male, transferred to my unit with a new diagnosis of Stage 4 pancreatic cancer, signs, symptoms, labs and assessments had been missed along the way. A.B. and Coalinga State Hospital (C.S.H.) had recently petitioned the court for an Emergency Compassionate Release, which had been denied. A.B. was angry and fearful of the unknown to say the very least. During my assessment and developing a plan of care for A.B., we began to develop a nurse – patient...