Ethics is a branch of philosophy that is concerned with what is morally good and bad or right and wrong. It is the core value system we use in life when solving our daily
problems. Ethics was developed on a wide variety of factors and are not the absolute
rules. People build their lives from personal ethics; however many people find it difficult
to define ethics. Some people believe that ethics is derived from the inner voice, which
guides us through our daily lives. While others consider ethics to be innate; many feel it is developed as a result of our environment. Ethics involves how we treat people in terms of respect and the concern we have for their ...view middle of the document...
Utilitarianism, which is also known as the golden rule of workplace ethics, is an ethical theory that assumes that the proper conduct will generate the greatest happiness. It is a theory, which sets a standard between what is morally right and wrong. It highlights the actions and their consequences that result in happiness and improves the well being of others. There are two types of utilitarianism that are used in the workplace: rule utilitarianism and act utilitarianism. Rule utilitarianism concerns itself with fairness and looks to benefit the greatest number of people through the most just and fair means. Whereas act utilitarianism is concerned with doing well for the benefit of others and chooses the most ethically correct action for the benefit of people. Unfortunately, there are problem with this way of thinking and the greatest good is not always clear. We are not able to foretell the future of a decision beforehand. Our decision might result in a greater good for some but may cause harm to others while trying to reach our goal. Based on the nature and scope of the decision some may suffer in cruel and painful ways while trying to bring about a positive consequence for others. While some individuals may suffer from these actions, utilitarianism holds that the conduct may still be ethical if it does more good for a greater number of people than it harms. The moral value of any action is judge by...