As an international health educator, I will be conducting a needs assessment process for solid and hazardous waste management in Malaysia, which is a developing country that has major public health and environmental concerns especially in urban areas. Global Environment Centre says that “Solid waste is one of the three major environmental problems in Malaysia and currently, over 23,000 tons of waste is produced each day in Malaysia. However, this amount is expected to rise to 30,000 tons by the year 2020. The amount of waste generated continues to increase due to the increasing population and development, and only less than 5% of the waste is being recycled.” According to WHO Western Pacific Regional Environmental Health Centre (EHC), “ Some of the main problems in Malaysia are technical, financial, economic and social constraints.
The first steps I will take in my needs assessment survey will be to collect background information on the communities in ...view middle of the document...
Next I will conduct an open town hall type meeting with local government officials to see if or what types of policies and/or regulations they have in place, I will also find out their financing mechanisms and if they have any fees, taxes or levies in place. Once I collect and assess all of the information I need then I will create a “working group” and we will develop a plan to see if privatization of waste management would work better than public services, then we will implement an effective training plan for management over these processes. We will then put in place a fee for solid waste collection and the more waste generated per household or business, the higher the fee will be. Finally we will educate the community through environmental education about the importance of solid waste management and what they can do to lessen environmental hazards. According to NAAEE Environmental education (EE) teaches children and adults how to learn about and investigate their environment, and to make intelligent, informed decisions about how they can take care of it. We will come up with a similar program through classrooms, flyers and town hall meetings to educate everyone.
We want to put forth measures for local governments to have the authority and power necessary for effective management of their solid and hazardous waste by providing education, tools and modern day technologies to help their waste management programs get on the right track given the amount of solid waste and hazardous waste that is being dumped in their communities daily.
1. Sustainable Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries by Hisashi Ogawa. WHO Western Pacific Regional Environmental Health Centre (EHC), retrieved from web 10/19/12
2. GEC (global environmental care) programs-solid waste in Malaysia. Retrieved from the web 10/19/12. http://www.gecnet.info/index.cfm?&menuid=83&parentid=30
3. North American Association for Environmental Education (2010). What is environmental education. Retrieved from the web 10/19/12.