This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Water Security In California Essay

1896 words - 8 pages

California Water Security

Much of the American West is experiencing historical water shortages; however, California, the most populous state with 38 million people, has been hit the hardest.
California is the world’s sixth largest economy, despite only being a state. Historically, California has had an abundant amount of water. When pipes and damns and reservoirs were built up, rural regions of California were given huge quotas for water, furthermore the price of water was incredibly cheap. There was no stress on the need for water – modern California is not like that. For the past four years, California has been suffering from the worst drought in its history. Due to this, many efforts ...view middle of the document...

Water quotas for them have been lowered in order to supply rest of the population, farmers had to strategise and use what water they were given, all whilst maintaining efficiency.
Farmers had to irrigate their crops efficiently, one method was to use drip irrigation. This meant that crops only got the water they needed and when they needed, plus less water was gone to the surrounding environment as waste. Previously sprinkler systems were used, these were very inefficient as majority of water evaporated instantaneously as it was sprayed into the air and also went to places that did not need water. Drip irrigation is said to be 90% more efficient; however, it comes at a cost. The farmers themselves have to spend to make the foundations of the irrigation system – which is very high.
Another water conservation method that farmers have used is to stop growing water intensive crops such as rice, cotton and alfalfa – these crops weren’t very economically sustainable, only 10% more profit was made. To counter this, farmers decided to grow crops that were easier to irrigate and flourish, such as grapes and almonds. Grapes also meet the demand for wine makers, and thus proved with a higher income.
The methods that the farmers are using to conserve water, are in my opinion are good as not only do they aid in California managing their water supply and becoming more sustainable in terms of water usage, they are also benefitting themselves by bringing in more money from crops that meet demand and at the same time are easy to grow.

Domestic water usage
11% of California's water goes towards domestic/urban water usage. This includes homes, businesses, industry and public services (cleaning, fire fighting etc.). Californian citizens have recently become aware of the environmental impacts of their growing demand for water – residents of Palm Springs are beginning to realise that they live in an area with desert climates and water is something they need to not abuse.
Quite a few methods of water conservation have been advised to the general public across Southern California, both from new technologies that have been implemented and also from common household habits that help save water.

Water Transfer
Another solution to aid with California's water security is water transfer. Currently, California depends on two major water supply lines The Central Valley Project and the State Water Project. The Colorado River also plays a major part in providing Californians with water. Since the majority of California's water falls in the north, water there is regulated and stored. It is then transported to the San Joaquin Valley, which is in water deficit, through a series of pumping plants, pipes, canals and aqueducts.
The State Water project was created in 1933, it contains 20 major dams and reservoirs – providing electricity, irrigating 0.3 million hectares of farmland and providing clean drinking water to nearly 20 million Californians.
The other project...

Other Papers Like Water Security in California

central valley Essay

927 words - 4 pages Valley, California. If the Delta remains in a state of unsureness, then there will be a substantial loss of one major resource. The main water supply of the Central Valley would cease to exist, thus leaving its inhabitants stranded and longing for a solution. Hence, if the Delta were to be eliminated through erosion or earthquakes, the amount of available water would diminish for most of California. For example, if we encountered a catastrophic

Water Scarcity Essay

2606 words - 11 pages stress with negative implications forlivelihoods, health, and security. Deforestation Deforestation also affect water cycle. Forests which commonly known as “water fatories” play an important role in water cycle by storing, purifying and gradually releasing clean water to towns and cities located downstream. Trees absorb the water in their roots and some of this moisture is released into the atmosphere, more than half the water in the

Resource Shortage: Clean Water

1175 words - 5 pages , industry accounts for 20 percent, while domestic use is limited to 10 percent.'Business-as-usual' will not meet the needs of those currently un-served, let alone ensuring water for a burgeoning population that could grow by as many as two billion more people in the next 25 years. It will be difficult to achieve water security unless the commitment is made, the resources are provided, and all stakeholders, including those who are currently powerless

Benchmark - Leadership Evaluation And Leadership Philosophy

1277 words - 6 pages and Tim Browns leadership tactics and styles while dealing with this crisis. For the last four years California has seen record setting droughts. Despite this Nestle has continued to bottle and sell water from their plant in Sacramento California, draining up to 80 million gallons of water a year from Sacramento aquifers (Bacher, 2015). Due to this the bottling plant has become a target for a water coalition that has highlighted predatory

Water Resource Plan Sci275

805 words - 4 pages County California, significant amounts of waste water are no longer released into the Pacific Ocean, less water needs to be taken from northern California or the Colorado River, and could make Orange County “drought proof”. These methods could provide similar benefits to any community who employs them. There are many people who will object to using so-called “waste water” and there are some dangers that back up these fears. For example, in more

Media Reaction

1288 words - 6 pages Service you must be a US citizen. If your Social Security card states “For Work Purposes Only” that does not mean you would qualify for the Financial Aid Program. There are a many people who are in the state assembly who believe the California Dream Act is a bad idea, not only for the State of California, but for the nation. Critics argued that AB 131 (California Dream Act) would encourage more illegal immigration and cut the education funding


909 words - 4 pages with integrated development plans.” Obstacles and Constraints As a critical component in achieving food security, sanitation and health, and maximizing economic opportunities, on one hand, and a source of conflict on the other, water is a matter of life and death in most of Africa. The World Bank estimates that 60% of Ethiopia’s overall disease burden is related to poor sanitation and hygiene, and that water insecurity reduces the country’s GDP

Private Security Law

950 words - 4 pages Private Security Laws Joseph Hawley SEC/350 February 4, 2013 Ralph Martinez Private Security Laws The State of California requires that any person or company that provides private security, loss prevention, executive protection, private investigations or security officer training services must be licensed by the State. These licensing requirements are among the most stringent in the nation with significant penalties for anyone found to

California Gold Rush

2274 words - 10 pages temperature of the waters affecting fresh water fish and their spawning. Dredging disturbed and alter stream courses in ways that have aided in accelerated rates of erosion.9 The impact upon the California environment from the Gold Rush may never truly be fully gauged. In the two decades that followed the discovery of gold, four-fifths of California’s Native population was wiped out, most by starvation or disease, others by outright murder

American Canal

1190 words - 5 pages is an aqueduct that conveys the last drops of Colorado River water into the Imperial Valley in California. The canal provides drinking water for 9 cities and irrigates over 500,000 acres. It was built in the 1930’s by the United States Bureau of Reclamation and completed in 1942. It’s owned by the federal government and operated by the Imperial Irrigation District (IID). Two thirds of our winter fruits and vegetables are grown using this water

Water Issues

915 words - 4 pages . Increased efforts will be needed to plan and manage water supplies in our future, through monitoring and education of our population size, climate change and water availability, only then can we bring about water security.  Without our society being educated on our water issues, our water security, social, economic and national stability are at risk. Our country needs to realize that the choices that they make, the lifestyles that they live, the

Related Essays

Hazard Vulnerability Assessment Essay

4036 words - 17 pages . While insufficient supplies of fresh water are a world-wide concern, sodium contamination of drinking water is also a serious health hazard to people on a sodium restricted diets. While desalination is a hugely expensive enterprise, creative solutions are being undertaken in various parts of the world such as Australia, the Middle East, (both Israel and Saudi Arabia), Mexico, Brazil. California, and Florida. However, Philadelphia need not

The Gold Rush Essay

639 words - 3 pages ”, “Shenandoah” and “O! California”. Sutter’s Sawmill James W. Marshall found gold near Sutter’s sawmill on the American River in Northern California on January 24, 1848. He was cleaning a canal leading the water to the sawmill. Mr. Sutter and James Marshall decided to keep the gold a secret. People in California knew about it in a week. “The New York Herald” wrote about the gold strike on August 19, 1848 which caused the strike to become known around the world.

Plastic Bag Essay

823 words - 4 pages already have brought with them.” (Casey McNerthey, Seattle PI, 28 February 2013). Prices will now have to reflect the increased security staff and the cost of theft. Think about it, shouldn’t the public get to vote on this bill before it was enacted? Considering that it affects everyone that shops at a local grocery store. Don’t we all pay enough taxes here in the State of California? And now look, another tax that we’ll have to pay for the

Teens And Raves Essay

1106 words - 5 pages the problems at the event do to overcrowding or security issues, but also talk about how the city and the promoters are making tons of money of these type of an event and are cutting corners. A recent California measure would ban a rave at a public facility only if certain requirements are met. In a recent article in the Daily Bee Newspaper states “It would also prohibit raves on private property unless organized by someone licensed to operate a