Water: Roman Aqueduct Ingenuity Essay

864 words - 4 pages

Water: Roman Aqueduct Ingenuity
Since man has created settlements he has always needed an ample supply of fresh water to sustain life. Small villages and towns grew up along lakes and waterways as man learned to cooperate as a group, farm the land, and prosper. These villages grew and required more land, water, and food. As early as the ancient Minoan society man learned to expand his communities and supply them with water with wells dug to harvest water from underground sources, cisterns to collect large amounts of rain water, and aqueducts to move water from a water source to the community or farm land. The technology to move water from ready sources grew. Mesopotamians, ...view middle of the document...

” The Romans built hundreds of aqueducts across the width and breadth of their empire. They ranged from just few meters to over 90 kilometers long.

Roman aqueducts were also built with tunnels using a engineering tool called a inverted siphon. Workers ( usually slaves) dug deep channels or excavated tunnels to allow the water to flow from the source. When a valley or similar obstruction was reached a tunnel was dug to follow the dip in the land so the water would drop fast enough to be able to flow back up the other side of the dip and resume its flow down the aqueduct. Pipes in these tunnels were made of pottery, concrete, or lead. The tunnels were built with inspection and air shafts so scheduled maintenance could be done to maintain the quality and flow of the water.


To facilitate these engineering feats the Romans had to master the building of the arch with no mortar, each stone was cut to fit perfectly and support each other. Arcades from the Roman aqueduct in Segovia are a perfect example of the strength and longevity of Roman engineering. Engineers also employed new inventions such as water proof cement and concrete in their tunnel designs. The inverted siphons worked best if they incorporated lead pipes so the water could maintain of smooth fast flow. This only happened when the funds were available from the state since lead was very expensive in ancient Rome. Some historians have said that the lead pipes in the aqueducts of Rome could...

Other Papers Like Water: Roman Aqueduct Ingenuity

The History Of Caesarea Maritima Essay

2054 words - 9 pages Alexander Janneus, and later seized by Pompey (Ward 305). Herod the Great built Caesarea Maritima on top of Strato’s Tower around 20 B.C., and named the city in honor of Augustus Caesar. Caesarea became the capital of the Roman province of Judea in 6 A.D. after the Romans assumed direct control of Palestine (O’Conner 213). For the next 600 years, Caesarea was one of the most important cities in Palestine (The Holy Land 68). The official

Greek and Jew Essay

3165 words - 13 pages gift of the priesthood. But the process began of rewriting even the sacred texts into the language of the Greeks, the lingua franca of the Mediterranean world. But whilst they might ‘borrow’ from the conqueror, the Jewish priesthood, a ruling caste of several thousand and the personification of social exclusion and theocratic privilege, recoiled in horror at Greek attempts to integrate them into their world. Roman and Jew Rome’s ambitions in

Solar Energy

5609 words - 23 pages and photovoltaics. Solar energy's uses are limited only by human ingenuity. A partial list of solar applications includes space heating and cooling through solar architecture, potable water via distillation and disinfection, daylighting, solar hot water, solar cooking, and high temperature process heat for industrial purposes.To harvest the solar energy, the most common way is to use solar panels. Solar technologies are broadly characterized as

Freedom And Responsibility

2141 words - 9 pages Built within the Constitution of the United States are specifically defined freedoms that are guaranteed to all citizens. Conversely, with every constitutional freedom there comes a corresponding responsibility. On September 25, 1789, the state legislature’s twelve proposed amendments were transmitted by congress, the first two dealing with congressional representation and congressional pay. The following numbers three through twelve were

Hate Crime Laws

2348 words - 10 pages On June 7, 1998, 49-year-old James Byrd Jr. of Texas accepted a ride from three white men, who then beat him severely, urinated on him, chained him by his ankles to the back of their pick-up truck, dragged him for three miles into the countryside, and dumped his corpse in front of an African-American cemetery (Graczyk). A little over a year later, a jury sentenced ring leader John King to death by lethal injection (“Man Executed for Dragging

Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy Case Study Conceptualization And Treatment Plan

2140 words - 9 pages Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy Case Study of Sarah: A Conceptualization and Treatment Plan Rational emotive behavior therapy, REBT, was developed by Albert Ellis and holds the central belief that the events in our lives do not cause our disturbances but that they are instead caused by our view of the events (Murdock, 2009). Murdock (2009) states that “people are seen as responsible for their behavior” (p. 279) but, because they are

Holidays In Albania

1636 words - 7 pages situated in the northern Albania, where tourists have discovered amazing mountains, landscapes with isolated charm-full valleys, and ancient traditions. The valley of Valbona is the first picturesque landscape you should visit. The snowy sword-like mountains that surround the valley perfectly indicate the Albanians’ bravery and patience. While walking along this valley, you will hear the strong gurgling sound of the water. The village situated

A Heart Of Darkness

1748 words - 7 pages evaluation). He describes how England was once a place of war and bloodshed during the Roman conquest; thus, the civilized connotation of modern England is contrasted with a barbarous era of England’s history. Later in the journey, Marlow comes upon a native dressed in patches of “bright colors.” Marlow views the bright colors as a symbol of civilization, especially in the Congo where everything is brown or dark. The boy is standing under the sun looking

The Aspects Of Vulnerability Among The Exploited In Medical Research

2287 words - 10 pages Essentially, everyone is in some state of vulnerability. However, some of us are more susceptible to harm due to our vulnerabilities. The susceptible are the individuals with the greatest risk. These individuals risk the loss of their autonomy, and maybe even their lives. Vulnerable populations can be found in every subset of society. However, as previously mentioned, there are some vulnerable populations that are at an even greater risk than

The Hitchhiker’S Guide To The Galaxy

1171 words - 5 pages The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy As the human race makes life-changing discoveries, it is made apparent that there is always more to learn as the universe, instead of becoming familiar, is becoming absurd. The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, written by Douglas Adams, as well as the 2005 film adaption, portrays absurdity to be an all-encompassing system in the universe. Through the introduction and attempt to understand lack of reason, the

The Ford Motor Company Wage Increase Of 1914 And The Theory Of Incentives And Efficiency Wages

1252 words - 6 pages ‘It’s not the employer who pays the wages. Employers only handle the money. It is the customer who pays the wages’ (Henry Ford, cited in Johnson and Weinstein 2004, p. 2). When the Ford Motor Company announced that it would more than double the wages of its workers in January 1914 to a ‘five-dollar day’ minimum, was this a contradiction to Henry Ford’s statement? If customers are actually the ultimate payers of wages, then more than

Related Essays

Roman Aqueducts Essay

572 words - 3 pages within the city. In order to keep the gradient constant, the aqueducts took a roundabout route, following the contours of the land and heading along spurs which led towards Rome. The most dramatic parts of a Roman aqueduct were—and still are—the bridges (also known as arcades) that carried the water over low spots in the terrain. Perhaps the best-known of these is the Pont du Gard, a part of the aqueduct that served the town in Nîmes in Gaul

Roman Empire Great Essay

1061 words - 5 pages Inciting Democracy, in a good society, every person would have their basic human needs met (14). Basic human needs include: air, water, food, clothing, shelter, and safety from harm. A good quality of life includes meeting all basic human needs and also involves living an enjoyable life. According to Panos Mourdoukoutas and Abraham Stefanidis, “quality of life allows people to enjoy their wealth, advancing their personal and public lives.” Roman

Roman Construction Essay

1304 words - 6 pages bath, some came to meet their associates, exercise, or maybe to even read in the reading room Most of the Roman cities all had Thermae, are something similar to a Thermae. The baths had hot and cold water, clean towels, steam rooms, saunas, and rooms for exercising, also hair salons there. In a lot of ways the place resemble a modern day spa, they raised bathing to a high art as they talk about the events that where happen in theses communal baths

Roman Empire Innovations Essay

1630 words - 7 pages engineers to bring water into cities and towns. When the water channel spanned a river or ravine, the aqueduct was lifted high up on arches.” (page 181) The aqueducts helped bring water into cities and towns which helped the people so that they did not have to travel far for water. Roman architecture was successful because of the various materials and ideas they used. For example, they used concrete to build their buildings such as the