Virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics are all examples of morals and ethics and have their similarities and differences. In this paper the similarities and differences will be explored a personal experience shared.
Virtue theory is how a person acts and does not take into consideration particular acts, rules, or consequences, the only consideration is if the person is acting morally or unmorally. Virtue theory is composed of three main ideas eudemonism, agent-based theories, and the ethics of care. Eudemonism is based in reasoning, agent-based theories are based in common sense and intuition, and ethics of care is solely based on justice and it should be noted as a primarily feminist idea.
Utilitarianism is maximizing pleasure over pain not for only oneself but for the greatest number of people possible. ...view middle of the document...
The person committing an act may act immorally but not break a moral rule, but the action behind the motivation to commit the act is not seen as morally correct. A religious person may commit a crime but still be morally justified in the eyes of the church. It can be summed up as “The law of God is higher than the laws of man.” While this may not always be seen as socially acceptable, it is morally acceptable.
The theme virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics all have in common is the moral decision involved in making the decision. The decision can be made in virtue theory if the decision is made morally, and based upon reasoning, intuition, and justice; while the decision made in utilitarianism is made based on pleasure for the masses; and finally deontological ethics is based on the rules of a higher power. These all involve moral decisions and doing what is morally and ethically correct.
The way the themes differ on virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics is how morality is achieved. In virtue theory morality theory is achieved by the consequences and not if the person is acting morally. In utilitarianism, morality is based on how much pain to pleasure is caused and not based upon the action itself. For deontological ethics, the correct moral choice must be made is not dependent on how morality is achieved or pain versus pleasure.
In my personal life I have been raised as Catholic my whole life. One instance that seems to come up is telling the truth regardless of the consequences. I would classify this as deontological ethics since the moral choice is made and is doing the will of a higher power. I believe in telling the truth and acting morally in my entire life.
The reasons behind the decisions can be made for a variety of reasons. The important fact to remember is if we make these decisions for the right reasons ad if we are action morally in these acts and decisions.