This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Vietnam War Essay

1290 words - 6 pages

Vietnam War
Part of the Cold War


A UH-1D helicopter climbs skyward after discharging a load of US infantrymen on a search and destroy mission.

Date September 26, 1959[1] – April 30, 1975
Location South Vietnam, North Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos

Result North Vietnamese victory
Eventual communist takeover of South Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos.
Territorial
changes Unification of North and South Vietnam

Belligerents
Anti-Communist forces:
South Vietnam
United States
South Korea
Australia
Philippines
New Zealand
Khmer Republic
Thailand
Kingdom of Laos[citation needed]
Republic of China
Communist forces:
North Vietnam
Viet Cong
Khmer Rouge
...view middle of the document...

Ho Chi Minh announces independence.
1946 - French forces attack Viet Minh in Haiphong in November sparking the war of resistance against France.
1950 - Democratic Republic of Vietnam is recognised by China and USSR.
1954 - At Geneva Conference Vietnam is split into North and South at the 17th Parallel.
1956 - South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem begins campaign against political dissidents.
1957 - Beginning of communist insurgency in the South.
1959 - Weapons and men from North Vietnam begin infiltrating the South.
1960 - American aid to Diem increased.
1962 - Number of US military advisors in South Vietnam rises to 12,000.
1963 - Viet Cong, the communist guerrillas operating in South Vietnam, defeat units of ARVN, South Vietnamese Army. President Diem overthrown.
1964 - US destroyer allegedly attacked by North Vietnamese patrol boats. This triggers start of pre-planned American bombing raids on North Vietnam.
1965 - 200,000 American combat troops arrive in South Vietnam.
1966 - US troop numbers in Vietnam rise to 400,000, then to 500,000 the following year.
1968 - Tet Offensive - a combined assault by Viet Cong and North Vietnamese Army on US positions - begins. More than 500 civilians die in My Lai massacre.
1969 - President Nixon draws back US ground troops from Vietnam.
1970 - Nixon's National Security advisor, Henry Kissinger, and Le Duc Tho, for the Hanoi government, start talks in Paris.
1973 - Ceasefire agreement in Paris, US troop pull-out completed by March.
1975 - North Vietnamese troops invade South Vietnam and take control of the whole country after South Vietnamese President Duong Van Minh surrenders.

Reasons for outbreak:

• To stop the spread of communism.

• Ngo Dinh Diem had a corrupt government.

• The US wanted to help France and South Vietnam

• For the Vietnamese to become an independent nation (they had to fight the French who were supported by the U.S.)

• The elections (promised by the Geneva Convention in July, 1954) were never held - Ho Chi Minh would have won

• For the Vietnamese to unify the country (they had to fight the corrupt dictator Diem's corrupt regime - "South Vietnam)

• The United States increased its military presence after the Gulf of Tonkin (a trumped-up incident which gained President Johnson the approval of Congress to fight an undeclared war)

• After the founding of the People's Republic of China, and the Korean War in 1950, the U.S. drastically changed its foreign policy towards Asia

• The "Domino Theory" (By the late 1950’s the Americans developed the “Domino Theory” as a justification for the involvement. This theory stated, “If South Vietnam falls to the Communist, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Burma, India and Pakistan would also fall like dominos. The Pacific Islands and even Australia could be at risk”).

• The...

Other Papers Like Vietnam War

Vietnam War Research Project Essay

862 words - 4 pages Vietnam War Research Paper and Project Your Mission: You are to choose a topic of interest on the Vietnam War. There are many topics for you to choose from and I have provided a list for you if you need help. You must get the topic approved by me! Second: Once you have your topic try to narrow it down. You don’t want to have such a broad topic that you are swimming with information. To help you with this you must have a clear and concise

Vietnam War 88 Essay

1742 words - 7 pages Throughout the 1960's and 1970's Americans became uneasy not only about the troubled position of the United States, but also about the disorder created at home by foreign involvements. Vietnam, either because of the intense war experience itself or because of the lessons Americans later drew from the experience, drastically altered society during the 1960's and 1970's. The belief in the right to influence the internal affairs of other countries

The Vietnam War

757 words - 4 pages The Vietnam War HIS/135 The Vietnam War Prior to the war in Vietnam, Americans were enjoying post-war prosperity with the acquisiton of homes and new home conveniences such as dishwashers and televisions. They were comfortable, relatively affluent, and becoming quite complacent while living the American dream. The youth of the 1960’s are responsible for the creation of the counter-culture formation. They rejected the perfect American

The Vietnam War

881 words - 4 pages The Vietnam War by Robin Davis The Vietnam War sparked a major antiwar movement in the United States-- not only among students who were eligible to be drafted after graduation, but also among civilians protesting in the streets and even soldiers in the military. Following the lead of the recent civil rights movement, which proved that social protest could be effective, the antiwar movement used the same tactics of civil disobedience. College

The Vietnam War

1489 words - 6 pages In the Vietnam war the United States and the Republic of Vietnam (RVN) opposed the revolutionary movement known as the Viet Cong. The Viet Cong was sponsored by the Communist Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV). This war was the second of two wars being fought in that area. The first Indochina war was a struggle between Vietnamese nationalists and the French colonial regime aided by the U.S.. In the second war we replaced France in the struggle

The Vietnam War - 977 words

977 words - 4 pages The Vietnam War was the longest war in United States History. It started in 1950 when the United States sent funding and troops to help the French, and ended in 1975 when the last of our troops came home from Thailand. Thousands of United States soldiers died in this time. There was an anti-war movement in the home land while the war was at its peak in Indo-China. The war caused a great unrest amongst students. Student Unrest The citizens

The Vietnam War - 620 words

620 words - 3 pages After the end of the First Indochina War and the Viet Minh defeat of the French at Dien Bien Phu in 1954, the countries meeting at the Geneva Conference divided Vietnam into northern and southern halves, ruled by separate governments, and scheduled elections to reunite the country under a unified government. The communists seemed likely to win those elections. The United States, however, was dedicated to containing the spread of communist rules

History of Vietnam War

551 words - 3 pages such as timing, heavy gunfire support, armor, communications, and geographic obstacles. 1968 was the pivotal year during the Vietnam War mostly because it was the year that marked the Tet Offensive, the turning point in the war. The Tet Offensive was an operation that the North Vietnamese conducted that called for a simultaneous attack on every major city in South Vietnam; its shock value would prove to be a major blow to American support

Why Did Australia Join The Vietnam War?

603 words - 3 pages The Vietnam War was different from any other battle fought in the history of mankind. Unlike other wars this confrontation was not engaged in order to conquer but to reform. Greed and desire which are the usual elements that spur wars into existence were absent from this one.The Vietnam War was fought between 1959 and 1970. It began as a determined attempt by Communist guerrillas in the South, backed by Communist North Vietnam, to overthrow the

U.S. Involvement in the Vietnam War

1566 words - 7 pages U.S. Involvement in the Vietnam War Although it was called the Vietnam War, the U.S. was primarily involved and participated in most of the warfare to defend democracy. South Vietnam's government and army were not well organized. The U.S. fought most of the war, then when it turned the war over to the South Vietnamese, they couldn't fight the North. Ngo Dinh Diem, prime minister of South Vietnam, was opposed in South Vietnam. Buddhists

Australia's Involvement in the Vietnam War

1279 words - 6 pages Following the withdrawal of the last Australian troops in 1972 more than 46000 Australian personnel had served in Vietnam. This is out of a population of approximately 11 million. Of these, 3000 were wounded and almost 500 were killed. Australia became involved in Vietnam because of a longstanding alliance with the USA since World War 2. It can be argued that Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War had its origins in the Cold War

Related Essays

Vietnam War Essay

649 words - 3 pages During the short span of the Vietnamese war, 2.5 million people died, and millions more displaced. More bombs were dropped than all of World War II, and over one quarter of Vietnam's forests were killed by Agent Orange. No war has divided the American public like the Vietnam War.The American people wanted nothing to do with the Vietnam war. Having witnessed the unthinkable acts of violence through their TV's, and the obviousness that the

Vietnam War Essay

1588 words - 7 pages financial choices throughout the war. The choice to pick a leader was clear for the Vietnamese people. The Vietnamese people chose to support the force that had the same goals for the war as they did. America’s goal was to prevent communism from spreading to South Vietnam. America’s plan to prevail was tainted because the Vietnamese people had no concept of democracy and thought how “absurd it would be for so large and wealthy a nation [America

History Of Vietnam War Essay

1044 words - 5 pages The Vietnam War The War in Vietnam remains a controversial topic. It is considered a war of waste, due to the amount of casualties, the duration of the war, and the money spent to fund it. America’s role in the Vietnam War went from sending assistance to South Vietnam to eventually having to intervene. The mission of the U.S. soldiers in South Vietnam was compared to the same mission of the Europeans, such as Casmir Pulaski, who

The Vietnam War Essay 844 Words

844 words - 4 pages The Vietnam War was the war that most young Americans in the United States did not understand. The Americans did not understand why thousands of men were being killed over there and what was being accomplished for these deaths. The Vietnam War dragged out from 1960 – 1975 and many young adults was scared about their outcome in the end. The major connection between the Vietnam War and student unrest was that it was the first and only time