This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Water Sampling In Palaui Islands Essay

3847 words - 16 pages

I. Introduction
I.1 Background of the Study
Water is one of the basic physiologic needs of every human being. It’s usage for personal consumption such as hydration, hygiene and daily activities are the main needs that compel humans to seek water, hence the sources of these necessities are important to analyze as to their safety and sanitation. It is significant to consider its correlation to any possible widespread of water borne diarrheal diseases considering the practice and knowledge of people in the community who consume water source from untreated supplies. The selected site for study is a locale place named Palaui Island, it lies within the Cagayan Special Economic Zone, a ...view middle of the document...

The only water source was not enough for the whole school community (Gumbo and Sibiya, 2013).

Another study entitled “Household Hygiene Improvement Survey in Yemen: Knowledge,
Practices, and Coverage of Water Supply Sanitation, and Hygiene” was done and findings showed that the major cause of childhood morbidities, include diarrheal disease, acute respiratory infection, and parasitic diseases. The said survey evaluated the households’ environmental knowledge, attitudes/perceptions, and practices (KAP) was conducted in relation to water, sanitation, and hygiene for them to understand better specific needs of the district’s communities. It was concluded that the major contributive factor for these diseases are lack of access to safe water in at least half of the surveyed communities; improper handwashing and sanitation measures; inadequacy of community solid waste disposal practices; and general lack of awareness and information about healthy school environments and ways how to improve the environments of their local schools (Briggs, Emtinan and Keane, 2005).

Nationally, the latest report on state of water resource in the Philippines by Green Peace gathers available information regarding water resources in the Philippines, focusing on the issues of pollution, especially of drinking water and freshwater sources, and water scarcity. On the said report Region II or Cagayan Valley has the highest potential source of groundwater, while Region X or Northern Mindanao has the highest potential source of surface water. This same report projects that by year 2025, water availability deficit would take place in several river basins such as in Pampanga and Agno, in Pasig-Laguna, in Cagayan Valley, all other regions in Luzon, in Jalaur and Ilog Hilabangan, and in the island of Cebu in Visayas. (Greenpeace Southeast Asia, October 2007)

I.2 Statement of the Problem
Ensuring safe drinking water remains a big challenge in developing countries where waterborne diseases cause burden in many communities. A major challenge is limited knowledge, misinformation and attitudes that work against ensuring that drinking water is safe. The problem of the study is that what is the current status with regards to the knowledge, attitudes and practices of a fishing community in Palaui Island Barangay San Vicente, Sta. Ana, Cagayan concerning water safety and sanitation particularly the collection, treatment and storage of drinking water. Furthermore, this we will also examine the role of solid waste disposal and other potential sources of contamination in water safety.

I.3 Objectives of the study

The general objective of the study is to gain a better understanding of current knowledge, attitudes and practices of households in Palaui Island, in relation to water safety, sanitation and hygiene.

Specifically, the study aims:
1. To determine the demographic and socio-economic profile of the respondents
2. To evaluate existing local knowledge, practices and attitude...

Other Papers Like Water Sampling In Palaui Islands

Shs972 – Assignment 1

3171 words - 13 pages ) which is also referred to in chapter 7 of the Regulations 2011. Question 2: Part A Dusts in the workplace may have negative effects on the health of workers if inhaled. These dusts range in size from 1μm to 100μm in diameter (Tillman, 2007). ISO 7708:1995 details the three size fractions of dust for health related sampling which are: • Inhalable fractions: Inhalable fractions have an aerodynamic diameter of less than 100μm. Inhalable dust

Earth Science 101 Essay

621 words - 3 pages lines called depth contours or isobaths. The ocean floor is not just a vast expanse of flat rock and sand covered with water. In fact, bathymetric features rising from the ocean floor are just as dynamic and diverse as the topography on land. The ocean has mountain ranges, volcanoes, trenches, canyons, and a host of other complex three-dimensional structures. Just as there are three-dimensional structures and features on the seafloor, there are


573 words - 3 pages respondents of the study were the employees of Crystal Clear Water Purifying and Refilling Station. The respondents are concerned with the kind of business transaction they currently have. The numbers of how many residents was determined under quota sampling method. There are total of 5 employees in Crystal Clear Station who answered the survey questions prepared by the researchers. Research Locale The location of the study was in

Chlorine Sampling Techniques

1637 words - 7 pages Chlorine Sampling Techniques The OSHA sampling and analytical method for chlorine is discussed in reference 9.1. The principle of sampling is described in reference 9.2. The analytical procedure is based on an iodometric technique which uses a residual chlorine electrode (RCE) for detection (9.3.). The validation of the chlorine method consisted of the following experimental studies: Analysis of a total of eighteen samples (six

Sea Surface Microlayer (SML)

3363 words - 14 pages been sampled using MMM. All the samplers resulted in different morphological bacteria and no one showed the microbes isolated from subsurface water. A limitation in using membrane sampling was reported by Crow et al, 1975 and Agogue et al, 2004. Sampling with membranes has important drawbacks due to the selective adsorption of bacteria to surfaces. As a consequence, many reports on bacterioneuston based on this sampling technique have generally

Maldives Term Paper

4632 words - 19 pages are coconut trees, banyan, screw pine, vines and mangroves (17). What is unique about the Maldive Islands is that most of their creatures are found in the water, the land animals are scarce. For the herbivore group they have fish called the Parrot fish, they feed off the coral reef (18). They are a multicolored fish with defense mechanism that allows them to cover themselves in a cocoon type deal that protects them from predators (18). A carnivore

Scada and Gis for Drinking Water Distribution System Monitoring and Response

851 words - 4 pages the treatment plant and associated water sources. Water quality monitoring is often performed by grab sampling to meet regulatory requirements. While grab sampling is useful in detecting contamination events with long-term consequences, it is not adequate for detecting short-term, intense contamination events.1 Also, because of the resources needed to address high-priority facilities, little attention has been given to the vulnerabilities


1309 words - 6 pages some similarities and differences between coral formation and theory of evolution. in addition, Darwin would be influenced from the idea of gradualism from Charles Lyell.Darwin would produce the theory of coral formation. He would describe three types of reefs called: coral, barrier and atolls reefs. Coral reefs are reefs that form close to shores of some volcanic island. Overtime, the volcano rises above the oceans water and coral reefs begin to


645 words - 3 pages Study of LandformsArchipelago- group or chain of islands clustered togetherAtoll- a ring of coral that's forms an island in an ocean or seaBay- body of water that is partly enclosed by landButte- flat topped rock or hill formation with steep sidesCanyon- deep valley with very steep sides carved from earth by a riverCape- pointed piece of land that sticks out onto a sea, ocean, lake, or riverCave- larger hole in the ground or in the side of a

Shifting Cultivation

435 words - 2 pages with either plantation or natural forest or a combination of these cover types. Shifting cultivation effects on some water quality parameters were not significant due to change in land cover of the watershed between two sampling periods either through introduction of planted tree species or naturally regenerated vegetation. Conductivity and concentrations of HCO3-, PO43-, Ca2+ and Mg2+ in creek water showed no definite trend between shifting

Aluminium 3 Oxide

964 words - 4 pages react with the metal to form chlorides, bromides and iodides in accordance with the following equations; Chlorine -2Al(s) + 3Cl2(l) → 2AlCl3(s) Bromine -2Al(s) + 3Br2 (l) → Al2Br6(s) Iodine -2Al(s) + 3I2 (l) → Al2I6(s) Experimental Sampling a water source An appropriate stream was selected for sampling of the water to be used in the experiment. The samples were taken from regions towards the center of the stream. Care was taken motto go for

Related Essays

Solomon Islands Essay

716 words - 3 pages another significant environmental problem. The related problem of soil erosion threatens the country's agricultural productivity. Sources of water pollution include sewage, pesticides, and mining by-products Scientific article on climate change in the Solomon islands: Let me know what you think and I'll start working on the brief analysis of how climate has shaped the

The Galapagos Islands Essay

1552 words - 7 pages before they seize up, and are unable to move efficiently, because of this they have developed to have the ability of being able to dive up to 9m deep, and once they’re out of the water, they can warm up rapidly due to their dark grey skin colour. Another remarkable adaptation they have is their ability to excrete excess sea salt through special salt glands in their nostrils. Finally, if there is a famine on any of the islands, it has been

Fdkgkjldfh Essay

9005 words - 37 pages Abstract: The Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands have brought China and Japan into a bitter dispute for many decades. With regard to the real question of who owns sovereignty over the islands, the two claimants can not come to terms on several critical issues, such as whether the islands were terra nullius when Japan claimed sovereignty in 1895, whether Japan returned the islands to China after the Japanese defeat in WWII, and how their

The Galapagos Islands Essay

2255 words - 10 pages that are trying to preserve these islands for the future. The Galapagos Islands are located in the eastern Pacific Ocean approximately 600 miles off the west coast of South America. The Galapagos Archipelago consists of 4,897 square miles of land over 28,000 square miles. There are 16 islands that provide tourists and visitors with many spectacular species to look at. These species are comprised of birds, marine life, tortoises, sea lions