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Urban Regeneration Of London Docklands (Case Study)

1284 words - 6 pages

Urban Regeneration.
The Dockland scheme is an example of Re-generation. This involves partnership and the rebirth of an area.

With the aid of labelled maps and satellite images, locate London’s Docklands
London's Docklands is the name for an area that lies in the south east of the City of London in England. The area covered by the London Docklands Redevelopment Corporation stretches from Wapping and Tower Bridge in the west to The City Airport and Becckton in the east, and is built on the legacy of the trading power of the British Empire.

Explain why the “East End” (Docklands area!) fell into decline
After World War 2 London experienced net outward migration where people moved out ...view middle of the document...

Firstly the shipping industry adopted the newly invented container system of cargo transportation. London's docks were unable to accommodate the much larger vessels needed by containerization and the shipping industry moved to deeper and wider water ports nearer the coast such as Tilbury and Felixstowe.

What were the Docklands like prior to the regeneration scheme?

Who was involved in the process of regenerating Docklands?
The LDDC, established on 2 July 1981, was an Urban Development Corporation (UDC), the second of 13 to be set up in the UK. From 1982 to 1992, the LDDC was supported by the designation of the Isle of Dogs Enterprise Zone which played a significant part in the overall regeneration outcome. The LDDC was expected to need 10–15 years to complete its task. In October 1994 the LDDC began to withdraw from the Docklands in stages (Figure 3). This process ended with its withdrawal from the Royal Docks in March 1998, although its task was not fully complete. The LDDC was formally wound up on 30 June 1998. Main achievements of the LDDC were: the creation of Isle of Dogs Enterprise Zone which allowed free rates and other benefits for businesses willing to move to Docklands, there were 8,000 new jobs created, 15,000 new homes that were converted from where houses for uni students or other occupants , there were millions of square feet of new office space which could create a new image for business – TV companies, newspaper companies, Computer technology, Insurance and Bank headquarters, Public Relations and Media companies, Docklands Light Railway was created to help commuters travel along with, STOLPORT a ferry port a M11 extension into eastern end – transport infrastructure improved and an extension onto the jubilee line. And finally the very attractive and well maintained office complexes such as Canary Wharf.

How did the government support the scheme?
In 1982 the government created the isle of dog’s enterprise zone which offered a 10 year period free of rates, building grants and loans for site preparation, grants for buildings and machinery, planning applications from companies wishing to locate are given top priority. Tax relief was also given to companies who locate there which offered businesses that wanted to invest in the area tax breaks; they could obtain huge tax breaks on any building that was built there. These incentives were designed to attract companies to invest and still exist. After this the Thatcher government deregulated the financial city of London, where business had previously been restricted to UK banks and insurance companies, this meant that any bank could locate its offices in London, Hence today’s presences of banks like HSBC in the financial centre. Then in 1998 Blair’s government refused to sign up to European working time directive, which limited working hours to 48 per week. The banks in docklands argued this would restrict trading in the financial and investment markets in the South-East Asia.

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