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Urbanization Essay

1000 words - 4 pages


Assignment: Urbanization

Urbanization is the process by which cities grow or by which societies become more urban. Urbanization is the process by which large numbers of people become permanently concentrated in relatively small areas which forms cities. Urbanization is the term used for the process of a society changing from rural to urban.
Urbanization has its benefits as well as its challenges. As a number of people move into a city and make it urban, and expand urban centers, it begins to erase rural, agricultural, and forest lands. Many ecologist believe urbanization in abundance is ruining the environment ant the earth’s natural beauty. Studies have shown that children ...view middle of the document...

Resources are more readily available to those whole live in urban areas. Urban areas are easier to get are around in because of the mass transit system that is available. Urbanization forces us to be more sustainable and environmentally conscious because we are living in such crowed and small spaces. The living spaces in urban areas are much denser than rural areas so the cost of living is cheaper. Dense areas are more equitable for low-income households.
After reviewing a lot of data on urbanization, I don’t think the benefits outweigh the negative effects. The only circumstance urbanizations benefits outweigh the negative effects is from a financial stand point. For individuals whose incomes range from low to medium may benefit more from living in urban areas. Individuals that are considered low-income may have a better chance of survival in urban areas. Cars and car insurance are extremely expensive and because urban areas have mass transit system, owning a car isn’t necessary. Individuals that live in urban also reap the benefits of hospitals, fire department, and police stations in close proximity of their homes. In rural areas the hospitals, fire departments, and police stations are not always close the person home. Also there is usually one each of the resources previously listed per town, where as in urban areas they strategically within a couple of miles of each other. Urban areas have more of these resources available to them because there are a lot more people in these compact areas which usually increase the rate of fires, accidents, crimes and other mishaps.
Urban planning can assist in mitigating the effects of urbanization on local environments. Urban planning is a branch of architectures dealing with the design and organization of urban spaces and activities. Urban planning deals with determining and drawing up plans for future physical arrangements and conditions of a community. Urban planning is very important to help cut down and or eliminate chaos. With so many people, building, and urban activities compacted in one small space, it has to be...

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