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Us History Essay

1311 words - 6 pages

Japanese internment: Japanese americans on the Pacific coast; Washington top command feared that japanese would act as aboteurs for Japan in case of invasion, forcibly herded them together in concentration camps; internment camps deprived them of dignity, basic rights, and millions of dollars in property and foregone earnings
1. Korematsu vs. US: Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the Japanese relocation in this case
2. Issei: “first”, legally barred from becoming citizens
Nissei: American-born children; home of issei that they would reap the full benefits of their birthright by encouraging them to learn English, excel in school, etc. many grew up in 2 worlds
3. ...view middle of the document...

Rosie the Riveter: term for the ideal women of the times that took on male roles in the factory; so government was obliged to set up 3000 day care centers to care for these women’s children
10. A. Phillip Randolph: black leader; head of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters; threatened a massive “Negro March on Washington: to demand equal opportunities for blacks in war jobs and in the armed forced
11. Fair Employment Practices Commission: Roosevelt’s response to issue an executive order forbidding discrimination in defense industries; so he established this to monitor compliance with this edict
12. Congress of racial Equality: new militant organization; formed when blacks decided the Double V where they were going to find victory over the dictators abroad and racism at home
13. General Jian Jieshi (Chiang Kai-): part of an army that was still resisting the Japanese invader in China; their route, Burma Road, was cut off by Japanese—problem because this route was where America sent in their munitions; Americans were forced to fly them in
14. General Douglas MacArthur: slowed down the Japanese in the Phillippines for 5 months; Japanese landed a small army and MacArthur retreated to a strong defensive system in Bataan—here, they held off Japanese attacks until April 9, 1942; Before the American surrender (inevitable), MacArthur sent to Australia to hold off the Japanese;
15. Bataan Death March: MacArthur’s crew raises up the white flag and walked the infamous 80 miles to prisoner of war camps
16. Battle of Coral Sea: Japan’s onrush southward in Australia was checked by this naval battle; American carrier task force inflicted heavy losses for Japanese; first time fighting was all done by carrier-based aircraft
17. Battle of Midway: Japanese wanted Midway Island off of Honolulu because from here, they could launch attacks on pearl Harbor and force the American pacific fleet into combat and even push them to negotiate a cease fire; Admiral Chester Nimitz directed a smaller, maneuvered carrier force against the powerful Japanese invading fleet; fighting all done by aircraft and Japanese surrendered after losing 4 carriers; this battle halted Japanese offensive
18. Guadalcanal: US finally was offensive; American ground forces gained toehold of on this island in order to protect America’s way to Australia through the SW pacific; Japanese won an early naval defeat; US held on and later, Japanese evacuated
19. Island Hopping Strategy: called for bypassing some of the most heavily fortified Japanese posts, capturing nearby islands, setting up airfields on them, and then neutralizing the enemy bases through heavy bombing; Japan would be deprived of essential supplies from the homeland
20. Marshal Erwin Rommel: leader of Germans; “Desert Fox” had driven eastward across the hot sands of North Africa into Egypt, dangerously close to the Suez Canal; would have been bad if the Germans did break through this place
21. El...

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