RUNNING HEADER: Vulnerable Populations II
Vulnerable Population II: Underinsured or Uninsured
University of Phoenix
HCS/531 – Health Care Organizations and Delivery Systems
December 5, 2011
This paper will continue to discuss the vulnerable population of underinsured and uninsured people. It will highlight the impact of changes in groups such as age, ethnicity, gender and socioeconomic and education level. Other interests impacted by this vulnerable population is the health or illness trends such as disease morbidity and mortality rates, health care service needs like acute care, long term care, nursing homes, home health or hospice.
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Impact Changes on Age, Ethnicity, Gender, Socioeconomic and Education Level
The impact changes of this vulnerable population have grown over the last 30 plus years. In 1987, the percentage rate of uninsured people averaged about 14% with an average of 30.5 million people without insurance coverage. The most recent statistic of 2010 indicated that 49.9 million people are uninsured averaging about 16.3% of the population. The continual impact changes due to economic recessions, job losses and continual rise in health care.
The statistical changes from data collected in 2009 to 2010 haven’t changes substantially; the overall total change within one year was .2. Here are the details:
ETHNICITY(4) | 2009 | 2010 | Change |
White | 242403 | 243323 | - |
White, not Hispanic | 197436 | 197423 | 0.2 |
Black | 38624 | 39031 | 0.5 |
Asian | 14011 | 14332 | 1.6(*) |
Hispanic | 48901 | 49972 | -0.9(*) |
AGE | 2009 | 2010 | Change |
Under 65 years Total | 265667 | 266931 | .2 |
Under 18 | 75040 | 74916 | - |
Under 19(5) | 79317 | 79288 | -0.1 |
19-25(5) | 29389 | 29692 | -1.6(*) |
18-24 | 29313 | 29651 | -2.0(*) |
25-34 | 41085 | 41584 | 0.3 |
35-44 | 40447 | 39842 | 0.8(*) |
45-64 | 79782 | 80939 | 0.8(*) |
65 and older | 38613 | 39179 | 0.4(*) |
INCOME | 2009 | 2010 | Change |
Less than $25,000 | 58159 | 60140 | 0.5 |
$25,000-$49,999 | 71340 | 70680 | 0.8(*) |
$50,000-$74,999 | 58381 | 57359 | - |
$75,000 or more | 116400 | 117931 | -0.3 |
“- Represents zero or rounds to zero.
* Statistically different from zero at the 90 percent confidence level.
3 A 90 percent confidence interval is a measure of an estimate's variability. The larger the confidence interval in relation to the size of the estimate, the less reliable the estimate.
Confidence intervals shown in this table are based on standard errors calculated using replicate weights instead of the generalized variance function used in the past.
For more information see "Standard Errors and Their Use" at <www.census.gov/hhes/www/p60_239sa.pdf>.
4 Federal surveys now give respondents the option of reporting more than one race. Therefore, two basic ways of defining a race group are possible. A group such as
Asian may be defined as those who reported Asian and no other race (the race-alone or single-race concept) or as those who reported Asian regardless of whether they also
reported another race (the race-alone-or-in-combination concept). This table shows data using the first approach (race alone). The use of the single-race population does not
imply that it is the preferred method of presenting or analyzing data. The Census Bureau uses a variety of approaches. Information on people who reported more than one
race, such as White and American Indian and Alaska Native or Asian and Black or African American, is available from Census 2010 through American FactFinder. About
2.9 percent of people reported more than one race in Census 2010. Data...