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Urbanisation Essay

1071 words - 5 pages

Urbanisation builds an equitable society

The process of people moving into cities, which is called urbanisation, was happening around the world in past decades. It causes cities to have more labourers and resources than before. This makes a big contribution to the social development of cities. Thanks to these social developments, public services are becoming better in these areas. Citizens can enjoy a better life by access these public services such as better medical care, more education resources and well-built transport. It means an equitable society can be created. An equitable society means citizens can have more opportunities to access social resources and to ...view middle of the document...

Also, learning more skills makes young people in rural areas more easily to get promotion and higher salary, so the income gap between urban and rural areas will narrowed. Secondly, people in cities can get employment equality. According to Buhaug and Urdal (2013, p. 2), population concentration is important for industry development. Over the last fifty years, many of most rapidly urbanizing developing countries have also experienced high economic growth rates. Also, Rutkowski & Scarpetta (2005, p. 62) point out that labour markets are strongly link to the levels of economic development. This evidence shows that urbanisation enables the economy to develop quickly in these urban areas. Because of the economic growth, more job opportunities can be created. People can have more chances to get or change to a good job. This means poor people can have more chance to earn more money. So the poor and the rich are more likely to live an equitable life. To summarise, urbanisation brings more education and job opportunities to people and this enable them have the same opportunities to develop their ability and get financial security.

Urbanisation can improve citizens’ life quality and enable them to have an equal chance to live better. This is because more resources, which can makes citizens’ life better, are provided to them. Firstly, urbanisation brings efficiency and convenient to citizens. For example, according to Zhang et al. (2013, p. 92), Guangdong Province is one of the most urbanized provinces in China. The urbanisation rate of Guangdong was 60.68% in 2005, which is 17.69% higher than the average. Guangdong contains five major airports and efficient railway nets that can connect to many main cities in China. This evidence shows that urbanisation contributes a lot to the public transport system in Guangdong. There have built several different kinds of public transports that can connect to many other cities. People can use these public transports equally. By using these convenient transports, people can live a high-efficiency life because less time is spent on the way. That is to say, even those people far away from Guangdong can go to Guangdong quickly and access the resources in Guangdong more easily. So people can enjoy different kinds of resources equally because of convenient transport. Secondly, urbanisation brings more goods to...

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